Prevention of Human Trafficking in Nepal

by Himalayan Human Rights Monitors (HIMRIGHTS)
Prevention of Human Trafficking in Nepal
Prevention of Human Trafficking in Nepal
Prevention of Human Trafficking in Nepal
Prevention of Human Trafficking in Nepal
Prevention of Human Trafficking in Nepal
Prevention of Human Trafficking in Nepal
Four Girls and their guardians
Four Girls and their guardians

Four Girls prevented from Trafficking

 COVID-19 prevalence in the country have affected every part of life and especially increased human trafficking vulnerability of marginalized population. Since March 2020, we have been in some sort of nationwide lockdown.  Apart from the last two major festivals, Dasain and Tihar, people tend not to come out of their homes unless necessary. The domestic and international flights have resumed to some extent but public vehicles are limited. The international borders are still closed. The scenario is quite bleak. Many are jobless; the farmers are unable to effectively produce- lack of fertilizers nor sell their produces due to lack of transportation. 

I believed especially with restricted movement in the cross-border trafficking, would not take place however, it had not stopped.  In fact, the traffickers are taking advantage of this situation by hiding women and children in vegetable/food/essential  trucks. These trucks are prioritized to cross the border between India and Nepal as well as China and Nepal.

Recently on World Children’s Day Nov. 20, 2020 we, intercepted four girls between the age of 13-16 from Manahari Rural Municipality, Makwanpur. It is illegal for children to work in hazardous jobs. The local people saw all four of these girls with big bags going along with a  local man. They got suspicious about their activity. Thus, they informed the police. Thus, the police informed HIMRIGHTS, government and nongovernment organizations jointly intercepted four girls, age 13-16, indigenous, from being trafficked to carpet factories in Kathmandu Valley. They were handed over to the parents with promises not to send them into any exploitative work.

 

 

 

Some of the local people had participated in trafficking awareness prevention programs which made them alert on the possibility of human trafficking. I am very happy that our years of work did come to practical use for prevention. Thus, with the fund raised during Dec. 2020 we will continue to conduct awareness, skill development and income generation for these four girls and other vulnerable women and children. We will send them to school if they agree to it. We will also work closely with the local government for these girls and to prevent human trafficking.   

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Shree Praja Jagrit Aadharbhut School, Raksirang
Shree Praja Jagrit Aadharbhut School, Raksirang

In last quarter, we reported the art workshop on human trafficking conducted at Shree Praja Jagrit Aadharbhut School, in Raksirang, Makwanpur. This was just before the lockdown in Nepal, specifically in Makawanpur district. The lockdown came into effect since March 24, 2020 but in between there has been some slight ease in it. However, due to the increase in the number of infected and death toll, there has been new restrictions in place around various districts. As of today (September 5) the number of infected has reached 45,277 nationwide, while the death toll has gone up to 280. In our working district Makwankpur, 5000 people have had PCR tests, 539 confirmed positive of which 555 are from the local population and 8 deaths due to Covid-19. Since March 19, 2020 all the government and community schools have closed down except for some private schools, who have been conducting online classes. In addition to covid-19, there has been numerous floods and landslides in and around our working areas. Thus, all the school that we have been conducting the awareness programs on human trafficking has remained closed.

 

However, we have been communicating with the schools and local government regarding the possibilities of reopening the schools. Meanwhile, in another HIMRIGHTS project in the same schools with the support of CORE International, we been supporting educational scholarships and other empowerment activities with marginalized children. We have provided been able to provide tutorial classes for limited scholarship recipients in coordination with the local governments and schools. Thus, we have been continuing to provide tutorial classes for only those who live close to the schools while maintaining social distancing.

 

We are supposed to provide Human Trafficking Awareness programs in Suryodaya Higher Secondary School in Raksirang Ward no.3. However, currently this school premise is being used for Covid-19 quarantine purposes. As a result, we were not allowed to enter or take any photographs of the school. However, we have been communicating with Shree Praja Jagrit Aadharbhut School, the principle and the chairperson of the school management community had informed us that the programs we conducted in the last reporting period has had positive impact on the participants and students of that school, learning and sharing on the topic of human trafficking. However, we cannot communicate with our participants and/or their parents because they do not own telephones. Additionally, our mobility is restricted due to the current lockdowns. As of March 24, the government has banned all meetings, workshops, and conferences any functions consisting of large number of people. Due these circumstances, we are unable to conduct any formal programs. However, we will continue to communicate with principals, teachers, school management communities, and local governments of respective schools and wards to conduct our programs as soon as the restrictions have been removed. Our plan is to conduct art workshops in all four school we work in and do follow ups to assess the impacts. But we will have to wait until the Corona Virus situation improves.


 

 

Photographs of School that have remained closed due to the Covid-19 pandemic

School closed due to COVID-19
School closed due to COVID-19
Shree Praja Jagrit Aadharbhut School, Raksirang
Shree Praja Jagrit Aadharbhut School, Raksirang
Shree Praja Aadharbhut School, Manahari
Shree Praja Aadharbhut School, Manahari
Shree Praja Aadharbhut School, Manahari
Shree Praja Aadharbhut School, Manahari
Tutorial classes with social distancing
Tutorial classes with social distancing
Tutorial classes in Makawanpur
Tutorial classes in Makawanpur
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Raising Awareness against Human Trafficking in Raksirang,  Makwanpur

 

For this Quarter HIMRIGHTS conducted the workshop against in Shree Praja Jagrit Aadharbhut School in Raksirang, Makwanpur, Jan 23rd 2020. We had 30 students participate in the workshop from grade six, seven, and eight (22 girls and 8 boys). We ensure participation of boys too as increasingly boys and men are being trafficked into slave like practices

Although, this particular district/locality is adjacent to Kathmandu Valley, it is located in a difficult mountainous terrain, last permanent motorable road is about 45 minutes from the main highway. There is a temporary motorable track on the river bed, the only alternative route is to hike up 4 hours each way specially during monsoon (I am attaching couple of photographs to give you some reference).  Each student walks to school minimum of 20 minutes to an hour and half. To avoid the long hikes, some of the students live with their relatives. Furthermore, many students come to school with no food as most of their parents have to go to wage work from 6 a.m. Thus, many of the students go with a meal a day only. Child marriage and labor is very prevalent which also leads broken family, divorce, remarriage and human trafficking.   

The car is on the river where ever its dry and at times just driving on the water. (Image A, B, C)

The objectives of the program were to create awareness on the current situation of human trafficking and how the children can be prevented from being trafficked and what they could do to prevent it in their families and communities. We shared on the facts of human trafficking that is going on in the district and in country. Then we asked them to draw their understanding of human trafficking and what is going on in their own communities. The program was led and coordinated by Ms. Kumari Waiba, HIMRIGTHS district coordinator and along with Ms. Maya Lama, district representative from Maiti Nepal  (one of the leading organizations on human trafficking), who share their experiences and Surya Bahadur Praja, principle and teachers: Elena Praja and Shyam Mahato. They made their presentations:  An introduction to what Human Trafficking is, An explanation to how foreign employment has led to Trafficking; How Human trafficking can take place in Nepal itself; How the entertainment industry can lead to violence and abuse—internal and external trafficking; and The methods via which traffickers lure and traffic people. Posters, pamphlets and other materials were provided to illustrate on the topics. The program had a drawing section where students were requested to draw what is Trafficking in the past and present context, how it could take place and what they had learned through the presentations. This graphic process is for them to internalize the issue and also so that they could use their drawings to share with their colleagues, family, friends, and communities. We conducted follow ups to learn the impact of this program not only with the 30 students but its ripple effects too.    

 

  • The students have taken initiative to raise awareness through similar programs and are interested to conduct art contest on Human Trafficking with other classes.
  • After the Drawing Program ended, the students took part in awareness programs in their school during their extracurricular classes. These programs included raising awareness about the methods of trafficking/traffickers, the practice in general and other aspects through their drawings and talks. The students were provided with various material for making illustrations and pamphlets, comic books (by children for children on human trafficking) by HIMRIGHTS.
  • Stationary: pencils, erasers, chart papers, sharpeners and drawing papers and the snacks for the program was provided by HIMRIGHTS while Maiti Nepal had provided various Pamphlets and Brochures pertaining to the topic.
  • Representative of Maiti Nepal and the Principal of the School took part in presenting  the topic and have made the program more effective with their personal and professional experience(s) and knowledge(s).

 

In three hours, students were made aware about Human Trafficking. This program was the first of its kind to take place in this school. The teachers and Principal of the school shared that this program was a great success and were very thankful to HIMRIGHTS and the GlobalGiving, who had donated to this project. They requested for similar programs to be held in the future too, as there is constant need to raise awareness to different and new groups to highlight the issue and constant evolving new trafficking trends.  We have been unable to conduct follow up programs due to preponement of school exams and nationwide lockdown for almost two months due to Covid-19 pandemic.

I would like to thank GlobalGiving, all my friends, and donors who have supported this project, without which this would not have been possible.

 

The children in their newly built classrooms from the 2015 earthquake, learning about human trafficking. Pictures have been taken with   permission of the students, aware of the fact that it will be uploaded to the internet. (Image D, E)

The Participating students being briefed about the program by Kumari Waiba (HIMRIGHTS) and Maya Lama (Maiti Nepal District Representative) through illustrative presentation. (Image F, G)

The Students drawing in the program. (Image H, I)

 

 

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Follow up with 12 student participates
Follow up with 12 student participates

A Follow up at Shree Praja Adharbhut School.

Makwanpur, Nepal

Jan. 8, 2020

HIMRIGHTS Makwanpur had conducted orientation program against Human Trafficking through Art at Shree Praja Adharbhut School, Handi Khola, Manahari Rural Municipality, with 29 students from grade 6-8, 17 girls and 12 boys, June 28, 2019. HIMRIGHTS Coordinator and the Principle of this school orientated the students on what is human trafficking, definition, foreign employment-unsafe migration,  internal trafficking, exploitation including sexual in entertainment sector using pictorial education materials. The focus was on what can be the role of school and students in its prevention. The children were asked to draw their understanding of human trafficking and what they could do for its prevention for themselves and others. The process of the drawing is for their internalization of the issue to become activist and how they can share with others.

We expect to have positive and sustained impact on our participants in all our programs and in Prevention of Human Trafficking through Art. Our objective is to have a multiplier effects of and by our program participants. We look forward to our participants to internalize the importance, magnitude, and prevalence of the issue; and they take it forward. As their participation and leadership is crucial for the prevention of human trafficking, they are in the ground to make a substantial difference at individual level, not us who do not live at the grassroots level. On Nov. 22, 2019 we conducted a follow up program in the school with the same children to assess the impact on them and the activities they organized or be part of to raise the issue in larger programs. The students are doing a superb job and the principle and teachers are very impressed by our program and requested us to conduct it more frequently. In the follow up program, 12 students participated, 8 girls and 4 boys. We provided with tea and snacks to all the participants and their teachers.

The sharing by our participants of what they did and doing are very impressive, they are from community school in remote area of this district.

  • The participants shared their learning and drawings of Human Trafficking and migration in their and other classes.
  • In most of the Friday extracurricular activities they had talk program to raise awareness on the issue.
  • Orientation of the issue through art/drawings has made it easier for them to learn and share.
  • They realized they can play a major role to prevent human trafficking and unsafe migration.
  • They strongly believe the orientation programs have enhanced their leadership as many of them have taken various proactive initiatives to raise the issues.
  • They participated in the announcement of Child Friendly Manahari Rural Municipality and spoke on the issue.
  • They participated in the local celebration of 13th Human Trafficking and National Children’s Day. They took part in street theaters and participated in the song competition in the program with the focus against human trafficking and unsafe migration. They wrote their own dialogues and songs. They shared what they learned in the Prevention of Human Trafficking through Art from the earlier program. The Municipality along with HIMRIGHTS and other NGOs shared the cost of this celebration.
  • They participated in the local National Childrens' Day with playcards against human trafficking and unsafe migration..
  • They committed to be activists for the prevention and requested for additional information materials and some fund to be more effective to expand their activities.
  • The particiapnts gave us permission to share their photos.

Jenisa grade 8, along with her friends Nikesh, Kanchan and Saraswoti spoke and discussed on what is human trafficking, how it occurs, how to prevent it in each Friday extracurricular activity for grade 6 and 7 in their school for 25 minutes in each class and planning to do more in other classes..  

Our activities in pipeline:

We are going to conduct orientation programs on Human Trafficking through Art in Suryodaya Madhyamic and Shree Praja Jagriti Adharbhut in February and May as they have exams before this. We will conduct follow programs too. We will include unsafe migration in all our orientation; increasingly there is thin line between trafficking and migration.

We would like to thank all our donors of GlobalGiving who made it possible to conduct these workshops, follow ups, and rallies

Jenisa, grade 8, Shree Praja Aadharbhut
Jenisa, grade 8, Shree Praja Aadharbhut
National Human Traffkcking, National Children Day
National Human Traffkcking, National Children Day
Participanting in song competition
Participanting in song competition
National Children's Day Rally
National Children's Day Rally
Speakers from local government and others
Speakers from local government and others
Participanting in street theatre
Participanting in street theatre
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Orientation on human trafficking, and other issues
Orientation on human trafficking, and other issues

HIMRIGHTS organized one day program against human trafficking in Shree Sagarmatha  Adharbhut School, Rupachuri, Manahari Rural Municipality, Makwnapur, Nepal, September 5, 2019 with the support of GlobalGiving. There were 28 students from grade 6-8, 15 girls and 13 boys.

 We conducted this program to raise awareness against human trafficking especially with students. We focused on what is human trafficking and what could be students’ roles for its prevention. We also wanted to assess students’ exsiting knowledge on this heinous crime against humanity. We conducted this program on this particular day to be part of the National Day Against Human trafficking.

The program started with HIMRIHGTS program coordinator Ms. Kumari Waiba, who gave talk program on what is human trafficking, how people can be trafficked through foreign employment/migration, a thin gray line between migration and trafficking; internal trafficking, exploitation and abuse in entertainment sector which mostly leads to human trafficking. All these were presented with various posters and leaflets. Both the School Principle Mr. Khadkabahadur Moktan and teacher Mr. Sanchalal Thingh supported her in the presentations. After this session the children were asked to do the drawings based on their knowledge on human trafficking and what they have seen or heard in their communities.

The children spent next four hours drawing. They focused on what is trafficking and what could be preventative measures. They felt this program has given them opportunity to understand the issue and learn what they should do to take precautions to prevent human trafficking.

In all the govnement public schools Friday is half day and they have extra-curricular activities after lunch break. Although, they had this type of program for the first time, it was very effective. The Principle appreciated immensely and thanked HIMRIGHTS and GlobalGiving, for such an informative and effective program on this important issue in their school. All the children were so excited to share their drawings and stories to rest of the school once they were done with the drawings.

They also had a small rally next day with the drawings in their community. Unfortunately we do not have any photographs as these schools are in very rural, remote areas, and impoverished areas thus, smart phones and cameras are not easily available. Next time we will try to ensure we have some photographs.

HIMRIGHTS provided colors pencils, pencils, erasers, sharpeners, and snacks for all the children and teachers involved in this program. They were very excited to get these materials. We took permission before taking any photographs of the children and they said that they have no problem using it in public space.

We are going to conduct a series of programs in different schools in this district. This is our second program. First one we conducted in Shree Adharbhut School, ward number 6, Manahari Rural Municipality, in the last quarter.  In both schools both the teachers and students really appreciated these activities and requested to continue it. There is serious need to continue this type of program in both public and private schools as the teachers and students will share the knowledge to others on how to prevent human trafficking.  We will do follow ups in both schools to assess the impacts and how they are sharing their knowledge with others. Due to rain and landslides accessing the schools and students for follow up has been very difficult. Finally monsoon is over we will we follow up in both schools.

They were very excited to hold their drawings/art
They were very excited to hold their drawings/art
sharing their artwork
sharing their artwork
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Organization Information

Himalayan Human Rights Monitors (HIMRIGHTS)

Location: Lalitpur - Nepal
Website:
Facebook: Facebook Page
Twitter: @himrights
Project Leader:
Anjana Shakya
Lalitpur, Bagmati Nepal
$16,335 raised of $40,000 goal
 
130 donations
$23,665 to go
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