Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon

by Developmental Action without Borders/Naba'a
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Campaign about risks of early marriage
Campaign about risks of early marriage

Background during and after the implementation of the project; Regarding the situation of the girls in the most vulnerable and marginalized communities in Lebanon including displaced communities, the difficult socio-economic situation results in parents allowing or encouraging their daughters to get married at an early ages, due to the conventional thought between the people which resides on marrying a girl off while she is still young is believed to be less expensive than waiting till she and the groom reach adulthood, protecting the girl sexuality because they guess one of  the leading causes of early marriage is the over-emphasis on virginity and chastity of girls and the consequent control of the sexuality of women and girls , Developing and alliance between two families so the  child marriages are planned and conducted to create an alliance between two families for social, political and economic reasons., lack of awareness of the law related to child marriage , in addition to Lack of access to education and reproductive health services.

Therefore, based on the previous causes that we have been mentioned above there are several rights that are undermined or lost by children forced to marry early that summarizes as the right to an education to be protected from physical and mental violence, injury or abuse, including sexual abuse, rape, and sexual exploitation. Also, The pleasance of the highest possible standard of health. In addition, the right to rest and leisure, and to participate freely in cultural life. Furthermore, the right to not be separated from parents against the child's will. Moreover, deprivation from the right of protection against all forms of exploitation which affect any aspect of the child’s welfare.

Naba’a Achievements;

The most highlighted achievements during this period, are focused on protecting the adolescent and girls from risks of early marriage;

-          (Protecting Girls from Early Marriage), where the Child Marriage rates are reduced among the most vulnerable populations in Lebanon

-           Empowering the local community, particularly parents, mothers and girls so they became are able to take decisions to become agents of positive change to take action towards reducing the early marriage in their communities. 

-          Empowering the vocational skills and enrolling the girls in the vocational training center to study a vocational profession, which provide an opportunity for the young girls to find a job in the Lebanese community and to afford their daily expenses and improve their socio-economic situation, so that, their parent will not consider them as a financial burdens which is one of the main reasons that lead the girls to get marry in the early ages.

-          Finally, improving the status of the adolescent girls, young women and their mothers is  to ensure that they are treated equally within their community and they are aware about their rights and how to protect themselves from abuse

CASE STUDY

 

Age: 17

Nationality: PRS

Status: married

Family: 2 (3 years girl, 5 years boy)

About the wife:

The wife lives with her family consisting of husband and two children in a rent house, she suffered many problems in her life since she was in adolescence, she suffered from sexual abuse from her uncle who asked her to keep silent in order to preserve the dignity of the family.

She get married when she was 17 years old, her husband does not have identification papers he escape to Lebanon because of the war in Syria.

 

 The second problem is that her second child was born in the camp  and was not able to register him  so they feel ashamed that their children have no identity papers .beside of this she suffered from violence from his husband and she keep silent because in their traditions the husband has the right to do anything to his wife .

The wife know someone who helped her in home in the absence of her husband, which started to a romantic relationship and then turned into a sexual relationship, and after a while her mother know about this relation, so she asked the husband to move to another place .the wife felt lonely and boring, she hated her family and crying all the time which making her try to suicide several times.  After she get treated in the hospital, she get back to home to continue her life with her family even she get bored  she had emotional deprivation from her husband and family side, let her seek for another person to saturate her needs. She is now living in Loss and the conflict between conscience (her mind) and heart (her desire), because she can't live without her children conversely she don't want to live with her husband.

Economic situation:

Very bad

Social situation:

The relation between the wife and husband: very bad she hates him and didn’t want to live with him.

The relation between wife and her family: her relation with her mother very good ,she told her everything about her feeling ,and regarding to her father the relation is very bad .

The relation between her and her children: she loves them but because of them she can't leave her husband .

 

The problem:  depression

 Interventions:

Psychological support /listening/ counseling session/home visit

Recommendation

Follow up twice weekly /share her in parents deal/share her in awareness sessions   

 

 

How to protect themselves from Abuse
How to protect themselves from Abuse
Raising awareness workshop
Raising awareness workshop

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Background during and after the implementation of the project; According to the Vulnerability Assessment Framework conducted by UNHCR, approximately 25% of Lebanon’s current population is refugees from Syria 2015 -2016, and based on the updated assessment conducted by Naba’a during December 2016 which aim to address the main priorities and needs of the Syrian refugees and highlighting the main gaps within the services, the most highlighted findings of the assessment showed the followings;

  • All displaced Syrians (Syrian Refugees from Syria) Responded that the situation is not good at all in the Palestinian refugee camps (Ein ElHelweh, El Buss, Rashydieh, Naher El Bared and Baddawi camps). camp. SRS children are afraid; the families as a while feel generally unsafe.  The conditions are overcrowded. All SRS interviewed have been in camp for 2-5 years.
  • With the influx of Syrian refugees the most marginalized areas such as Old town of Saida and Lebanese gatherings have become overcrowded and very unsafety.
  • The rates of early marriage are high among Syrian population groups, with over 50% of females reporting marriage before age 18.38. It is to be noted that marriage under 18 is a culturally accepted practice in Syria, especially among rural populations, and predates the current crisis. However, fear of rape is quite prevalent that refugee families are marrying off their daughters very early. In some cases, families in refugee settings resort to early marriage, usually to an older male relative, as a safeguard to their ‘honor’ or to hide the fact that a girl has been raped. It is also important to note that some surveys indicate that young Syrian girls are subjected to significant pressure to marry older men. Some women indicated that “Arabs men think women are cheap” because they can command a less expensive dowry. Hence, neighbors and strangers are more likely to approach a family with marriage proposals for their young daughters.

Naba’a Achievements; We aimed to address unmet reproductive health and psychosocial support needs of adolescents and young persons in marginalised and impoverished communities by protecting them from the followings;

  • Sexual Transmitted Infections
  • Protecting youth and adolescents from risky behaviors
  • Gender based violence, particularly focusing on early marriage, forced marriage, sexual abuse and harassment, sexual transmitted infections.
  • Responding to the needs during the reporting period, we targeted the most marginalized young and adolescents (Lebanese, Syrian and Palestinians),  it is largely based on a model of integrating reproductive health services, with health advice, counseling and health promotion.
  • A reproductive health team including (Gynecologist as a referral, urologist, nurses and psychosocial counselor) offered a social, health and psychosocial counseling.
  • General health advice and counseling.  Team members also conducted health awareness and out reach activities.
  • A referral system established for cases such as (STDs, sexual abuse, early marriage girls, young mothers, etc…) in coordination with Primary Health Clinics.
  • A Peer to Peer team consisting of 20 members (the peer to peer team played a role as health educators in the community. One is made up of young people to raise awareness and to be a source of information and positive role models in their communities.
  • 2000 Young persons, children and adolescents empowered to become active agents of risks facing adolescent and young girls such as abuse, early marriage, etc…through monthly raising awareness sessions through different methodologies;
  • A Consortium member consisting of NGO’s is established
  • 100 Advisory classes implemented in Schools and VTCs targeted 400 young adolescent and girls
  • Local Community and active members particularly the popular committee, political factions and active stakeholders, municipality in Ein El Helweh, Old town of Saida and Rashiydieh camp are made aware about risks facing adolescents and young girls. 

Case Study

- Date of Birth: 2001

- Nationality: P / L

- Grade and school: X

- Interests: Driving a car

- Sex; Female

- The number of family members: 7

- Ranked among her brothers: 1

About the life of the child: the child lives in a very small house and her economic situation is bad, she is the oldest among her brothers. Her relationship with her father and brothers is very bad, as they are not listening to her opinion. As she mentioned his father is always angry and nervous which makes the family to live in a tension and frustrated life. The girl always complain about the situation of her family.  

Economic situation :The economic situation is bad, the father is a farmer and they are living in a very small house. The father is always complaining about the income of the family which is not satisfied and affordable to buy their basic needs.  The health situation: The girl suffers from allergic asthma

Social Situation; The relation between the girl and her father is not good, as he is communicating with her in a very bad and violent ways.

-      The relation between the girl and her mother is good

-      The relation between the girl and her brothers is not good, she feels jealous from them, as they are free to do anything, which she is obeying the rules of the family.

The problem that the girl is suffering from: The girl is suffering from her bad relation with her family particularly with father and brothers, this effect badly on her academic levels and grades and her social life and relation with her friends.

Intervention;

1. One to One session 2. Awareness sessions3. self-confidence and self esteem activities4. Breathing exercises to reduce tension Recommendations:1. Follow-up to the girl on a weekly basis2. Intensify activities and relaxation one to one session to reduce the psychological problems of the girl3. Engaging the girl in the voluntary activities within Naba’a programs

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Recreational Activities
Recreational Activities

Background during and after the implementation of the project; At the outset of the Syria crisis, over 280,000 Palestinian refugees lived in Lebanon, mostly in deplorable social, economic and environmental living conditions; since 2012/13, a further influx of over 44,000 Palestinian from Syria has put further pressure on the physical and social infrastructure of the camps and gatherings, and on the overstretched network of basic health, education and relief services that are provided to the refugees. Whilst Palestinians from Syria have recently lived through the horrors of the war and the misery of displacement, the ones from Lebanon have faced hardship and conflict throughout their lives; both groups remain dispossessed and marginalized, experiencing extreme socio-economic and cultural vulnerability, and facing a future that can be defined at best as uncertain.

Naba’a Achievements; Together with our psychosocial support, education and protection programs, the most marginalized and at risk of abuse children need the support of their families, communities and local government agencies to realize their rights. We work closely with the community to satisfy other immediate needs, help break the cycle of violence and ensure the effects of our work are felt long into the future. The most highlighted intervention during the reporting period is as the followings;

-          It is thus critical to focus on mental health and psychosocial support, and to implement community-based mental health care. Strengthening Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Palestinian Camps and gatherings for children, women and families effected by Syrian Crisis. 

-          More than 800 children (males and females) were provided by recreational activities and structured life skills methodologies and improved their emotional and social wellbeing. 

-          During this period, an intervention is focused on both formal (professional) and informal life skills training for youth particularly young females and the target group will be 46 Palestinian, Syrian and Lebanese youth. The objective is to give them opportunity to understand each other’s situation and working on enhancing their social situation together through community activities. This lead to reduce the tension among the youth.

-       October is considered as a “Breast Cancer Month” where more than 2000 women (Palestinian refugees from Syria, Palestinian Refugee from Lebanon and displaced Syrians) participated in the breast cancer campaign, raising awareness workshops and in the diagnostic screening.

Case Study  

 

  • Name : 9112016 
  • Nationality : Palestinian  
  • Date of birth : 13 / 8 / 2000 
  • Place of birth : Ein El Helwe  Heteen district  
  • Members of family : 3 female ( Excluding father and mother )  
  • Child arranging in family : the eldest
  • Brief overview about the child life: The child lives with her father and mother in a house composed from 2 rooms . she was studied in Qibia school but she stopped because she exposed to violence from the teachers , also she don`t like studying so she prefer to learn hairdressing in an institute .  For 3 months after that she left the institute and prefer to stay at home and her family agree with her and don`t motivate her to continue her studying because they are illiterate. The child become introvert and has no friend to visit them .  
  • The economical situation :  

The family suffer from bad economic level , the father`s work is inconstant he works in building . Although  he suffer from problem in his back and he stay jobless for along time

The family depend on Aids from UNRWA organization to ensure their needs especially the cost of medicines they need . 

The family live in their own house but it is unhealthy because of the humidity and darkness , the sunlight don`t enter their home .  

  • The health situation :  

The health of the child is good but her mother and father from problems in their backs ( Disk ) her sister also suffer from Asthma and she need monthly medicine .  

  • The social situation:  

The relation with her mother and father is very strong , she`s spoilt and especially that she`s the eldest daughter so they bring her all her wishes .  The relation with her sisters is very good she take care for them and spend most of her time with them she deal as if she is their mother . The relation with her friends : after she left school her relation with her friends stopped , she don`t communicate with them . 

  • Problem :  

The introvert and her anxiety about her sisters , she`s in tension all the time .  

The child don`t get out home except to bring the family needs . 

She always feels responsibly for her sisters to protect them from any danger . 

  • Data collective :  

The data collected from the home visit and the interview with parents and also from the observation .  

  • Intervention :  

Make the child conscious to live her age and about the important of the integration in the society and the important of having friends . 

Integrate the child in the psychosocial activities ( she deal methodology ) .  

Integrate the child in Yoga activity that aims to build up her self confidence . 

Listening session with her to reveal the causes of her anxiety and worry . 

Communicate with the mother and sharing her in awareness sessions ( parents deal ) . 

  • Recommendation :  

Regularly following during activities and also in home visits . 

Enroll her sisters in the recreational activities . 

The girl is enrolled in an vocational training center 

Breast Cancer Campaign - OCtober
Breast Cancer Campaign - OCtober
Recreational Activities1
Recreational Activities1
Breast cancer Awareness
Breast cancer Awareness
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Recreational Activities for the girls and boys
Recreational Activities for the girls and boys

Background during and after the implementation of the project; As we enter 2016, the refugee crisis in Lebanon is not improving; particularly this can be seen as the Syrian crisis enters year five.  Using the most recent UNRWA and UNHCR figures as a foundation, on 30th  November 2015 UNHCR has a recorded a total of 1,070,789 Syrian refugees from Syria, while as of 31st  October UNHCR has recorded a total 44,227 Palestine refugees from Syria.[1]  These refugees are dispersed throughout the country, and while their basic needs may differ from location to location. According to the Vulnerability Assessment Framework conducted by UNHCR, approximately 25% of Lebanon’s current population is refugees from Syria[2] Regarding the situation of the refugees women and girls is still miserable, the CEDAW didn’t not applied with the refugees women especially inside the camps as the most highlighted concern of the refugees and particularly the women is to ensure the living for day by day. Adding to this the taboos and current cultures that deprive them from enjoying their rights, in addition to the stigma “ Male Communities” that controls the Arab communities. Women and young girls participation are limited within the boundaries of their families and the final decisions are taken by them.

Naba’a Achievements; we form partnerships and work to inspire as many people as we can to participate in our cause - delivering a better future particularly for children and women. But we can’t do this alone. Together with our psychosocial support, education and protection programs, the most marginalized and at risk of abuse children need the support of their families, communities and local government agencies to realize their rights.

-          Monthly community-based health education and psychosocial support sessions conducted by the community mothers reached around 750 women

-          Monthly Psychosocial and reproductive health support conducted by the health educators which reached for 480 youth and adolescents and 480 women and adults.

-          Two Campaigns based on the issues raised by the youth, regarding the health risks facing them were con-ducted to reach more than 3500 persons including adults, youth and women.

 

-          700 Children (400 inside Schools and 300 dropout of schools) 70% of them are females were provided equal opportunity in education. The children benefited from educational activities, learning support for children inside school, accelerated learning program and vocational training. In addition, the project focused on enhancing the self— esteem and building the personality of the children, conflict resolution, communication and package of life skills.

 

 

Case Study;

Name : B-S

Year of birth :2002

Number of family : 5 members

Nationality : PRS

Address : Ein – El – Hilwi Camp

About the girl: She is 13  years old she is Palestinian refugee from Syria, she came to Lebanon during the Syria crisis,  she lives with her family consisting of 5 members. The girl lives in Ein el helwe camp , , they lives in a small house ( two rooms) and it doesn’t contain any basic needs.

Economic situation: Due to the difficult economical situation of this family her father didn’t find a stable job till now, and they depend on aid provided by the associations and UNRWA.

Social situation;

The relation between the girl and her mother : the relation between the girl and her mother is good , but she looks at her mother as weak person where she can participate in any decision related to their life. The relation between girl and her father : is very bad and  she exposed to violence daily where her father is obliging her to get marry. Relation with her brothers : it’s a good relation , she love them and take care of them.

The main problem;

Three months ago, the girl left her home and went to her uncle home, since her father is obliging her to get marry from a person who is one of her father’s relatives.  He is justifying this, by saying that, he wants to get rid from her life expenses, therefore, he is always beating her and treating her in a very bad and violent way

Intervention

l  The girl participated in the PSS activities.

l  Individual listening sessions

l  Awareness raising sessions and capacity building sessions

l  Vocational training

 

[1]http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/country.php?id=122

[2]VASyR Report 2015; http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/admin/download.php?id=10006

Educational Activity
Educational Activity
Recreational Activities for the girls and boys
Recreational Activities for the girls and boys
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workshop
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Celebrating women day
Celebrating women day

Background during and after the implementation of the project; Big concerns arise about the needs of the refugees coming from Syria and the Palestinian refugees living in Lebanon particularly after the UNRWA decision to reduce the services for the Palestinian particularly in Education. How to meet these needs and for how long.  The global concerns are related to the humanitarian, economic and social aspects of the Syrian crises, and focus on the people inside Syria and the around four million Syrians and Palestine refugees who have been displaced to neighboring countries such as Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Turkey. On top, there is the concern of the continuous mobility of displaced people as a consequence of the unrelenting unstable conditions. The situation of Palestine and Syrian refugees from Syria, which implicates the situation of the already vulnerable Palestine refugees in Lebanon.  This instability is leading to changeable needs, and accordingly the variation of prioritizing these needs should be continuously updated. This is needed in order to ensure that poor and vulnerable individuals having access to their basic services, At the same time, special attention paid to women and adolescent girls  who are most vulnerable and often the first victims of any crisis. It is worthy to note that, UNRWA stopped paying the renting subsidies, and reducing the cash assistance in a range of 27 USD per individual per month,  which is nothing according to the international standards which confirm the minimum coverage ensuring that shelter, hygiene, food, clothes, education and basic needs are totally covered. This lead that the pregnant women and the new born babies have no chance to benefit from the cash assistance.   Therefore, and according to the focus groups conducted with women, the household headed families of the women and girls cant afford to buy their needed items, as they are looking to provide the basic needs of the whole family members to be survived.

Naba’a Achievements;

During the last period, Naba’a responded to the main needs for the most vulnerable and marginalized groups, particularly women and girls as the followings;

-          Monthly reproductive and psychosocial health outreach sessions conducted by the psychosocial and health professionals

-          Implemented a breast cancer campaign by referring around 200 women who are at risk of breast cancer for the diagnostic test in coordination with the accredited primary health care.

-          Implementing a psychosocial individual sessions for the more than 50 women and girls whom are exposed to violence and abuse

-          Implementing Accelerating learning program for the adolescent girls whom are dropped out of school

-          Holding 10 outreach activities and trips for the children including females and their parents to release their stress and giving them opportunity to express their feelings and to go outside the camps.

 

Case Study for one female child who is in need of psychosocial support;

Mother’s name: Sawsan

Members of family : 4 girls without the mother

The order in the family : the last one (from the mother)

The step mother and three children live with the family

Address: al sifsaf district

Summary about the life the child:

The child was living in  a secure situation with her family in Syria till the father married from another women . she always hearing what her mother say  about the father, in addition she is living in the whole problems occurred between the mother and the father.  Therefore, the girl become very nervous and started to hate her father, knowing that, the father with the his new wife decided to live together with the father’s family, in the same house due to the difficult economic situation, this lead the girl to became impolite and hating more his father, she hates her brothers and created many problems between the mother and the step mother.

The economic situation:

Very bad situation and this is the reason for gathering the two families together

The social situation:

It is very bad , each member in the family blame the other about any problem happened and she always splits to the mother what her brothers do , also it is noticeable that the child has no friend either from neighbors or from relatives side since her mother prevents her to go out alone because  of the security situation

The Relation with the family:

She is very close to her mother and don’t let anyone talk about her negatively although she admit that her mother love her eldest sister more than her.

The relation with the father

After his traveling she missed him very much and now she loves him and consider him as a friend

The relation from the brother :

She loves her brother from her mother while the others from the stepmother she hates them and don’t want to live with them because they are trouble maker,

The problem:

The child has flurry in the relation with the family she don’t know how to deal with her father and how to love and deal with her bother she hates them and make problems regularly with them, and she become aggressive.

Also it is noticeable   that she don’t have a male friends because the remember her by her brothers.

The aim of the case

Reducing her nervousness and aggressive of the child and integrate her in the activities to become more helpful and flexible

Recommendations :

-          Continue the listening sessions with the child

-          Continue  in integrating her in different activities

-          Regular home visits

She deals psychosocial activity
She deals psychosocial activity
Reproductive health Raising awareness workshop
Reproductive health Raising awareness workshop
outreach trip for women
outreach trip for women
Non-formal activity
Non-formal activity
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Organization Information

Developmental Action without Borders/Naba'a

Location: Saida, South - Lebanon
Website:
Project Leader:
Qassem Saad
Saida, South Lebanon
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