School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.

by Salvation Centre Cambodia
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School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
School 135 poor Cambodian children to prosperity.
Two siblings are standing in front of the school
Two siblings are standing in front of the school

Two siblings, the older brother is Sambath, 7 years old and the younger sister, Sreynang, 5 years old,  who are studying at the primary school were locked in the small rental room by their parents, Sreyneang, 44 years old, is their mom who is a food seller in the street and Mr. Sophat, 37 years old, is father a Security Guard who have been relocating into #22 Village, Sras Chak Sangkat, Kan Duon Penh, Phnom Penh City since 2020 from Kampong Cham Province, staying in the rental room cost 60.00 USD per month. Because of poverty, they can’t send their children to a private school for additional education like others. In their free time from public school, while the parents had to get out for selling food and work, the two children were mostly hanging out with street children that why they were locked in the rental room to avoid them walking away far from home with street boys. Otherwise, their children might use drugs or commit any illegal activities lured by their friends and/or any harm to them unavoidably. Certainly, it was a wrong decision, but they had no choice and they could not feel concentrate on selling and job. The mother of two children normally needs to take time to check home often for monitoring the children whether they were at home or studying in a locked room whenever the seller is not too busy or make a call to her neighbors to see instead if the seller was busy.

“The CBE-School is a place helping to deal with the burden of poor families like mine so that I can move forward in enhancing my family’s livelihood”, Mrs. Sreyneang said. The seen difficulty of her family, the neighbors advised her to register the children to access education at CBE School, and then, she talked to the village chief to assist her to request to the CBE school manager. Having known the story of the 2 children, it was drawn the attention of the school manager and led her to visit directly at their home so she decided to forward the request to the SCC management team to allow them to gain additional education. Since they have attended the school, they stop going out with a stranger boy and focus on their education. They are socializing and friendly with other children even end of the class they are still at the school complex to read books and play with other classmates and like to talk with foreign volunteers. As the result, they got a high score and upgraded to the next level for the next year.

Living with hope and meaningful life. The mother said that I was very happy when my children stayed at home and read books or played with their schoolmates only, stop hanging out with the boys like before, and they have a better read and write Khmer and English. Moreover, they had changed their attitude by respecting and greeting elders, and parents and more focus on their homework. She added that I had extended the period of my selling to two more hours per day since her children had been accessing the CBE school. So, my income had been increased than before and I do hope that I will have a good family with educated children. 

The older brother was in his classroom
The older brother was in his classroom
The younger sister was reading book at her class
The younger sister was reading book at her class
They are with their mother in front of their room
They are with their mother in front of their room
The space inside the room they are living
The space inside the room they are living
Inside the CBE school they are learning
Inside the CBE school they are learning
They enjoy reading at school together classmates
They enjoy reading at school together classmates
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Happy children during reopening school at SCC-CBE
Happy children during reopening school at SCC-CBE

SCC-CBE school tries hard to ensure children are given all the support and encouragement they need to step back into state schools and have a better future after the Covid-19 outbreak in Cambodia. Schools in Cambodia were closed for 250 days between 2020 and 2021. The biggest risk of all is that if children don’t return to school soon, they may never return. The children receiving our support were concerned that the longer remain out of school, the less likely they were to go back. They may feel that they have fallen too far behind to ever catch up, or their families may have become too reliant on the extra income children provide through working for improving their living. Through efforts in any way of keeping provide refresher courses/extra learning classes during and after the Covid-19 pandemic as well as providing food support for the children’s families, 77 out of 94 children are seen to pursue their education with the public schools in reopening schools during the low covid-19 infection rate.

Under continuation support of SCC, these 77 orphans and vulnerable children were re-enrolled in the state schools after reopening schools as soon as the announcement of the Ministry of Education. This is a great achievement that SCC-CBE Community School has implemented its activities with the best efforts to prevent these children from dropping out of school during and after the covid-19 outbreak in Cambodia. First, direct and indirect learning and teaching. Direct and indirect learning and teaching mean that the teachers of CBE School went directly to the community to teach the children in their own homes, helped to organize the daily study schedule, and study hours, and set them homework to practice in collaboration with their parents and caregivers (Group 1). Group the children, who live near the school, requiring them to come directly to the school to take homework and practice at their respective homes, then submit it to the teachers and received a further explanation from their teachers (Group 2). Group the children who can learn via online learning and teaching (Zoom learning). This way is only for children with smartphones (Group 3). Second, CBE teachers went to teach children and their families about health related to reducing the risk of COVID-19 infection. They have to adhere to the principles set by the Ministry of Health of Cambodia for COVID-19 transmission. These alternative approaches and activities of the school were remedial teaching and learning during public school closure to keep our vulnerable children from returning to school without a negative impact on our children’s education.  

In addition, Food was in the highest demand for survival, especially during the outbreak of COVID-19 when all business activities were required to be closed. Most vulnerable children’s families have badly been facing this issue because those vulnerable children's families work as baggers, selling food on the street, construction workers, laundry service providers, cleaners, moto-taxi drivers, and other low-paid workers which they normally were able to save the small amount of money so that they could not supply their families' food for a longer time. SCC contributed to addressing this by mobilizing resources from other supporters to provide nutrition support to 56 most in-needed families each family received 1 bag of 40 kg rice, 6 bottles of soy sauce, 4 soap, 1 box of face masks, 1 bottle of alcohol, and 1 spray bottle. Separately, 77 vulnerable students were provided school material such as 1 uniform, 1 pair of shoes, 1 bag, 2 written books, 1 white boat, 1 marker, 1 set of pens, a pencil, an eraser, a correction pen, and 12 colored pencils. The handover events were conducted for 2-times following the instruction of the Ministry of Health to avoid COVID-19 at CBE-School in the Bangkok Slum area. The events were participated in and congratulated by local authorities. In short, the food provided was a vital contribution to the vulnerable children returning to school since their parents have not become too reliant on the extra income children provide through working.

However, in the amount of 17 vulnerable children dropped out of CBE School and the public school because of their families’ severe reasons. First, their family moved out to their parent’s homeland to prevent COVID-19 transmission. Second, because of poor living conditions, their family members were forced to migrate to work in Thailand. Thirst, the family did not have enough money the living so they need to sell labor for a living. Fourth, the family member fell ill and the parents decided to stop their education to earn income to take of their family. Fifth, Parents/caregivers changed residents and migrated locally for other work with their children.

Basic Health training conducted by volunteers
Basic Health training conducted by volunteers
Food items/nutrition support to effected family
Food items/nutrition support to effected family
The meeting during providing school materials
The meeting during providing school materials
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Youth and student meeting to share experience
Youth and student meeting to share experience

Youths who received an education and support from SCC-CBE school last more than 10 years ago contributed to motivating through sharing their struggle life experience with the next generation's students whose situations are similar to themes. Hundreds of children living in slum areas in Phnom Penh whose poorest parents are beggars, waste collectors, people living with HIV, laundry services providers, and other low paid-workers who did not capacity to send them to access education even in the state schools. Starting from compassion and contributing to improving these children's future, SCC created the CBE schools in 2010 working closely with authorities and parents to push these vulnerable children to get education both at state schools and CBE-school.

Most of our former vulnerable students have now got a better life through higher education with a suitable job. After finishing the high school level, some of them are pursuing their education at a higher degree in a university in Phnom Penh without relying on their family due to they have their own income from part-time work. Meanwhile, other students who graduated from university have got suitable jobs with income to support themselves and their families. It is our pride of the project to contribute to transforming vulnerable children whose life could fall to uneducated people to become human resources to support themselves, their community, and society.

In return to the CBE school, these former students always motivate their next-generation students by bringing their valued experiences and knowledge to share in any events carried out by SCC. Beyond providing a free informal education system, a peer education program is a very significant mechanism part for motivation among successful former students and present students. In this regard, the youths allocated their time to share their life experience with the next-generation students. The event is playing a very vital role to inspire poor students to enhance their education without considering that poverty is a challenge for their education and realizing that only education is able to change their destiny. Obviously, Ms. Chea Sok Pisey 17 years old, is a part-time English teacher assistant and pursuing her education at the high school level in Phnom Penh. She used to be a girl whose mother didn't send her to school because of her poverty. Her mother was a poor widower, who worked as a cleaner at a hospital and her income was not sufficient for the daily food of five children. Seeing this difficult situation, SCC decided to select her to join the school in 2013 and support her family on food items and non-food items as well as to counseling her family to send her to the state school.

Obviously, on January 20, 2022, SCC conducted a meeting with 35 students/21 females to enable them to understand HIV and the benefits of HIV testing. The meeting was held in Village 22, Sangkat Srah Chak, Khan Daun Penh, Phnom Penh, co-facilitated by Ms. Ty Saran, Commune Committee for Women and Children (CCWC) officer of Srah Chak Sangkat, Phnom Penh. The overall theme of the meeting is to educate youth students to study harder and stay away from drugs and avoid love affairs during school age which is lead to damage to their future and family's dignity as well as the dangers of HIV infection and the importance of blood tests for HIV, and the transmission of HIV from person to person through three main types were raised. On behalf of other youth who are supported by SCC, Pisey brought very incredible experience in her life and struggle with education in order to motivate the next generations in the meeting, said: “Education is very important for our future and please don’t consider the poverty is the challenge. Even we are poor, we’re still able to continue our education, please don’t give up.”. This message inspired the participated students to pay the very attention to listen to her sharing and they said that “I will try my best to be like Sister Pisey as she is my idol from now on.”

In an overview of the implementation of the peer education program, it was seen that participating young people were having fun mixed with learning the various subjects and experiences without realizing it. The program strengthened the bond between youths and youths, SCC and youths, youths, and local authorities. It also helps to cultivate a united mindset in living with morality, compassion, and cooperation to help each other. On the other hand, they shared incredible knowledge and experiences with each other related to HIV health on how to prevent HIV infection and learn about the importance of HIV blood tests. Most importantly, students received the incredible courage and struggle experience from their previous older students.

Youth and student meeting events at CBE school
Youth and student meeting events at CBE school
Local authority representative speech to students
Local authority representative speech to students
Vul. children received education items support
Vul. children received education items support
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Start new academic year 2022-23 at CBE-Scholl
Start new academic year 2022-23 at CBE-Scholl

Children’s educational situation:

Most of the poor target students of SCC-CBE enrolled to study in either public school or SCC-CBE school even though the Covid-19 affects their livelihood. In the period of all schools in Cambodia were closed because of the Covid-19 outbreak, SCC-CBE teachers were still strengthening their target students’ capacity through online training and also pushing them to pay more attention to public school online training programs to be sure their education is still in progress. Also, teachers conducted the home visit activities in order to monitor/follow up health, livelihood, and the education of their students and encourage parents/guardians to push their children to focus on their education with both the public schools and SCC-CBE School. As the result, more than 80% of target children between the ages range of 6 to14 years old were enrolled for the new school academic year 2022-2023 to start in January 2022 with public schools, while 20% of equal and under 5-year-olds are not allowed because of unvaccinated. In this regard, the government has mobilized all 5-year-olds to be vaccinated so that all children will be allowed to attend school. In the meantime, SCC in alignment with the announcement of the government has been re-opened its CBE school in grades 1 and 2 in Phnom Penh with 94 students included 47 females. In short, working closely with parents/guardians through the home visit, online training during school close, and encouraging is enable target students to continue their education for their better future.     

Living conditions of children and their families

The poor people including SCC target children’s families in Cambodia have been facing livelihood problems during the Covid-19 outbreak and lockdown. Starting from January 2020 when the Covid-19 started pandemic in Cambodia, the government closed education institutions, garment factories, entertainment venues, restriction, and a curfew, affected the life of the people, especially food shortage for the poor families while they could not earn income as normal due to unemployment, lockdown, and food price increased. SCC in participation with the government to respond to the emergency needs of our target poor families by using the money, donated by the generous sponsors to support the basic need of the poor families in our target area of Phnom Penh and Siem Reap province. Obviously, 50 poorest families in the slum area of Phnom Penh were provided food and material support on 16th December 2021 at SCC-CBE School. Each family received a kit that included 40 kilograms of rice, 6 bottles of soy sauce, 1 liter of alcohol and material, 6 soaps for washing hands, and 1 box of facial masks (50 masks). Meanwhile, 20 poor families most in need in Siem Reap province were provided nutrition and Covid-19 material support on 6th January 2022, the kits included 50 Kg, 1box of face masks, and 0.5 liters of alcohol at SCC-CBE Christine school. Nutrition and material support are a very significant contribution to their daily life since they would have time and space to make more income after this difficult situation.

The situation of COVID-19 in Cambodia:

COVID-19 pandemic remains a hot issue in Cambodia.  As of the first week of January 2022, 195 Omicron cases have been detected, of which 4 were local community transmission. Meanwhile, the government decided to administer the second booster 4th dose for designated target groups. Though the Royal Government has opened up the country for its people to do small, medium, and large businesses, three prevention of covid-19 included hygiene, social distancing, and mask-wearing are adhered to by the public. Meanwhile, both public and private schools have been operating since January 2022, but must strictly follow the guidelines of the Ministry of Health. At the same time, SCC-CBE has been opened the classed for children who are studying at level 3; on the other hand, children who are at level 2 and level 1, come to school getting lessons and assignments to do at home. At this time, some students still have been receiving lessons through online learning. Generally, Omicron cases are the new concern of Cambodians.

In classroom activities at SCC-CBE in Phnom Penh
In classroom activities at SCC-CBE in Phnom Penh
50 poor families are receiving nutrition support
50 poor families are receiving nutrition support
Nutrition Support
Nutrition Support
Arrange support kits for 50 poor families
Arrange support kits for 50 poor families
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SCC-CBE Students learn to draw pictures
SCC-CBE Students learn to draw pictures


COVID-19 pandemic still continues globally, especially in Cambodia, there were new infected cases have been happening every day in the communities; it was really difficult and horror-struck. It has caused major obstacles related to people's daily lives.It’s a challenging economic crisis in the whole country. Separately, education was completely suspended in accordance with guidelines of the Ministry of Health in purpose to halt and prevent the spread of infectious diseases. All schools in Cambodia were suspended and no students were allowed to go to schools. However, the schools are still open and teaching children through online learning under guidelines of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MoEYS). This academic year, which was open for a month or two, was closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, our teachers have still done some teaching and learning activities such as there were three or four students are allowed to come to school for forty five minutes ‘teachers told’. They continuedthat some students have an ability to learn via online learning with their smartphone, some students have just received homework for doing it at home separately and send it their teachers for correction, some students have been helped and taught directly by SCC-CBE teachers at their home. In addition, our teachers always pay a high attention to remind the students to be careful their health, especially wash hands frequently, sprayingdisinfection alcohol or gel, and wear a face mask properly when going out and keeping space between yourselves and others to prevent infectious diseases. Moreover, SCC’s teachers motivated the parents/guardians of students when have free time should remind their children to read the books or do teachers’ homework. Besides childrenstudy at school, parents is the second teacher and the first teachers of their children’s studies at home.

Finding:

SCC-Children’s Basic Education School teachers found some outcomes including:

·       Our children still have the opportunity to review important lessons such as Khmer language and English from levels 1-3. This learning activity has helped the children to be brave to continue their learning.

·       Children are confident in their work, such as drawing and speaking, thanks to the encouragement of their parents and guardians, especially the teachers of SCC.

·       The teachers found that SCC-CBE’s children have done their homework carefully.

·       Parents and guardians have participated in encouraging their children to study hard with their teachers and self-study at home.

·      The study curriculum encourages children to remain satisfied with their learning, keeping these children from dropping out of school during the outbreak of COVID-19.

·       In this reporting period, there were more than 94 families of vulnerable children received emergency food assistance from SCC during the outbreak of COVID-19.

·      Standard of living of our children’s parents and caretakers are decreasing in income are due to COVID-19 pandemic; they did not sell the products or sold less than before; some went to work but did not get the full salary (less than 50%), while prices went up. ‘SCC-CBE teachers’






SCC-CBE student came to school learning individual
SCC-CBE student came to school learning individual
SCC-CBE students came to get the lesson at school
SCC-CBE students came to get the lesson at school
SCC-CBE students drew picture at home
SCC-CBE students drew picture at home
SCC-CBE Students study their subject via online in
SCC-CBE Students study their subject via online in

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Salvation Centre Cambodia

Location: Phnom Penh - Cambodia
Website:
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Project Leader:
Sovanpheap Chhneang
Phnom Penh, Phnom Penh Cambodia
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