A Clean Solar Alternative to Kerosene Lamps, Nepal

by Environmental Camps for Conservation Awareness
Community Charging Center at Kantipur Village
Community Charging Center at Kantipur Village

With the increasing popularity of solar tuki in the rural areas, the demand of solar tuki sets are in raise. As per the demand and need of solar tuki in the rural areas, a community charging center model was developed to provide the benefit for the community who are not in the state of purchasing solar tuki set. In this system, various numbers of solar tuki are charged at once through using a bigger solar panel, thus reducing the cost of individual solar panel for an individual household.

At Kantipur Village (a remote village settlement of chitwan), the households were not in the state of purchasing individual solar tuki sets, hence, a community charging center was established at the end of March 2010. 48 households were benefited through the distribution of 60 pcs of solar tuki and establishment of the center.

Most of the housewife of the village seems very happy after the establishment and use of solar tuki. The main reasons behind their happiness are saving of money, saving of time to purchase kerosene, health benefit and brighter light of solar tuki. As per Mrs. Januka Sunar, she had saved Nrs 350/- per month to be spent for kerosene, brighter and better light than kerosene lamp, easy use during preparation of evening meals and one and half hour of time and energy saving for purchasing kerosene which she has now been using for income generation through poultry farming. In general, all households of the village using solar tuki are being benefited through various ways.

Mr. Subash Sunar (16 yrs) studying at grade 10 and Mr. Dinesh Gayak (14 Yrs) studying at grade 8 of Jana Jeevan Ma Vi, Kharkatta, Chitwan has been using solar tuki since April 2010. Prior to the use of solar tuki, they had been using kerosene tuki as the only source of light during evening hours. They used kerosene tuki in the evening hours mainly for their study purpose. The students were irritated with the particulate matters and black soot particulates emitted by the kerosene tuki, which had created various health problems like eye irritation, cough problems, etc.

When solar tuki was introduced in the village to replace the kerosene lamp, the students were excited to use it. According to the students, bright light compared to kerosene tuki, smokeless, no fear for fire hazard and benefit for using continuously light are the main encouragement and attraction towards the use of solar tuki. The students had increased their study hours in the evening by 2 hrs after solar tuki were introduced in the village. The shopping time of one and half hour to purchase kerosene for lighting their house for the evening hrs has been utilized in other activities.

Students with Solar Tuki for Education
Students with Solar Tuki for Education
House-wife benefited from Solar Tuki
House-wife benefited from Solar Tuki
Housewife Using Solar Tuki for preparing Dinner
Housewife Using Solar Tuki for preparing Dinner

Kaleshwor village, known as one of the remote village of Lalitpur district lies at the southern hilly terrains of the district. Although the village is at a distance of 48km from the nearest city point – Chhapagaau, It takes around 8 hrs of local bus ride and 2hrs of uphill walk to reach the village. Due to hilly terrain of the village, the accessibility of each household in the national electricity grid is very low. Hence, the people of Kaleshwor are compelled to use kerosene lamp during evening hours to fulfil their need of light.

Mr. Amrit Gautam, Teacher of Shree Bhag Bhairab Higher Secondary School, came to know about solar tuki when he visited ECCA. He purchased a set of solar tuki for his personal use in his home. The use of solar tuki by Mr. Gautam and his family has been circulated in the village as well as the efficiency, performance and the use of the solar tuki has been demonstrated to the villagers. This created a demand of solar tuki in the village. As there were facility of microfinance for the promotion of solar tuki, the chairman of Jana Jagaran Saving and Credit Cooperative (a local saving and credit group operated by the local villagers) Mr. Giri Prashad Timilsina, visited ECCA office for the promotion of solar tuki in Kaleshwor village.

Thereafter, making an agreement with the cooperative to act as a local agent for the promotion of solar tuki, ECCA had facilitated the use of solar tuki in almost all the household. The use of solar tuki has started in reduction of use in kerosene in the village and declared as kerosene free village in the mid 2009. The local shop owner Mr. Bal Ram Bajara, initiated the solar tuki repair and maintenance centre as his business of selling kerosene went down due to low demand of kerosene. He says – “When I saw Solar Tuki at first in the village, I feared of disrupting my business of sales of kerosene, through which was sustaining my family. I was sure that my sales of kerosene will go down with the increasing use of solar tuki in the village. In no time, my sales of kerosene went down. At the same time, Mr. Giri Prashad Timilsina (Chairman of Cooperative) suggested me to open up the Repair & Maintenance centre in my shop to sustain my business and sent me to the training being organized by ECCA. This has provided me a great relief towards my sustainability of business. Now, the sales of kerosene in the village are very low. People prefer to purchase solar tuki for light rather than kerosene.”

Ramesh Gautam (Student of Grade 11), has been using solar tuki when he was studying in grade 7. He shares his experience of using solar tuki as – “Previously, when I used kerosene lamp for lighting, I felt very uncomfortable during my study in the evening hours. I still remember, that my eyes were irritated and I also got eye infection during my terminal exam time which ruined my exam. I was compelled to breath in the air where smokes from the kerosene tuki were emitted. Hence, I used to avoid study during evening hours. We could not afford for the installation of solar home system as our families economic condition were not very good. I felt very much relieved when my father got a set of solar tuki in my home. The problems that I faced with the use of kerosene tuki were gone. I do not need to breathe in the air of smoke released from kerosene lamp. The light emitted from the solar tuki was very bright compared to kerosene lamp and it does not release smoke. Hence, I got to spend some more time in my study during evening hours. I also could do well in my exams with the help of solar tuki.”

Student using solar tuki for his study
Student using solar tuki for his study
Charging Solar Tuki by local teacher
Charging Solar Tuki by local teacher

Seasonal Greetings to all from Environmental Camps for Conservation Awareness (ECCA), Nepal.

I would like to initiate this report with an acknowledgment to all our donors, supporters and well-wishers of our program – “A Clean Solar Alternative To Kerosene Lamps”.

In this quarter, we have continued our work in the sector of research and development sector for the production of new lights and designs, which will provide brighter and better lights. At the same time, we also focused in the promotion of solar tuki and the solar lights in the rural areas to reduce the use of kerosene lamp through cooperation with different local organization as per demand and request. Currently, promotion of solar lights in Kavre District through mobilizing local youths and their cooperatives are ongoing activities.

We would like to express our sincere thanks to all donors for your continuous support in our initiation of eradicating kerosene lamp from the rural regions of Nepal.  We would also like to request you to send us your feedback, comments and suggestion regarding our project at ecca@mos.com.np so that we could implement our programs more effectively.


5 Watt Solar System with 2 Watt Light
5 Watt Solar System with 2 Watt Light

With the increasing demand of more light and the emphasis made on research and development works towards developing locally and easily assembled LED lights, 1 Watt and 2 Watt LED Lights were produced. These lights currently are in the production phase at the local level by youth group. By the end of January 2011, the lights had been packaged in different system of 5 Watt and 10 Watt Solar System and are now in the promotion phase. Photographs of the systems are attached for the reference.

With the reference of the successful implementation of Solar Tuki Mass charging unit installed in the school of kaleshwor VDC of Lalitpur District and Kantipur Village of Chitwan District, request from the communities and schools from far western regions of Nepal had been received. But, due to lack of enough support, the speed for the installation of mass charging center at different places could not be increases as per the receipt of the requests. Coordination with other organization for the installation of community charging at the needy area is under progress at the local level.

We would like to express our appreciation towards all the donors and GlobalGiving team who had contributed in this project. We would also like to request all our donors and our well wishers to convey the information of our project in your circle for supporting the program. We seek your continuous support and encouragement for the promotion and anticipate cooperation’s in future as well.

5 Watt Solar System with 1 Watt LED Light
5 Watt Solar System with 1 Watt LED Light
10 Watt Solar System with 1 W and 2 W LED Lights
10 Watt Solar System with 1 W and 2 W LED Lights
Locally Assembled 1 W LED Light
Locally Assembled 1 W LED Light

The following activities had been achieved till the end of October 2010:

• Discussion and meetings with Executive Committee members were done during this period. The discussions were mainly focused for the development of new strategy for the promotion of solar tuki in new locations.

• Emphasis on research & development to increase the efficiency of solar tuki as well as development of new products was also initiated during this period as per the suggestions from the local people and community. During this period, new products with brighter light efficiency were also developed and 2 youth were trained and engaged in the development of the product.

We would like to express our gratitude towards all the donor community and the GlobalGiving team for your continuous supports and encouragement for the promotion of this program. We anticipate for the same kind of support in future as well.

Locally Assembled 2 Watt LED Light
Locally Assembled 2 Watt LED Light

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Organization Information

Environmental Camps for Conservation Awareness

Location: Lalitpur, Bagmati - Nepal
Website: http:/​/​www.ecca.org.np
Project Leader:
Prachet Kumar Shrestha
Team Leader
Kathmandu, Bagmati Nepal
$20,477 raised of $50,000 goal
487 donations
$29,523 to go
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