Nov 17, 2020

See how you are helping kids with HIV

Usharani, back to her perky and cheeky self!
Usharani, back to her perky and cheeky self!


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Usharani is 15 and lives with her elder brother since their parents died from HIV. While on treatment for HIV she was often ill: it was discovered that she was resistant to both first and second line drugs. Third line drugs are only available in Chennai, so just before the lockdown in March her brother went to Chennai and collected a 3 month supply. But when her drugs ran out in June, travel was banned and there was no public transport. The Women’s Positive Network swung into action, got special permission from the authorities and organised a car to take them the 1000 km round trip to Chennai. With your help our Women’s Networks will carry on exceeding all our expectations!

Report based on July to September 2020

The work with HIV positive children and young people was badly affected by the onset of COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent regulations/restrictions/lockdowns. Although the COVID-19 situation in the area is much better, children and young people with HIV are still reluctant to go to hospitals for tablets and tests since they know that they are extra vulnerable.

There are 1052 children with HIV on record and 941 are registered with our HIV Positive Women’s Networks. Technically, some of them are no longer ‘children’, having reached 18. Of the 941, only 30 are not on treatment – 10 have yet to be started, 9 are absent and 13 have opted out. All a great improvement on the situation two years ago.

The Networks have delivered ART tablets to 289 children at home during the COVID-19 lockdowns and around 700 were counselled over the phone. Now in-person counselling is possible either at the Network office or at home. In addition, with easing of restrictions, the networks have supported 470 children to get essential routine and special blood tests.

The Networks have also provided relief materials to 515 positive children, with the support of various local sponsors.

Following up guardians of adolescents to promote HIV status disclosure is one of our major activities. We find that lack of disclosure and discussion leads to confusion, irregular tablet taking, and to older children – mostly boys – stopping treatment. Fortunately most of this work was done before the pandemic: this work had to be stopped for the past few months. We are still reluctant to conduct meetings, instead we do telephone counselling and some home visits when required. Only 12 out of the 33 guardians counselled in person have discussed their ward's HIV status. The low success rate is because we are working with guardians who have not responded so far.

We also counsel unmarried youth with a focus on disclosure – disclosure of HIV status to the spouse before marriage. 108 young HIV positive men and 26 young positive women coming up to marrying age were counselled during the period – there are more young men of marriageable age, since they marry later, and we have already covered more of the girls. We talk about safer sex, marriage choices and disclosure. This activity has also been slowed down by COVID.

Thank you so much for your support, please stay safe wherever you are and with very best wishes,

John Dalton

Photos are for representational purposes…

Aug 4, 2020


Siva and Manoj 'we just want our new school books'
Siva and Manoj 'we just want our new school books'

Siva sent an urgent message: “My brother Manoj and I have run out of tablets.” These orphan brothers had been in a hostel but the government closed it due to Covid 19. Then all public transport stopped. Siva (15) and Manoj (16) are now stranded with their aged grandma in her tiny hut. We have supplied their tablets and the three of them scrape by on government handouts and some help from us. Now the boys have another big worry: “We can’t go to our old school for new school books! How will we study?”

India is hard hit with Coronavirus which has brought new challenges. Siva and Manoj’s story shows two of them. Towards the end of March complete lock-down was suddenly announced. Initially nothing was allowed on the roads and our first worry was to get life saving tablets to kids with HIV.

The HIV networks successfully lobbied for tablets to be available at all the local health centres. In the six districts where we work volunteers contacted guardians by phone to remind about tablets, advise about coronavirus and offer support. Many of those with difficulties were single mothers without family backing, or relations caring for orphaned children. Since April we have made over 400 home deliveries of tablets for children and guardians.  

In April we contacted 713 personally or by phone and ensured tablet supply. We could not immediately contact 216 children: we now know we must get two telephone numbers for each child. Since there is still no public transport most work has to be done over the phone. Vital tests, and other treatment for sick children, are suspended and tuberculosis goes undiagnosed.

We are still trying to persuade 20 children (mostly teen boys) to take treatment. Our brave volunteers from positive women’s networks have done well. Nearly all our HIV positive children are now getting their all-important tablets. But we are concerned that 24 have migrated or are untraceable, and five are newly refusing treatment through lack of counselling.

We have persuaded schools to give out spare textbooks to stranded children and now Siva and Manoj have their books and can watch the classes on television at a friendly neighbour’s house. Our priority in the coming month is to make sure kids don’t miss out on education. Not all of them have such friendly neighbours.

These vulnerable children and their guardians now have to cope with both the world’s current pandemics, and the economic, social and educational disruption. Children and adults with HIV can be very ill with Covid 19. Your support allows us to address all these aspects as best we can.

Thanks again for your continued support in these difficult times, please stay safe wherever you are, with best wishes,

John Dalton

Siva and Manoj before their mum died 5 years ago
Siva and Manoj before their mum died 5 years ago
May 18, 2020

Kids with HIV in Lockdown.

Kannaga springs into action
Kannaga springs into action

The world’s biggest ever lockdown was announced by India at four hours’ notice. Nothing was allowed on the road and our immediate concern was for children with HIV who were running out of life saving tablets. Jai, aged 3, his mother and father are all HIV Positive. His father is sick with TB as well. The family had recently moved two Districts away to hide their HIV status.

All the District borders were sealed and we knew that Jai’s tablets were running out. Our volunteer Kannaga sprung into action, and defying check-posts collected all the family’s tablets. She was told it was impossible, but even at the height of the lockdown her personality and determination won through. She got permits to cross two District boundaries to deliver her precious consignment.

When lockdown was announced, HIV networks successfully lobbied for tablets to be available at all major health centres, with two month’s supply given on each visit. In the six districts where we work volunteers contacted guardians by phone to remind about tablets, advise about coronavirus and offer support. Many were single mothers without family backing or those caring for orphaned children.

In the first round we contacted 713 personally or by phone and ensured tablet supply, and we home delivered tablets for 103 children. We could not immediately contact 206 children: this information gap highlights an urgent need to get two telephone numbers for each child.

Due to travel restrictions and no public transport we are still unsure about 50 children. Some restrictions have now been lifted, so we work hard to ensure uninterrupted drug supply, repeat drugs to children on special treatment, essential testing and management of complications.

We made sure guardians on treatment obtained it. 358 HIV positive children in need were supplied with extra food, clothing and other essentials. In addition 262 widows, women who have not disclosed their status or those without transport have been assisted to receive their medication.

Since February much of the routine work with children and adolescents has had to be put on hold. After lockdown was announced, the government initiated food security measures, but only for those registered as being below the poverty line. Many of the Tribal people, Dalits and other marginalised families we work with were missed from the list or had been denied registration under these schemes.

On the basis of strong requests, pressure and relaxation of formalities in this emergency, the authorities have started to register these families. In the meantime we have distributed emergency rations to over 1000 families using funds from Azim Premji Philanthropic Initiative, India’s biggest charity.

Fortunately, nearly all people living with HIV are registered for the usual government schemes and additional ones specifically for PLHIV. This is because all the districts where we work have strong PLHIV associations constantly lobbying for rights and entitlements. Arogya Agam has supported, facilitated and promoted dozens of such organisations over the past 25 years and it has really paid off!

I want to thank you for all your support. These are difficult times for nearly everybody but more difficult for some than for others. We know all about donor fatigue, thanks or staying with us and please stay safe and well.

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