The smaller a baby is at birth, the greater their chance of having retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), an eye disorder that can lead to vision loss. But most babies who are born with it get better over time. A baby's eyes begin to develop around the 16th week of pregnancy. If they're born very early, this process is cut short. The blood vessels in their eyes don't have enough time to develop as they should. Instead, they grow where they're not supposed to. Or they can be so fragile that they bleed or leak. ROP can be mild and may resolve spontaneously, but it may lead to blindness in serious cases.
1. A 10 weeks male baby born in 26 weeks of gestation weighing 750 gms was seen on 02.12.2020 by Dr.Krishna R Murthy. Eye fundus photos of the baby showed presence of ROP in stage 2 in zone 2 in both eyes with plus disease. The baby was advised for laser treatment to both eyes. In stage 2 ROP the demarcation line develops into a ridge, with height and width, between the vascular retina and peripheral retina.
The baby underwent laser treatment on 03.12.2020.
2. A 6 weeks female baby born in 29 weeks of gestation weighing 1800 gms was seen on 16.12.2020 by Dr.Krishna R Murthy. Eye fundus photos of the baby showed presence of ROP in stage 3 in zone 1 in both eyes with plus disease. The baby was advised for laser treatment to both eyes at the earliest. Stage 3 is where new blood vessels start to grow out of the ridge. These blood vessels are very weak and they will cause vision problems if they start to scar. In stage 3 ROP the blood vessels grow and multiply (proliferate) and are visible in the ridge
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