Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School

by Kenya Rainwater Association
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School
Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School

Kenya Rainwater Association (KRA)’s assessments show that 65-75% of schools and homesteads in Kenya have no access to improved water supply and sanitation. Children are often late for school due to the long distances they have to walk to collect water before class. Unfortunately, most of the rural water sources have inferior water quality leading to poor health and absence from school. Thus school performance, especially for girls, is affected. Access to improved water supply is compounded by poor sanitation. Where latrines do exist they are often in poor condition. Existing sanitary facilities rarely have separate blocks for boys and girls and have wooden bases, suffering subsidence with potentially catastrophic implications for someone trapped inside. When girls reach puberty they want more privacy and will often stay away from schools each month or drop out completely if separate facilities are not available. This aggravates girl’s low performance in schools.

In target districts 70-80% of the population live below the poverty line, which is exacerbated by poor access to safe water and sanitation. Typhoid, diarrhoea, cholera, and intestinal worm infestations have increased in recent years, particularly in low-income areas with poor sanitation services. Awareness of the linkages between health, water quality, sanitation and hygiene is also low. Even when people do understand the best methods to protect their health they often lack the facilities to implement their knowledge. Good hygiene practices reduce infections and improve health. For example, hand washing with soap after using latrines reduces diarrhoeal diseases by 30-40%.

Wangui Primary school WASH project was identified, together with other ten needy schools in the area during a situational analysis carried out by KRA in collaboration with the partnering local communities.

Wangui Primary School is located in Nyandarua County, Kenya. The climate is classified as semi-arid tropics with two rainy seasons (March-May) and (November-December). The school population is made up of 144 girls, 126 boys and 11 teachers.

Pupils fetch water from a seasonal stream about 300m away during the wet season, but there is no water during the dry spell. The water is not drinkable and is used to wet the earthen class floors. Pupils carry individual water in small bottles for personal use from home. The temporary latrines are inadequate and in poor condition and there is also no water or soap to wash hands.

The following are the main project components:

a)      Construction of 75m3 masonry rainwater storage tank including water draw-off cum hand-washing facility;

b)      Installation of guttering systems including a simple foul-flush system to divert first runoff, which collects accumulated dust, leaves and bird droppings from the roof, from the tank – improving water quality;

c)      Capacity building – community and pupils training on improved WASH and O&M to enhance project performance and sustainability.

The project implementation is yet to commence  this month and is scheduled to be completed within two months; we continue to humbly ask you for your generous contributions and good will as we embark on yet another noble initiative of bringing clean water and sanitation to Wangui Primary school.

We deeply appreciate the work that you do to serve the world and humanity!

Share on Twitter Share on Facebook
Boy's Latrine block in use
Boy's Latrine block in use

Hello, Greetings for the new Month!

In my last update, I had reported that we had completed the construction of a masonry tank and the VIP latrines were to commence at Ritaya Primary School. The construction of the latrines is underway and some blocks are in use already. The school had several sub-standard pit latrines except for one block which was handed over to girls to use and the pupils did not have adequate water to wash their hands after using the latrines. The ratio of pupils: latrine was lower than the Ministry of Education requirements.

This project component includes construction of gender-segregated sanitary facilities (i.e. ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines) – separate blocks for boys and girls, and teachers). The number of units for each gender depends on the pupils: latrine ratio (i.e. 30 boys per unit and 25 girls per unit) as per Kenya government policy. On unstable soils, lining is provided from the bottom of the pit, where on stable soils lining is not required and the latrine walls are supported by the concrete slab – which also include provisions for ventilation pipes and drop holes. The drop-holes also act as exhausting outlet – to dispose the waste when full, and hence they can serve for many years.

Anticipated Impacts

The following are some of the anticipated benefits/impacts:

1. Improved pupils enrolment, retention and performance in examinations – this can be monitored through class attendance registers, and examination results (variation in mean score

2. Improved health – there is a direct correlation between pupils’ academic performance and better health – reduced water borne diseases and improved nutrition.

3. Increased retention and sustainability of pupils (especially girls in upper primary levels), which will not be possible without water and improved sanitation.

4. Increased girls’ performance especially in higher grades (Classes 7 & 8) due to improved sanitary facilities – reduced absenteeism.

5. High attraction and retention of teachers, which enhance school reputation and performance.

6. Reduced cost for buying water – water trucking is common in most schools in the ASALs – and hence savings can be used for other school projects (e.g. construction of classes).

7. Promotion of primary schools as innovation centres for improved WASH, nutrition and environment

 There is an ongoing campaign on all GG platforms dubbed! Little by Little Matching Campaign! And I would humbly ask you to go on and donate for our project; Clean Water and Sanitation for Kenyan Rural School.

Your participation and involvement during the inception and all through the project cycle played a great role towards the successful completion. We at Kenya Rainwater Water are especially thank full for your continued support.

Share on Twitter Share on Facebook
Before the construction of the water tank
Before the construction of the water tank

Happy New Year 2018! The past year 2017 was full of activities and we at Kenya Rainwater Association and the school communities that benefited from your generosity thank you for showing your commitment to our WASH Programmes. None of our work could be done without our amazing supporters, and we are especially grateful to you.


From my last update, construction works were on going at Ritaya Primary School in Nyandarua County, am now happy to report that the water tank is complete and has harvested rainwater that came down in November 2017.


The following were the main project components:

a) Construction of 75m3 masonry rainwater storage tank;

b) Installation of gutters and a simple foul-flush system;

c) Construction of gender-segregated sanitary facilities (VIP latrines) i.e. (i) 8 units with urinal for boys; and (ii) 2 units for teachers.


When the school reopened this year, the pupils were extremely excited when they were told that now clean and safe water was available in school, they could drink, wash their hands after visiting the toilets and they could also wash/ dust their classrooms with ease.


We are hopeful that in the new year, the pupils will continue to benefit from your generosity and goodwill, and the construction of permanent latrines will commence.

We thank you once again for your support. It means the world to us and the school community we serve!

With gratitude,

Ready to use water tank
Ready to use water tank
Share on Twitter Share on Facebook
Some of Ritaya pupils in class
Some of Ritaya pupils in class

Ritaya is a public primary school with a high population of 917 pupils, which is attributed to its cross vicinity to Mairo-inya trading centre inNyandaruaCounty, Nyandarua NorthSub-County.The school infrastructure consists of mainly semi-permanent classroom blocks and a few permanent classroom blocks squeezed in a 2-acre plot.

In my last update, I had reported that Ritaya Primary school was our next beneficiary and today am happy to report that with your contributions and well wishes we have been able to start the construction of a masonry tank that will see the end of pupils bringing water to school using Jeri cans.

Project Management

 A project management committee (PMC) comprising of representatives of the school Board (PTA), the headmaster and KRA technical team was formed to undertake the following roles during the project implementation:

  • Co-ordinate the daily running of the project activities which included procurement of construction material and supervision of skilled and unskilled labour;
  • Community mobilization and sensitization on the project activities;
  •  Security and storage of construction materials; and
  • Participatory monitoring and evaluation (M&E).

Project Implementation Status

The construction of the 75m3 masonry rainwater storage is ongoing and following is an outline of the tank construction process (steps and activities) in a chronological order:

1)          Site clearance and foundation layout;

2)          Excavation of the foundation;

3)          Laying and blinding of hardcore;

4)          Construction of the concrete slab reinforced with heavy gauge weld mesh and Y8 bars;

5)          Construction of tank wall, using single masonry layer reinforced with barbed wire placed after every 2 layers;

6)          Internal plastering of wall and floor. Chicken wire was used to reinforce the internal wall;

7)          Construction of the dome-shape ferrocement roof cover, which start with setting up the timber formwork, followed by laying of the reinforcement (using heavy gauge weld mesh, Y8 bars and chicken wire) and central pillar to hold the roof;

8)          External plastering and/or keying the masonry joints;

9)          Construction of water draw off points cum hand washing facility, including drain-off outlets;

10)     Installation of guttering system – including simple foul-flash device; and

11)     Signage for visibility which include acknowledgement of project implementer (KRA) and development partner (CMAD in this case).

 So far, activities 1-7 have been accomplished and 8 &9 are on-going. The tank construction process will be completed in a month’s time.


I look forward to your continued support and collaboration as we continue to create a conducive environment for our pupils to learn and excel in their academics.



Construction of tank ongoing
Construction of tank ongoing
Share on Twitter Share on Facebook
Drinking water from a well transported by donkeys
Drinking water from a well transported by donkeys

One of the latest beneficiaries that we just concluded is Murichu Primary School .Murichu Primary School WASH project was identified, together with other five needy schools in the area during a situational analysis carried out by KRA in collaboration with the partnering local communities. Part of those needy schools is Ritaya Primary, not very far from Murichu Primary, and it is the next to benefit from your selflessness and your kind contributions!

The overall objective is to improve water supply, sanitation & hygiene, food security & nutrition and environment conservation in selected rural schools in Kenya. The specific objectives are to

ü  Increase sustainable water availability for drinking and agricultural use (see Box 2) through construction of rainwater harvesting systems (water storage tanks (75m3) and farm ponds (75m3) both supplied by the expansive school roof catchments;

ü  Improve sanitation and good hygiene practices in schools through construction of gender-sensitive ventilated improved Pit (VIP) latrines– separate blocks for boys and girls, and hand-washing facility;

ü  Increase vegetable production and nutrition for school meals program through irrigated vegetable gardens;

ü  Improve environmental conservation and climate change mitigation through establishment of tree seedling nurseries and tree planting (one tree per pupil per year); and

ü  Build the capacity and increase knowledge of local communities on rainwater harvesting, improved sanitation, health & hygiene (WASH), food security & nutrition (climate-smart agriculture) and environmental conservation.

 Project Implementation

The project will be implemented by KRA in collaboration with the School Management Committees (SMC) of the selected Primary Schools. KRA will provide all the technical support and backstopping needed in collaboration the SMC during project implementation. KRA has qualified Technical Assistants, who will be in charge of monitoring and supervision of construction work to ensure quality control and adherence to engineering design. Procurement of material will be jointly done by SMC and KRA field-based Technical Assistants. KRA Nairobi-based team will also undertake regular field monitoring visits to offer technical backstopping and support.


Children are the most important resource in a society and their well-being especially while in school affects their day to day life in terms of good performance and emotional growth. Creating a conducive learning environment is therefore an essential factor to consider in achieving this goal. For this reason, KRA has made it a priority to provide access to clean and safe water and proper sanitation facilities in primary schools, which in most rural settings still remains a huge challenge and a contributing factor to school drop outs and poor performance. The intervention views children as agents of change in the promotion and adoption of best practices in the community and society at large

We need you , these pupils need you, this is a social network! Lets do what we normally do best,

put a smile on their faces once more!

Current condition of  Boy's latrine
Current condition of Boy's latrine
Share on Twitter Share on Facebook

About Project Reports

Project Reports on GlobalGiving are posted directly to by Project Leaders as they are completed, generally every 3-4 months. To protect the integrity of these documents, GlobalGiving does not alter them; therefore you may find some language or formatting issues.

If you donate to this project or have donated to this project, you will get an e-mail when this project posts a report. You can also subscribe for reports via e-mail without donating.

Get Reports via Email

We'll only email you new reports and updates about this project.

Organization Information

Kenya Rainwater Association

Location: Nairobi - Kenya
Project Leader:
Peris Muchina
Information and Communication Officer
Nairobi, Nairobi Kenya
$8,242 raised of $17,210 goal
158 donations
$8,968 to go
Donate Now

Pay Bill: 891300
Account: GG8472

Donating through GlobalGiving is safe, secure, and easy with many payment options to choose from. View other ways to donate

Kenya Rainwater Association has earned this recognition on GlobalGiving:
Add Project to Favorites

Help raise money!

Support this important cause by creating a personalized fundraising page.

Start a Fundraiser

Learn more about GlobalGiving

Teenage Science Students
Vetting +
Due Diligence


Woman Holding a Gift Card
Gift Cards

Young Girl with a Bicycle

Sign up for the GlobalGiving Newsletter

WARNING: Javascript is currently disabled or is not available in your browser. GlobalGiving makes extensive use of Javascript and will not function properly with Javascript disabled. Please enable Javascript and refresh this page.