Celebrating women day
Background during and after the implementation of the project;
Lebanon’s political, economic, and social dynamics have a significant impact on the rights, health and overall wellbeing of the child within its territory. Despite the fact that Lebanon has reconstructed its government institutions, its health and social services, as well as its infrastructure to a large extent in recent decades, the country’s turbulent political history continues to impact the current unstable political climate, the poor governance, the socio-economic inequalities, as well as the treatment of refugee communities and other vulnerable groups. These underlying realities heavily influence the rights and wellbeing of the child in Lebanon, not solely when it comes to protection and the provision of adequate services, but further in terms of discrimination, violence, and safety. Comprehending the political history and ongoing political landscape in Lebanon is important whilst designing and implementing effective child-centered initiatives, programs and projects.
The ineffectuality of the country’s services increases economic disparities and vulnerability, and also further perpetuates families’ needs to resort to sending their children to work. With economic and financial stressors adding up, as well as the drastic devaluation in the Lebanese currency, poverty in Lebanon is likely to continue to worsen in 2021. UNESCWA estimates anticipate that as of 2021, more than 55% of the country's population trapped in poverty and struggling for bare necessities.
Poverty in Lebanon is concerted in specific regions, primarily in Baalbek and surrounding villages of the Beqaa, as well as in Akkar in North Lebanon, and a number of heavily populated Beirut suburbs as urban-based poverty continues to be on the rise.Based on ESCWA’s 2021 report, “Poverty in Lebanon: Impact of Multiple Shocks and Call for Solidarity,” women and children are mostly vulnerable to fluctuation in the accessibility of affordable social services. As stated earlier, the majority of basic social services in Lebanon are privatized, including 90% of primary health care, over 50% of schools, and 30% of drinking water. Moreover, due to the overall weakness of public services, a culture of clientelism based on partisan politics, personal connection, political, and sectarian affiliation governs the provision of social and welfare services to the general public.
- NABA’A worked on three projects centered around women empowerment and gender-based violence (GBV).
- The Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS), Child Protection (CP), Gender Based Violence (GBV) prevention and intervention services in the Palestinian Camps and Gatherings in Lebanon targeted beneficiaries located in Ein El-Helweh and Burj El-Shemali camps, engaging them in multiple activities designed to build skills, strengthen resilience, support the cognitive, social, and motor skills of children and youth (mostly females), and improve parenting skills, among others. As a result, girls, women, and children were empowered, acquired new knowledge, and enhanced their skills. Some of the project’s main results are listed in Figure 5.
- A second project targeted different areas in the North of Lebanon where unemployment rates were specifically high, including villages in Akkar, one of Lebanon's poorest regions. Under this project, seven trainings were conducted for adolescent girls as shown in Figure 6. Consequently, a committee comprised of socially active women and girls aged between 18 and 25 years old and residing in Muhammarah area in the North was formed. The committee focused on defending women's rights, encouraging women's involvement in political action, providing women and girls with a safe platform to speak up freely, and forming a permanent committee in collaboration with the local municipality to address issues of concern.
- Around 3020 Youth and adolescents (70% females) involved in the life skills program including different topics such as (Communication skills, leader ship skills, how to protect themselves from abuse, reproductive health, peer to peer, human rights, child rights, women rights, etc…).
- Nabaa’ provided inclusive education for 3210 boys and girls of school age (6-12 years) in the Palestinian camps and Syrian gatherings in Lebanon (Tripoli, Saida, Tyre, Nabatieh) “In line with UNRWA's educational reform and MEHE curriculum to support the education of refugees children from Syria, Palestinians or Syrians.
- Children and women have been targeted in psychosocial activities as the following, 3051 children (males and females)and 550 parents most of them are women, including, vulnerable Lebanese, Palestinian and Syrian refugees. Whereas, in Borj Al Shamali camp 555 children (males and females and 220 parents including (Lebanese, Syrian Refugees and Palestinian refugees).
- It is worthy to note that, two child friendly psychosocial spaces were established at two UNRWA clinics (one in Ein El Helweh and one in Wadi El Zeni), where 2350 children whom their families access UNRWA clinics participated and joined the activities in these spaces.
- Code: R1
- Date of birth: 2003
- Nationality: Syrian
- Sex: Female
- Referred by: Social Worker
- Reason for referral: self-harm, isolation, psychological stress
- Risk level: High
I. The Social Status of the Beneficiary
Number of children
Notes: The beneficiary is currently married to someone else and has no children.
II. The educational level of the beneficiary
Illiterate Elementary Intermediate High school University
III. Economic and living situation of the beneficiary
- Work: Unemployed Unstable Stable
- Type of work: Stitching
- Is he/she receiving financial assistance? No
- Family income: good average low bad
- Nature of the residence: Landlord Rent hosted tent
- Number of rooms:2
- Does anyone else live in the house with the family: Thebeneficiary and her husband live with her parents and her siblings
Additional Observations on the Living Situation of the Case:
The living and economic situation of the beneficiary is terrible as the family of 8 members live in a house consisting of only 2 rooms which lacks the basic home furnishings.
IV. Health/psychological situation:
Is there any impairment/disability (blindness, autism...)?
Are there any physical disabilities?
Are there any medications that the beneficiary takes on an ongoing basis?
Is there a previous psychological preview?
Is there a neuropathy?
Does the beneficiary undergo any type of drug abuse?
The method of spotting the case:
The beneficiary’s case was observed during her participation in awareness sessions, covering topics related to gender-based violence (GBV).
- Summary of the background/history of the beneficiary and the problems suffered from:
After observing the beneficiary’s situation through her participation in awareness sessions, she began talking openly about her situation among the Psycho Social Support group members (group of girls aged 14-20), where she talked about the consequences of early marriage that she faced and suffered from, as she was forcibly ordered by her father to marry a man when she was 15 years old. This early marriage shortly led to family problems and complications including constant insults to her by the husband's parents, leading her to divorce few months after her marriage.
Moreover, after her divorce, she received insults from her own family who considers divorce as a shame and a social defect, where the mother told her, "You are just a divorced girl and so you are with us to serve us."
All that has been addressed and said to her had led to the emergence of high-risk psychological symptoms.
Psychological and Social Symptoms Observed:
- Community isolation (spends days without communicating or meeting with a family or friend)
- Feelings of permanent sadness (most of the time)
- Constant crying
- Fear of facing people
- Loss of self-confidence and loss of trust in people
- Sleep disorders (insomnia)
- Eating disorders
- Nail biting
- Hair cutting (self-torture for revenge)
- Harming her body by cutting off her wrists and arms
Data Collection Method:
Data is collected through the psycho-social support sessions and awareness sessions given, as well as follow-up via the telephone and home visit.
Intervention and follow-up Methods:
- Integrate in PSS activities with groups of participants of her age to improve her social life and work on her social skills to remove "isolation" symptom
- Awareness sessions about three main topics:
Aim of each topic
- know that ''Early Marriage" is a kind of violence
- Reasons of early marriage and its consequences on girls on different aspects (physical, psychological, social…)
- The role she can play as "Girl" to stop this Marriage
- Mechanisms to reduce early marriage
- The aim is to define the different kinds of violence
- Reasons and consequences of violence,
- Realize that gender inequality is the root cause of gender-based violence
- Stages of problem solving based on problem-solving and decision- making methodology.
Gender versus sex
- To aware about the equity and gender equality,
- Analyze the consequences of gender discrimination,
- To know the role of girls in promoting equal rights and responsibilities
Reproductive health sessions
Routine hygiene and care of the sensitive area
- Psychosocial support sessions (SHE DEAL sessions) how to deal with risks,
Attending the PSS sessions allows her distinguish between positive and negative emotions and cognitions that follow each of the two kinds of emotions, also to let her know her internal and external resources to support them and shield lights on how to use them in daily life events positively to improve self-esteem and self-confidence
- Art therapy sessions (fears and sources of strength, your position in society, expression of emotions)
Number of psychological sessions :
Three sessions – weekly attending
- Refer to the psychiatrist (due to the presence of the following symptoms (eating and sleeping disorders, isolation, self-harming)
- Build confidential relationship with the psychologist
- High self- confidence, and self esteem
- Make her relationship with her friend(as an external resource) stronger to make her participate in different activities together in order to stop the social isolation
- Shed lights and support her internal resources (strength points) and how to use them in a right way
- Follow-up meetings with the psychologist through individual sessions on a weekly basis
- Continue participating in the sessions that she had begun as a recommendation by the social worker and at the request of the beneficiary herself (awareness sessions, art therapy sessions, social psychological support sessions).