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Help Stop Slash and Burn Farming in the Congo

by Wildlife Conservation Global
Help Stop Slash and Burn Farming in the Congo
Help Stop Slash and Burn Farming in the Congo
Help Stop Slash and Burn Farming in the Congo
Help Stop Slash and Burn Farming in the Congo
Help Stop Slash and Burn Farming in the Congo
Help Stop Slash and Burn Farming in the Congo

This report includes and update on the Okapi Conservation Project with information on the education team and agroforestry team, personnel and activities working to conserve the Ituri Forest and the Okapi Wildlife Reserve.  Specific details on agroforestry projects related to stopping slash and burn agriculture and photos are included.

Agro-forestry Update

The Agro-forestry team continues to work with farmers around the OWR.  Gathering seeds and planting and transferring seedlings take up a large portion of our efforts.  As nitrogen fixing leguminous plants, Leucena and Calliandra seedlings form the important basis for farmer’s plots and are the first trees planted to restore the soil in preparation for planting vegetables and food items.  Both can also be used for fuel wood as they grow larger.  The team also distributed fruit tree seedlings for farmers, for a total of 7514 trees distributed and planted in the last quarter.  African Mosaic Disease in cassava plants causes serious problems for subsistence farmers in the region who depend on the cassava as a staple.  Our team is helping to distribute and study disease modified strains of cassava for farmers participating in the program and four community fields of disease resistant cassava were recently established

The Assistant Director of the Okapi Conservation Project is Marcel Enckoto, a Congolese national born in eastern DR Congo.   Marcel has been working for the Okapi Conservation Project since July 1990 after receiving his degree in Human Sciences (Linguistics and Psychology).  He is married with 4 children, who go to school in Butembo, DRC.   Marcel feels the okapi is important as a scientifically unique species and has worked nearly his entire life to ensure its protection.  He enjoys speaking with and education people, both nationally and internationally about conservation.  It takes great courage to tackle the big challenges of traveling around the Okapi Wildlife Reserve to teach about conservation while dealing with major issues like poor roads, poverty, political instability and persistent illegal activities. 

Thanks to your gifts and the Global Giving community we are able to work with subsistence farmers and improve their livelihoods and their ability to care for their families, while preserving the forests and wildlife in the Ituri Forest of the DR Congo.

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Introducing Multiple Use Zones in the Northern Sector of the Okapi Wildlife Reserve

The Okapi Wildlife Reserve (13,760 km2) is designated as a multiple use reserve in the DR Congo, providing community access for hunting and agriculture, including the Mbuti pygmy indigenous people.  The Coordination Committee of the Okapi Wildlife Reserve (OWR), lead by the Institute in Congo for Conservation of Nature (ICCN) works with community leaders and local NGO’s to designate, farming, hunting and core areas (no access or hunting).  The Okapi Conservation Project has been appointed to organize preparatory education campaigns concerning zoning in the OWR Northern Sector. The first incentive to this plan was undertaken last March, when OCP educator Gomo, and Wildlife Conservation Society partner and technician Ntumba, traveled to Watsa for meetings and obtained a zoning protocol signature from the Regional Administrator in order to proceed.

In July and August the OCP education team organized 9 meetings in villages with 250 participants from Kebo and Ateru communities to introduce the zoning concept and process. As a result, WCS zoning technicians are now working with the communities establishing agriculture zones. Suggestions from the community leaders include requests for frequent visits of OCP educators in the area and for educational material regarding hunting regulations in the Okapi Wildlife Reserve.

Even though these meetings were successful, the team again encountered very bad road conditions, especially during the rainy season, as well as suspicious deployment of army troops as challenges.  The Okapi Conservation Project education team will continue to focus their work in the northern sector, despite the distance from the project’s Epulu headquarters, which hampers communication and travel.

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The OCP agroforestry team planted new varieties of cassava (manioc) of the Liyayi variety which are disease free (African mosaic) and received very good yields of 50 tons per hectare. The team also distributed 400 kg of rice seed and 325 kg of peanut seeds to participating farmers to start their crop production. The team was also active monitoring the demonstration gardens in the nearby towns of Bapukeli, Ekwe, Molokai, and KeroZanzibar and a new community garden was started in the town of Ekulungu. The OCP agroforestry program was formally recognized by the government seat in Bunia to facilitate landscape level agroforestry projects and the OCP teams may now also work in towns outside the Okapi Wildlife Reserve.

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For the first time the Okapi Conservation Project agro-forestry team recently held specific education sessions with women's associations in villages in the Okapi Wildlife Reserve concerning their role in the sustainable utilization of natural resources.  Members of women's associations in the towns of Nia Nia, Wamba, Epulu and Mambasa also received assistance from the Project in the form of vegetable seeds, sewing materials and uniforms.  These women work intensively in their family subsistence farms, called shambas, producing crops to feed their families.  Working with our agro-forestry team we are able to help the women's associations to produce high quality food crops on smaller plots of land, reducing the need to convert forested areas into agricultural areas.  The women also sew to produce clothing for their families, and to sell to earn additional income.  Our project is encouraging the women's associations to organize themselves and work together to produce food and clothing, as a direct benefit to them and their families, through conservation understanding and participation.   

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As the  year winds down we would like thank all  of our friends and supporters of the Okapi Conservation Project who help us to conserve the important forests and wildlife in Africa.  Our agroforestry project is working with the people of the Ituri Forest in the DR Congo, providing tools and improved farming methods to help them feed their families and reduce their dependence on unsustainable slash and burn agriculture techniques.   Your support in 2010 has helped over 400 farmers receive tools, vegetable seeds and tree seedlings, and our agro-forestry team makes frequent visits to the each participant to provide technical advice.  We hope to increase the number of farmers participating with the program around the Okapi Wildlife Reserve, improving their livelihoods while saving thousands of acres of pristine forest.  We hope you will share our project success with your friends and consider helping us in 2011 with a gift that makes our world a better place. 

Wishing you happy and safe holidays from the Okapi Conservation Project.

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Organization Information

Wildlife Conservation Global

Location: Jacksonville, FL - USA
Website:
Project Leader:
John Lukas
Jacksonville, Florida United States

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