Community Innovation resource centre

by Kikandwa Environmental Association
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Community Innovation resource centre
Community Innovation resource centre
Community Innovation resource centre
Community Innovation resource centre
Community Innovation resource centre
Community Innovation resource centre
Community Innovation resource centre
Community Innovation resource centre
Community Innovation resource centre
Community Innovation resource centre
Community Innovation resource centre
Community Innovation resource centre
Community Innovation resource centre
Community Innovation resource centre
Community Innovation resource centre

Making sure rural communities won't be left behind in the response to COVID-19-16th December 2020

Whenever crisis strikes, it is invariably the poor and the vulnerable who suffer most. In many cases, they are affected directly by crisis; in other cases, their lives are made harder by the economic consequences. Often it is both. We have seen this time and time again. As the COVID-19 pandemic unfolds, we are obviously concerned about the impacts on the poor rural people we serve. It is not yet clear to what extent COVID-19 will spread to the rural communities and its effect, where more than three quarters of the poorest people live in rural areas, slums– but we already know that rural livelihoods are being deeply affected.

KEA has been on frontline to deeply taking steps so that rural women and men can continue to grow food and not fall into deeper poverty during this challenging time. And we call on our partners – especially governments, multilateral agencies, international financial institutions, the private sector, and civil society groups – to work with us for a coordinated global response. The effects that COVID-19 has on people fall into three general categories: economic effects, social effects, and the direct impact of the virus itself. The way these effects are translating into rural contexts needs particular consideration.

In rural communities, access to safe, clean water was often lacking. Rural people, like all people, need to be able to wash their hands to protect themselves from the virus. But without clean water, many could not afford-needed walk 3-5km. And small-scale farmers need to work according to the climate – they can’t or continue afford to stay inside. Nor can they afford to stop producing food – the food they grow is needed more than ever.

As another alarming effect, medicine and health care are less likely to be accessible to rural people who catch the virus. But with COVID-19, anyone who develops serious illness needs treatment within hours.

Restrictions on trade and movement are already making it difficult for small-scale farmers to access markets, both to obtain essential inputs such as seeds and to sell final products. In some places, the lack of availability of seasonal labour  lees- production, especially for labour-intensive foods such as fruits and vegetables. In addition, the availability of non-farm work that many rural households rely on to diversify their incomes  shrinked, as are incomes from remittances.

The most marginal and poor groups suffered the most – among them, rural women and young people. School closures and the need to care for sick family members will increased the workloads of many women. Many women continued suffer unemployment rises, as their current work was more likely to be under informal and precarious working conditions. Similarly, young people, who have greater difficulty than older adults in finding decent jobs, are even more likely to become excluded and disenfranchised.

Protecting and enabling the most vulnerable in a time of crisis

Through GlobalGiving response fund we respond to the crisis, we were driven by the principles ensuring that  support is feasible, flexible and does no harm.  We are reached out to our communities members to ensure coordinated actions to protect the lives and livelihoods of rural people. We provided immediate needs such as foods, soap, seeds and seedlings and linking farmers to buyers at a time when movement restrictions were closed down to some local markets.


We cannot allow the COVID-19 crisis to undo years of good work in reducing rural poverty. At this challenging time, we are reminded of the importance of international cooperation and of the need for a strong global multilateral system – one that responds to the immediate impacts of the crisis while also protecting the needs of the most vulnerable groups. In our collective global COVID-19 response, we need to make sure no one – and no community – is left behind

 –Director KEA



 Impacts of the COVID-19 crisis on rural communities of Kikandwa- Uganda

The COVID-19 crisis affected mostly women and Children. When measures to prevent the spread of the disease, restricting the movement of  road and freight , farmers where no longer be able to buy and sell products at the market. The crisis increased illegal extraction of natural resources, for example charcoal burning takes advantage of reduced monitoring and law enforcement. Many had less alternative show that, in times of crisis, many people can’t survive-tend to rely on the environment themselves. The pandemic possessed  a threat to food security for those who are specialized in non-food commodity production, as alternative to  timber extraction   “Until we could mobilise  support end harvesting of timber limited cut down of trees”.

Markets, schools, bars, and churches as were closed, social gatherings are discouraged or prohibited, and the transportation of goods and people  restricted. As yet, little is known about how these measures play out in remote rural locations, and how poor people are coping. As the organization, we therefore decided hold meetings, home visits ask members about the impacts of the measures on incomes, food security, and the way the lands and forests as being used.

Income earning opportunities

Clearly all members agreed, the pandemic taking a big toll on family incomes access to market was very difficult, and people were afraid to go out in public. As a consequence, farmers could no longer sell their produce or find themselves selling for very low prices. Moreover, bigger farms could  no longer hire labourers, because working in large groups was  prohibited. With the closing of businesses, offices, and schools, other income opportunities  decreased too.

“Our products, like coffe, beans, banana, and vegetables, are rotting due to a lack of customers. Life is getting more and more difficult”

“Market women from cities and towns do no longer come regularly to buy harvested produce. This has led to the perishing of some of our crops”

“I used to supplement my farm income by sewing school uniforms, but currently there are no customers, as the schools have been closed”

“The offtake of my products has been reduced, since buyers are scared of possible infection. Demand for the honey I produce has decreased”

Costs of transportation and household needs

Many  stressed that the crisis has caused transportation costs to rise. Very few people had  their own means of transport, so they depend on public transportation. Due to the pandemic, buses and motorcycle taxis were not fully operating, or take fewer passengers and charge higher prices. This affects people in numerous ways making lesser  profit.

“Food prices raised since the, because of the increase in transportation fares. Some foodstuffs become scarce because farmers are not able to go to markets .

Food availability

Overall, the availability of food has been affected, mostly because food products in stores have become more expensive while incomes have decreased, Also, some farmers are less willing to sell their foodstuffs, keeping it for their own consumption. It is getting increasingly difficult for villagers to sustain their households, as illustrated by the quotes below.

“We don't eat what we want, but what we find. There is no diversity of food”

“Food prices are high. People just buy the little food they can afford”

“The prices of food are rising every day, we are in trouble to feed ourselves and our families”

Agricultural production

We continued to encourage farmers prioritize agricultural production , because fewer people could go now working due to lockdown. Since many lived in rural areas families stayed together work in their  fields due to social distancing regulations and fear of contracting the disease. As a result, farmers many families worked open upland, which is expected food  future harvests. Further, COVID-19 has increased the frequency of farm visits by extension officers who provide technical support to farmers.

Pressure on the environment

The COVID-19 pandemic does not only have social and economic consequences in remote rural villages, but it may also take a toll on the ecosystems on which these communities depend. mention that the crisis forces community members to rely on extractive activities, like the production of charcoal, because there as viable alternatives to make a living. “There massive environmental degradation including clearance of trees for charcoal burning, reduced.”

“Due to the lack of income, my families focused on food growth and tree planting. We trained them on sustainable tree management practices polading and coppicing  cut available trees branches, so that we can earn a little money, and continue affording the basic necessities”

The importance of local food production

The COVID-19 pandemic shows the importance of local food production to cover community basic needs in times of crisis. Most of the community members we spoke to indicated that, with the increasing prices of food in stores and their decreasing incomes, local food production was their safety net. Although the interviews made clear that the effects of the crisis are widespread, now appreciate agriculture more,” he said. “And I believe my children now also have a better understanding of the importance of food cultivation.



As a consequence, the people in these communities have come to rely on their own food production. Many have turned their attention to backyard gardening to maintain food supplies for their families. But there are also farmers who do not grow their own food. For them, switching to the cultivation of food crops takes time, resulting in immediate food insecurity.  farmers set up programmes through which they can exchange their non-food products for basic food items, such as rice.

Supporting backyard food production and collection of forest foods. Was seen it as a new goal for sustainable living—not only during, but also after the pandemic. The current crisis has increased  awareness of the importance of diverse livelihood portfolios and local food production, to increase people’s resilience, i.e., their ability to deal with shocks and stresses. COVID-19 has highlighted the importance and urgency of building resilience more than ever. 


The projects include the distribution of food and hygiene kits and personal protective equipment (masks etc.), as well as awareness-raising programmes on hygiene and the prevention of COVID-19 infection. The programmes also include the distribution of clothes so that they can cope with the cold temperatures



 KEA also ensured that children in rural communities can continue their studies through distance learning programmes. Eighty -five percent of children never had access to the Internet. “We wanted to give the most vulnerable children a continuous learning to ensure that their to education rights are respected: the right to be protected, the right to have access to food and water, the right to shelter.

The COVID-19 pandemic showed us how interconnected and fragile we are. The fight against the spread of this virus was our collective responsibility this demonstrated our unconditional universal love, meet the needs of the most vulnerable and bring consolation which can break desolation and create hope when everything is dark.



We ensured people did not go hungry by providing food so they stay strong enough fight the virus.  82% of venerable families eating a meal at the charity makes them feel part of the community, Fare Share food has improved the diet.


We empowered people with information to protect themselves. We did this by visiting areas where families had no access to correct information to protect them.

With your help, we can feed families through GlobalGiving this Christmas. Withyour help we can put a meal on the table of thousands of families. Because no one should go hungry this Christmas. Please donate now. Thank you.

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Kikandwa Enviromental Association (KEA)-Uganda is community based grass root organization ensuring rights of children are at frontline. We are very grateful to all the sponsors and donors who play such a vital role in our work of reaching out to vulnerable children and communities. We are local non–profit organization which is playing a role alongside the Government and other development agencies in addressing issues related to girl child, poverty, primarily through supporting and connecting children to local and international foster families in promoting access to education. KEA offices are found in  Kikandwa trading center , Mityana district, and works in Mityana, Mubende and Kampala districts, and partners with local based advocacy organizations to mentor their community members.



Around 90% of the world’s schoolchildren were confined to their homes from march 18th 2020, and if history is any indication, many girls and boys won’t return to school once lockdowns are lifted.As a result, the corona virus pandemic could threaten decades of progress for gender equality and girls' education, Director -experts say.They point to past experiences, such as school closures during the 2014 Ebola outbreak, which led to girls and boys remaining out of school in Uganda, Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone.Likewise, it can be a “real struggle” to reenroll children in school after schools reopen.


Alongside over half the world’s population, Uganda is currently in a lockdown due to the Covid–19 pandemic. In Uganda, this has meant a closure of schools and non–essential businesses (including churches) for 6 months, a sealing of all the borders, a complete ban of private cars and a night–time curfew for 6 months, and a ban of meetings of more than 5 people. The first of these measures were introduced on 20th March, before there was even a registered case in Uganda. As of 6th April, there were 52 registered cases currently 1137 cases 5 deaths and 982 recoveries, all in quarantine situations related to a total ban of all travel and a related screening of all in–coming passengers. This has meant that all children are currently in their homes in their communities, with the hope that efforts at social distancing and increased hygiene such as hand–washing which are being promoted will curb the spread of the disease. The Ugandan health system in Uganda lacks a lot of resources and there is great fear that any kind of serious outbreak of critical cases will be devastating.


 The economic situation is very challenging right now, as with so many people in informal employment or running their own business, many people are unable to earn income during the present lockdown, and so there are Government efforts to provide food relief, though fears are that this will be insufficient to meet the demands of an already very poor population, especially in urban centers.


Thankfully many of the support supported poorest venerable children in rural communities. We are thankful to God for His protection and provision so far, and pray that He would look after all those connected to KEA during this challenging time

What’s driving this (KEA-patron speaks)Following a crisis, girls’ education is one of the first areas to suffer, in large part because of the rise in poverty, explained , Patron of KEA , an organization focused on educating and empowering women in Uganda. For many households, lockdowns have seen incomes and savings disappear, meaning they will simply not be able to food and pay school fees — and where they can, boys may be prioritized.

Early marriages have increased among vulnerable families because of the “bride price” the receive could help support the rest of the household, she added. In most cases, that means taking girls out of the education system permanently.

Since the beginning of the lockdown, there have been an “alarming number of stories” of boys to work on stone quarrel  and  girls being sent early to their marital homes and “straight into domestic servitude and sexual abuse as well as early pregnancy, which is already one of the top causes for girls dropping out of school in Uganda. That’s because in recent months, “the health sector has naturally prioritized the COVID-19 response, cutting all but little access to sexual and reproductive health services aimed at young people. Gender-based violence can also affect a girl's access to education in the immediate and long-term.  information collected by staff  indicates “there has been an increase of 20% of sexual violence against girls and women” in comparison to the same period last year, and their national reports also point to an increase of at least 25% in teen pregnancies in Uganda. Across all regions, gender norms mean that girls have also been burdened with additional care giving and domestic duties. In times of economic hardship, it can be especially difficult to  reverse this.

The time to act is now  ACADEMIC FACILITATOR “Parents  are working hard to raise awareness about the importance of girls returning to school, but restrictions on movement and limited access to technology are just two of the challenges they face” “By trying to mitigate the risk of families falling into extreme poverty ... we hope to help mitigate the risk of those families keeping their children, especially their girls, out of school once they reopen.”

The breakup of corona virus disease which is a global pandemic in 2019 from Wuhan in china eventually led to the lockdown of the world. Uganda closed schools on 18th/march/2020 and finally the country was taken into the lockdown. Since then education has been not resumed.

This led to the government devise means on how pupils and student would continue with school like long distance learning through use of media and direct provision of scholastic materials which has helped pupils and students to a little extent access continued knowledge.

Twenty nine (29) families from the vulnerable homes living in the same vicinity have been involved in the program considering the guidelines from the health sector. This was supplemented by the on line teaching by government and provision of packages for the pupils though at a cost.


Many families are likely to become sick and incapacitated, leaving children to leave for themselves. It is now harder than ever for children to report and get a response to violence, abuse and other protection issues. Children are afraid and have few places to turn. Restrictions on public gatherings and movement mean that normal community reporting, NGO activities and referral pathways are limited. Police have been redeployed to enforce the curfew and Covid-19 prevention measures. In many areas, the Directorate of Public Prosecutions and the Family and Children’s Court have not been functioning, delaying access to justice and arraignment of suspects in court. For example, increased number of defiling children is reportedly and men are released on bail back into the community after 48 hours. Restrictions on movement mean that some vulnerable children are unable to access critical services. Under current rules, boda-boda (motorcycles) where not allowed to carry passengers and private vehicles

While such restrictions are necessary to contain the virus, there have been reports of cases where children have died as they were unable to reach medical treatment. In Mityana district 2 children died in one night from malaria as they could not reach health clinics. Similar child deaths have been reported in other districts, while several pregnant women have died when they were unable to get transport approval permit from Residential District Commissioners. The Government has taken steps to ease these restrictions for pregnant women, but this is not always followed. On 8th May, a pregnant woman being taken to hospital by motorcycle was shot dead by a Local Defence Unit member. There continue to be challenges getting treatment for sick children, especially in rural areas.


 Many households are being pushed into extreme poverty and hunger. Parents who have lost income are increasingly unable to feed their families. Assessments by partner show that many children are now surviving on just one meal a day. Many children are engaged in small-scale trades such as food vendors, after schools were closed. At the same time the price of basic food has risen from $1-$3. These economic impacts will continue to be felt for a long time even after prevention measures are eased. “This Covid-19 period has made us handicapped. Families can longer able to provide even basic needs like food. This has sparked big misunderstandings and domestic violence.”

As a result, children are increasingly forced into hazardous and exploitative work to support their families. An increase in sexual violence against children since the lockdown started, girls drawn into commercial sexual exploitation, trading sex for money, food and even materials such as sanitary towels. Other young children have been observed selling alcohol, firewood and other items, 9 hour digging and planting for rich to try and make ends meet.

Child marriage is also an increasing concern as a way of coping with financial hardship. Adolescent girls are being married in exchange for dowry or bride price – especially in the rural areas where rates of child marriage are already extremely high. 2,300 school girls conceive , 128 married off during lock down.(monitor Monday July 27 2020 page 11

 At the same time, adolescents are struggling to access sexual and reproductive health information, which they would normally get at school. Restrictions on movement also affect access to services such as family planning, especially in rural areas. This is likely to lead to an increase in the birth of unwanted children and consequently abandonment, unsafe abortions, street children and violence against children. “the nearest health centre are 3- 15kms away and the only way to get there is by motorcycle which are  not allowed. The only solution praying to God I not get pregnant.” (Revelation 22:8-9, Acts 10:25-26 )

 Through GlobalGiving project we have raised funds to support families with  food due to lack of income, many venerable- poorest families were left  them at risk of malnutrition.  Banks are taking on chance to increasingly turning exploit families borrowing money to try and meet children’s needs. However, to do so families are as guarantee their land, house property to the bank  lenders. “Adolescent boys have resorted to breaking into houses to steal food for survival, and girls are at risk of being defiled.”



The uncertainty and prolonged periods confined to small homes is leading to an increasingly stressful environment. This is exposing children, especially girls, to increased risk of domestic abuse. One assessment during lockdown estimates that 80% of parents have used violence to restrain children from straying too far from the home, including spanking and slapping.  Children are also witnessing more arguments and fighting amongst parents, which can have enormous psychological impacts on the children. The Uganda Police Force have reportedly registered more than 20,000 cases of domestic violence in the early weeks of the lockdown. There has been an increase in sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), increase in acts of sexual violence against children by peers, caregivers and community members The situation is also having negative impacts on children’s mental health and wellbeing. According to 27 children have run away from homes of caregivers, a 13 year old girl rope hanging her self, a 9 year boy held a knife stumbled his fellow brother to death.   22%  children have becoming depressed during the Covid19 outbreakx .

This impact will potentially last long after the lockdown ends. An increase in substance abuse among adolescents turning to alcohol and drugs to try and cope in this stressful time. There is expected to be a rise in teenage pregnancy. A UN study of the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone found that teenage pregnancy increased by 65% due to the socio-economic conditions,  a trend that seems likely be replicated during Covid-19. 40% of caregivers said they expect an increase in teenage pregnancy during lockdown

 Ensuring Safety During Lock down

During times of crisis, marginalized families, including women, girls and boys tend to miss out on accurate information, so addressing this is key. Regular communication with families  helped identify those who might be struggling with food or school supplies, which could deter them from sending their girls back to school due to COVID-19 pandemic that pushed a growing number of girls to marriage.  KEA developed new strategies to reach the 10 out-of-school students who rely on the agency's daily lunches. We also been working to ensure that vulnerable families' basic nutrition, hygiene, and sanitation needs are met, and is calling on the government to expand meal schemes to accommodate children who have moved to villages with their families since the lockdown. 

Families receiving relief food during country lock down


 By trying to mitigate the risk of families falling into extreme poverty, we mitigated the risk of those families keeping their children, especially the girls, out of school once they reopen, with the funding we worked to provide girls with the resources they need for their studies during school closures. In some cases, this means delivering materials to households like news papers which can’t access educational programming delivered online or by television or radio.New methods of distance education require access to and knowledge of digital media, which is not always equal between boys and girls. And while there is no Wi-Fi-data available yet, reports indicate that girls are experiencing increased online violence through these very tools, which can further alienate them from education.

Skill development

Not only basic education, they were also being taught drawing and other life skills. The idea was to make them learn some skills such as painting, bracket making,  so that they could make their own living in the future, he said. School closures and free school meals School closures mean that children can no longer receive Free School Meals, which are worth around $400 per year per child. Although the Government’s proposed roll-out of relief food scheme for those who rely on free school meals is welcome, it will be crucial for Government in the coming days to clarify the mechanism through which this will be implemented. The Government should ensure Free School Meal are easily attainable, without a significant time lag, and valid for exchange in a range of accessible shops or food outlets. These should be available to all school children, regardless of their family’s immigration status. Families with children not receiving Free School Meals are also likely to struggle with the cost of food, especially given predicted losses of income during the COVID-19 outbreak and overall increase in cost of living as children are at home. However, supermarket shortages and panic buying during the COVID-19 outbreak have put additional pressures on food banks. Precautions around social distancing will also mean reduced staffing and access to food banks. As such, many families will desperately need alternative means to make ends meet. A temporary uplift in Child Benefit Payments for all parents of $10 per child per week would help these families during this period of financial uncertainty.



“Initially, we focused on providing food and nutrition to gain their confidence and improve their health condition. After a few days, we motivated them to join coaching classes, which are being held following the social distancing norms and other COVID protocols. Some children joined them have any form of education, not all they were in a position to read and write a bit.


Children are scared and struggling to access the information they need. There is a lot of information being sent to the public, through radios, Television, News papers, Social media yet is published in English, but most of it is not age appropriate and understandable, especially for younger children; and children do not have many opportunities to ask questions and receive assurance. Children with special needs and disabilities are often left out. Many of the most vulnerable children cannot access much of the information that is out there. For example, just 2.6% of rural households have internet access and even radio is limited in some rural areas and. The prevalence of online information exposes children to other new risks. For those children who can access the internet, many are spending more time than ever before at home on parents laptops and phones full of phonographic. This has led to increased risk of online child sexual exploitation – something that most Ugandan children are ill-informed about. Around the world, there are reports of online tutorials being hacked, children being unknowingly recorded online and heightened risk of grooming during the outbreak.


Results of the program.

The aid you provided enabled us to run the program though much help is welcomed as a facilitation to buy packages, subscribe to online teaching and facilitate their teacher  to fully accomplish the duty.

Pupils have been kept awake and improved on their academic knowledge which has enabled them to keep ready for the finals for the candidates and continuing pupils.

These have also been taught descent social ways of living in the community.

Individual capacities have been improved upon these pupils as individual attention is given to each.

Talents have been identified at individual level like leadership and others among these little ones which require more attention and facilitation to build them for the good of the community.

Challenges encountered.

Shortage of financial muscle has limited us from accessing better facilities for the best of the pupils.

My daily traveling from the area of residence is a challenge as after easing of the lockdown, the transport prices were more than doubled as few passengers are allowed in a taxi.

Due to the shortage of money of parents to provide basic needs, some pupils have been affected which make them unable to attend classes in time.

Future Plan.

Due to the continuation of the lock down, I fully look forward to continuing with provision of the academic knowledge to my pupils until they normally resume their studies.


“After such an emergency, governments and NGOs should be working closely together to ensure that all children get back into school, are fed, safe and happy,” she said.

  • The impact of Covid-19 on children’s lives will be felt for a long time to come, even if the virus is able to be contained. It is therefore essential that investment in child education is an integral part of Covid-19 prevention and response – both immediately and long-term – and is mainstreamed into other sector plans.
  • Ensure Information, Education and Communication (IEC) materials on Covid-19 are accessible to all children and youth. These should be translated into local languages, gender-sensitive and suitable for children with disabilities such as sight or hearing challenges. Messages should also be targeted and contextualized for adolescents, including on the risk of early marriage and information on family planning.
  • Learning from previous epidemics highlights that it is vital to consult and engage with children to understand how their lives have been affected and how risk mitigation can be most effective. The Government and community based organization  should consider holding a press conference or radio talk shows specifically for children,
  • community sensitization must be carried out before these schools reopen, to avoid any stigma that may delay return to school. In recognition of the likely rise in adolescent pregnancies, the Government should formally circulate a Re-Entry policy to guarantee that child mothers and pregnant girls are allowed into class.
  • Ensure strong coordination of sectors. For example, education and child protection systems need to work hand in hand so that children identified by teachers for being potentially at risk during school closure are referred to the child protection system.

Recommendations to international donors: 

  • Ensure adequate funding – which is flexible and adaptable to changes in context  for child protection activities and staff such as case workers, para-social workers, community protection officers and These essential workers can carry out case management and monitoring of vulnerable households, as well as play a role in disseminating IEC materials.
  • They are also critical for ensuring reporting and accountability to affected communities.
  • Funding should urgently be provided for additional increase campaigns, accurate and age-appropriate information is key to prevention.
  • Campaigns should include child-friendly inclusive messaging distributed through creative ways such as music, drama and illustrations, as well as child-focused local radio and TV productions.
  • Provide funding to the grassroot organization and its partners, so that food can be given to poorest families in this critical time.
  • Disseminate child-friendly information. The media is playing a key role in disseminating public health information. We urge newspapers, radio, TV and online outlets to also ensure space for information targeting children – including ways to keep learning and active at home, ways to manage stress, and how to stay safe and report abuse. 
  • Ensure that children’s voices and opinions are represented in the news. Despite the current challenges, it is important that children have platforms to raise their voices, questions and opinions on the current situation. News shows and discussions should feature children and youth voices as well as adults.
  • Recommendations to communities, parents and caregivers:  Ensure that all cases of violence, abuse or exploitation of children are reported, either through traditional community structures or local law enforcement, to systems such as Child Protection Committees, or to the National Child Helpline. 
  • Promote and support non-violent positive parenting methods. Children are going through an extremely stressful time, and need love, support and guidance.
  • Parents should sit children down, talk with them and explain the situation, rather than resort to violence.
  • In Uganda, loudspeaker announcements are being used in some communities to spread the message, but it doesn’t allow for a two-way discussion so it’s problematic. Community meetings would normally involve everyone who plays a part in a girls’ education, from local and religious leaders to parents and guardians, she explained.


The continuous effort of sharpening the pupils is the beginning of a positive changing society for a great community development. This is achieved by combining efforts to lay strategies on how to implement for the betterment. Therefore more effort is needed to support the program and where need be to even reach other vulnerable pupils in vulnerable communities.



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Drought and pest epidemics among top climate risks in rural Uganda

The early onset of rain is also expected to bring relief to millions of farmers who were watching helplessly as their crops and livestock were being destroyed by the severe dry spell.


Agricultural production that rely depend on rainfall faces the highest risk compared to that of irrigation.  Rainfall has affected production and productivity in agricultural sector by making crops and vegetation to grow, animals and fish to have enough water for livelihood and flourish. Animals for example depend largely on vegetation while fish and crops production and productivity are largely determined by rainfall availability. Farmers continue to struggle due to over reliance on rain fed agriculture.


Smallholder farmers in Kikandwa sub county Uganda have continued to face a wide range of agricultural production   risks. Climate change and variability present new risks and vulnerabilities. Climate related risks such as prolonged dry seasons are becoming more frequent and intense with negative impacts on agricultural livelihoods and food security. Farmers are continuing to report variations in temperatures have increased  drought, increasing disease and pest incidences, decreasing water sources, lack of pasture, bush fires, hailstorms, changes in crop flowering and fruiting times were the major climate-related risks reported.

In order to cope with climate change and climate variability, farmers use a wide range of agricultural technologies and strategies. Mulching, intercropping and planting of food security crops are on top agenda among the most commonly used practices. Other strategies included water harvesting (mainly for domestic consumption), other soil and water conservation technologies and on-farm diversification. Farmers often use a combination of these technologies and practices to enhance agricultural productivity. Analysis of trends in temperature and rainfall showed an increase in average maximum temperatures, while average annual rainfall showed mixed results, where a general decline was observed in the area a relatively stable trend . Farmers’ perception of changing rainfall characteristics and increasing temperatures were consistent with observed historical climatic trends based on meteorological data.


This impact of lack of water for the crops, shortage of pasture for the animals, increased incidence of livestock and crop pest and disease and the end result is increased food shortage and reduction in famer’s income.

In order to mitigate this trend, farmers have ensured adoption on farm technologies to harvesting water road run off to irrigate, practices both subsistence and commercial farming

In this analysis, through the donation an increased budget 2018/2019 prioritizing on increasing production and productivity according to farmers voice platform. The budgeting aims at ensuring supply of inputs, extension of services and research, equipping resource center with good ICT equipments  as well as agro-processing and value addition of output making for famers who are unable to adapt to the changing climate may find alternative source of livelihood or remain impoverish for life.


How ICT has increased production of agriculture in Kikandwa.

The overall goal of starting up resource center was to increase the sharing of knowledge  decision making and net working farmers through social media platforms as women set firs.  This has increased the capacity of farmers to discuss, analyze, respond to cross cutting issues on gender and  agriculture effectively.

The internet is a potentially transformative space. But there is a seriously the increased demand and lack of few ICT equipments, unstable internet, unrealizable power source limits farmers from accessing fully the information they need . This is essential if the internet is to fulfill its transformational potential for all.

The organization has continued to build the capacity of women, youth and men to increase their participation in internet information research and decision making processes and empower them to influence the development of agricultural policies and demand of agricultural National budget. The internet and ICTs has respond to farmers  concerns in Kikandwa. In addition the donations have increased demand of  capacity building on other use of computer programs on the Internet.

Focused Groups

We  find it difficult to plan our farm activities; rainfall patterns are very variable and confusing. dry spells are common during crop production seasons,” said farmers in rural, during a focus group discussion session convened farmers continued  to understand  perception of climatic trends and climate-related risks. Climate-related risks such as prolonged dry seasons have become more frequent and intense with negative impacts on agricultural livelihoods and food security. The farmers demonstrate and promote early maturing; drought tolerant and water efficient crops and crop varieties; pastures and fodder varieties; rainwater harvesting and soil nutrient and moisture management technologies; and livestock management options and strategies that restore sustainable productivity. Knowledge sharing, farm development initiatives need to foster integration of crops and livestock that exploit synergies of indigenous traditional practices and modern technologies and innovations. Efforts should be mobilized to establish effective climate risk management information flow networks to inform farm-level decision making, taking into account the already existing communication channels or structures.


 Local farmers Kikandwa  thanked partners through Global Giving and its heartfelt partners  on the support of a number of local coping strategies that enabled them reduce vulnerability to climate variability and change. Farmers  had often used a combination of technologies and strategies, and these include the use of indigenous traditional innovations and modern technologies; mulching, intercropping, use of manure and improved crop varieties. Farmers have adopted on other local innovations that included the establishment of kitchen gardens, rainwater harvesting for domestic and agricultural use, use of organic pesticides, micro irrigation, and use of non-conventional organic fertilizers.

Although traditional coping strategies provide important lessons on how local communities there still a gap on raising more resource to better prepare and adapt to climate change in the long-term, the increasing climate variability, frequency and more severe shocks are likely to surpass traditional coping strategies. Moreover, some of these local coping strategies can only assist families in the short-term.

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Farmers get help to grow more food and support their families

“I would like to sincerely thank all the KEA supporters for their generosity and solidarity to the whole humanity, particularly to those living in extreme poverty and other forms of vulnerability. I also call them to continue supporting our communities living in inhuman conditions, because of conflicts, violence, bad governance, HIV/AIDS, and we still have too many people in these conditions in Uganda.”



As we give thanks for the first 6years of KEA, we look forward to building on what has been achieved and to continuing to offer a helping hand to some of the neediest in the world. We will continue to rely on the support of our international friends  and our other friends and we trust that this support will remain strong and that the younger generations will respond with equal generosity and enthusiasm. We are called to continually see  all our brothers and sisters, especially the poorest, and we ask him to inspire our efforts to fulfill what he expects of us. Let us work with KEA then as we strive to do our duty in building a better and more just world with the purpose of education and training to improve capacities and capabilities so that rural people who will be able to use available natural resources to achieve sustainable livelihoods for themselves, their families and their communities with the reality that every person is a unique individual and each one has the right to an environment in which she/he can live life with dignity. This brings good news in a practical way to all people, especially the poor through story telling focusing on the economic, social, cultural, environmental, political and institutional factors required in order to achieve balanced, sustainable livelihoods for present and future generations. It also emphasizes the cross cutting issues affecting the farm family and community. Therefore the donations  aim at improving the livelihood of the family depending on the farm through processes and strategies that ensure focus is rural communities at village, levels. Uganda’s economy is anchored on agriculture as one of the drivers of the economy. Agriculture contributes approximately,37% of Uganda’s Gross Domestic Product and employs over 70% of Uganda’s labour force. In 2014, KEA, together with the donors on the Global Giving platform entrust donations  through in transforming the most venerable families in Kasejjere village. The overall goal of the of donations is primarily to create sustainable economic


 Every day, we task ourselves with finding new ways to feed the hungry, give water to the thirsty, and take in the stranger. As needs arise and challenges grow, we strive to realize our mission, reflecting on love through compassionate acts of humanitarian service. Climate-change Adaptation for Resilience & Empowerment These project have empowered families to farming technology and produce vegetables throughout the year hence to contributing towards resilience and household food security.

• Increased knowledge and skills in modern agricultural technologies
• Improved access to sustainable supply of nutritious vegetable for food and for selling by the targeted households through piloting the greenhouse technology
• Increased access to water from an improved water source by targeted beneficiaries.
• Train the youth in vegetable preparation and preservation methods
• Support linkage and collaboration with district production officer and agricultural research institute to provide technical support to the youth

Message from the Director

Poverty eradication, HIV/AIDS prevention, improving community livelihood, promoting good governance, enhance organizational development and peace building is central pivot to  organizational work  to foster sustainable development solutions by working with and through local partners in  identifying and address the root causes of poverty and injustice affecting their lives. Since its inception, of trust from donors, has always given a special concern to assistance to campaigns as regular flooding and drought which significantly impacts its agriculturally reliant economy. Donations have facilitated long term sustainable solutions for socio-economic development through micro-financing and promotion of agricultural skills to help local communities, open markets for them to display their agricultural produce and learn technical advice from district agricultural officers and key development partners

Many opportunities toenhance employment opportunities in eradicating poverty In past two years or project implementation, the project has created employment for 36 household, two schools and 13  youth through formal and non- formal skills development. The number of families living on 1.25 USD per day has also reduced from 87.4% at baseline to 52%. As projected to 20 households by 2018. The importance of agriculture to the economic wellbeing of Ugandans cannot be over-emphasized. The increase in the number of household embracing agriculture. 20 of the house hold target has taken up agriculture followed by joint marketing.  This makesthe agribusiness component of the project the most popular among the households. While agriculture is the first line of employment for the majority of the families, it is still predominantly carried out on subsistence level. KEA and its partners through Global Giving have been working to change this trend through agricultural skilling and enterprise development.

Some of the key intervention areas that we have focused on include:

  • Agricultural investment  training and enterprises in skills.
  • Promotion of peer to peer learning through coaching and mentoring of young model farmers who in turn mentor other families in agriculture
  • value addition, and supply of quality agricultural inputs

Key to the success of KEA work is collaboration with the global partners would like to thank our partners for their contribution towards empowering the families in Kikandwa.




KEA experience in basic education programming include: children life skills training and provision of scholastic materials for pupils/students; child sponsorships for needy children; supporting school feeding projects in schools; provision of adult literacy and vocational skills for youths and adults; construction/renovation of schools and provision WASH facilities; and engaging in advocacy for access to quality and equitable inclusive education.

We extend our  faithful, generous and reliable supporter of the is helping to empower and build the capacity of young children ,leaders, especially girls, in the various, attention and support has been given in the areas of education, building, and care for the environment in schools, We are pleased and proud to be working  together for a better world where more people may have access to justice and to live in a peaceful



Thanks to 6 years of hard work, prayer and commitment from our supporters, volunteers, partners and staff, KEA has grown into one of the foremost international community  development organisations in Uganda . We treasure what is unique about us – our deep roots within the community, our vibrant team of volunteers, our wonderful international friends, which never leaves its people, whatever the dangers. We seek to be an example of, standing alongside the poorest people to help them flourish. Our 6th anniversary is a milestone, but it is not a time for celebration. Widespread poverty and injustice are an affront to all of us, but they remain hallmarks of our world. One in nine people are still going hungry every day and a billion people remain stuck in inhuman circumstances. Climate change is already affecting the most marginalised communities, and its impact will only increase. The rising power of multinational businesses is not balanced by the effective rule of law in many countries. Growing inequality, together with social and economic injustice around the world mean we must continue to provide direct, practical help to people in the greatest need, and to work for an end to the causes of poverty. As we look at the world in 2019, there are many opportunities to work as a community to build a more just world – new overseas partners to work with, new people to engage with, new international negotiations on antipoverty goals, new climate change talks, and a growing sense of the important role the KEA can play to help achieve real human flourishing.


Health is at the very core of much of the Uganda's poverty and suffering. Deadly diseases leave parents without children, and children with no families must fend for themselves. We work in partnership communities on improving and sustaining health. We adopt a community-level approach to address unique needs of populations, including capacity building of health professionals, increasing access to health information and health facilities, and improving the quality of health resources. Beyond the community-level, our work strengthens health systems by supporting district and national-level facilities and staff. Water is a basic human need, yet millions of people still lack access to clean water. Frequently, accessible water is contaminated, infecting people with waterborne diseases. Children are the most vulnerable: 90 percent of deaths caused by the diarrheal disease are of children under the age of 5.

We have been addressing these issues for last 3 years, cleaning wells, construction of hand dug wells to bring clean non contaminated water, digging wells, Our initiatives also educate communities about sanitation and the fatal danger of waterborne diseases. The cycle of poverty is strong and many regions of Uganda. Some of KEA biggest tools to fight poverty and hunger come in tiny packages. Chicks, goats, or lambs from an animal bank, as well as seeds and agricultural training, play a part in our disaster risk reduction programs and can set a household or farm up for success that can last generations. Women, in particular, feel the effects of entering a marketplace previously closed to them, providing dependable income and self-reliance to them and their children. Mainly in empowering communities and farmers’ groups through training in sanitation and  appropriate technologies as well to builds the capacity of communities to responding to disasters and related to water and sanitation as communities water is increasing on demand from 40 liters per house hold to 100 liters per day for irrigation, animal, home use etc




Mixing farming and trading


most of our  parents can not afford to continue supporting us in school. We have turned our efforts to farming. The Shs 50,000 Ugx ($30) school fee per a term at is such a prohibitive figure for

peasant farmers. Through the organization we were given support of $30. We started farming. We grew tomatoes but we never made any money out of his efforts. He counted losses and drowned in sadness. We hit a dead end with  academic journey and now, farming too.

We were 8 picked by the KEA  as  youth to benefit from the training, We were eager to learn and pick skills that would help him improve.

“Ever since we  got training from the KEA,  We feel our life more fruitfully than before. We now know what

to do as a farmer,”  said in a tone that could be mistaken for boasting. From the first season, we planted beans on  an acre from which he harvested 7 sacks priced at Shs200, 000 (each. For the second season, we harvested 10 sacks.)

The second season fetched less harvest because of the dry spell that hit the gardens. But his spirit was not shaken. We are looking forward to the next season., However, the profits from farming have enabled us set open larger land and go to school.


We have joined Village Savings and Loans Association (VSLA). With 16 other members, each saves Shs2, 000 every week. This money can be borrowed at low interest rates when one needs more capital.

“Also, we  have realised the benefit of keeping records because that way we can take stock and know how to calculate the profit. This has been possible after support through Global Giving project,”


 Innovation taking Young Model Farmer,

5 people under his mentorship of household  has helped them maintain good farming practices so that they get the most out of their efforts in gardens. All the 5 mentees were beneficiaries of the training to reduce poverty by creating sustainable entrepreneurial opportunities for the house holds end of 2018.

Many households have turned their children drop out of school we appreciates how the project has changed t fortunes for the better. “Before the project, we used to grapple with agriculture because we would do things the rudimentary way;planting crops anyhow and waiting for harvests, which disappointed us a lot,” we recalled. When chosen as model household farmers with the Project, he realised the need for technical knowledge in farming. “I was taught that a nursery bed is relevant if one is to realise good crops. We  learnt how to prepare it,” The 5 acre of cabbages we planted after the training fetched us whooping Shs 450,000 per acre. The cabbages were sold in the markets of Kamapala capital city, local markets and individual  has created a bigger market for produce.

To save money on transportation costs, we became innovative, interested fellow farmers in the collective

transportation instead of hiring a truck on his own. We were charged collectively Shs150, 000

“I now how collective marketing helps save money and can send our children to schools,” a farmer  revealed.“When I was harvesting, I called on my brothers to offer labour since they are part of the beneficiaries from the gainsof farming,” he explained his low cost strategy. From the sales, I have  been able to buy a cows each at Shs600, 000 and plant  maize, cassava, and bananas.

We have  also set up a demonstration cabbage farm of 1000

crops near the main road. “I am going to plant 25,000 cabbage seedlings this season,” With a cabbage

costing a minimum of Shs1000, we may end up earning over Shs25m in just three months.

“Next time you visit, we will be in a better house to borrow save as group  we must live a better life now,”



Homeless person dies of exposure, but it is news when the stock market loses two points? This is a case of exclusion. Can we continue to stand by when food is thrown away while people are starving? This is a case of inequality. Today everything comes under the laws of competition and the survival, where the powerful feed upon the powerless. As a consequence, masses of people find themselves excluded and marginalised: without work, without possibilities, without any means of escape.” That year, we joined other partners to celebrate for the “Enough Food for Everyone”. aimed to focus the minds of humans coming to think of the  needs of the poorest people. Together, we ensured the issues of land grabs and corruption got on the agenda hit community needs. Our supporters’ generous donations would give over 200 people clean water, medical care and schooling for refugee children. With generous donations from our supporters, we were able to send our director to international meetings recent in Katowic Poland UNFCCC to challenge the structures of poverty and engage with the global decision-making processes which can do so much to address the root causes of inequality.


Wishing you a prosperous new year 2019 as we extended the gift of life to you beloved ones, families, neighbor in having a free hunger community educated empowered girl child


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As we give thanks for the first 7years of KEA, we look forward to building on what has been achieved and to continuing to offer a helping hand to some of the neediest in the community. We will continue to rely on the support of our other friends and we trust that this support will remain strong and that the younger generations will respond with equal generosity and enthusiasm. We are called by to continually see all our brothers and sisters, especially the poorest, and we ask our friends to inspire our efforts to fulfill what is expected from us. Let us work with KEA then as we strive to do our duty in building a better and more just world.

Since KEA was founded in 2004 we have walked together in love, solidarity with those who are poor and oppressed, and with your help through GlobalGiving partners we’ve achieved great things. Hundreds of farmers have been able to work their way out of poverty with the tools they needed, and have received the life-saving aid they needed after disasters. Generations of our loyal supporters in schools, community and elsewhere throughout Kikandwa have put their faith into action and reached out to brothers and sisters in need.

All this has only been possible,“ thanks to you – your generosity, your time, your passion for justice and your support. We owe a huge debt to our founder and all those who’ve worked hard over the years. Their aim, is to help marginalized people who are poor in communities and inspire all people have life and live it to the full happy life were the inspiration for the growth and development of KEA and many others “The hungry community of the community cry out to the friends, blessed with abundance that has continued and grow, helping people in need.  As KEA, we always give more than financial support; we always strive to cater for people’s physical, emotional, spiritual, social and economic

well-being in every single dimension.”

This shines through in our work. For example, in from 24th -26th June 2018, we joined with GAGGA / IFAN and CENDP collectively empower women on their rights and environmental justice movements to realize a world where women can and do access their rights to water, food security, and a clean, healthy and safe environment women actively show cased resisting developments and policies that deny them their rights to water, food security and a clean, healthy and safe environment as actors playing vital roles in managing their natural resources and fighting to preserve access to them for themselves, their families and their communities. This knowledge and work by women, at the grassroots level, is often not recognized or valued, and women are still largely absent from the decision-making bodies that govern the use and control of natural resources. The Global Alliance for Green and Gender Action (GAGGA) ice broke the silence and changed this situation by working with grassroots women's voices and leadership, and by advocating for policies and legal frameworks which respect, protect and fulfill women's rights. This helped women realize a living again, overcome their fear of the sea, and learn to play in it once more. We continue to support the work of poor families who help their disabled children take part in the community. Since the training we are continuing support many small women savings groups among poor women, who use their collective funds to help each other. Funds are given to the women in most need, who might buy agricultural inputs or a few goats to make a living and provide for their children. This often produces a small surplus which they can sell and save so they can provide some of the family’s other necessities.


Climate change: This has inspired us to play an important part in popular political campaigns over the years. In various ways, these have made a huge difference, leading to the cancellation of debt for many poor families, a massive increase in donations aid, and help for people who are already suffering the effects of climate change responding to major disasters, helping people to free themselves from hunger and poverty.


The year 2018 marks the seventh anniversary of the founding of the KEA GlobalGiving campaign that

 Seeks to table the progress of KEA and to offer a thank you to all the many people who have helped make us something in the community -can be proud of growing from tiny beginnings. With the active involvement of friends. A representative committee plays a big role in advising on which projects to support. So from the first, the donations were reaching out to the needy in needy information gap in Kikandwa community Innovation Resource Center has grown enormously over the last 7 years. Measured in pounds and pence. This has called for part time volunteer. More recently, funding has been increasingly available from individual donors  But we don’t want to “grow away” from our core support. We aim to be, as our founders intended, reaching out to the needy.” individuals give willingly, and of whatever time they can spare, to help with so many aspects of our work.  Our achievements, which are your achievements, are recorded in this little report, smiling photos of people grateful for your help, international visits and social media interactions. Our thanks must go to our ultimate inspiration and strength donors of all we do. Our thanks go also to those who took the founding decision 7years ago, to individuals, institutional funders we give thanks for crises alleviated, projects partnered, attitudes changed, poverty and misery solaced and dignity and self-esteem restored through your generosity.

  • Climate change and its disproportionate impact upon the poorest;
  • Globalization and the increasing influence of commercial interests; the breakup of some communities, which looks like creating a new “World”;
  • The opportunity offered by the communications revolution based on social media.
  • Bridging the gap of communication.

We can be sure that our successors, and even the younger people already among us, will have no lack of purposes and projects in the future. The cry of the poor and the oppressed has resounded in every century


“The organization considers tasks always to call attention we were supporting 3 projects around the community including, construction of the school, bring clean water to community and support farmers grow their own living. Seeking to build a sense of solidarity between our overseas partners and people here at home, we developed a match-funding scheme for schools to double the money raised for particular projects. Our work has helped to re-shape it over the following years, with a renewed focus on funding substantial, long-term work, education of people at home and an understanding aid of development.

For us your donation is not only a great financial aid, but also an assurance that open a special section where children may receive primary education and develop their skills so that they may become self-supporting. Much concern for poor communities and underprivileged groups in society and has been a concrete, that sense of confidence in our youth. This allowed us to better set education materials of the need to create a greater understanding of the problems facing poor. It is vital, therefore, that people be given the opportunity of discovering the basic facts.” to help communities have access to food and water plus seeds and farming tools to help people get back on their feet.

“I t is a big THANK YOU to donors through GlobalGiving for the financial and material support. The helping hand have rendered has provided the community the needed push to address some of the many challenges faced in improving livelihoods for the poor and protecting our environment.” “We are constantly encouraged and inspired by the results we see and know that we are making a difference. With

The continued support of KEA, as well as caring, concerned individuals like, we are confident we can touch the lives of many poor indigenous people and play a role in helping them. I would like to take


This opportunity to extend our deepest gratitude to GlobalGiving Team for their continued support of

Our efforts for over the years as we work to bring change to our community.” Without support, orphanage children would at best have to suspend their studies, if not stop altogether. With about 40 children living in poverty have had their schooling provided.

The communities have seen remarkable changes through support, including learning new technologies through training, research and exposure visits. There has also been a significant increase in awareness and knowledge about sustainable agriculture across all sectors of especially the agriculture sector. Locally, many people were able to regain their physical and emotional health thanks to supporters. It has been a great pleasure to see and rebuild new lives thanks to the support they got from you. These people are very

grateful to all those who support KEA in different ways and beg them to speak out to denounce all the cases of poverty and injustices.

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Organization Information

Kikandwa Environmental Association

Location: Kampala, Mityana - Uganda
Facebook: Facebook Page
Project Leader:
Kaganga John
Kampala, Mityana Uganda
$16,201 raised of $21,225 goal
455 donations
$5,024 to go
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