Premature babies are the number-one risk group for retinopathy of prematurity. In general, the smaller and more premature the infant, the more likely he or she is to develop ROP, and the more likely to need treatment. The eye functions like camera. At the back of the eye is the retina: Like film in the camera, this layer of nerve tissue is necessary to record the information that’s coming in and allow the brain to “develop” it into an image. In premature babies the blood vessels that feed the retina usually haven’t finished growing. ROP occurs when these vessels actually stop growing for a time, and then begin growing abnormally and randomly
A 15 weeks male baby (twin 1st) born in 29 weeks of gestation weighing 1060 gms was reviewed on 25.12.2020 by Dr.Krishna R Murthy. The baby was administered antivegf injection (Antivegf is the use of medications that block vascular endothelial growth factor) to both eyes in the month of November 2020 for APROP (APROP-Aggressive Posterior ROP). On follow-up eye fundus photos of the baby showed presence of ROP in stage 3 in zone 2 in both eyes with plus disease. The baby was advised for laser treatment to both eyes.
In stage 3 ROP the abnormal blood vessels grow toward the center of the eye instead of following their normal growth pattern along the surface of the retina.
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