Most of the infections in the world have been acquired by heterosexual relationships; in fact, 50% of the infected individuals are women.
Worldwide the number of cases of HIV are stabilized with a tendency to decrease. In contrast, in Colombia, this number is increasing, and the infection is concentrated in vulnerable populations with a general prevalence of 0.52% (1 of every 200 people), but in some regions of the country the prevalence in the more vulnerable groups can reach 24.1% (1 of every 4) in men who have sex with men; 4.54% (1 of every 22) in sexual workers and 3.8% (1 of each 26) in intravenous drug users.
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Alcohol is a depressant drug that is legal; its use decreases the conscience, the perception of risk and frequently exposes the consumer to situations that would not face unless he or she is under its influence, such as unprotected sexual relationships, even with unknown partners; something similar may occur with other legal and illegal substances.
The addiction to alcohol or others drugs may lead the individual to practice commercial sex, for getting the money to obtain the different substances.
There is a very high risk of acquiring HIV infection by intravenous drug users for sharing needles with infected people.
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