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Adopt A Wildlife Acre

by National Wildlife Federation
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
Adopt A Wildlife Acre
View of Retired Grazing Allotments
View of Retired Grazing Allotments

Following nearly two decades of success in the Northern Rockies eliminating conflicts between livestock and wildlife on 1.3 million acres public lands, in 2017 the National Wildlife Federation expanded its Adopt an Acre program to Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada and Utah. Like in the Northern Rockies, over the last century populations of bighorn sheep populations in Colorado have dramatically declined to small remnants of their historic numbers due largely to a number of diseases that are transmitted from domestic sheep to their wild cousins. Once infected, bighorn herds can experience an all age die-off that wipe our 60-90% of the herd. Since bringing on a new employee to manage the Southern Rockies and Great Basin region, we have been laying the groundwork necessary to achieve our goals of retiring several hundred thousand acres of grazing allotments over the coming decade. Working with partners from a number of state wildlife agencies and partner organizations, we have identified the domestic sheep allotments that pose the greatest threats to bighorns developed a network of Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management personnel that manage these allotments. Following this background work, we began reaching out to the ranchers that hold the permits for this high risk grazing allotments.

The first fruit of these labors is our April agreement with a multi-generation ranching family to retire their two domestic sheep allotment on the Rio Grande National Forest, high in the South San Juan Mountains of southern Colorado. The Cornwall and Willow Mountain allotments cover approximately 9,000 acres and fall directly in the middle of the core range of a very high priority herd of bighorns. The total cost of this deal is $82,500 of which we have, raised $40,000. To complete our commitment to the ranching family, we have a goal of raising an additional $42,500. At approximately $9 per acre, we believe this is a very good value for permanently protecting one of Colorado’s highest priority bighorn herds. This is the first of what will be many thousands of acres of grazing allotment retirements in Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada and Utah as step by step, we work to restore bighorn sheep to the Southern Rockies, the Colorado Plateau and the Great Basin. As always, we are grateful to our supporters for investing in this innovative conservation solution, we could not do it without your help.

View of Retired Grazing Allotments
View of Retired Grazing Allotments

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NWF Program Manager with a collared bighorn
NWF Program Manager with a collared bighorn

It's flu season and humans aren’t the only ones suffering.

Wild bighorn sheep across the west are contracting pneumonia and dying in alarming numbers.  Biologists are pointing their fingers at bighorn’s domestic cousins, as a primary vector of disease causing large-scale die-offs in herds across the American West and severely limiting recovery of the species.  Across the west, domestic sheep graze on millions of acres of multiple-use public lands permitted for livestock grazing. Bit by bit, NWF is working to shift livestock grazing patterns to make sure there’s plenty of room for wildlife and historic ranching operations to thrive.

Program History

Since 2002, National Wildlife Federation has been a leader in resolving conflicts between livestock and wildlife on public lands.  NWF’s voluntary approach to conflict reduction—offering direct payment to ranchers to waive conflict grazing leases on public lands-- has resolved issues between bighorn sheep, bison, wolves, grizzlies and livestock on over 1.1 million acres in the west.  This has resulted in significant wins for wildlife.  From increasing the range of grizzly bears in the Yellowstone Ecosystem to expanding bison habitat to protecting bighorn sheep from disease, NWF's work is making a big difference.

Recent Wins for Wildlife

Our most recent conservation agreement protects at-risk wildlife such as bull trout and bighorn sheep on over 7,000 acres and cost $30,000.  This is extremely important because sheep grazing on the Fisher Creek allotment posed a significant risk of disease to the East Fork of the Salmon River bighorn population.  The allotment is just next door to the recently designated Cecil D. Andrus White Clouds Wilderness Area.  This is good for wildlife because it qualifies for permanent grazing retirement to further protect the wilderness and wildlife values of the area.

You Can Help!

National Wildlife Federation is working across the west to expand wildlife populations and provide habitat connectivity.  NWF members have played a significant role in this work through our “Adopt a Wildlife Acre” program where for only $3/acre, conflicts on public land can be permanently resolved.  NWF looks forward to protecting even more habitat in 2019!

NWF
NWF's most recent agreement in central Idaho
Fisher Creek Retirement, Whitecloud Mountains, ID
Fisher Creek Retirement, Whitecloud Mountains, ID
Linking Grizzly Populations in Montana
Linking Grizzly Populations in Montana

While National Wildlife Federation's Wildlife Conflict Resolution Program has expanded significantly over the past several years to new geographies and protecting new species, large carnivores, especially grizzly bears remain a primary focus of our work. 

In the Lower 48, grizzlies occupy just a fraction of their historic range and two distinct populations represent the vast majority of bears in the Northern Rockies--the Yellowstone Populations and the Northern Continental Divide Ecosystem Population.  For nearly two decades, NWF has worked in the Yellowstone Ecosystem to expand grizzly populations by reducing conflict between livestock and wildlife on public land grazing allotments.  Bears that begin attacking livestock are often killed or at best relocated by wildlife agencies. This has limited the species' ability to expand into new habitat.  Over the last 15 years, NWF has invested over $5 million dollars and has elimininated livestock/ widlife conflicts on over a million acres in Montana, Idaho and Wyoming. 

The issues with the Northern Continental Divide population are similar, however, private land conflicts are especially prevalent as grizzlies explore the prairies east of Montana's Rocky Mountain Front.  Over the past year, NWF has begun exploring opportunities to minimize bear attractants in areas near human populations.  In particular, an effort has been made to establish livestock carcass composting facilities.  While a somewhat crude description , they are secure areas designed for ranchers to dump deceased livestock as a way to avoid habituating grizzlies.  

The main goal of reducing conflict for bears is to provide conflict-free habitat so their populations are secure.  Essential to that is reducing conflicts in the places that matter most--those areas that will provide the greatest opportunity for connectivity between the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and the Northern Continental Divide Ecosystem populations--two populations that have been divided for nearly a century.  With less than 2000 bears between the two ecosystems, genetic interchange will provide long-term stability, even as climate driven impacts and reduced food sources stress the populations.  Through targetted prvate land conservation easements and NWF's work reducing conflict on public lands, biologists are hopeful the populations will join within the next decade. These are exciting times and we are honored to be a part of one of the largest conservation success stories in North America! 

Grizzly Populations Expanding in the West
Grizzly Populations Expanding in the West
NWF Works to Reduce Livestock/ Wildlife Conflicts
NWF Works to Reduce Livestock/ Wildlife Conflicts
Grizzlies Photographed East Near Great Falls, MT
Grizzlies Photographed East Near Great Falls, MT
Ackland Spring in Capitol Reef
Ackland Spring in Capitol Reef

National Wildlife Federation is pleased to announce the completion of the Hartnet Grazing Retirement in Capitol Reef National Park!  Thanks to our generous donors and supporters we've reached our fundraising goal of $365,000 to complete the agreement.  As previously reported this spring, NWF has been working for over two years to end livestock grazing in the Hartnet allotment and protect valuable wildlife habitat.  Most importantly, we were able to work cooperatively with the area ranchers and compensate them for their grazing rights in the Park.  Livestock grazing has a long history in southern UT and pre-dates the formation of many of the current National Parks, National Monuments and protected areas. 

While livestock grazing can be compatible in many areas of the West, the fragile desert ecosystem within Capitol Reef National Park is not one of those places.  Mule deer, pronghorn antelope, elk and other wildlife depend on the scant forage and water resources, and predators like mountain lions depend on healthy prey populations to survive.  Reducing the impacts of livestock grazing will restore this ecosystem and place less pressure on struggling wildlife populations.  

NWF is doubling down on our efforts to reduce conflict between livestock and wildlife on public lands in 2018.  We are significantly expanding our focal areas beyond the Yellowstone Ecosystem and working in the Montana's northern great plains on the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, the Rio Grande region of southern Colorado, the High Divide region on the ID/ MT border and the Great Basin region in north-central Nevada.  Much of our efforts over the coming year will focus on reducing conflict between domestic and bighorn sheep on public lands.  Disease spread by domestic sheep to wild sheep populations has crippled populations over the past 50 years resulting in over an 80% decline in their range.  By utilizing a free-market approach to this challenging issue, we are developing new and exciting partnerships with state wildlife agencies, conservation non-profits, sportsmen organizations and wildlife enthusiasts.  

Another component of our work will be working to expand grizzly bear populations outside of the Yellowstone Ecosystem.  Since the species' delisting from the Endangered Species Act last year, there has been much concern over how the population will be managed in the coming years.  NWF believes that in order for grizzlies to be able to continue to thrive and expand their populations, we must be diligent in continuing to address conflicts on public lands between grizzlies and livestock.  Much of our efforts will be focused on the High Divide region west of Yellowstone where we believe there is the greatest likelihood for grizzlies to expand into the wilderness areas of central Idaho.  There is much yet to do in 2018! 

Fence removal on Capitol Reef will benefit wildife
Fence removal on Capitol Reef will benefit wildife
This year NWF has much work to do in Yellowstone
This year NWF has much work to do in Yellowstone
NWF is continuing work to protect western bighorns
NWF is continuing work to protect western bighorns

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Attachments:
Capitol Reef
Capitol Reef's Cathedral District / Hartnet

Grazing is not normally permitted in national parks, but the creation of Capitol Reef in 1971 grandfathered in livestock grazing across much of the park’s sensitive desert grassland habitat. This grazing has significantly impacted bighorn sheep, elk, mule deer, pronghorn, mountains lions and golden eagles as well as two endangered plants – Winkler’s cactus and Wright’s fishhook cactus.

Where conflicts between livestock and wildlife are prolonged and intractable, the National Wildlife Federation believes that public land grazing retirements can provide an equitable solution for ranchers and wildlife interests. In coordination with federal land managers,we negotiate with livestock producers to retire livestock grazing allotments that experience chronic conflict with wildlife,especially wolves,grizzly bears, bison, bighorn sheep. This market approach recognizes the economic  value of livestock grazing permits and fairly compensates producers for retiring their leases.This approach establishes an important new national model for resolving conflicts between livestock and wildlife habitat.

Now – for the first time – the National Wildlife Federation is on the threshold of permanently retiring a livestock grazing allotment in a cherished National Park.  Capitol Reef, in the red rock country of southern Utah is an American treasure, known for its amazing canyons, scenic vistas and abundant wildlife. As of April, 2018, we have reached an agreement with a long-time ranching family to remove cattle from nearly 75,000 acres of the park, a huge win for restoring the park’s unique and fragile ecosystems.

The allotment is one of only two remaining in the Park and will make a huge difference in preventing the extinction of  two endangered cacti species and benefit a myriad of native wildlife species. The Winkler’s cactus has a very restricted range with over half of the remaining examples occurring within this allotment and over one-third of the remaining Wright’s fishhook cactus occur on the allotment.Cattle grazing poses the largest threat and given that the cattle grazing will continue outside of this allotment retirement will provide a permanent refugia ensuring for the long-term persistence of these endangered plants. The balance between supporting livestock grazing and native plant and wildlife species is especially challenging in the arid southwest.  

National Wildlife Federation staff have negotiated a price of $365,000 for the Capitol Reef rancher’s grazing privileges.  That is less than $6/acre, an incredibly cost-efficient strategy to permanently protect such an expansive piece of important habitat. We have already raised over $200,000 and are seeking to secure the remaining funds by August 30, 2018 in order to make our final payment and complete the transition. This allows the rancher to continue to stay in business by reinvesting his grazing into areas more suitable and for plant and animal species to recover.

Capitol Reef will be the NWF's first grazing retirement in a National Park and with your help, we can do even more. Thank you for your support and confidence in the work we do. 

Capitol Reef is one of Utah
Capitol Reef is one of Utah's treasured parks
Mule Deer rely on sparse desert resources
Mule Deer rely on sparse desert resources

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Organization Information

National Wildlife Federation

Location: Reston, VA - USA
Website:
Project Leader:
Kit Fischer
Reston, VA United States
$366,933 raised of $450,000 goal
 
1,381 donations
$83,067 to go
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