Nigeria Floods: Fast Facts

The flooding in Nigeria has impacted millions of people and caused widespread damage. With the flooding expected to continue until the end of November, many effects remain unknown. Learn more about the floods and how to help survivors through community-led relief efforts.


1. This is the worst flooding in Nigeria in a decade.

Heavy rains intensified by the changing climate have turned seasonal flooding in Nigeria into a devastating crisis. Other factors have also contributed to the floods. Cameroon annually releases water from a northern dam, causing flooding downstream in Nigeria. When the dam was built in the 1980s, there were plans to build a twin dam on the Nigerian side to contain the flooding. But the second dam was never constructed.
Source: ReliefWeb + The New York Times + BBC

2. Of the 36 states in Nigeria, 34 have been affected.

The floods in Nigeria have impacted more than 2.8 million people. At least 603 deaths have been recorded, and 1.3 million people have been displaced. Approximately 60% of those in need are children, who are at increased risk of drowning, experiencing malnutrition, or contracting waterborne diseases.

An estimated 200,000 homes have been destroyed as the flood waters continue to damage infrastructure and farmland. This is adding to the challenges as people across the country deal with record inflation rates, the impacts of the climate crisis, and ongoing conflict.
Source: UN News + Associated Press + BBC

3. Flood survivors are also grappling with diseases.

Flash floods have contaminated water sources and led to an increase in waterborne diseases like cholera. At least 7,485 cases of cholera and 319 associated deaths have been reported in Nigeria’s northeastern states. That region is also facing outbreaks of measles and malaria, while experiencing record levels of food insecurity and malnutrition that were affecting people before the floods hit.
Source: UN News + Associated Press + ReliefWeb

Support community-led recovery with a donation to GlobalGiving’s Nigeria Flood Relief Fund.


4. Nigeria could experience catastrophic levels of hunger.

Trucks and trains that transport goods have been stuck in transit for weeks. Without access to food and fuel, humanitarian needs are rising fast. Before the floods, the World Food Programme and the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization warned that Nigeria was among six countries where people were facing famine-like conditions. Now, with more than 1 million acres of farmland destroyed in the flooding and a quarter of a million acres still submerged, the situation is even more dire. During this harvesting season, up to 75% of the harvest could be lost in some parts of the country.
Source: ReliefWeb + UN News + The Telegraph

5. GlobalGiving partners are already on the ground helping survivors access food, shelter, and other emergency services.

GlobalGiving’s Disaster Response Team is working with responding partners to meet the immediate needs of flood survivors and first responders in Nigeria. Once urgent needs are met, the GlobalGiving Nigeria Flood Relief Fund will transition to support community-led, long-term recovery efforts as needed.
Source: GlobalGiving Nigeria Flood Relief Fund

6. Cash is the best way to help people in need during a natural disaster like the Nigeria floods.

Why? Survivors’ needs vary greatly throughout the life cycle of recovery. Some will require financial support, medical care, and psychological assistance years down the road. You can learn more about the importance of cash donations in this infographic.
Source: GlobalGiving + USAID Center for International Disaster Information

Help communities hit hardest by the Nigeria floods through GlobalGiving and fuel community-led recovery.


Featured Photo: People stranded due to floods following several days of downpours, in Kogi Nigeria, Thursday, Oct. 6, 2022 by ASSOCIATED PRESS/Fatai Campbell

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