W. Bengal, with nearly 100 million people is the fourth most densely populated state in India. It also has one of the longest and deadliest railway tracks. In 2017, seven elephants were mowed down by a passenger train, killing all of them. The key issue is, railways cut through their migratory routes, killing an average of 2-3 elephants every year. Forest and railway departments do not coordinate. Speed restrictions are enforced inside protected areas, not outside, where most accidents occur.
EleSense is an innovative technology, an early warning sensor system that cautions train drivers of elephant presence, while alerting elephants, thus helping prevent railway collisions and deaths. Sensor detects elephant presence up to 500 meters and triggers an alarm, which will be intercepted by railways. So far 130 devices have been installed on fringes of core habitats, proving to be effective in mitigating human-elephant-conflict. $30,000 for 1st phase is funded. Next $30,000 for 2nd phase.
This sensor-based early warning system is designed with siren, light and GPS/GSM modules by local tech experts familiar with the landscape. The alarm system is resistant to damage from the elements and wildlife, thus protecting the capital investment, and cutting down the maintenance costs. Most importantly it is safe for the elephants. EleSense will not only play a critical role in preventing elephant deaths, but will also create local jobs and help with long-term elephant conservation efforts.