School sanitation and hygiene education at Nyanza primary school
Responsible assigned: pacifique NDAYISHIMIYE (hygine, water and sanitation director/RVCP 2011)
Participant: hygiene, water and sanitation members, BVDA volunteers,GLOBEMED volunteers,rike
Place: Nyanza primary school (Huye sector, huye district:
5.2.1. Activity overview
Nyanza village is a small village in the Huye district of Rwanda. The population is 627 and there are 155 houses in the village. Of these, about 70% are made up of women and children only. The only water source for the village is a stream, which is situated 3km outside of the village and, as the majority of the villagers do not own any means of transport, they have to walk this daily to collect water.
This means that often families do not have enough water therefore practicing good hygiene is difficult. This leads to a prevalence of hygiene related diseases, especially intestinal diseases such as diarrhoea. The village coordinator has a family of 6, and he told us that in the past year every member of his family had suffered from diarrhoea.
Furthermore, as a large proportion of the population are female and children, whom are typically responsible for collecting water, many hours are spent collecting water, which could be devoted to more productive activities such as education or work.
Nyanza primary school which is located in Nyanza village has 594 pupils and 10 staff at the school, and potentially the 627 people in the nearby Nyanza village. The activities of hygiene and sanitation teaching sessions was targeted to students from 4th year to 6th year of Nyanza primary school where they made 12 classes because 2 classes for each year and then times 2 because some come in the morning and others in the afternoon.
The activities of hygiene teaching session in schools are done each year on one school chosen depending n the vulnerability of the school. As said before Nyanza primary school has 594 pupils and 627 people where most of them are children. The school does not have clean water which make the student to not practicing the hygiene. The teaching sessions which we covered at school are personal hygiene, hand washing with clean water and soap, respiratory hygiene and home hygiene. This was so difficult teaching sessions because the school did not have water at school where student used to walk about 6km a day to fetch water to clean their classroom and latrines but to wash their hands it was difficult to find water which marked the teaching sessions to be complicated because there was no necessary manual while educating. During the teaching sessions we used different methods where RVCP members and IPs for the time where they are there, educating them on different topics that we talked befor,distribution of posters of hygiene education related, using songs of hygiene education related and games.
The teaching session was done each Wednesday of each week means that it is once a week except the holidays. After identifying that Nyanza primary school do not have water and that this problem can be one that limit to meet hygiene standards ,we tried to collect all data and we written a funding proposal to provide clean water to the school so that students ,staff from the school will benefit from it to ameliorate the hygiene and sanitation ,but not only members of the school will benefit because Nyanza villages will also benefit from the water which the school will be obtained .the fundraising for the activities of water provision have to be started soon(December 2011).
5.2.2. Inputs: -money for transportation of volunteers to nyanza primary school for teaching session
-posters to use while teaching students
-Teaching manuals on different topics covered during teaching session.
-Transportation while collecting information and data to write proposal on water for nyanza primary school, this done in nyanza village and at nyanza primary school and online research on hygiene and sanitation.
-Increase of knowledge and skills on hygiene, water and sanitation for 12 targeted classes during the period of implementation.
-students gained the importance of washing hands at 3 criticl moments.
-Information have been collected on hygiene and sanitation situation in nyanza village and specifically in students from nyanza primary schools.
-the funding proposal was written
-in coming years there will be the reduction of low hygiene related diseases like diarrhea, dysentery.. For participants of the sessions and their family in general.
-Clean water will be provided to the nyanza primary school for hygiene improvement.
5.2.4. Challenges: -poor communication between RVCP members and IPs and lack of communication between students, teachers and IPs.
- Holidays which meet with the period of project implementation.
- Low teaching materials, not updated and few teaching materials to give to students after the teaching education sessions.
- Insufficient fund to implement directly what we seen that have to be improved and this lead to stop by there without corrected because lack of means.
- Time table of exams and courses which correlate with the time of the activity and miscommunication between RVCP members and IPs.
5.2.5. Risks:-Time of activity and exams happen at the same period.
-Lack of students because not been communicated before.
-improve the communication between RVCP members and school learders.
-increase the training of RVCP members and IPs.
-prepare teaching materials at time and discuss it to all members and IPs during internal meetings.
-Increase the number of partners to help RVCP conduct different activities that identified at the field while conducting normal activities in the program.
-conduct the evaluation of activities to assess the sustainability of the program.