Jan 27, 2021

Girls Education Report

The pandemic of covid-19 continues to have a huge impact on vulnerable people and particularly on women. According to UNDP, in the second half of 2020, many countries experienced a decrease in the presence of women on the labor market because of social norms and because of the loss of jobs, especially in the informal sector. There is also a resurgence of hyper-masculinity and strong men leadership.

More than ever there is a need to train girls and young women so that they can be adequately prepared to enter the labor market and get income but also to become leaders in their communities.

In many countries, in compliance with national regulations, schools and universities haven’t resumed yet since when they closed in March 2020 and vulnerable students don’t have means to follow online classes. In Andhra Pradesh, India, lessons have resumed just for some grades so most of the 170 girls are still at home, but a new program for vocational training started in December in order to make entering the labor market easier for young women, involving other 50 girls. In Uganda, only candidate classes came back to school while the 24 girls in the first years of secondary school are at home waiting for their lessons to start again. In the state of Paraiba, Brazil, in the town of Sant Rita classes have not resumed yet: 12 girls that are supported through the project completed the course in human resources management and have the opportunity to follow online lessons through the computers in the library and receive food support. 2 girls in the last class of high school followed an online course to get prepared for university.

In Bangladesh, the reopening of schools keeps being postponed. For the lower levels of education, teachers ensure that children continue their education by teaching them in small groups or delivering and correcting modules. While this surely helps in keeping at least some motivation, it is not enough in order to persuade the poorest families that this is just a temporary period of crisis and their daughters’ education is worth waiting for it to be over. So, some families see their daughters’ marriage as the best solution in order to ensure livelihood for the whole family, girls included. Early marriages are secretly arranged so that teachers and social workers cannot prevent them. Arrangements for some marriages were actually discovered, ceremonies were prevented and parents sensitised again but then marriages were re-arranged in another date. Sensitisation goes on in order to strengthen parents’ belief in education but it is a long-term process. In order to strengthen it, girls in higher studies received their monthly stipend for 2020 even though their classes were suspended so that their parents had at least a little practical incentive to pursue their education

Dec 23, 2020

The risk of precoce marriage during Covid Pandemia

One of the worst risk of this terrible pandemia is that in some countries as India or Bangladesh, young girls are again pushed into  potential old husbands's arms. we must go on with a deep engagement to avoid this danger and to reduce the possibility that girls are married without any choose. 

Many parents marry their daughters young because they feel it is in her best interest, often to ensure her safety in areas where girls are at high risk of harassment and physical or sexual assault. When families face even greater hardship, they may see child marriage as a coping mechanism in the face of poverty and violence. 

Reina's parents' thoughts are no exception. Reia K., daughter of I. M. of Srim....village in Jalalpur union under Tala upazila of Satkhira district. Reina K. is a 5th class student of Jalalpur Dalit School and is 13 years old. Reina's father I. M. works as a day laborer and mother R. works as a housemaid at home. But her father could not find any work because of the lockdown. Her mother was also excluded from the work that she did. My parents discuss with my uncle about my marriage. My father said the main reason I deceided to marry her off was to reduce the costs of my family. I couldn't believe it when I heard it. I quietly agree to the marriage and marry him whom I have never seen before. I experience shyness, fear, loneliness and unhappiness, she said.

More than half of girls from the poorest families in dalit community are married as children. Where poverty is acute, family members believe that marriage will be a solution to secure their daughters future. Giving a daughter in marriage allows parents to reduce family expenses by ensuring they have one less person to feed, cloths and educate. In communities where brides family pays the groom a dowry, they often have to pay less money if the bride is young and uneducated. S. face the same case. S. is the daughter of Sh. D. of Uludanga village in Haridhali union under Paikgachha upazila of Khulna district. S. D.'s father is a day laborer and her mother  is a housewife. 15 year old S. is a 9th class student of Uludanga Dalit School. No dowry was demanded from the groom side. So her father never thought a second time because they passed a taff situation due to corona crisis. On 12/06/2020, S. married at her sister's house (in Finding village of Asashuni Upazilla). She was secretly married to D., a 22 years old and is a clerk of Satkhira court. 

 

ONLY WITH YOUR HELP WE COULD INTERRUPT THIS TRAGIC CIRCLE  and guarantee to girl to have a future and a autonomous life

Nov 2, 2020

Keep on going with education

We are still  experiencing the dramatic consequences of the pandemia in terms of increase of social desease, poverty and emargination: in Italy , as in the rest of Europe, we are facing a new wave of infections which probably may cause a new stop for school and the closure of shops and farms.

We are going on with our job for childhood in Italy. 

PATAPUM PLATFORM

The platform was designed by Mission Bambini in collaboration with the network of 12 early childhood services nationwide. It is based on pedagogical principles: it was not possible to replace the face-to-face activities that infant-toddler centers and preschools were guaranteeing, but we could provide ideas and proposals for activities for parents to play, move and do small workshops with their children. This tool was important for the beneficiaries of our projects and also represented a valid support for all Italian families who wanted to use it.

The actions currently in place are 4:1. Extension of Patapum with a section totally dedicated to families in order to offer support to the various educational challenges that parents are called to face. 30 Organizations have and are producing videos and handouts on various parenting issues as well as offering online advice directly provided by social workers to families2. Creation of webinars for families: a plan of meetings was planned for families held by the operators of the 30 organizations and external experts. The topics range from pediatrics to child psychology, from psychomotor aspects to digital diets. To date, over 100 families from all over Italy have participated.3. Training of the multitasking social worker: with the lockdown, social workers were required to field other and innovative skills: digital, technological, psychological, communicative and pedagogical. To date, Mission Bambini has involved over 100 operators from all over Italy with 7 training sessions relating to LEAD and psychomotor aspects. The path will continue until February and will provide further skills in the field of digital communication, use of software, video editing, pediatrics, etc ... The goal is not only to have professional skills necessary for an emergency but in particular to use the practices educational programs required and implemented in times of COVID to create a methodology integrated with normal psycho-pedagogical activities and strengthen the educational supervision aimed at families and children.4.Creation of a private platform for social workers: a virtual space where operators will not only be able to find videos and lecture notes of the training they attended but will be able to take advantage of a session on the exchange of best practices and a forum in which to discuss the educational challenges that each of the 30 childcare centers deal with children from all over Italy The intervention for students and primary and secondary schools of first degreeBetween March and June 2020 we donated electronic devices for distance learning and the maintenance of educational relationships to families in conditions of social and economic disadvantage. This intervention continues today and will continue at least until the end of 2020 (see the table below with the numbers of beneficiaries reached). Thanks to the equipment provided, we were able to make entire classes work at the same time, without leaving anyone behind, bridging as much as possible the technological gap that could have turned into an educational and above all social gap. The risk was to lose many future citizens and see the number of marginalized increase.In the summer months and in these first weeks of the new school year, we have offered concrete help to those students who, living in a condition of socio-economic hardship or with Special Educational Needs, have been particularly penalized by the emergency and are more at risk of dropping out or dropping out of school. In fact, in collaboration with the after-school activities of our network, remedial programs have been organized for students who, at the end of the first quarter of the year A.S. 2019-2020 had an insufficient average and for all those students who need special attention.Furthermore, with the aim of offering students listening opportunities to face the alienation and sense of loneliness experienced during isolation and encourage the acceptance of a new model of socialization and interaction with others, Mission Bambini organizes a series of psychological support meetings in 5 schools in Milan (IC Candia, IC Confalonieri, IC Don Orione, IC Locatelli-Quasimodo and IC Maffucci) for the benefit of about 800 students. Priority will be given to sixth-grade students, who have started a new cycle of studies without completely completing the previous one due to the pandemic. These meetings will also be extended to the teaching staff with the aim of accompanying them in the elaboration of their experiences and to help them face a new possible way of teaching in the current situation. 

 
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