Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School

by Kenya Rainwater Association
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Murichu pupils song and dance at the launch
Murichu pupils song and dance at the launch

Greetings best wishes for 2017. It is our hope that you are energized for the New Year. We are also excited to start by reflecting on what we have achieved together for the past year. I wish to first extend a warm welcome to the new members and well-wishers to our platform.

Last year through your generosity we were able to assist Murichu Primary School in Murichu Location, Ndaragwa Division, Nyandarua North sub-County, Nyandarua County. The school has total population of 250 (120 girls, 121 boys and 9 teachers). Murichu Primary School’s WASH project was identified during a situational analysis carried out by KRA in collaboration with the partnering local communities.

 The findings of the participatory needs assessment proposed the following interventions:

ü  Increase sustainable water availability for drinking through construction of rainwater harvesting systems (roof catchment water storage tank (90m3);

ü  Improve sanitation and good hygiene practices in school through construction of gender-sensitive improved latrines  three blocks VIP for  boys , girls and teachers; and

ü  Build the capacity and increase knowledge of local communities on rainwater harvesting, improved water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH).

In my last update, I had reported that the tank and the girl’s latrine were ready for use, the boy’s block was underway and today am happy to report that its construction is complete and the whole project was commissioned at the beginning of this year in attendance were parents, local government administration staff, and representatives of Kenya Rainwater Association.   


The project constructed ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine for girls, boy and the teachers and a masonry rainwater harvesting tank. The sanitation situation in the school was in pathetic condition, only one wooden latrine  was in use since the others were no longer in use as they were sinking, teachers and students were in extremely dire need of better latrines.


The project was implemented successfully and the significant impacts have been realized, and the pupils, teachers and parents cannot hide their appreciation. According to Mr. Gerald Karoki Kariuki, the head-teacher Murichu Primary School, the following are the changes already being experienced in the school:

a)      Reduced water borne diseases among the children leading to improved school attendance

b)      Increased water supply all year round for cleaning, drinking and cooking in the school leading to reduced water burden for the children

c)       Improved nutrition due to the increase vegetable production in the school through irrigation

d)      Improved performance as children are now able to concentrate on their studies instead of wasting time going to fetch water

e)      The new gender segregated pit latrines provide privacy especially for the girls hence reducing the rate of girl child drop outs in the school. Parents can now allow their children to go to school without fear of them falling into the pits

 I look forward to your continued collaboration and wish you the best for this year. As always, we welcome you to let us know how we can work together for sustained individual and collective impact in the WASH project for rural needy schools in Kenya. Until next time, let us keep the conversations going on our various online channels. 



Girls' VIP latrine
Girls' VIP latrine
Boy's block with a urinal.
Boy's block with a urinal.
Murichu Primary Completed Masonary tank launch
Murichu Primary Completed Masonary tank launch
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Girls' only latrine- Murichu Primary
Girls' only latrine- Murichu Primary

Happy end year 2016, festive season greetings from Kenya Rainwater Association!

School dropout and low literacy rates, especially among the girl child, can be largely attributed to poor sanitation more specifically the lack of access to separate and decent toilets impedes girls access to their education, which can be supported and fostered by something as basic as a girls only toilet.

 According to a 2010 Baseline Survey only a third of schools have safe water sources in their compounds and had child friendly latrines. Although most of the schools had separate, gender specific latrines, the majority of them did not meet the national pupil to toilet ratio standards for boys or girls. It is notable that even in the schools that had latrine facilities, a significant number of these infrastructures were in a pathetic state and not gender sensitive. It thus became apparent that the schools could become dangerous grounds for infections due to the overburdened and overused sanitation facilities. To avert the situation Kenya Rainwater Association (KRA) chose to work hand in hand with various non state actors to improve pupils’ access to improved WASH as a basis of improving the health status and economic empowerment. KRA’s interventions included development of water supply and sanitation facilities in schools which is achieved with maximum participation of school and community throughout the entire project cycle including planning, implementation and management.

One such intervention has been going on in Murichu primary this year and so far a water tank has been constructed for rainwater harvesting to foster clean and safe water in the school. The other components of WASH are the gender segregated latrines comprising of separate blocks for boys, girls and teachers.

Construction of the latrines is underway and the girls block is ready for use, we expect this to boost the girls esteem when they return next year since before their latrine was in a pathetic situation, most girls would miss school during their menses as their latrines had fallen doors without a privacy wall.

 The other blocks will be constructed with your continued support, goodwill and friendship.

I want to wish you a Merry Christmas and a very happy 2017, I hope next year will be busy with activities of putting a smile on the faces of many more pupils as we promote WASH in Kenyan Primary Schools together.

God Bless You!

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Pupils bring water with jerricans to school
Pupils bring water with jerricans to school

Greetings from Kenya Rainwater Association! This is yet another report from Murichu Primary School to catch us up on the ongoing activities since my last update.


One of the output of the WASH project in this school was constructing a masonry water tank of 75m3 volume and installation of guttering systems including a foul-flash system, I am happy to report that so far the construction of the tank is complete together with the watering point.

Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) in Schools affects:

  • Privacy and Dignity
  • School attendance
  • Student health
  • Learning outcomes
  • Gender equity
  • Poverty

Key goals of WASH in Schools include increased female school attendance, more kids washing their hands and fewer schoolchildren with worms and diarrhea


Access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation facilities coupled with adaptation of hygienic practices ensures improved health of the people and protect them, particularly the children, from a number of water and sanitation related diseases including the most commonly occurring disease - diarrhea.


Lack of safe water and sanitation facilities turn schools into unsafe places where diseases are transmitted with mutually reinforcing negative impacts on the children, their families, communities and overall development.


The pupils and the entire community says THANK YOU for becoming a part of the change they have awaited for so long. With the October rains the tank will collect water and this will see the end of pupils carrying water from home or collecting water from dirty rivers and spending so much time out there instead of concentrating on their studies. With this we expect pupils’ retention in school to go up and their overall performance to improve.


The next phase is to construct gender sensitive latrines for boys, girls and teachers and as always we depend on your generous contribution and your goodwill. Please help us spread the gospel of clean sanitation and hygiene for Kenyan rural schools to your friends, family, workmates and everyone. TELL A FRIEND TO TELL A FRIEND!


Thank you again for your time, support and collaboration.


See you in the next update!

Completed water tank
Completed water tank
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Happy New Month July 2016!

I am pleased to share with you our developments for the past three months at Murichu Primary School, Kenya WASH Project, I had said I will keep you posted. Happy reading!


The following are the project components: (a) construction of 75m3 masonry rainwater storage tank; (b) installation of gutters including a foul-flush system; (c)Construction of draw-off point for pupils; (d) construction of gender-segregated VIP latrines (blocks for girls, boys, and teachers); and (e) training of pupils and community on good hygiene practices.

Project Implementation Status

Procurement of Construction Material

The procurement process for the supply of construction material was done through competitive bidding. The selected supplier has already supplied all the construction material for the tank as per the BoQ/LPO and paid as per signed deliver notes and invoice. The quality of the material was ascertained before the payment was done. The material is on site and well secured after delivered.

Construction of the 75m3 water storage tank

The construction process has so far achieved the following activities:

a) Site identification, clearance and set-up

The siting of the tank location was done during the project launching meeting on May14, 2016.

Site clearance involved the removal of vegetative from the identified site.

Setting out the tank entailed identification of a reference point that marked the center of the tank. Then a radius 3.4 m in reference to the tank center was used to determine the internal and external circumference of the tank.

b) Tank foundation

Excavation of the foundation strip, which went up to 1.5m due to the deep of unsuitable clay soil. The five reinforcement concrete (1:2:3 mix ratio) columns’ footings of 0.6x0.6x0.6m were dug up to 2.1m – up to the stable murram layer.

The foundation walls were constructed with three courses of 9x9x9-inches quarry stones using mortar joint ratio mix of 1:3 including along the two diameters cross-sections – from the four side reinforced columns.

The tank foundation was filled with hardcore (rubble stones), which was compacted up to the level of the walls. The spacing between the wall and the excavated pit was also filled with compacted hardcore.

The Y12 reinforcement net was placed at 150mm spacing and well secured with bidding wire, and then the concrete slab (1:2:3 mix ratio) was casted.

The tank capacity will be increased by an extra depth of 0.75m due to the deep tank foundation – this will be more cost-effective instead of filling the extra depth with hardcore.


AI would like to thank you for your generous contributions, Murichu Primary will soon have enough WASH facilities, and handwashing will drastically reduce cases of diarrhoea. Absenteeism will go down too as water will now be available within the school. Clean water and sanitation has the potential to make a difference in children’s lives. Kids need clean water to be healthy, to grow and thrive, to attend school regularly, and to fulfil their potential.

Thank you so much for your continued support and collaboration, together we can! Enjoy reading and have a fruitful month ahead!

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Latrine condition in Murichu Primary School
Latrine condition in Murichu Primary School

Greetings from Kenya Rainwater Association, I trust you are well!

 Kenya Rainwater Association continues to sincerely thank each and every one of you for the continued support on this journey of promoting rainwater harvesting for water and sanitation in Kenyan rural primary schools. KRA has again identified another school to benefit from the generous contributions from this forum and other well-wishers.

 Murichu primary school is located in Murichu Sub-location of Murichu Location, Ndaragua Division, Nyandarua North District, Nyandarua County, Kenya. The area is semi-arid and the people living  here are financially challenged

 Today the school has an enrollment of 138 boys and 128 girls and a total population of 266 pupils. The members of staff in this school by gender are 6 male and 2 female teachers making a total of 8 members of staff.

 Source of Water

Water for watering the classrooms is drawn from a dam which is about 800m away and which is also a potential danger to our pupils especially the ones from lower classes who can drawn easily.


The school has wooden and dilapidated toilets and pupils find it difficult to use them. Pupils shield their peers as use the latrines since most of them have fallen doors.


Children are the most important resource in a society and their well-being especially while in school affects their day to day life in terms of good performance and emotional growth. Creating a conducive learning environment is therefore an essential factor to consider in achieving this goal. For this reason, KRA has made it a priority to provide access to clean and safe water and proper sanitation facilities in primary schools, which in most rural settings still remains a huge challenge and a contributing factor to school drop outs and poor performance. The intervention views children as agents of change in the promotion and adoption of best practices in the community and society at large. It focuses on the following core principles:

a)         Construction of 75m3 masonry rainwater storage tank;

b)         Installation of guttering systems including a foul-flash system;

c)         Construction of gender segregated improved sanitary facilities (VIP latrines) for boys, girls and teachers

d)         Community and pupils training on improved sanitation and hygiene.


The construction works are to begin this month and I shall surely keep you posted!


This year we look forward to doing more than one school with your continued support, collaboration and friendship.


Thank you and God bless you

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Organization Information

Kenya Rainwater Association

Location: Nairobi - Kenya
Project Leader:
Peris Muchina
Information and Communication Officer
Nairobi, Nairobi Kenya
$8,242 raised of $17,210 goal
158 donations
$8,968 to go
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Account: GG8472

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