Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon

by Developmental Action without Borders/Naba'a
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Dignity for displaced women and girls in Lebanon
Breast Cancer Campaign
Breast Cancer Campaign

I)      Background during and after the implementation of the project; Nearly half of the Lebanese, Syrian and Palestinian populations affected by the crisis are children and women,   Public services are overstretched, with demand exceeding the capacity of institutions and infrastructure to meet needs. The service sectors are also overburdened, with the public health sector accumulating debt as displaced Syrian patients are unable to cover their part of the bill[1]. Seven years into the conflict, poverty levels are high and the long-term resilience of the country’s vulnerable communities is eroding as they run out of savings and struggle to access income. At present, 1.5 million Lebanese live below the poverty line, of whom 470,000 are children[2].

Experiences of displacement of Syrian and Palestinian refugees due to armed conflict, persecution, or disasters put significant psychological and social stress on individuals, families and communities. The ways in which refugees experience and respond to loss, pain, disruption and violence vary significantly and may in various ways affect their mental health and psychosocial wellbeing or increase their vulnerability to develop mental health problems. Often, reactions to disruptive situations are normal and can be overcome with time, therefore, we worked hard to support children and women to overcome the crisis that they are suffering from through activities such as supporting communities’ resilience, promoting mechanisms for social support, and offering services to individuals with more complex mental health needs.

 

Naba’a Achievements; During the last period,

Nabaa’ targeted 640 beneficiaries provided two non-consecutive days/ week – clinics in Ein el Helweh and Rashidieh the clinics are managed by a women gynecologist and a female nurse and the clinic operates one day in the afternoon.

  • Regarding based health awareness, 6 session’s cycles on adolescent health topics have been targeted 1555 adolescent girls from the age group of 11-18 in schools and vocational training centers.
  • Moreover, monthly reproductive and psychosocial health outreach sessions targeted both men and women and it was conducted by the project’s health professionals, peer to peer team and community mothers and have been participated by 2337 female (60 from the age group of 11-18 and 1497 from the age group of 19-35 and 780 from the age group of 36-50) and by 200 men (10 from the age group of 11-18 and 116 from the age group of 19-35 and 74 from the age group of 36-50+).
  • Psychosocial support and empowerment for the adolescent and young refugee girls.
  • Finally, two campaigns about breast cancer and cervical cancer have been implemented and targeted 620 males and female (180 from the age group 19-35 and 440 from the age group 36-50+). Knowing that three cases whom are suffering from cancer were discovered during breast and cervical cancer campaigns and they have been referred to specialist. In addition, to that, a large number of men whom are unexpected have been targeted in awareness sessions and the number of women and girls that have been benefited exceeds the actual plan.

 

CASE STUDY

 

M.A is 16 years old girls; she is Palestinian from ein al helwe camp. She lives with her mother, two sisters and two brothers, her father is dead. The family suffers from a difficult economic and social situation and that is because the source of income is only the mother (cleaner).

M.A feels depressed, lonely   and stress because her mother and sisters have no time to her and no one cares about her. She left the school when she was in grade six and stayed at home doing nothing so she became more angry, stress, aggressive and all the time she is alone, hate to go out of home and communicate with the others.

So during home visits by social workers they convinced her to attend our activities and to register in vocational training center. During vocational training she also attended she deal methodology, life skills sessions, PSS sessions and RH sessions as anger management, how to deal with stress and depression, personal hygiene . Also she was followed by psychologist to support her.

After seven month M.A have been finished her vocational training and start working in beauty center and taking salary that helped her family ,a she also knew how to deal with anger and stress, how to make relations with others and how to protect herself .

 

 

[1] Lebanon-LCRP-2017-2020-2018-Update.pdf

[2] Lebanon-LCRP-2017-2020-2018-Update.pdf

Breast Cancer Campaign
Breast Cancer Campaign
Psychosocial Awareness session
Psychosocial Awareness session
Breast Cancer Campaign
Breast Cancer Campaign

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Psychosocial Awareness session
Psychosocial Awareness session

Background during and after the implementation of the project; The Lebanese legal framework and economic situation influence women’s experience of and responses to GBV while living in Lebanon. Although Lebanon has fairly progressive domestic violence, laws in general and compared to other countries in the region, women and men are still treated unequally under Lebanese law and the decision issued by the Lebanese government to halt UN registration of Syrian refugees has raised concerns that Syrian refugees will be more vulnerable to economic and other types of abuses.

Syrian refugee women may experience forced and early marriage because family members are trying to “protect” women and girls from rape and its social consequences (including the inability to marry due to sexual assault) and because they face extreme poverty with few options for becoming economically secure other than marriage. Economic instability also makes women vulnerable to sexual exploitation, forced and coerced prostitution, and trafficking.

Therefore, the need for reproductive and sexual health services during times of conflict and in post conflict settings has been recognized internationally and for Syrian refugee women and girls in particular. Reproductive and sexual health services are considered a human right and may be especially necessary for refugee communities because many women and girls are exposed to GBV during times of conflict and GBV is associated with poor sexual and reproductive health outcomes.

 Naba’a Achievements; During the last period,

o   Women and girls access reproductive health services; Nabaa’ targeted around 500 men and women provided two non-consecutive days/ week – clinics in Ein el Helweh and Rashidieh which targeted note that, the clinics are managed by a women gynecologist and a female nurse and the clinic operates one day in the afternoon.

  • Regarding based health awareness, 6 session’s cycles on adolescent health topics have been targeted to 250 adolescent girls from the age group of 11-18 in schools and vocational training centers. Whereas, awareness and counselling sessions have targeted 320 boys from the age group of 11-18 in schools and vocational training centers by the male health educators.
  • Moreover, monthly reproductive and psychosocial health outreach sessions targeted both men and women and it was conducted by the project’s health professionals, peer to peer team and community mothers and have been participated by 415 female and by 200 men (10 from the age group of 11-18 and 116 from the age group of 19-35 and 74 from the age group of 36-50+).
  • Finally, two campaigns about breast cancer and cervical cancer have been implemented and targeted 620 males and female (180 from the age group 19-35 and 440 from the age group 36-50+). Knowing that three cases whom are suffering from cancer were discovered during breast and cervical cancer campaigns and they have been referred to specialist. In addition, to that, a large number of men whom are unexpected have been targeted in awareness sessions and the number of women and girls that have been benefited exceeds the actual plan.

Case Study;

Age; 45 Years

Nationality; Palestinian from Syria

No. of family members; 4 (2 males – 2 females) excluded the mother and the father

Place of living; Ein El Helweh Palestinian refugee camp

 The woman is living with her children in Ein El Helweh camp, in a house consisting of only two rooms, her husband stayed in Syria with his older son. The mother came to Lebanon after the Syrian crisis, she stayed in the camp at her uncle’s house.

Economical situation;

The economical situation of the mother is very bad, as she is the main responsible for her very young children and she is not working. The Brothers of the women supporting her financially (by giving her a little amount of money), since they are also suffering from a very bad situation.

Social Situation;

The woman is missing her husband and her son very much, and always crying to meet them again, but she afraid to return back, her house was totally destroyed in Syria, in addition she watched the crisis there and afraid on her young children.

The women follow up her children socially and educationally, she enrolled them in Naba’a activities, as she wanted them to get rid from their anxiety and stress.

The main problem of the women;

The woman is always worrying about her children, she prevented them to go outside alone, she is always thinking that someone will hurt them, this is due to that the way she lived during the Syrian crisis in Syria. The woman is very sensitive and always crying from any word or anything happened to her.

Intervention and recommendation;

The woman started to join Naba’a activities as the followings;

-          Awareness sessions and activities,

-          she benefited from the hygiene kits

-          Psychosocial activities

-          Listening sessions

-          Follow up and home visits

Outreach session
Outreach session
Reproductive Health Awareness Session
Reproductive Health Awareness Session
Reproductive Health Awareness Session2
Reproductive Health Awareness Session2

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Women Empowerment1
Women Empowerment1

Background during and after the implementation of the project; Seven years into the Syrian conflict, Lebanon remains at the forefront of one of the worst humanitarian crises of our time and has shown exceptional commitment and solidarity to people displaced by the war in Syria. As of October 2017, the Government of Lebanon (GoL) estimates that the country hosts 1.5 million Syrians who have fled the conflict in Syria (including 997,905 million

registered as refugees with UNHCR), along with 34,000 Palestine Refugees from Syria (PRS), 35,000 Lebanese returnees, and a pre-existing population of more than 277,985 Palestine Refugees in Lebanon (PRL[1]).

The vulnerabilities of each of these groups have different root causes, requiring the overall response strategy to include a multifaceted range of interventions from emergency aid to development assistance.

 

Naba’a Achievements; An increased proportion of our work contained a mixture of these components and was implemented on an integrated basis. We also engaged in Advocacy, Development Education, Public Engagement and Fundraising in order to increase the impact of our programmes. Therefore, our main achievement targeting women and girls; as the followings;

The total beneficiaries of the women empowerment are 1419 in which 40 female have trained in income generating vocational skills, business and employability skills, where 34 was from the age group of 11-18 whereas 6 from the age of 19-35. Add to this, she deal sessions were conducted and targeted 60 female from the age group of 11-18. Regarding psychosocial support, psychosocial support was provided for 275 women and they are from the age group of 11-18. Add to this, sessions with psychologists have been conducted for 132 female as 100 from the age of 11-18 and 32 from the age of 19-35. As well as, psychosocial support provided awareness sessions by trained ladies to 100 female where 70 female from the age group of 19-35 and 40 female from the age group of 36-50+. Preventive health care sessions have been implemented and targeted 290 women (200 from the age group of 11-18 and 50 from the age group of 19-35 and 40 from the age group of 36-50+). Also, 522 female have been targeted in clinics.

 

CASE STUDY

 

 

Code: A-m

Age: 45 years

Nationality: P-S

Number of family members: 4 (2 males - 2 females) except mother and father

Place of residence: Ain el-Hilweh camp - Safouri

 

A brief about the life of the women:

The woman lives with her children in Ein El Helweh camp- Safouri neighborhood in a two-room house and their benefits, but there is not enough furniture in the house where the husband remained in Syria with his young son who cannot come to Lebanon because he is fighting there as she came to Lebanon because of the war and lived in her uncle's house. Where her uncle had two houses and he gave her one and now she lives there. Add to this, She lived in Syria and saw war and destruction, where she no longer can handle the situation She was also scared about her children from murder and rape. So, she preferred to leave her husband with her eldest son and come to Lebanon to escape the war.

 

Economic situation:

The economic situation is bad, of course. The Mother is alone here with her children and she is required to provide their necessary needs. She does not work nor her children because they are young. The lady has brothers who help her financially but for a little bit since their financial status is not good enough.

As the husband does not send anything out of money because he does not work as well as the security conditions do not allow him to work. Therefore, we find that the economic situation is very bad and needs financial support.

 

Social situation:

Relationship of husband and wife:

It is a good relationship although he is not here, she loves him and misses him so much, and she hopes that the situation will return to the family reunion as it was. But she was forced to stay here with her children because of the security situation. She saw the destruction and the death, and she was very scared about her young children. So she came here and left her husband with the eldest son because of the war (as we have been mentioned previously that her son is fighting there).

The relationship between the child and the child:

The relationship between them is good where the children love their mother a lot and recognize that she sacrifices for them and she is scared about them. Add to this, the relationship between the girls and their mother is considered as a very good relationship since they tell their mother everything that happens with them. As, she follows her children on the educationally and psychologically level as well as we have been asked to integrate them into activities so that they can escape fear and integrate into the new environment.

 

 

The problem that she is suffering from:

The woman suffers from grief and anxiety about her family, where she stays with her children wherever they go as she is afraid if any one talk to them because of the many events that have occurred in Syria, including the kidnapping of one of her friends and how she was attacked, she sees them very affected and afraid from anything disrespectful that might happen to her children. Especially the events in the camp are not finished yet and she is afraid to lose one of them. That’s why we see her with her children, she is the one who reach them to school and who is getting them back when they come to the center.

It is true that she is a quiet lady, but her features are sad and bleak, as she weeps from any word that might be told to her and that’s why she seems that she has a weak personality.

The woman comes to Nabaa’ center at Ein al-Hilweh in order to participate in workshops that aimed at raising awareness. Recently she also participated in the methodology that resides on parents deal. Then she discovered that she needs a hearing sessions to relieve her problems, grief, and anxiety and strengthen her personality.

Recommendations:

Continue the hearings sessions since she feels comfortable and psychologically supported.

Continue to participate in the workshops and the methodology of the parents deal because it strengthens her personality.

Continue home visits because she needs support

The existence of children in the methodologies (little deal - she deal)

 

[1] Lebanon Crisis Response plan – Review 2018

Women Empowerment2
Women Empowerment2
Reproductive Health Awareness Session
Reproductive Health Awareness Session
Reproductive Health Awareness Session2
Reproductive Health Awareness Session2

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Open Day
Open Day

Background during and after the implementation of the project; The Syrian refugees in Lebanon have to contend with a range of economic and social constraints and difficulties, such as restrictions on the ability to work in many professions.  This leaves the majority of the refugees in Lebanon underemployed or unemployed, unable to ensure a sustainable income and suffering from the social problems that rise as a result.  This is exacerbated by the prevalence of traditional cultural issues, such as women being economically dependent on men.   

The marginalized position of girls within the Syrian community in Lebanon means that they are the most vulnerable, to the consequences of the poor socio-economic situation. Due to the local culture, most of women inside the informal refugee camps are not allowed to be enrolled within the labor force or to continue their secondary education. To overcome this issue, women are selecting some majors like sewing, hairdressing, embroideries and handicrafts that they can work inside their houses or in the Women Programme Centers which are well trusted by the local community.

Finally, based on the participatory rapid assessment conducted by Naba’a on November 2018, North Lebanon, the most highlighted findings are;

-          The participants mentioned that the girls are the most targets for the assault and sexual harassment.

-          According to fears of girls, they have been kept at home by adults in order to protect them from rape.

-          Sexual violence can occur in several areas such as on the edge of villages, on the streets which include the way to the school and work, public places, and by taxi drivers.

The most highlighted recommendations raised in the PRA;

  • Stressing on the importance of education for girls and their commitement to finalize their secondary education
  • Due to several reasons such as poverty, security, unemployabity, financial issues, and seeking to have protection from vulnerability lead to increase the percentage of early marriage which is below 18  years old in order to get over their problems.
  • Increasing the livelihood support programs particularly for the vulnerable and  refugee young and adolescent girls.
  • Developing positive coping mechanisms which targeted towards religious leaders, families and boys /men using existing services.
  •  Delivering messages on risks of child marriage.
  • Establishing a safe environment for girls.
  • Developing sustainable safe spaces by civil society organizations and social network for girls to meet and to share information and ideas and obtaining support and guidance through using public facilities such as schools.
  • Support social network and peer groups for adolescent girls.
  • Increase access to education, remedial and accelerated learning classes for adolescent girls.

 

Naba’a Achievements; During the last period, We seek to empower adolescent girls living in marginalized communities to access opportunities to realize their potential, develop and grow in a safe, healthy and inclusive environment, so that, they can take decisions that effecting their life, particularly in continuing their secondary education and to be protected from early and force marriage. The main implemented intervention, highlighted as follows;  

1. Capacity development through a training workshop to develop the capacities of the core group 14 mothers, 14 girls and 6 fathers in conducting awareness sessions through peer to peer education strategy.

2. Needs assessment: by implementing focus groups with both Syrian and Lebanese communities' to discuss early marriage issue in their opinion (reasons, factors to get married earlier, common age for marriage, suggested ways to mitigate this issue ) to validate participant awareness concerning this issue that need to be addressed and identified  using the peer to peer education approach.

3. Awareness-raising by carrying out 24 peer to peer awareness sessions implemented by the core group of fathers, mothers and daughters to create awareness among 2500 girls, 2500mothers and 340 fathers, in addition to outreach awareness activities on early marriage, gender based violence and education.

 

CASE STUDY

 

Age: 17

Nationality: PRS

Status: married

Family: 2 (3 years girl, 5 years boy)

About the wife:

The wife lives with her family consisting of husband and two children in a rent house, she suffered many problems in her life since she was in adolescence, she suffered from sexual abuse from her uncle who asked her to keep silent in order to preserve the dignity of the family.

She get married when she was 17 years old, her husband does not have identification papers he escape to Lebanon because of the war in Syria.

 

 The second problem is that her second child was born in the camp  and was not able to register him  so they feel ashamed that their children have no identity papers .beside of this she suffered from violence from his husband and she keep silent because in their traditions the husband has the right to do anything to his wife .

The wife know someone who helped her in home in the absence of her husband, which started to a romantic relationship and then turned into a sexual relationship, and after a while her mother know about this relation, so she asked the husband to move to another place .the wife felt lonely and boring, she hated her family and crying all the time which making her try to suicide several times.  After she get treated in the hospital, she get back to home to continue her life with her family even she get bored  she had emotional deprivation from her husband and family side, let her seek for another person to saturate her needs. She is now living in Loss and the conflict between conscience (her mind) and heart (her desire), because she can't live without her children conversely she don't want to live with her husband.

Economic situation:

Very bad

Social situation:

The relation between the wife and husband: very bad she hates him and didn’t want to live with him.

The relation between wife and her family: her relation with her mother very good ,she told her everything about her feeling ,and regarding to her father the relation is very bad .

The relation between her and her children: she loves them but because of them she can't leave her husband .

 

The problem:  depression

 

Importance of education for girls
Importance of education for girls
open day protect girls
open day protect girls
workshop with women
workshop with women
Session-How to protect yourself
Session-How to protect yourself

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Girls in the Vocational training
Girls in the Vocational training

-          Background during and after the implementation of the project; Since the outbreak of the Syrian crisis in 2011, hundreds of thousands of refugees have crossed into Lebanon seeking safety and shelter, more than 75% of which are children and women. This influx has added strain on the country’s economy and infrastructure. The pressure is felt in all sectors including education, health, housing, water and electricity supply. As time goes by, competition for jobs and resources is also fueling tensions in certain areas between Lebanese host communities and Syrian refugees.

Regarding the situation of the girls in the most vulnerable and marginalized communities in Lebanon including displaced communities, the difficult socio-economic situation results in parents allowing or encouraging their daugthers to get married at an early ages, due to the conventional thought between the people which resides on marrying a girl off while she is still young is believed to be less expensive than waiting till she and the groom reach adulthood, protecting the girl sexuality because they guess one of  the leading causes of early marriage is the over-emphasis on virginity and chastity of girls and the consequent control of the sexuality of women and girls , Developing and alliance between two families so the  child marriages are planned and conducted to create an alliance between two families for social, political and economic reasons., lack of awareness of the law related to child marriage , in addition to Lack of access to education and reproductive health services.

 

Naba’a Achievements; The most highlighted achievements during the reporting period are as the followings;

Through our intervention we aimed to prevent and mitigate the Early Marriage among Syrian refugees and vulnerable Lebanese in the most vulnerable and marginalized areas in North and south Lebanon. It is worthy to note that, before, the devastating conflict erupted in Syria; child marriage was significantly less common among Syrians. Estimates vary, but some show child marriage rates to be four times higher among Syrian refugees today than among Syrians before the crisis. This indicates that displacement, instability and poverty are driving the underage marriages. Therefore, we work on empowering the skills of the adolescent and young girls particularly those whom are dropped out of schools through vocational training and life skills, in addition to strengthen and aware the local community including mothers, parents and active members in order to understand the risks and impact of early marriage on their girls and to disseminate it to the other. This is achieved through the followings;

-          40 Adolescents (15-18 Years) socio - economic situation in the vulnerable areas in North and south Lebanon is improved, through vocational training and life skills.

-          Girls committee is established and its skills is enhanced

-          600 Family members and Community Members Empowered and become aware about early marriage and its impact on the girls and the community to become agents of positive change in order to mitigate and respond of early marriage

 

CASE STUDY

 

Age: 15

Nationality: SRS

Status: Divorced

 

About the wife:

The wife lives with her mother and her four young brothers and sisters and her one year son,  in a rent house, she suffered many problems as she get married when she is 14 years old and delivered her baby when she became 15. Her husband divorced and left her when she was pregnant so that her baby is not registered and doesn’t have official papers.

Her mother is working daily, as a house cleaners to afford the expenses of her family in addition to her grand girl.

The father of the girl / the divorced girl stayed in Syria, they didn’t meet him since the beginning of Syrian crisis.

Her younger brothers are dropped out of school and collecting irons and selling it to contribute in providing the basic needs of the family.  

 

Economic situation: Very bad

Interventions:

-          Enrolling the girl in a vocational training center, she studied hair dressing and linking her with the labour market

-          The girl did two months internship

-          Providing the girl with a required toolkit, so that she started her own business and open hair dressing saloon at her house.

-          Psychological support /listening/ counseling session/home visit

-          The girl became an active member in the girls committee, she has an important role in raising awareness her peers about the risks of early marriage, and advocate towards the local community in protecting the adolescent and young girls from being at risk of abuse and forced marriage.

-          Follow up twice weekly /share her in parents deal/share her in awareness session

Raising awareness workshop
Raising awareness workshop
Raising awareness workshop-Risks of Early marriage
Raising awareness workshop-Risks of Early marriage
In VTC
In VTC

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Organization Information

Developmental Action without Borders/Naba'a

Location: Saida, South - Lebanon
Website:
Project Leader:
Qassem Saad
Saida, South Lebanon
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