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Therapeutic community-600 sex trafficked victims

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Therapeutic community-600 sex trafficked victims
Therapeutic community-600 sex trafficked victims
Therapeutic community-600 sex trafficked victims
Therapeutic community-600 sex trafficked victims
Therapeutic community-600 sex trafficked victims
Therapeutic community-600 sex trafficked victims
Therapeutic community-600 sex trafficked victims
Therapeutic community-600 sex trafficked victims
Therapeutic community-600 sex trafficked victims
Therapeutic community-600 sex trafficked victims
Therapeutic community-600 sex trafficked victims
Therapeutic community-600 sex trafficked victims
Therapeutic community-600 sex trafficked victims
Therapeutic community-600 sex trafficked victims
Therapeutic community-600 sex trafficked victims

Many apologies for the long delay in our report. As GlobalGiving is having a temporary situation with Government of India for the disbursement of funds for the last few months, I was temporarily confused whether we should be submitting our reports or not.

I am humbled and honored that all of you have continued to support us through our preferred payment gateway partner GlobalGiving.

The last few months have been very hectic for the organization with over 20 foriegn victims mostly nationals from Bangladesh being repatriated back to their country. Any repatriation process is long and cumbersome and requires multiple engagement with different stakeholders. The first hurdle starts with the concerned court to get a repatriation order. Most of the courts are not very keen to pass a repatriation order as the probability of victim coming back to India to testify during the trail becomes a distant possibility. It is herculean task to ensure that most of the legal formality such as recording the 164 statement and identification of the accused is completed. Thereafter the organization gives an assurance in the court to bring back the victim as and when required during the trail.

Having secured the repatriation order, the next step is to convince the Bangladesh High Commission that the person belongs to their country. Validation of citizenship is another lenghty process with the HIgh Commission making an home enquiry and verifying with local officials. This process ends with the issue of a temporary travel permit.

Prajwala then goes to Foriegn Regional Registration Office(FRRO) with the repatriation order and the travel permit to apply for a exit permit. The FRRO after scrutinizing the documents will facilitate the exit of the person from the country.

The final phase is largely between the FRRO and immigration officials to facilitate the exit.

Prajwala as an organization does not hand over any victim/survivor directly to her parents instead ties up with a local NGO in Bangladesh for their continuum of care who thereafter hands over the victim to the family and also ensures there is adequate follow up.

In the last few months, we have been able to rescue 18 Bangladesh girls and 36 traffickers were arrested. In a first of its kind, traffickers from Bangladesh-Kolkata-Hyderabd were all arrested in a case of a minor girl who was trafficked with the use of social media.

The next few months will be a continuation of these cases and rescue of perhaps more minors from prostitution.   



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It was a rainy day in the month of June 2017, when the childline got a call from a child. In whispers the child conveyed that she was staying in an orphange and the head of the organiation was sexually abusing her. As soon as childline alterted us about this, with the police we swung to action. To our utter horror, we found that the home was meant to be a place for HIV positive children.

When the recue was going on,we found frightened children all huddled together. They were all removed from that place and through the intervention of Child Welfare Committee the children were admitted to different homes based on their past experience. All the perpetrators were remanded to judicial custody.

Two sisters, aged 13yrs & 15yrs who admitted to being sexually assaulted were admitted to our therapeutic community.

The sense of shock and a state of numbness greeted us when we first met these two children.

For these two sisters, they never thought that they would ever escape this vicious trap of sexual exploitation. Orphaned due to AIDS, rejected by their family and community this home was their only choice for food, clothing, education and shelter. For three years they lived with the nightmare of daily sexual assault in the 'guise' of divine love and compassion. They knew it was a violation, but could not speak as they were dependent on this organization for their sustenence.

Being HIV positive further made their condition more helpless. Interacting with other children in the home they knew that they were not only ones who were going through this plight. It was only when a new child escaped from the home and alerted 'Childline' the matter came to light.

Repeated sexual assaults had cause acute Post Traumatic Stress Disorders in these children and a severe trust deficit. For more than 1year our care-givers struggled to restore some sense of trust in these children.

This was especially challenging as the head of the organization was arrested and the children were summoned to the court repeatedly for taking statements.As the case was moving on fast-track, the trail started within 9 months. Everytime the children saw anybody connected to that home in the court they had a relapse. They were not willing to be admitted in any formal school scared that they might be killed or harmed enroute.So both of them were admitted in the in-house learning center in the thereapeutic community.

After over 1year the children slowly started feeling more confident and consented to going to a formal government school. Education then became their safe heaven. Slowly they blossomed into two smart teenagers full of life and hope. Not even the monthly Anti Retroviral Drugs deterred them. 

This year they wrote together their X Standard Board Examination. I had met them a day before the exam and told them to put in their best efforts, for efforts are more important than the actual outcome of the exams. Seeing them through their daily nightmares for the last two years, I thought even if they can sit in the examination hall and write it will be good enough for us!

Two weeks back the results were announced. Imagine our thrill and happiness, not only these children passed but they passed with distinction, both scored 75% and 77% respectively.

Today when were preparing the individual care plan for both the children, the confidence on their faces humbles us. One aspires to become a social worker and the other a lawyer!!!

Thousands of children have passed through this therapeutic community...their scarred souls healed, their despair becoming a real hope and their identity becoming something they are proud to proclaim!

I wish I could share their pictures with the sense achievement they feel today...the law does not permit me to expose the beautiful faces of these extrordinary real heroes who triumph in the face worst possible adversity any human being can go through.  




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A group wedding of six survivors of trafficking is planned for the 10th of March 2019.

These girls were victims of commercial sexual exploitation and were admitted to our therepeutic community through a court order. After providing a safe environment for them to heal and recover their dignity they were economically empowered with livelihood skills and employment opportunities. As per the provisions of the law the girls were released from the safe home as per a court order. The girls lived in group homes or independently. In due course they found a partner of their choice and came back to the organization seeking for support to solemnize their marriage.

In accordnace to our organizational protocol, antecendent check of the boys was done and verified. The families were invited to the Prajwala Base Camp to work out the details. After a lot of permutations and combinations 10th March was fixed for the D Day.

The entire Prajwala family has been delegated to organize the wedding and each team has been entrusted with tasks. The celebrations will begin on 8th March with bridal ceremony continued by a Sangeet on 9th March and the actual wedding on 10th March.

Prajwala wishes to thank all our supporters and collaborators who have made this possible for us.   

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This reporting period has been unique with some path-breaking rescues and some land-mark convictions. 

34 children between ages of 3yrs to 14yrs were rescued from a red light area located in a small temple town 45kms from Hyderabad. Most people in this red light area belong to a specific community called Dommara that practices prostitution as a community trade. These children were abducted or bought for the purposes of grooming them for prostitution. A distress call from a 8yr old child lead to a series of rescues in this area.

The backlash of the rescues was drastically felt in the Therapeutic Community with political parties trying to sensationalize the case. There were several attempts to attack the shelters and create nuisnace around the shelters. 

The rescued children when they were admitted in the shelter they were severely traumatized. Some of them had injection marks on their body. It was found that harmonal injections were being given to the children to prepare them for prostitution. Among the 34, 8 were below the age of 3yrs who were shifted to the Government run Children's Shelter.  26 children were kept in the Therapeutic Shelter of Prajwala.


Understanding the grievous nature of the crime, the Chief Justice of the High Court took this case on a suomotto basis and is hearing the case on a weekly basis. 37 traffickers have been arrested. The children have gone through DNA tests and all the medical examinations related to hormonal injections.

All the children are being provided specialized trauma care and psycho-social support.

In another case of a 14yr old girl who was raped and impregnated by her own father, after two years of court battle, the child won the case and the father was convicted with life-imprisonment. The case was complicated as the entire family had rejected the child and her mother had publicly disowned the child. Inspite of all these challenges with the support of her counsellors the child testified against the father. This was a landmark judgement in the fight for justice.    

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Advocating for Anti Trafficking Bill
Advocating for Anti Trafficking Bill

When we first met nineteen year old Bhavani in 2002, we were taken aback by her vehemence and aggression. Bhavani was rescued from G.B Road Red Light Area in New Delhi an infamous prostitution zone close to Kamala Market Police Station filled with many ‘Kothas’ (brothels) with girls from all over India and a significant number from Andhra Pradesh. Our dear friend Roma Debabrata who heads STOP had assisted the police in that rescue where hundreds of telugu girls were rescued.  What struck us about this girl is her aggressive stand that she was ‘doing this by her willing choice’ and why were we harassing her?

When she was brought to our therepeutic community in Hyderabad, she tried to escape twice. It took her more than 6 weeks to settle down. And when finally we spoke to her the first few question she asked “how can I trust you? The same police who were taking ‘haftas’(bribe) every week from each brothel are now removing us from that place?  And you people were with the police, so how much do you get?” We were stumped by her questions.  

Over a period, after many counseling sessions she confided that she was 12 years old when she was brought to Delhi from Ananthpur in Andhra Pradesh by a friendly neighbor who had promised a good job as domestic help in an affluent family. The lady left her in a brothel and disappeared. In an unknown city and an alien language, Bhavani could not understand when the Malkin (brothel keeper) told her to change her clothes and be ready for a customer. As soon as Bhavani realized what was happening to her, she tried to escape. The henchmen in the brothel traced her and brought her back to the same place. Physical torture, threats and intimidation followed. When Bhavani felt she had no choice, she gave up resisting. In the seven years that she lived in that brothel she had to cater to 20-30 men a day, was given injections to enhance her body, became a substance abuser to handle the men, met hundreds of police men who took their ‘weekly cuts’ to provide protection to the brothel and had four abortions. As Bhavani’s story unfolded before our eyes in the next few weeks for the first time we were able to see how much we have failed not just Bhavani but also hundreds of girls like her who have been sold in sex slavery and have over the period of time normalized the experience of being exploited. 

Who will take accountability for these irreversible damages? This is the question that plagued our minds over the next few months as we met hundreds of such victims in our therepeutic community. One thing that was clear in our mind was that no stakeholder looked at either the law or post rescue services from the perspective of the victim. 

For them she was a burden to get rid of at the earliest. There was not even an iota of empathy to reflect on ‘what is making this person behave in this particular manner’.  

At our own own level we started advocating for a comprehensive policy in the State of Andhra Pradesh. In 2003 after much lobbying the first ever Anti Trafficking Policy, GO MS 1 issued on 3rd January 2003 came into effect. 

Our close interactions with hundreds of girls removed from commercial sexual exploitation opened our eyes to a world of slavery and also an organized crime. While society at large looked at it as a moral crime and formed prejudiced opinion about the victim, we were able to see a different side of the coin. Every time there was a rescue and girls were admitted in our shelter, a very powerful counter force would be in the court trying to get the release of the victim. In Delhi we faced even high profile lawyers rushing to the High Court stalling the transfer of the Telugu victims to their home state. Back home, this resistance was felt at multiple levels including physical attacks on our shelter, assaults on our staff, personal attacks on my life and also as threats, intimidation and ultimatum of eviction.  

This set us thinking, how come these girls who come from such poverty ridden families have access to such powerful groups who will go to any extent to get the girls out of the ‘shelter home’. In a country where there is no value for life, girl children are considered a burden and worthy of only feticide or infanticide, a rape victim is victimized for being a victim and socially excluded, how come in the same country these girls who have been sold into prostitution and have been raped by thousands of men have such a ‘high value’ that people are willing to stake their money and their lives to take them out of our ‘shelters’? Claimants with best lawyers would go even to the High Court or Supreme Court to take custody of a victim sheltered in a ‘safe home’. Organizations like mine were vilified and were recipients of constant abuse, threat and attacks.

The pattern of the criminal syndicate was slowly becoming more and more clearer to me as the days passed. While the trafficking syndicate wanted the girls back in the brothels to ensure their steady flow of exponential revenue, there were also others who wanted them back for their own reasons; we think it is best left to them to explain their motives. We also came to understand the vicious cycle of the crime wherein a victim over a period of time not only normalized the experience of being exploited but also slowly became a perpetrator of the crime. The inter-dependence of a young victim and an aged woman in prostitution is a frightening reality of perpetuation of the crime.  

In 2004, we finally decided to file a Public Interest Litigation 56/2004 in the Supreme Court of India demanding Victim Protection Protocols for victims of sex trafficking ensuring that victims are treated with dignity & respect not only during rescue operations but also in each of the post-rescue process putting an end to any form of secondary victimization and also ensuring rehabilitation as a right of a victim. For 11years the case was argued in the Supreme Court. Although we started with Human Rights Law Network, when Aparna Bhat moved out of that firm we requested her to argue for us. For a very small retainer fee, Aparna argued the case for us for 10years. Towards 2014, we requested Shri Dushyant Dave a prolific advocate to represent us as senior counsel. Shri Dave argued the case probono. In 2015 the court passed its final direction. The court directed the Central Government to bring a comprehensive legislation on Trafficking of Persons (not just sex trafficking but all forms of trafficking)      

For the last three years the Ministry of Women & Child Welfare has held hundreds of consultations and inter-ministerial dialogue to draft the Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection & Rehabilitation) Bill. All our recommendations in the Supreme Court now takes the form of a legislation, of course the canvas is larger and encompasses all forms of trafficking.  For the first time in the country trafficking is now being recognized as an organized crime and a frame-work is envisaged in the form of National Anti Trafficking Bureau which will address the local, national and international implications of all forms of trafficking. It is also the first time that this framework will address both inter-state and cross-border trafficking. As mentioned earlier we started with a narrow framework of sex trafficking but the Bill addresses practically all forms of trafficking such as labor exploitation, surrogacy, commercial sexual exploitation, forced marriage and beggary. 

While at one end the criminal syndicate is addressed, the Bill also recognizes the damages a person is subjected to in the process of being trafficked and  thereafter living in the world of exploitation and provides for short-term and long term rehabilitation, victim witness protection and accountability of all the stakeholder if they violate the norms. There is a genuine threat perception for every victim who is removed from an exploitative situation that he/she will be harmed by the criminal syndicate. The fear is real, as the criminal syndicate is also concerned on what the victim will disclose to the law enforcers. While community based rehabilitation and social reintegration is the larger goal of every anti-human trafficking intervention, there is no substitute for transit protection homes/rehabilitation homes for creating a temporary safe environment for the victim to heal and gain the necessary life-skills to cope up with the larger society. This need of the victim is duly recognized by this Bill.    

The Bill also legally mandates that budgets are provided for all activities aiming at prosecution of offenders and protection of victims ensuring it is not a mere rhetoric but an implementable goal. Among many other components two important aspects that the Bill covers is prevention of trafficking and self-evaluation by way of Annual Trafficking in Persons Report. 

Maybe this is not a super perfect legislation, but it is a start. It takes the next step in crystalizing Sec 370 of the Criminal Law Amendment Act and ensures a legal statute in providing an organized framework to fight the most heinous organized crime “trafficking of persons”.

Does anybody in the world need to be worried about this Bill? I think so. For all those who directly or indirectly abet or live on this crime will be impacted drastically if this legislation is implemented in word and spirit. 

After removing over 20,000 women and children from sex slavery and experimenting on various interventions to counter this organized crime, failing in many but also successful in some, we know for sure that nobody can say today ‘lets legitimize this crime as nothing can be done about it, so let us brand this as necessary evil’. We have been able to demonstrate that it is possible to change and this bill/ legislation is one more step towards it.  We say this with pride as over 146 survivor leaders are part of our full-team in this movement against human trafficking.   

When we shared the Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection & Rehabilitation) Bill,2018 with my survivor leaders, most of them had tears in their eyes. They had just come back after cremating the body of  23 year old Gayatri who was trafficked to Delhi at the age of 14years, rescued at the age of 23 with her 3year old daughter when she had full blown AIDS by a dear friend and collaborator Lalita Nayak from SPID. She was in our shelter only for 10 days before AIDS took her away on 9th July 2018. 

In the words of Jyoti a dynamic survivor leader “How many more lives have to be lost before the world will wake up to our reality?”   

As a tribute to Gayatri and hundreds like her who have lost their lives in this world of slavery....for those who are still enslaved...we hope India wakes up to the reality of human trafficking...and when this Bill is tabled in the Monsoon Session the parliamentarians are endowed with the right wisdom to value the lives and dignity of women and human being deserves to be trafficked...even one is ONE TOO MANY 

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Location: Hyderabad, Telangana - India
Facebook: Facebook Page
Twitter: @Prajwala_info
Project Leader:
Hyderabad, Telangana India

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