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 Children  India Project #18067

Early Intervention for Childhood Disabilities

by Amar Seva Sangam
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Early Intervention for Childhood Disabilities
Early Intervention for Childhood Disabilities
Early Intervention for Childhood Disabilities
Early Intervention for Childhood Disabilities
Early Intervention for Childhood Disabilities
Early Intervention for Childhood Disabilities
Early Intervention for Childhood Disabilities

Amar Seva Sangam have a cente for EI childern, Birth to 6 years is the most critical years for children growth and development of child is at its greatest in the first three years. Cognitive development, foundations of intelligence and behaviour begin to evolve. Ability of brain to affect structural and functional changes is at its best in this period. If the child misses this opportunity, further learning will be slow and / or inadequate.

EIC’s role transcend over a very wide spectrum of activities ranging from New born screening, early identification of issue, holistic assessment, diagnosis, interventions, prevention and goes into psycho-social interventions.

Its important services include (i) Medical treatment of children suffering from disabilities (ii) Occupational and Physio therapy that relate to self-help skills, adaptive behavior, play, sensory, motor and postural development, sensory integration Oro motor and feeding difficulties (iii) Psychological services including counseling, consultation, parent training and behavior modification intervention to enhance cognitive development, adaptive and learning behaviors (iv) Identifying and providing services for children with hearing loss for congenital as well as acquired deafness (v) Speech – language pathology to improve speech and communication skills or motor skills such as weakness of muscle around mouth (vi) Optometric services to identify visual disorders and provide services and training (vii) Nutrition services to address nutritional needs including feeding skills, feeding problems, food habits and preferences (viii) Social support services (ix) Psycho social services including designing learning environments and activities that promote child’s development and providing families with information and support to enhance child’s development (x) Documenting and maintaining care records for service delivery and research

Mothers are trained and enhanced by CRW. CRW are provided with a custom made ‘TABLET’ application called mVBRI to facilitate communication with rehabilitation Specialists (Physio therapist, Occupational therapist, Special educators and Speech therapists) located remotely so that EI therapy could be provided at home and remote centers”

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The idea behind EIC is to intervene as early as possible and minimize disability so that the child can reach the highest potential. Research has shown that the period from birth to 6 years are the most critical years for all children, and more so for children with disabilities. Growth and development of a child is at its greatest in the first two to three years. During this phase of cognitive development, foundations of intelligence and behaviour begin to evolve. Additionally, ability of brain to affect structural and functional changes is at its best in this period. If the child misses this opportunity, further learning will be slow and / or inadequate. Early intervention programs work towards quicker inclusion of these children into the mainstream.

EIC’s role transcends over a very wide spectrum of activities ranging from New born screening, early identification of issue, holistic assessment, diagnosis, interventions, prevention and goes into psycho-social interventions. Its important services include (i) Medical treatment of children suffering from disabilities (ii) Occupational and Physio therapy that relate to self-help skills, adaptive behavior, play, sensory, motor and postural development, sensory integration Oro motor and feeding

difficulties (iii) Psychological services including counseling, consultation, parent training and behavior modification intervention to enhance cognitive development, adaptive and learning behaviors (iv) Identifying and providing services for children with hearing loss for congenital as well as acquired deafness (v) Speech – language pathology to improve speech and communication skills or motor skills such as weakness of muscle around mouth (vi) Optometric services to identify visual disorders and provide services and training (vii) Nutrition services to address nutritional needs including feeding skills, feeding problems, food habits and preferences (viii) Social support services (ix) Psycho social services including designing learning environments and activities that promote child’s development and providing families with information and support to enhance child’s development (x) Documenting and maintaining care records for service delivery and research

 We have started in right earnest in this path and are aware that we have miles to go in this direction. As there are very few pioneering institutions in this field in India, our journey is all the more challenging.

The children are brought to school by our own bus. They are provided free nutritious lunch, biscuits and milk. The parents are also provided lunch since they come from far off places and generally are from very poor families. The children are given toilet training and self-feeding training. The parents are trained alongside to continue the practice at home.

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Counselling with parents
Counselling with parents

Birth to 6 years is the most critical years for children growth and development of child is at its greatest in the first three years. Cognitive development, foundations of intelligence and behaviour begin to evolve. Ability of brain to affect structural and functional changes is at its best in this period. If the child misses this opportunity, further learning will be slow and / or inadequate.

EIC’s role transcend over a very wide spectrum of activities ranging from New born screening, early identification of issue, holistic assessment, diagnosis, interventions, prevention and goes into psycho-social interventions.

Its important services include (i) Medical treatment of children suffering from disabilities (ii) Occupational and Physio therapy that relate to self-help skills, adaptive behavior, play, sensory, motor and postural development, sensory integration Oro motor and feeding difficulties (iii) Psychological services including counseling, consultation, parent training and behavior modification intervention to enhance cognitive development, adaptive and learning behaviors (iv) Identifying and providing services for children with hearing loss for congenital as well as acquired deafness (v) Speech – language pathology to improve speech and communication skills or motor skills such as weakness of muscle around mouth (vi) Optometric services to identify visual disorders and provide services and training (vii) Nutrition services to address nutritional needs including feeding skills, feeding problems, food habits and preferences (viii) Social support services (ix) Psycho social services including designing learning environments and activities that promote child’s development and providing families with information and support to enhance child’s development (x) Documenting and maintaining care records for service delivery and research

Mothers are trained and enhanced by CRW. CRW are provided with a custom made ‘TABLET’ application called mVBRI to facilitate communication with rehabilitation Specialists (Physio therapist, Occupational therapist, Special educators and Speech therapists) located remotely so that EI therapy could be provided at home and remote centers”.

Group activity
Group activity
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Early Intervention project under Village Based Rehabilitation Initiatives (VBRI)

VBRI is directly working with 512 children and their family members in eight blocks of Tirunelveli District, 13 Town bodies and 3 Municipalities. “Community participation in Early Intervention” is the highlight of the Village Based Early Intervention project.Therapy is offered at various village based rehab centres as well as at the homes of the children, whose conditions are severe and unable to travel to the rehab centres. Other children are bused to the centres with their mothers or fathers for 6 days a week, where they receive:

 

Specialized Physio, Speech and Occupational therapies.

Sensory integration (involving sensory stimulation for hearing, seeing, feeling and tasting) in a special “Sensory integration room”.

v  The children are trained in adaptive equipment (each one costing several hundred dollars) such as standers, walkers, posture training chairs, slope climbers, and a number of other equipment for successful training.

v  They are given toilet training and self feeding training. The parents are trained alongside to continue the practice at home.

Mother trains the child daily

CRW visits once in a week

Specialist visit once in a month

Evaluation team visits once in six months.

B. Early Intervention Centre at ASSA

After the useful service of Sangamam – our school meant for special children in the age group of 6 to 16 – for over a decade, it was decided to “Catch them young to rehabilitate fast”. Hence, Early Intervention Centre (EIC) was inaugurated in February 2013 to cater to the needs of Special children in the age group up to 6.

Early intervention program for infant and children helps to equip with motor, communication, social, self-help and cognitive skills from 0 to 6 years. This will help the children with multiple needs to maximize their developmental growth potential. Children with different developmental needs are trained and placed in normal school. This program has helped many children to minimize the symptoms and get back to normal life.  Research has shown that the period from birth to 6 years are the most critical years for all children, and more so for children with disabilities. Growth and development of a child is at its greatest in the first two to three years. During this phase of cognitive development, foundations of intelligence and behaviour begin to evolve. Additionally, ability of brain to affect structural and functional changes is at its best in this period. If the child misses this opportunity, further learning will be slow and / or inadequate. Early intervention programs work towards quicker inclusion of these children into the mainstream. In other words, Early Intervention means finding specific ways to help a child become as functional normally as possible.

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Amar Seva Sangam, the idea behind EIC is to intervene as early as possible and minimize disability so that the child can reach the highest potential. Research has shown that the period from birth to 6 years are the most critical years for all children, and more so for children with disabilities. Growth and development of a child is at its greatest in the first two to three years. During this phase of cognitive development, foundations of intelligence and behaviour begin to evolve. Additionally, ability of brain to affect structural and functional changes is at its best in this period. If the child misses this opportunity, further learning will be slow and / or inadequate. Early intervention programs work towards quicker inclusion of these children into the mainstream.

The infrastructure so created includes a Physiotherapy room and a Special sensory integration room. 2 Special education class rooms and a Speech therapy room.

EIC’s role transcends over a very wide spectrum of activities ranging from New born screening, early identification of issue, holistic assessment, diagnosis, interventions, prevention and goes into psycho-social interventions.

Once the children are ready to cope up with general curriculum, they are shifted to our Primary school where they continue studies with general students including physically challenged. The teachers are fully apprised of taking care of the needs of the Special children. Our resource teacher also helps them to carry on their basic academics so that there is a smooth transition.

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Organization Information

Amar Seva Sangam

Location: Ayikudy, Tamil Nadu - India
Website:
Facebook: Facebook Page
Twitter: @amarseva
Project Leader:
Sankara Raman Srinivasan
Ayikudy, Tamil Nadu India
$11,543 raised of $15,000 goal
 
184 donations
$3,457 to go
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