In furtherance of the fight against mosquitoes and its menace, the introduction of insecticide treated windows and doors net is proposed as an additional tool. We call for a research in this direction.
The malaria disease was once termed incurable in the 18th century before the grand breakthrough by the discovery of a cure for it. Since then, the death threat posed by malaria disease has been minimized by the use of Artemisinin Combination Therapy; however, there have still been occurrences of death by this disease, especially in expecting mothers and children. The disease is resulted when humans are stung by anopheles (malaria bearing mosquitoes); and so can be prevented by inhibiting this mosquitoes.
Complete elimination of the anopheles in Nigeria may seem vague, but reduction in the spread of the insects around and into the houses could be achieved by the use of mosquito repelling building materials in form of treated windows and door nets.
Different tools have been employed in the fight against mosquitoes. The use of insecticides for indoor spraying,outdoor larvicidals, repellent creams, coils, bed nets may have been effective, but have not sufficiently inhibited the existence of the insect nor the occurrence of the malaria disease; this reveals a need to further strengthen the ranging fight against the disease.
The use of treated window and door nets poses as a good bait towards this quest and we hereby employ for further research in the viability of this tool. We envisage that the use of the proposed mosquito repelling building materials will equip our houses to join in the battle.
We anticipate that investigating this promising lead would be a major stride.
Nets have become a common building material in Nigeria today.They are usually used against windows and doors opening to prevent insects especially mosquitoes from having easy entry into the houses, while allowing air in.
By introducing the treated nets, we intend that the nets at the doors and windows will not only prevent the insects from passing through, but will kill them on contact with the nets. So, as the insects around the houses are eliminated when they perch on the treated nets, their multiplication is slowed and hence, their chance to sting and infect humans with the malaria venom. That it, the egg-laying mosquitoes would be eliminated gradually and this as believed would slump their breeding in the environment.
However, as this is a new intent, there is need to research on our postulations. This would give us more confidence towards the intended quest and more precision when this approach is being carried out.
Expected findings in the research proposed;
The effectiveness of the use of this tool in the fight against malaria in the sample vicinity in which the research is done.
The percentage decrease in malaria menace in the sample locality after the duration of the experiment period.
To decide the most appropriate of the considered insecticides/chemical for the treatment of the nets, putting in consideration,
-the effectiveness of the chemicals,
-the friendliness of the chemical with human health/air pollution,
-the duration of its effectiveness with sunlight and oxygen interference
The following would be done in the process
Find a sample. A sample would be a settlement in which the stipulated experience can be effectively performed. (determinant factors such as ease of availability of data, ability to monitor the environment under predictable conditions e.t.c)
Take data of the rate of occurrence of malaria; and note the measures already being employed in the locality to prevent mosquitoes and malaria.
The data obtained would be for a range period of time
Data would be sort from the primary healthcare centers in the locality, and by administering questionnaires.
Already prevalent cases of the disease would be treated via a free medical care administration
The treated nets would be installed in the houses in the chosen sample. The doors and windows would be cast with the mosquito repelling nets.
The environment would be monitored during the period of the experiment to ensure that the conditions are moderate and predictable.
After the waiting period, another round of data would be obtained via same mediums as used before the experiment. Similar range of period and amount of data would be acquired pre and post the experiment period.
Data would be compared and conclusions made.
This experiment would be run concurrently in different locations to obtain a more diverse range of date for more accurate conclusions to be drawn.
ANTICIPATED SETBACKS AND PROPOSED MITIGANTS
Locating suitable sample localities: For the viability of the proposed research, suitable sample satisfied a list of factors. Finding a perfect sample may pose a challenge. However, we would look out for samples which are close to satisfying the intended factors and in some cases, we may work on some samples that they may attain the intended standard before the experiment commences.
The nature of buildings and houses in the localities; There is a chance of encountering buildings which are below standard in the class of localities being considered for the experiment. Whilst we aim to discover localities in which these abnormalities are minimal, we expect to ensure that the eventual sample would be made up to reasonable standard.
OTHER BENEFITS INCURRED
This project would also serve as a form of reach-out to the communities which would be our sample as they would enjoy free medical care and a free upgrade of their houses.
This would give credence to your honourable office for your efforts against the malaria menace
Here is a chance to pioneer a new lead in the prevailed fight against the most popular disease- malaria.