Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.

by ESTUDIOS RURALES Y ASESORIA CAMPESINA, A.C.
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Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico.
Jul 24, 2020

Reporte July 2020

I am sending the report june 2020. In Spanish and English

Sustainably facing coffee rust threat in Mexico. (29075)

Estimados donadores

En el informe anterior, les comentamos que conseguimos unas despulpadoras ecológicas, probamos un deshidratador solar para secar el café, mandamos analizar la calidad de las muestras de café pergamino y le vendimos nuestro café pergamino a una organización hermana. Estas posibilidades las logramos gracias a sus donativos.

Ahora les vamos a informar sobre los resultados de estas innovaciones.

Las despulpadoras ecológicas usan menos de la mitad de agua que las despulpadoras convencionales que se utilizan en la región. De esta forma no solo ahorramos agua, sino que no se contaminan los río con residuos que salen de despulpar el café. Además de estas enorme ventaja, tiene dos más que no teníamos previstas: A) no maltratan ni rompen el grano de café, éstos salen completos, lo cual es muy importante para tener un producto de calidad. B) Son livianas y muy fáciles de utilizar, no se requiere mucha fuerza para manejarlas, lo cual permitió que varias mujeres se incorporen a esta fase del procesamiento del café que normalmente se lleva a cabo por los hombres de la familia.

El uso del deshidratador solar también tienen varias ventajas: el café se seca dentro de la cámara que está cerrada, solo fluye en su interior el aire seco y caliente. De esta forma el café está resguardado de la lluvia que siempre se presenta en los meses en que se seca el café a consecuencia del paso de los “nortes”. Esto permite que la familia no tenga que ocuparse de meter el café cada vez que amenzas la lluvia y volver a estender en la planilla cuando pasó la lluvia. Por otro lado, el café seco, sale de mejor calidad que aquellos que se secan al sol en las planillas convencionales, porque no se maltrata la membrana (el pergamino) que envuelve al grano. Al secarlo en planilla, los movimientos que se tienen que hacer al café maltrata esta memebrana y el calor puede ser demasiado fuerte que llegue a matar al embrión del grano, con l cual el café tiene una vida de almacén mucho más corta. Los productores que secaron su café en el deshidratador solar, encontraron oportunidades para mejorar el diseño y armar un modelo adaptado a los requerimientos de secado del café.

Se mandaron analizar 29 muestras de café, obteniendo muy buenos resultados. En las muestras se avalúa características físicas del café y atributos relacionados con el sabor y aroma. La calificación máxima es 100 puntos y a partir de 80 puntos se inicia la escala de los cafés especiales: las muestras que obtienen una calificación entre 80 y 83 se les denomina como café bajo especial. Las muestras con una calificación de 84 puntos en adelante representan un a café especial.

Dentro de esta escala, el 76% de las muestras de las y los compañeros están entraron en el grupo de café bajo especial y 10% (3 muestras) llegaron a los 84 puntos, es decir, alcanzaron incorporarse a los cafés especiales. Esta evaluación es muy importante porque es la primera vez que, los y las cafetaleros, como grupo, inician una experiencia colectiva de venta de café de calidad. Con esta información ya tienen una base para saber dónde tienen que mejorar sus procesos.

Si bien estos resultados están siendo muy importantes para el grupo, también nos topamos con un problema: la humedad del grano de café. En las comunidades, se acostumra medir la humedad de café con técnicas de precepción como el sonido que emiten los granos al moverlos con las manos, el color y la dureza del grano al rompero con los dientes. Con estas formas de percibir la humedad, se mandó el café a los compradores y varios de los costales llevaban café demasiado húmedo que tuvo que ser secado por el comprador.

Nos urge adquirir un medidor de humedad profesional para que no nos vuelva a suceder esta problema.

Finalemente se nos presentaron dos situaciones no previstas.

1. El tiempo que implica clasificar el café, son horas enteras para quitar los granos con deformidades, los rotos, los verdes, etc. Si bien este trabajo no se tenía contemplado, el precio del café lo compensa. Además de que las y los cafetaleros ya están diseñando estrategias para disminuir el tiempo de clasificación del café, integrando en el proceso productivo labores de selección en las diferentes etapas del proceso productivo, iniciando desde el corte de café en el campo.

2. El interés de las mujeres por integrarse a los trabajos de procesamiento de café, donde antes ellas no participaban. Sobre este tema les comentaremos en el siguiente informe.

Dear donors

In the previous report, we informed you that we acquire ecological pulpers; we tried drying the coffee in a solar dehydrator; we send to analyze the quality of the coffee with specialized tasters and the coffee productors sold their coffee to a sister organization. We achieved these possibilities thanks to your donations.

Now we are going to inform you about the results of these innovations.

1. Organic pulpers use less than half the water than conventional pulpers that are used in the region. We not only saved water, but the rivers are not contaminated with residues that come from pulping coffee. In addition to these enormous advantages, the pulpers, have two results we did not have contemplated: A) Diuring de process, the pulpers do not mistreat or break the coffee bean, the grain comes out complete, issue very important to have a quality product. B) The pulpers are light and are very easy to use, they do not require much force to handle them. With this characteristics, several women are intrested to participate in this phase of coffee processing that is normally carried out by the men of the family.

2. The solar dehydrator has several advantages: the coffee dries inside the chamber that is closed, only dry and hot air flows inside it. In this way, the coffee is sheltered from the rain. This allows the family not to have to put inside the house the coffee every time it threaten the rain, and then take de coffee outside to dry when the rain had finished. On the other hand, dry coffee comes out of better quality than those that are dried in the sun on conventional sheets, because the membrane (the parchment) that surrounds the grain is not mistreated. When dried on the spreadsheet, the movements that have to be made to the coffee mistreat this membrane and the heat can be too strong to kill the embryo of the bean, with which the coffee has a much shorter shelf life. Producers who dried their coffee in the solar dehydrator found opportunities to improve the design and build a model tailored to the drying requirements of the coffee.

3. We sent 29 samples of coffee to be analyzed by specialized tasters, obtaining very good results. The samples assess the physical characteristics of the coffee and attributes related to flavor and aroma. The maximum qualification is 100 points; the samples that obtain a qualification between 80 and 83 are called special low coffee. Samples with a rating of 84 points onwards represent a special coffee.

Within this scale, 76% of the samples are entered in the group of special low coffee; 10% (3 samples) reached 84 points. This evaluation allows the families This evaluation allows families to locate areas of opportunity to improve the quality of their coffee production.

Although these results are being very important for the group, we want to tell you about one problem we had.

It is about the humidity of the coffee grain. In the communities this humidity is measured with perception techniques such as the sound emitted by the beans when moving them with the hands, the color and the hardness of the bean when breaking with the teeth. With this ways of measuring humidity we sent de cooffe production to the buyer organization

Several of the bags carried too wet coffee, so they had to be dried by the buyer.
We need to purchase a professional humidity meter so that it does not happen us again.


We were presented with several unforeseen situations:

1. The time involved in classifying coffee; it takes whole hours to remove the beans with deformities, the broken ones, the green ones, etc. Although this work was not contemplated, but the price of coffee makes up for it. The coffee growers are already designing strategies to reduce the time for classifying coffee, integrating selection at different stages of the productive process, starting during the cutting of coffee in the field.

2. The enormous interest of women in integrating themselves into coffee processing jobs, where they previously did not participate. We will comment you this issue in the next report.

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Organization Information

ESTUDIOS RURALES Y ASESORIA CAMPESINA, A.C.

Location: OAXACA - Mexico
Website:
Facebook: Facebook Page
Twitter: @era_ac
Project Leader:
Fernando Ruiz
OAXACA, Mexico
$1,430 raised of $10,000 goal
 
30 donations
$8,570 to go
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