Nepal Earthquake : Support for remote communities

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Nepal Earthquake : Support for remote communities
Nepal Earthquake : Support for remote communities
Nepal Earthquake : Support for remote communities
Nepal Earthquake : Support for remote communities

PHASE has been rebuilding health posts and school buildings in the 2015 earthquake affected areas. Here is the short summary of the finished and ongoing project in the year 2017/18.

School buildings

Ghurdanda Primary School

Single floor, four class room reinforced concrete frame structure building completed in Ghurdanda, Syangja district and handed over to the school management committee. With this construction, 60 students and 8 teachers have safe learning environment. The school still needs at least two more rooms, one for classroom and other for office for which, funding has not been assured yet.

Reconstruction of Ganesh Basic School in Baruwa, Sindhupalchok

Three class room earthquake resilient building with WASH facilities has been completed and is in use now. The 2015 earthquake destroyed the school building and teaching/learning was continued in a temporary arrangement. The SMC and the local people, parents of the students, were extensively involved relevant to their skill and availability. The completed construction has provided safe space for teaching and learning. Local people feel confidence and have started sending their children to this school thus there is about 100% increase in number of students compared to just before completion.

Reconstruction of Bankali and Jaldevi Schools in Hagam, Sindhupalchowk

Two blocks with three classrooms each have been nearly completed for Bankali Secondary School in Sindhupalchok. The classrooms are now in use with temporary partition to make 10 classrooms and office room. About 320 students and 11 staff have better and safer teaching/learning space available in the monsoon. Construction of one administrative block and other facilities are in progress.

Similarly, one block with three classrooms, two boys’ toilet and one administrative block with 4 rooms completed for Jaldevi Secondary School. The classrooms and the administrative block are now in use. These constructions have provided safer and better space for teachers and students. Remaining construction. The red roof is new construction and the blue roof was completed by PHASE in 2016.

Local people are preferred as worker for the construction. This construction has created 2360 workdays for them.

School management committee (SMC) of both the school is involved in procurement decisions. SMCs of both schools have identified most vulnerable people to support construction so that they also get an opportunity to participate in the rebuilding process.

Total construction is expected to complete by 2019.

Health Posts and Out Reach Clinics

Kashigaun and Keraunja Health post

Health post buildings in Kashigaun and Keraunja in Gorkha have been handed over with equipment and furniture for proper functioning as a rural birthing center. Both the health posts facilities are in use.   

Hagam Health post

Construction work for this health post has been completed. Minor interior works are remaining to handover to the health post authorities. Staff quarters are in use by the health post staff.

ORC construction in Yanglakot, Hagam and Dhuskot, Fulpingkot

Construction work of four room, single story, reinforced concrete frame structured building for ORC in Yanglakot has been completed.  Painting work is ongoing. Hagam ORC will be handed over to the local government by mid September 2018.

Similarly Dhuskot ORC in Fulpingkot has been completed, door and window fixing, electrical works and painting is ongoing. This building will be completed by October 2018 for handover.

School Toilet Construction

Gender friendly school toilet with running water facility has been constructed in three government schools in Keraunja and Kashigaun, Gorkha.

Community Buildings

Five community buildings with earthquake resilient features are under construction in five project areas, namely Baramchi, Dhuskun, Chokati, Tauthali and Piskar in Sindhupalchok district. The community buildings will be used for community activities such as meetings, training etc. During any disaster in the community, these buildings will be used as an emergency shelter.

Irrigation Canals

Along with other infrastructures, irrigation canals in the PHASE project areas were severely affected by the 2015 earthquake. Three of them are under construction, two in Baramchi and one in Hagam in Sindhupalchok. After completion, these canals will provide irrigation water for timely plantation, mainly of rice and wheat to the farmers field.

Resilient Rehabilitation of Trail

Resilient Rehabilitation of Trail  (Unnat Goreto project was designed to rehabilitate/construct trail damaged by earthquake of 2015 in four wards (Kashigaun, Kerauja, Mambu and Hulchuk) of two rural municipalities (Arughat & Dharche) in Northern side of Gorkha District. Project was conducted in consortium partner between PIN (People In Need) and SW (Scott Wilson) Nepal funded by DFID.

Project was designed to benefit victims of earthquake directly and indirectly, making ease in transportation and mobility, as trail is only means of transportation; cash for work model was adopted to construct their own path, so that ownership develops for future maintenance.  


All together 70.57 km trail was rehabilitated/ constructed. Figure shows about 48 percent rehabilitation was made in Kerauja, about 29 percent in Kaahigaun and about 23 percent in Manbu .

Similarly, 5 truss bridge were constructed in very needy area of Kerauja and Manbu (2 Manbu & 3 Kerauja) and for ease of pedestrian 8 rest areas were built, 3 in Kashigaun and 5 in Kerauja. Numerous unskilled workers were turned to skilled workers due to regular guidance of technical person.

Social discrepancy related to daily wage rate for male and female was break down by project with providing equal wages.

School Toilets in earthquake affected schools.

Three earthquake affected schools of Kashigaun, Keraunja and Hulchuk have new gender friendly toilets built as a part of integrated project running in these 3 villages of Dharche Rural Muncipality Gorkha. The beneficiary schools are Manjushree Secondary School, Kashigaun; Keraunja Secondary School, Keraunja; and Ichchhya Basic schools hulchuk. These schools who have new school building rebuilt after the earthquake but were falling sort of enough gender friendly toilets.


A school photo after local-government monitoring
A school photo after local-government monitoring

A New School Building in Baruwa, Sindhupalchok.

PHASE Nepal has successfully completed rebuilding a three-room building and gender friendly toilets for Ganesh Basic School in Simpani settlement of  Baruwa. Baruwa is located in the upper hilly terrain of Indrawati Valley. The whole village was completely damaged by the 2015 earthquake and the rebuilding of private houses as well as public infrastructure is being done with the support from Government as well as the organizations like PHASE.

Seeing the funding gap for rebuilding this school from Nepal Government Side, PHASE received a recommendation from Sindhupalchok DLPIU (District Level Project Implementation Unit) and thus rebuilt 3 rooms for running-grades 1 to 3.  After the school was completely damaged by the 2015 earthquake, more than 30 children of this locality were forced to walk 2-3 hours to reach another school.

After this rebuilding, PHASE plans to provide classroom materials, teacher training, and parents orientation to bring these children back to their own local school.

" I am very relieved that the village has got its own building. I will work to bring the local children back to the school now. Going to school will be much easier now."

-School Chairperson, Ganesh Basic School.

Students Wash hand after using toilet, Kashigaun
Students Wash hand after using toilet, Kashigaun

3 New Gender Friendly School Toilets in Gorkha

PHASE Nepal has sucessfully completed the rebuilding of school toilets of two secondary schools and one basic (lower secondary ) school which were damaged after the earthquake. These schools lie in Kashigaun and Keruanja Villages, two of the remote and highly affected villages during the 2015 earthquake owing to their proximity to the epicentre in Gorkha.

These gender friendly toilets have two seperate blocks for boys and girls. The buildings were made based on the stadard design approved by Nepal Government. In addition to building the toilets, all the necessary arrangement for sanitation such as water tanks, taps, sanitary tables, soaps and tables, sanitary pads for girls, rubbish bin have also been arranged in each school to ensure proper hyegine.

The schools, Keraunja Secondary School, Manjushree Secondary School and Icchya Basic School have appreciated PHASE's continuous efforts to support earthquake hit school in their communities. Last year PHASE has supported these schools with most essential school materials such as white board, marker pens, sports material, stationery and science lab materials.

The school child clubs of each schools have been given responsibility of managing regular cleanliness of these toilets.

" I am hopeful that the provision of clean and gender friendly toilets will make children feel safe and comfortable in the school. I am also hopeful that the girls student will be more regular in the school even during the menstruation."

- Principal, Manjushree Secondary School, Kashigaun Gorkha

PHASE has also been supporting this 

Trail on the way to Runchet village of Keraunja
Trail on the way to Runchet village of Keraunja

PHASE Nepal has recently completed one of its major project called "Resilient Rehabilitation of trail project" in three earthquake affected villages in Gorkha namely Kashigau, Kerauja and Manbu. These villages are located significantly closed to the epicentre  of the Spring Earthquake 2015 and thus have suffured huge damage of live and properties during the earthquake. After the earthquake , the landslides induced by aftershocks and the following monsoon rainfall completely damaged the walking trails , the only transportation route to these villages causing mules tranportation to halt and day to day commuting extremely difficult and risky.

These reconstruction of these trails have been completed by the PHASE team its two year project  with the construction of  70 km long walking trails,5 pedestrian truss bridges, 8 pedestrian rest areas and installation of 606 meter long rope handholds and handrails to improve user safety levels.

It is very praiseworthy of PHASE team to have completed this challenging project in time. I understand how difficult it is to rebuild trails in these steep rocky terrains, says the Santa Bahadur Gurung,  elected chairperson of the Dharche Rural Municipality (Kashigaun and Keruanja area)

All the construction tasks were done on the basis of output based payment modality utilising local workers generating employment opportunities. Apart from restoring acess to these remote himalayan villages, the project also worked to advocate social equality for example providing the equal payment to both men and women for similar kinds of work.

I worked on this trail project for 50 days and earned 47,000 ruppes (about 360 pounds). I used that money for my children’s education in Lamjung," says Chin Maya Gurung. "We are happy because we received the same wage as men. We were never paid equally before," she adds.

Trail on the ridge of Kashigaun village
Trail on the ridge of Kashigaun village
A pedestrian rest build by the trail project
A pedestrian rest build by the trail project
Recently completed Healthpost building in Kerauja
Recently completed Healthpost building in Kerauja

Since the massive earthquake of 2015 in Nepal, PHASE Nepal has been working on immediate relief as well as long term recovery in some of the mostly affected areas. In this report, updates from some of the ongoing and recently completed reconstruction projects will be discussed.

  1. New Health Post buildings in Kashigaun and Keraunja (Gorkha)

PHASE Nepal has recently completed the reconstruction of two healthpost buildings, one each in Kashigaun and Keraunja of Gorkha. These new earthquake safe buildings were also equipped with all the necessary furniture and clinical materials before they were handed over to the community. In addition, PHASE has been placing additional medical staff in the villages who are providing day to day clinical services as well as community awareness events in both of the villages. Before the rebuilding, health services were being provided from temporary shelters.

"I really appreciate PHASE's efforts to bring back fully functional health services in the village."

says Lekha Rai, a government nurse in Keraunja.

These two villages lie in the northern terrain of Gorkha district with no access to motorable roads. It takes two days of walk from these villages to reach the nearest road and access the public transportation. After being completely destroyed in the earthquake, public infrastructure and individual houses are still in the process of rebuilding. The construction materials for rebuilding have to be transported to the respective locations by mules and local porters.

  1. Rebuilding 2 highschools and a healthpost and an outreach clinic in Hagam (Sindhupalchok)

As a part of our earthquake recovery project, PHASE Nepal is rebuilding two high schools, a healthpost and an outreach clinic in Hagam, Sindhupalchok. Hagam village was very severely affected by the earthquake. From its post-earthquake projects PHASE Nepal has already rebuilt and handed over 22 drinking water supply projects in the village.

PHASE Nepal had already been working in these areas for almost a decade with its integrated development projects improving health, education and livelihood opportunities of the locals before the earthquake. This presence has facilitated the timely completion of the reconstruction projects via remarkable public participation and support.

Recently completed Healthpost building-Kashigau
Recently completed Healthpost building-Kashigau
Glimpse of a settlement in Kashigaun village
Glimpse of a settlement in Kashigaun village
Glimpse of a settlement in Keraunja Village
Glimpse of a settlement in Keraunja Village

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Organization Information


Location: Kathmandu - Nepal
Project Leader:
Maya Gurung
Kathmandu, Kathmandu Nepal
$58,539 raised of $75,000 goal
602 donations
$16,461 to go
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