Between the years 1961 and 1992 the Guatuso area, which includes the Maleku indigenous communities, lost over 90% of their tropical, humid forests. The lands were deforested for cattle farming and cultivation of crops. The Rio Sol river banks degraded, causing erosion to swipe away the rivers vulnerable banks & herbicides and pesticides found their way to the rivers in the area of Guatuso, polluting them and causing destructive damage to flora and fauna.
Reforesting the river banks along the Rio Sol by creating a buffer zone of 10 meters, will only restore a small part of the majestic forests that once were, but it's a start. Erosion of the riverbanks will be countered, conserving the river and all the environmental services it has. The 10-meter buffer zone will act as a corridor that flora and fauna can use for habitat and migration, increasing the biodiversity.
The 2500 trees that will be planted on the 2.5 ha will retain the soil along the river banks in the near future, countering erosion. The trees will sequestrate CO2 for which the landowner has the possibility of earning an income for environmental services to combat climate change. By creating an income on CO2 sequestration, it will increase the chance the forest will be protected and conserved. The forest can be used for non-timber forest products, such as fruits and medicines.