Ethiopia, Africa’s second-most populous country, is reeling from multiple humanitarian crises: the Tigray conflict, natural disasters, food shortages, and COVID-19. Here’s what you need to know about the country’s ongoing challenges and how to help.
The Ethiopian government recently announced a military offensive against the country’s Tigray region after an alleged attack by the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) on a state-controlled military base. The TPLF party is the Tigray region’s ruling party, which held power in the central Ethiopian government until 2018. Tensions escalated after months of feuding between the TPLF and the central government.
After 17 days of heavy fighting, government forces gained control of key areas in the region, including the capital, Mekelle. But the conflict continues across rural areas. Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has declared a six-month state of emergency in the region.
Hundreds of casualties have been reported due to the Tigray conflict, internet and cell service is down, and roads and airports are barricaded. As a result, nearly 600,000 people don’t have access to vital humanitarian aid, and more than 2 million are displaced.
The instability comes as millions in the Tigray region are recovering from the country’s worst locust outbreak in 25 years, a deadly season of flooding, and severe droughts that displaced thousands of people. These compounding challenges, worsened by climate change, destroyed agricultural yields and made food difficult to access across the country.
The recent conflict has also fueled other clashes within Ethiopia over land, resources, and power. The most recent instance was a Dec. 24 attack in the Benishangul-Gumuz region that killed 100 people. Continuing conflict puts hundreds of thousands of people at risk in northern Ethiopia and threatens to destabilize the larger eastern Horn of Africa.
How You Can Help
GlobalGiving’s vetted nonprofit partners have been responding to these crises in Ethiopia. They are addressing the immediate and long-term needs of the people impacted—from securing shelter and clean water for those who have been displaced to providing care for children across the Tigray region.
You can support people in Ethiopia facing conflict, food insecurity, and other challenges in the following ways:
1. Provide health care and essentials for people who are displaced.
Despite information blackouts, it’s been confirmed that thousands of refugees have crossed from the Tigray region into neighboring Sudan. Once there, they have reported killings, mass starvation, and severe trauma from inside Tigray. Nonprofits like the International Rescue Committee (IRC) are providing clean water, sanitation, health care, and other essentials to people who have been displaced from the Tigray region. It is part of IRC’s ongoing emergency and development work in the Shire area of Tigray that supports Eritrean refugees living in four camps.
2. Help people exposed to trauma access psychosocial care.
Many people are experiencing trauma related to conflict and displacement that may affect their mental health for years. Psychosocial care is essential to combat depression, anxiety, and disorders associated with trauma. IsraAID is helping displaced Ethiopians care for their changing psychosocial needs as they move from crisis to reconstruction, rehabilitation, and, eventually, sustainable living. Across the region, IsraAID offers integration and psychosocial support programming with a focus on women and children.
3. Support sustainable gardening after a year of historic drought, flooding, and disasters.
To help people from the Tigray region recover from the natural disasters that devastated crops in 2020, Consortium for Capacity Building (CCB) focuses on teaching sustainable farming practices for microgreens and other vegetables. CCB’s gardening projects for Ethiopians displaced in Sudan help them grow their own food and develop skills that will continue to support them once they can return home.
4. Support extended care for children and youth in the Tigray region.
Continued conflict puts children at greater risk of violence, trafficking, and exploitation and threatens education and stable housing, which children need to thrive. Abraham’s Oasis works to bring stability to children’s lives in northwestern Tigray. The organization provides basic care for babies and helps reunify children who have been separated from their parents. For children who can’t reconnect with their families or find adopted homes, Abraham’s Oasis offers long-term care and educational support for students with special needs.
Help local nonprofits provide critical support to people in Ethiopia.
Featured Photo: Sustaining 50 Reunified Children in Rural Ethiopia by Abraham's Oasis