Empowerment of 154000 Adolescent Girls in India

by Institute of Health Management, Pachod, Ashish Gram Rachna Trust Vetted since 2014 Site Visit Verified
Empowerment of 154000 Adolescent Girls in India
Empowerment of 154000 Adolescent Girls in India
Empowerment of 154000 Adolescent Girls in India
Empowerment of 154000 Adolescent Girls in India
Empowerment of 154000 Adolescent Girls in India
Empowerment of 154000 Adolescent Girls in India
Empowerment of 154000 Adolescent Girls in India
Empowerment of 154000 Adolescent Girls in India
Empowerment of 154000 Adolescent Girls in India
Empowerment of 154000 Adolescent Girls in India
Empowerment of 154000 Adolescent Girls in India
Empowerment of 154000 Adolescent Girls in India
Empowerment of 154000 Adolescent Girls in India
Empowerment of 154000 Adolescent Girls in India

Once when Smita, an IHMP field supervisor was visiting one of our several communities where we implement our program, the community health worker in that slum told her about a certain resident, Sanjay (name changed). Sanjay is a labourer who works throughout the day and returns home late at night. He almost always avoided the community health worker when she went to speak to him. He clearly did not wish to listen to what she had to say to him. But the CHW did not cease in her efforts to communicate with Sanjay. She was adamant to talk to him.

Sanjays wife Nandini (name changed) who is just 17 years old had given birth to a baby boy 8 months ago. She wanted to begin using a contraceptive immediately after her delivery, but Sanjay was completely averse to the idea and forbade her from using any form of birth control. This behaviour resulted in Nandini becoming pregnant a mere 4 months after the birth of her first child. Due to the extreme pressure exerted on her by Sanjay and her in-laws and the fact that her husband would not listen to her pleas, Nandini went to her maternal home and underwent an abortion. After Sanjay and his family found out about this they were enraged. Sanjay continued to refuse to use any type of contraception.

After many attempts the CHW was finally able to speak to Sanjay with the help of Smita. He defended his attitude by saying that he earned enough to support his family, and that he would let Nandini undergo a family planning operation after she bore one or two more children. The CHW listened patiently to all his explanations then proceeded to tell him about the need for spacing between two children and how it would help his wife to live a long, healthy life and how it would benefit his yet to be born children by letting them lead healthier lives. She assured him that his choice would be taken into consideration while deciding the contraceptive method that would be suitable for the couple. After he was given all this information, something began to change in his mind and his concern for his wife was visible when he decided to attend the special clinic organized by IHMP.

The very next week, Sanjay and his wife came to IHMP’s outreach clinic. They were explained the ill effect of frequent pregnancies without any spacing on a woman and her new born baby. Sanjay also heard about the problem of low birth weight and its implications and finally decided to use a contraceptive to ensure a gap of 3 years between two births. The community health worker and Smita were extremely happy to hear about the couple’s decision and it strengthened their resolve to help other women who face the same problem. 

A large part of IHMP’s  work in the community has to do with changing social norms that are at the root of many of the problems faced by the married adolescent girls in these communities. Our work has to involve both the woman and her husband, sometimes even her family to bring about the change we want to see in the community. The initial patriarchal reactions our colleagues received from Sanjay are quintessential to the social norms that exist in our community. Sanjay and his family are one of many thousand couples whose lives we have been able to touch in our pursuit to improve the reproductive health status of married adolescent girls in India.

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Afreen (name changed) a recently married girl of 17 years appeared to be clueless and confused when she was asked by one of our community health workers (CHW) about the significant life changes that happen after marriage. Afreen had no idea about all this as she was married off early. She had recently shifted to one of our slums (intervention area) along with her husband Ayaz. Her husband is a daily wage worker who works in a nearby multinational company. Looking at her young age, IHMP nurse decided to ask her about her views on having children, to which Afreen said that she has no say in this matter as it completely depends upon her in-laws and her husband.

The CHW realized that not just Afreen but her in-laws and Ayaz her husband would require counseling as well. She requested IHMP’s male social worker to accompany her during her household visit to Afreen’s house. Initially it was a challenge to meet her mother in-law and husband, but our community health worker and male social worker continued to visit Afreen’s house until they could meet her husband. IHMP male social worker tried building a rapport with Ayaz and asked him some tricky questions like whether he would eat a fruit which is raw or one which is ripe? He said, “obviously a fruit that is ripe, but why are you asking me this question”. The social worker pointed out the analogy, he said “if your wife gets pregnant at a young age she would give birth to a baby that would not be fully grown and strong. It is up to you whether you want to risk her and the baby’s life or you want to wait until she is of a right age and can deliver a full term healthy baby.” The social worker further explained him about the risks involved in early pregnancy. After listening, Afreen’s husband realized the risks to which he would be subjecting his wife. He inquired how he could delay the first pregnancy? IHMP’s male social worker gave him information about condoms and other contraceptive methods which can be used to delay pregnancy.

IHMP social worker during follow up visits inquired and monitored that Afreen’s husband was taking condoms from the visiting nurse and using them regularly. He used condoms to delay Afreen’s first pregnancy. A few years later, during one of the monthly household visits of IHMP’s CHW, Afreen told her that she is pregnant. By then Afreen was more than 20 years old. She mentioned that with the help of the information shared by IHMP’s community health worker her husband had got her registered for antennal care in a nearby primary health care centre. The CHW also informed her about the appropriate diet and precautions she needs to take during her pregnancy. The CHW routinely monitored her haemoglobin level. Initially her Hb level was only 9 gms and weight was just 37 Kg but with CHWs frequent counseling on proper dietary measures her weight increased to 47 Kg. and Hb level to 10.5 gm. After completing nine months of pregnancy, Afreen gave birth to a healthy baby. IHMP nurse and social worker were very happy on seeing Afreen and her health baby.

IHMP workers have focused on counseling the spouses and other family members of married adolescent girls in order to create a family support structure for married girls like Afreen. Today there are hundreds of young men who are taking greater responsibility in providing adequate care and support to their wives, particularly during pregnancy.

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sexual reproductive health session
sexual reproductive health session

Rojina (name changed) lives in Bramhangaon village, which is at a distance of 10 kilo metres from the road. There are many Muslim families in this village. Her parents are both illiterate and conservative. Her mother works as agriculture daily wage labourer and father is mason.

Rojina enrolled for the Life Skills Education (LSE) course. Initially she hardly spoke in the class and was very shy. The girls in the LSE class selected her as a Peer Leader because she was immensely talented. She learnt about roles and responsibilities and qualities of a good Peer Leader during the life skills education. This motivated her to do something for her group. She talked to her friends about the importance of cleanliness during menstruation and provided them knowledge on menstrual hygiene so that girls from her LSE batch feel confident and are empowered to make informed decision about how they manage their menstruation.According to a study by IHMP, 40-50% of the girls in this village have unsanitary menstrual practices, which keep them at home and away from peers in class.This makes affordable and safe solutions urgent and imperative. Worse, due to high costs, 50% of girls and women in India don't use sanitary pads and resort to fabric, ash, sand and bark of trees instead. IHMP started a campaign with the aim of giving 500 vulnerable girls two high quality reusable pads which will serve them for a whole year before needing to be replaced. Rojina spearheaded this campaign with the result that the awareness levels regarding menstrual hygiene and the demand for reusable pads increased significantly in her village.

Rojina said “I was also trained to conduct sessions of Life Skills Education course. During the training I learnt about how to prepare a lesson plan. I learnt how to use a tablet to access information from the internet. I organized visits to the police station and bank for girls from my Adolescnet Girls Club (Kishori Mandal). The role of a peer educator gave me confidence that I can take responsibility and do any task that is assigned to me. Because of the LSE course, my communication skills and my confidence on the stage improved. I started taking part in debate competitions in the school. 

My mother, and other women from my neighbourhood attended the LSE classes taken by me and they were very proud of me. I conducted art and craft sessions in my village, which motivated girls to attend the LSE classes regularly. With the help of my friends from the Kishori Mandal I also organized a program for the International Women’s Day in my village.”

Savitribai Phule is my role model. She was an Indian social reformer and poet. In the 19th century she played an important role in improving women's rights in India during British rule. She started the first school for girls and was the first female teacher In India.

“I am very interested in theatre. So one day I decided to do a mono play in my school and I called it “I am Savitribai Phule speaking”. The play was highly appreciated by my teachers and peers. I have been asked to present this play at various functions”.

In future I would like to become a teacher like Savitribai Phule.

The Life Skills Education conducted by Institute of Health Management has produced hundreds of peer leaders like Rojina who have become champions in their villages for improving the agency of adolescent and securing their rights.  

heena art activity in LSE class
heena art activity in LSE class
Skit in LSE class
Skit in LSE class

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Street play participants
Street play participants

“Life skills education classes taught me that a girl should not get married before 18. I told my parents and stuck to it. I will only get married after I become an engineer”

Puja (name changed) lives in a nearby village which is at a distance of 30 kilometres from Institute of Health Management Pachod (IHMP). She is highly motivated and inspires girls in her village to continue with their education and also helps them in taking part in extracurricular activities.  Her parents are illiterate and work on their agricultural land, where they earn a very limited income from subsistence farming.

She studies in the 12th standard (higher secondary class) in a school in a neighbouring village (5 km. from her village). She cycles every day to the school. She completed the Life Skills Education course organized by IHMP in her village in 2014. Being an articulate and motivational speaker, she was chosen as a Peer Leader by other girls in her Girl’s Club (Kishori Mandal). She organized a visit for the girls to the nearby police station, bank, village council office, etc. with the help of the ASHA in her village. She also took the initiative for organizing street plays in her village. The plays were mostly about the risks and disadvantages of child marriage and the need for continuing education of adolescent girls. She encouraged other girls to take part in the street play and also convinced their parents to allow them. During the Life School Education course Puja learnt mehandi (henna designs on the hands) and rangoli (designs with coloured powder on the ground during special events). On (Independence Day) 15th August she was invited by her Village Council to do a rangoli at the entrance of the Village Council office.  She learnt different techniques for personal care through the beauty parlor course organized in her village by IHMP.  Now she undertakes this work for other girls and women in her village and earns money.

After learning computer skills on a tablet provided for adolescent girls in her village by Institute of Health Management, Pachod, she enrolled for a formal certificate course on computer skills. She completed the course successfully with more than 90 percent marks. She is able to access information through the internet on various topics like farming, scholarships and also learning different skills through YouTube tutorials. It came as a surprise to us that she also follows IHMP’s twitter handle and re-tweets on a daily basis about child marriage, women empowerment and nutrition.

Puja said, “Because of the Life Skills Education conducted by IHMP, I can speak confidently in front of others and express my opinion without hesitation. I have told my parents that I want to become an engineer and start working. Only after that I will think about getting married”

Institute of Health Management Pachod is empowering 154,000 girls with skills for adaptive change. We want them to access information, acquire skills and benefit from it the way Puja has benefitted.

Recipe competition to prevent anemia
Recipe competition to prevent anemia
a visit to the police station
a visit to the police station
rangoli design by girls
rangoli design by girls
heena designs by girls
heena designs by girls
learning to use twitter on a tab
learning to use twitter on a tab

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Nita (name changed) attends Life skill education classes conducted by IHMP’s community health worker (CHW) Asha (name changed). One day Asha noticed that Nita suddenly became very quiet during class, she did not talk at all. Once the class finished, she did not even stop to chat with her friends. Asha found her behavior very strange. Usually Nita used to talk so much that Asha had to ask Nita to stop. Asha asked Nita’s friends what had happened to her. Her friends told Asha that her parents have found a boy who is well settled and earns very well and so they have decided to marry her off as soon as possible.

IHMP’s CHW, Asha was shocked. Nita who is 17 years old is a student of class 12th. Asha knew that Nita wanted to study further and have a career as a Chartered Accountant (CA). Asha wondered, if Nita is married off so early, how is she ever going to become a CA? Asha decided to confront her parents. Along with her friends in her peer group she visited Nita’s parents one evening. Asha asked Nita to express her desires and feelings to her parents effectively with the skills she had learnt during life skill education.

During their discussion with Nita’s parents Asha and Nita’s friends realized that the boy with whom her marriage was being arranged had a well paid job in the metropolitan city of Mumbai and was very well settled. However, the boy and his parents had made it clear that they would not allow Nita to study any further after her marriage. They said they won’t even allow her to work and have a career after her marriage. Nita told her parents that she is very keen to complete her education. She said that she aspires to become a chartered accountant one day. She said that if her dream is taken away from her she will never be happy in her life.

Nita’s parents were convinced that they should allow Nita to continue her education and realize her dream of becoming a chartered accountant. They told the parents of the boy who Nita was supposed to marry that they had decided against her marriage to their son because of their decision not to allow her study or work after marriage.

Nita felt ecstatic that she got such timely support from Asha and her peers from Life Skills education.

Nita has completed 12th class now with a very good score. She has started studying a commerce course in a leading college in the city. She is pursuing her education as per her dreams. Her parents said that they can’t thank Asha enough for supporting their daughter and restoring her happiness and the twinkle in her eyes.

Usually when a girl’s marriage is broken, people in her community tend to stigmatize her.  In Nita’s case the outcome was very different. Asha talked to the neighbors and community leaders and told them that Nita had the courage to stand up for her rights and was able to convince her parents about her aspirations. People in her community started looking at Nita with respect and talked about her with pride. Asha is certain that Nita’s experience will touch the lives of many more adolescent girls in her slum.

IHMP reaches out to 140,000 adolescent girls endeavoring to make them reach their aspirations and dreams. 

Life Skills Education Class
Life Skills Education Class
Life Skills Education Class
Life Skills Education Class
Girls with the ASHA
Girls with the ASHA
LSE class taken by a Peer leader
LSE class taken by a Peer leader

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Organization Information

Institute of Health Management, Pachod, Ashish Gram Rachna Trust

Location: Aurangabad, Maharashtra - India
Website: http:/​/​www.ihmp.org
Project Leader:
Ashok Dyalchand
Aurangabad, Maharashtra India
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