Burundi has over 11 millions of inhabitants, with an average annual growth rate of 2.4% and a galloping demographic pressure. Ensuring food security for an ever-growing population is generating massive land occupation, with heavy consequences on land-related economic activities, such as livestock farming. In the provinces of Ruyigi and Rutana the project will promote new practices for improving livestock food production and income generating activities, by involving 120 local farmers.
In 2021 Burundian authorities issued a national law that prevent free grazing and oblige to keep animals in permanent housing. Farmers have applied this legislation by housinh animals in shelters not suitable for an adequate animal management and welfare. Satisfying adequate dietary supplementation of the animals, previously resolved with free grazing, is another big challenge for local farmers in order to maintain the food production enough for the families' nutritional needs.
In 8 rural communties we would provide 8 improved and sustainable stables for livestock, using local materials and with an acceptable animal welfare. Thanks to the exchange of knowledge with international experts, training and practical actions on feed supplementation techniques and fodder crops will be proposed to local farmers . In collaboration with the University of Burundi, field researches are promoted in order to study strategies on how to improve animal welfare and food production.
The introduction of new feed supplementation techniques attentive to animal health will contribute to improving the quality and quantity of animal food production, in response to the food security needs of the involved rural communities. New techniques and methodologies will be developed to strengthen socio-economic activities that can go beyond family food security and become income-generating activities with a direct effect on the living conditions of 120 local farmers.