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Let's Plant Trees in Haiti, Together!

by Lambi Fund of Haiti
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Let's Plant Trees in Haiti, Together!
Let's Plant Trees in Haiti, Together!
Let's Plant Trees in Haiti, Together!
Let's Plant Trees in Haiti, Together!
Let's Plant Trees in Haiti, Together!
Let's Plant Trees in Haiti, Together!
Let's Plant Trees in Haiti, Together!
Let's Plant Trees in Haiti, Together!
Let's Plant Trees in Haiti, Together!
Let's Plant Trees in Haiti, Together!
Let's Plant Trees in Haiti, Together!
Let's Plant Trees in Haiti, Together!
Let's Plant Trees in Haiti, Together!

Although Lambi Fund is continuing all our work on reforestation projects because trees are vital to the survival of agriculture projects that feed many Haitians, it is imperative that we address the impact of COVID-19 in rural Haiti.

We have a four-phased approach and will be talking about each phase in the upcoming reports:

1) Health Awareness and prevention training

a) Awareness - Radio spots, texts, trucks with bullhorn announcements

b) Small group trainings on methods to prevent the spread of COVID-19

2) Distribution of sanitary materials

3) Funding for food purchases during health crisis

4) Financial support for reforestation and continued support of planting trees after the third phase of the COVID-19 plan.

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KPM and  APTK had a joint project funded by the Lambi Fund that sustained extensive damage with the passage of Hurricane Matthieu in the Southern Department a cuple of years ago. As part of these projects the Organizations had to produce 120000 seedlings each and distribute them to members to plant in their fields and make small community forests in several localities. Like many other projects in the Department, these projects were not finalized due to the hurricane that destroyed several nurseries and carried away many Organization staff. As a result, Lambi launched a rehabilitation program in the southern area to help all of the partners who were affected by the Hurricane. 

The objective of this special support was to enable the Organizations to produce 120000 seedlings to replace those lost. It would also help them continue their reforestation program for 9 locations in 2 areas. 

 As part of a planned launch day for each of these Organizations in this rehabilitation phase, the Lambi Fund has been thinking with the Organizations on the following points:

- Redevelopment of existing committees (management committees and local commissions)

- Have an inventory of material needed to conduct the activities;

- Select localities where tree nurseries are set up and select nurses who will take care of nurseries in each locality;

- Identify seedlings the Organization will produce in nurseries;

- Think about water problems and look at the state of the cisterns that should receive water especially in the selected areas.

Following discussions at the KPM assembly, members chose to make approximately 20,000 seedlings at 6 sites.  The Lambi Fund has agreed with the Organization to put more seeds than expected because there are always seeds that do not germinate after sowing. In this sense the decision was made to buy 130000 bags per Organization rather than 60000 which was predicted. Organizations would produce these seedlings in 2 seasons (60000 / season), each season lasting 6 months.

Material Purchases: The Lambi Fund began making the necessary payments so that the Organization began purchasing the tools and materials needed to start the project. The organizations mobilized members of the procurement committee to carry out this task. They bought wheelbarrows, rakes, sprinkler pumps, decoctors, sprinklers and 65000 bags.

 Construction:  Lambi Fund helped the Organization with money to buy the materials they would need to build their nurseries. The organizations were also involved, especially in the excavations and in setting up the framework. The project management committees and the small commissions of each locality performed the mobilization work they had to do in order to get their members involved in their work. Organizations have been conducting multi-day commutes in each of these locations to build upthe nurseriea andit is complete. The accomplishment of this activity was coordinated by the Organization Coordination Committee.

Bag Filling: This activity requires a lot of member involvement because they have to mix soil and manure before they start filling their bags. This activity lasted about a month. Despite the mobilization of the members, many of them were already preparing their land for planting because rainy seasons were coming. APTK went even faster than KPM because for that period it had completed all 65000 bags while KPM had completed the  58963 bags out of the 73800 it had planned to complete.

Seed Buying and Seeding: KPM already had all the money to carry out this activity, so only APTK needed to buy seed. This activity was not achieved at a rapid pace because the Organizations did not reach all the seed needed in the period. Finally, the Organizations purchased seed (fruit and forest trees) that could be  distributed to each locality to begin.

Nursery Care: The organizations completed 6 nurseries: KPM 4, APTK 2, and hired attendants to care for seedlings in nurseries. The main tasks of nursery attendants are to: Look for seedlings to lift, remove grass from the bags, identify emerging diseases, treat them and water the seedlings. Organizations are always asking members to participate in the work they are doing to learn all the techniques, but also to save many dead seedlings in nurseries because of severe drought that has fallen on nursery areas.  There was a great deal of difficulty getting water to water the plants in the nurseries.

In spite of all the provisions of the organization, not all seeds were germinated and the sun also burned many seedlings that had already risen due to the drought. In this condition KPM lost 43310 seedlings out of 74856, or 57.99% of the seedlings that started to rise. APTK lost 21545 seedlings or a 34.75% loss.

Following this poor performance on the 6th month of the project, Lambi and the organizations made arrangements to correct the situation. In this sense, Lambi gave the Organizations another $7,000 gds each to buy more seeds for the bags.

The Organization produced an additonal 46088 seedlings, 24543 seedlings for KPM and 21545 seedlings for APTK. Thus, the Organizations had available to them 135412 seedlings (71512 for KPM, 63900 for APTK) to be distributed to members for planting in the fields. The first part of the production was distributed in the summer and the second part was distributed in the fall. More details to come in next report.

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Tending tree nursery
Tending tree nursery

Lambi Fund helps community organizations with two types of tree planting projects:

1) Projects whose main focus is another area such as ox plowing, grain mills, micro-credit or goat breeding are required to implement a small project planting 20,000 tree seedlings for reforestation.

2) Large scale tree planting projects whose main focus is the operation of a tree nursery and planting 40,000 to 200,000 trees. Coffee and Cacao require shade trees so reforestation is also a major component of those sustainable development projects. And some organizations are raising fruit trees, such as mango or plantains, for food and those are major tree projects where the trees are not raised to reforest areas but to feed people. 

To illustrate, below is a chart that displays both types of projects and their anticipated number of tree seedlings planted:

Project                              # Seedlings

Micro-credit for women     20,000 

Ox-Plowing                       20,000

Reforestation                     40,000 

Coffee and cacao.           120,000 

Reforestation                    60,000 

Reforestation                    40,000 

Micro-credit for women   20,000

Mango trees                    60,000 

Mango by  grafting          6,000 

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The organizations Lambi funded had concrete goals to plant 438,000 new trees over a period of 24 months. Over the past 15 months, farmers and community dwellers have seeded 316,482 trees of many species, comprising 65.1% of the goal. The remaining production of 34.9% will be part of the focus for the current participant partners.  In addition 2019 projects will be added to the projected goal for 2020 as they are approved and initiated.  During these seasons over a 26,000 km2 of land, we have experienced drought and rainfall sometimes so excessive to create flooding. This year we lost 4.2% of the new seedlings due to lack of rainwater and drought.  The example of KOKAP (Koordinasyon Kafe aK Kakao) was one that shows the challenges and the creative strategy of the farmers in order to survive.   

Going to Petit Trou de Nippes was a long day travel starting at 7 in the morning.  Once off the main route, we traveled miles in a bus on a winding path that barely fit two cars. We crossed rivers to avoid deep ravines. We barely made it climbing one major hill in a river crossing.  A motorcycle came by and honked. We stopped and there in the front of the driver was our spare tire.  The spare had falling in the river and we were embarking on the road unknowingly.  How grateful we were to the moto driver.  After a two hour slow ride on the bus, we arrived and met the members of KOKAP.  In their elaborate reception, they shared about the project, their excitement and their work.  We began walking down the roadand turned right into a tiny pathway. Going down was staggering but landing down next to the bed of the river we saw the many seedlings growing. "Why there?" I asked.  

"We can always get water," one member said.  There were drums filled with water by the volunteers who not only made sure that the drums were full but they fetched the water and followed a schedule to water the pants. There were literally thousands of cacao trees sprouting and growing.  It was clear that the community cared and will assure the growth and regeneration of the cacao.  This year the focus is on the coffee trees.  Many members are active in the monitoring and assuring the strategic placement of each tree within selected areas to protect water source, improve green coverage and assuring the continuation of species specific to their localities.  

Through this visit, board and staff are well versed on the efforts that the community invested in reforesting and caring to make their community green again.  We hope the model of collaboration and cooperation is one that is viewed and adopted broadly in Haiti for more reforestation nationwide.

The changes in climate are continuing to impact with unprecedented winds, rain and changing periods for planting.  We realized we are learning along with our partners as we improve awareness in our trainings and education sessions and regional trainings. The continued dialogue between monitors, agriculturist and the board of the Lambi Fund is an important aspect of our continued growth.  All board members attended the meeting and partook in the visit to KOKAP.

The nurseries have produced both forest and fruit trees. The production of fruit trees is essentially a revenue producing and food provision activity.  This year the major focus has been in fruits, especially citrus such as orange, lemon and grapefruit Others planted include mango, avocado, papaya, chestnut, coffee and cacao, calabash, pine, white pine, cedar, and mahogany. 

For the last few years, citrus has suffered with insect diseases that has destroyed many trees.  There is an impetus among our partners to renew the citrus species especially lemon, sour lemon, limes and grapefruit that are part of the daily staple used in cooking and feeding in the country. 

 

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nursery of new seedling
nursery of new seedling

Planting trees remain a priority year in and year out.  Assessing the need for reforrestation in Haiti has not changed.  For many communities however, the level of green is changing.  As per the south where Mathew destroyed the green cover, what a change we have seen with the returning of the green cover.

Currently the Lambi Fund has 8 active projects in the south of the Country with a goalof planting 486,000 new trees. The goal of each organization varies from 20,000 to 120,000.  Consider KPM, Kombit Peyizan Mak, who fell in love not only with the concept of reforrestationn but also with the changes it made in their community.  For one thing sharing the nursery experience with community dwellers raised considerabe awareness.  It is not unlikely for a youngster to see a growing orange tree and not take it,  wrap it and replant it where it would be protected till maturity.  They understand that every tree counts and they have responsibility to keep the community green.  

 KPM had a goal of planting 60,000 new trees.  At the end of their projected first year they produced       71,512 over 19% of their from 11 species of trees, familiar to the area.  They distributed a total of 31,446 new seedlings ready for transfering to their permanent location; and  24,543 last December.  91 members of the organization and other community members benefited. They encountered a period of time off drought where rain was scarse and they lost nearly 32% of the new plants.  As the weather conditions changed, a new set goal of producing 40,000 trees was envisioned.  The mobilization has started to prepare the seedling bags.  There are 17,500 ready to be seeded.  the goal is to seed 2000 mahogany  and two pound of coffee to germinate.  As of today, 143 small coffee trees are already in seedling forms.  By the end of May all the seedlings would have been planted.

KPM is one of the 8 projects that will continue to evolve with the hope that we will see greater greener both i forest ans fruit trees serving the purpose of improved lives in Haiti.

Thank you so much for being an active part of the change we live everyday.  Thanks for your help and your support.   

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Organization Information

Lambi Fund of Haiti

Location: Washington, DC - USA
Website:
Facebook: Facebook Page
Twitter: @LambiFund
Project Leader:
Josette Perard
Washington, DC United States
$44,367 raised of $50,000 goal
 
732 donations
$5,633 to go
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