Jul 1, 2020

Recovery, Preparedness & Mitigation in SB County

National CERT & Listos conference volunteers
National CERT & Listos conference volunteers

Project Overview:

Thanks to the generous support of GlobalGiving the Santa Barbara Foundation (SBF) has been able to mobilize support for long-term recovery efforts and help all residents prepare for future emergencies and disasters by incorporating lessons learned from the Thomas Fire and subsequent Debris Flow (2017-18).   Regional and local partnerships in Santa Barbara County coalesced to create a roadmap for recovery from the devastation of the Thomas Fire and subsequent debris flows as well as putting in place measures of preparedness and mitigation for future disasters in a region where wildfires and crises have become all too commonplace.

The following report outlines Santa Barbara Foundation's deployment of resources via GlobalGiving's support, this in addition to the ongoing work in the community following the Thomas Fire, a wildfire that burned approximately 281,893 acres and registered as one of the ten most destructive wildfires in California history.  Three weeks later, flooding and debris flows in the Montecito area near Santa Barbara devastated the community killing 23 and destroying/damaging hundreds of homes.

Disaster and philanthropic leadership determined that dividing support between individual financial support and allocating resources for preparedness and mitigation would be the recipe for success in addressing critical needs and providing for future safeguards.

Two $75,000 grant disbursements were allocated to these frameworks.  They are described in detail, below:

Individual Financial Need:

Santa Barbara Foundation facilitated funding to support individual assistance and disaster case management thanks to GlobalGiving's generous investment in recovery efforts.  This individual assistance was delivered via the Thomas Fire and Debris Flow Community Long Term Recovery Group (CLTRG).

The Santa Barbara CLTRG accepted oversight for clients who qualified for disaster case management through a partnership with Unity Shoppe of Santa Barbara.  Unity Shoppe, is a 501c3 organization that has over 100 years of community trust and partnerships in assisting individuals in need.  First responders, churches, schools and hospitals often refer qualified disaster clients to Unity Shoppe for clothing, food, personal care items, household goods and furniture to help with immediate and long term needs in times of crisis. Unity Shoppe's reputation, deep community partnerships and ongoing distribution facility was crucial to responding and delivering on requests for assistance in both immediate and long term bases. 

A Disaster Case Manager was hired and assigned to occupy a desk located at Unity Shoppe for approximately half of the duration of the Long Term Recovery timeline and for the remainder of the formal process timeline moved to The Salvation Army and United Way of Santa Barbara County. Additionally, a Director of Long Term Recovery was contracted with to assist with auditing, mentoring and guidance of the Disaster Case Manager. 

In person interviews of 240 households/families were conducted in the days, weeks and months following the Thomas Fire and 1/9 Debris Flow. A total of 191 individuals received critical needs information, referral follow-up and immediate financial assistance to assist them with their recovery needs.

It was determined that 49 households would need disaster case management to address their unmet needs. The 49 households/families were supported for approximately 18 months as they navigated through their recoveries. The following demographic breakdown details/represents the clients who were served by the disaster case management services.


51% female 

49% male. 

Socioeconomic Status Data (self-reported):

49.6% Unknown Income

3.8% Not Low Income

12.9% Low Income

14.2% Very Low Income

19.6% Extremely Low Income 


11% Unknown 

2% Asian

46% White

41% Hispanic 

Primary Language:

61.3% English

38.7% Spanish

Furthermore, of the clients who received disaster case management for a year or more, 61.2% had their employment or source of income compromised, 63.3% had home damage, and 30.6% had both home damage and source of income affected. 

The clients served received the following breakdown of funding (as reported by clients):

The Santa Barbara Community Long Term Recovery Group (CLTRG) provided $178,431 through the fiscal agent United Way of Santa Barbara County (as reported by the Disaster Case Manager).

Total direct client funding: $814,223.

CLTRG Unmet Needs -- $178,431 (of which GlobalGiving supported)

Salvation Army -- $204,194

FEMA -- $245,615

American Red Cross -- $49,770

United Way -- $77,526 (with Individual Assistance prior to CLTRG being activated)

Tzu Chi -- $16,050

Direct Relief -- $6,900

Association of Realtors -- $11,120

Santa Barbara High School -- $8,500

93108 Fund -- $6,000

Miscellaneous Orgs -- $10,117

Preparedness & Mitigation

In the areas of preparation and mitigation, funding was directed to the Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) and the California originated "Listos" program serving Santa Barbara County to facilitate trainings and workshops throughout Santa Barbara County. 

The CERT program educates volunteers about disaster preparedness for hazards that may impact their area(s) and trains volunteers in basic disaster response skills, such as fire safety, light search and rescue, team organization, and disaster medical operations. The Santa Barbara County CERT program is robust in all eight major jurisdictions along with Cuyama and Montecito.   These strong programs continue to be supported by local government agencies and community-based organizations. Additionally, there is a Santa Barbara County CERT Committee that meets monthly to provide oversight of the program and facilitate the sharing of information, best practices and deployment of financial resources.

Since June 2019, the CERT program has graduated over 550 individuals and teens.  These CERT program graduates are from Carpinteria, Santa Barbara, Goleta, Lompoc, Santa Maria and at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Graduates are provided a backpack of disaster ready supplies along with a hand-crank radio to celebrate their completion of the rigorous volunteer program and future engagement in CERT volunteer activities. Grant funds were also utilized to support the Annual Santa Barbara County CERT Drill that took place on October 29, 2019 at a past Direct Relief warehouse.  This gathering included over 40 CERT graduates and first responders from Santa Barbara County Fire. 

Following the COVID-19 pandemic, additional response efforts began.  Over 100 CERT volunteers have been deployed in Santa Maria, Lompoc, Santa Barbara and Carpinteria to support emergency center operations, help staff information ad resource hotlines, assist with food distribution, and spontaneous volunteer management. 

The Listos evaluation report outlines many interesting findings.

Listos is committed to providing vulnerable populations with information about the importance of disaster readiness. This includes the sharing of preparedness skills and information with family and friends. The Listos curriculum was developed as part of the Aware & Prepare Initiative, a public-private partnership to strengthen emergency and disaster readiness in Santa Barbara County. Since 2010, the Listos program has both evolved and expanded statewide – with 53 registered programs, 400 active instructors, and serving over 3,000 families. 

Despite ongoing COVID-19 challenges and limitations, Alertar y Preparar Listos has accomplished many of its programmatic objectives in Santa Barbara County including:

-- Five monthly team meetings and trainings in Santa Maria with two instructors from Guadalupe and surrounding areas. Eight of the participants were developed with the LISTOS Coordinator living in Guadalupe.

-- Participated with an informational table and safety demonstrations at the Annual Health Fair in New Cuyama on September 28, 2019.

-- Coordinated a Listos Train-the-Trainer course in Santa Maria in October 2019 and a second course in Lompoc in conjunction with several local organizations including Promotores de Salud. Regrettably, both of these classes were cancelled because of a lack of registrations. They are set to be rescheduled at a to-be-determiend date. 

-- Conducted a successful Basic Listos course with 20 participants (3 from Guadalupe) in conjunction with the Lompoc Valley Medical Center.

-- Participated in the Child Development Resources Fair in May 2019 in Santa Maria. This included two one-hour presentations, one in Spanish, one in English, on family preparedness and emergency planning.

-- Participated in various community events promoting the Listos program.

-- The new Spanish and English Alertar y Preparar LISTOS Student Manuals are currently being distributed throughout Santa Barbara County.

Notes during the of COVID-19 pandemic:

At the time of this report (late June 2020), the Listos program has been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.  Due to the training being delivered in-person without audio/visual aids. These challenges represent the cultural adaptations that partners have been very conscious not to compromise because of the current public health emergency. 

With this in mind, the network of bi-lingual trainers over Zoom and other mediums has been recruited and has increased. The success of the Listos program requires community-building as building trust between neighbors and  first responders and government agencies is vital.

When this trust is achieved, amazing results follow.  Empowerment for individual volunteers and their families is palpable for those working in community.

The CERT program has audio/visual aids, and as such, content is being transitioned to webinar training/delivery in partnership with the California Office of Emergency Services and the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Notably, a launching of a professional development series for CERT graduates is anticipated by end of June 2020.

The community of Santa Barbara County has experienced significant crises during the past several years and as attention converges on the myriad impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, many of the lessons learned and partnerships forged during the aftermath of the Thomas Fire and Debris Flow have been applied and helped to make our community better prepared to respond in times of crisis. 

While these crises differ significantly, the underlying lessons and the networks of support created during these trying times better position our community to endure.  In an effort to build resilient communities, working in collaboration with myriad partners and leveraging resources, we can hope to emerge from these trying times with continued benefit in knowing that future disasters will be met by a more well positioned, educated and prepared community.

Thank you for your generosity in support of this ongoing important work. 


Mar 6, 2019

Reconstruction & Rebuilding

Long Term Recovery Processes

The one-year anniversary of the Thomas Fire and 1/9 Debris Flow has recently passed – commemorated by many ceremonies including a candlelight vigil honoring the 23 lives lost on that day. Our community is still dealing with the trauma and anxiety of the disasters that impacted southern Santa Barbara County as well as the stress and fatigue that come with each new evacuation order (given the frequency and severity of rainstorms this winter season). Fortunately, after more than a year, we are formally beginning the reconstruction phase of this disaster with many homeowners being able to work through their grief with the hope of rebuilding their home or settling with the finality of the decision to sell/move or relocate.

Given these circumstances, the Community Long Term Recovery Group (CLTRG) is focusing its support on the disaster survivors that have yet to return to their pre-disaster level of income or are adjusting altogether to a new reality. This includes a wide range of financial support from paying off the debt to a tow company for removal of their car from the mud to first and last’s month rent for a new apartment. The Santa Barbara Foundation is coordinating with the CLTRG to facilitate additional financial support as well as create or refine systems and processes to support disaster case management this year and in future emergencies and disasters.

The CLTRG is finalizing a draft Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Salvation Army to the lead organization for disaster case management for Santa Barbara County. This will include a grant award of $125,000 from the Santa Barbara Foundation to retain trained professionals to facilitate this process for 2019 as well as to the Salvation Army to manage this increased level of capacity and expertise. Additionally, the Santa Barbara Foundation will be executing a grant to the United Way of Santa Barbara (as fiscal agent of the CLTRG) for $150,000 to support the unmet financial needs of disasters survivors. We believe that this is a strong partnership to address our needs as a community this year as well as moving forward.

Community Disaster Relief Fund – Phase II Distribution

The Santa Barbara Foundation launched the grant application process for the Community Disaster Relief Fund’s second phase distribution in January with a deadline of February 25, 2019. We prioritized the following activities related to long-term disaster recovery efforts (as mentioned in our Q2 evaluation report):

  • Reconstruction and rebuilding projects and programs for low to moderate income families and nonprofit organizations that experienced significant damage, partial or total loss of property;
  • Economic and business recovery projects and programs including education and outreach, financial assistance, or technical assistance; and
  • Emotional and spiritual care including education and outreach, individual and group therapy, as well as other specialized services.

Given that we are anticipating future weather-related emergencies and disasters in our region, funding opportunities were also available for disaster mitigation and preparedness projects and programs including, but not limited to, the following:

  • Facilitation of public education and outreach including Community Emergency Response Team (CERT), Spanish CERT and Listos trainings and workshops;
  • Development of organizational emergency and business continuity plans as well as volunteer
    management plans; and
  • Strengthening of community or countywide collaborations.

The Foundation received seventeen applications that we are currently vetting (a total of $425,000). Approximately 50% of them are related to recovery efforts and the other 50% are related to mitigation and preparedness activities. A Grants Committee is helping the Foundation review applications and provide recommendations to the Board of Trustees and includes representatives from the impacted local jurisdictions (Carpinteria and Santa Barbara) as well as key partner organizations such as the United Way of Santa Barbara, Aware & Prepare Initiative and Santa Barbara County Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster.

We look forward to reporting back to GlobalGiving regarding the approved funding opportunities as well as the learning from our disaster case management processes. The Foundation is also sharing lessons learned with our colleagues throughout California with the League of California Community Foundations and the nation through the Center for Disaster Philanthropy.

For more specific information in regards to our investments in preparedness and the impact that they had on our ability to respond to these recent disasters, we recommend the following article. https://www.independent.com/news/2018/dec/06/climate-extremes-new-norm/.

Dec 6, 2018

One Year Since The Start of the Thomas Fire

Community Disaster Relief Fund Update

Report for the California Fires & Debris Flow: Relief & Recovery (31915) project

It is now a year ago, the Thomas Fire ignited in Ventura County and grew to 281,893 acres which was, at the time, the largest wildfire in modern California history. This was followed by the devastating debris flow in Montecito on January 9. Since then, we have had even more destructive natural disasters and now close to half of the state’s population managing through the challenges of recovery. This report covers the entire year’s grantmaking activities and proposed grant making with the recent funds raised for the Community Disaster Relief Fund.

Throughout this entire year, the Santa Barbara Foundation has taken on an important leadership role “behind the scenes.” This has meant supporting the infrastructure and partnerships that we and many others have invested in for the last ten years, as well as facilitating the learning and long term recovery processes that are inherent in disasters of this complexity and severity. It has also meant being part of a collaborative of community foundations that are evolving to meet the needs of our disaster-impacted regions as well as helping each other with “real-time” information sharing (e.g. lessons learned, replicable best practices, tools and templates).

As expected, in transitioning to longer term recovery efforts, there are fewer and fewer organizations at the table. There are even fewer funders that have remaining resources left to support the essential work that often emerges the more time passes. This includes supporting those that have managed to get through emotionally and financially the last several months, but that are just now realizing they can no longer do it on their own to those that are uninsured and underinsured that will need significant help in rebuilding or relocating.

This is why the Santa Barbara Foundation worked so hard the last several years to research and understand that the best role of a community foundation is to hold the “marathon” view instead of the “sprint.” There will usually be a wealth of resources that come in during the initial stages, but our communities will need years – if not a decade or more – to fully recover. Our communities are also (unfortunately) positioned in regards to additional catastrophic wildfire and debris flow events being likely, if not inevitable.

Distribution of Financial Resources

We were fortunate to have a very strong working relationship with the United Way of Santa Barbara so we were able to closely coordinate with each other to facilitate a flow of funding support to our nonprofit organizations during short term recovery. We served on the United Way’s Grants Committee that distributed an initial $500,000 to 16 organizations in February. Then United Way served on our Grants Committee for our Phase I distribution totaling $320,000 to 12 organizations in April. The following organizations received funding support from the Santa Barbara Foundation’s Community Disaster Relief Fund, contributions from GlobalGiving are shown in Bold:

  • EasyLift ($5,000)
  • Foodbank of Santa Barbara County ($25,000)
  • Salvation Army ($25,000)
  • Institute for Collective Trauma & Growth/ dba Riviera Care Center ($35,000)
  • Habitat for Humanity ($35,000)
  • Search Dog Foundation ($25,000)
  • Women’s Economic Ventures ($25,000)
  • Doctors Without Walls – Santa Barbara Street Medicine ($25,000)
  • Hospice of Santa Barbara ($25,000)
  • Santa Barbara County Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster ($50,000)
  • Santa Barbara County Department of Social Services ($20,000)
  • Santa Barbara Response Network ($25,000)

 Members of our Grants Committee included the following organizations:

  • Santa Barbara County Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster (SBCVOAD)
  • The Aware & Prepare Initiative Executive Committee
  • Emergency Management, City of Santa Barbara
  • Emergency Management, City of Carpinteria

Since that time, the Santa Barbara Foundation has responded to several unique opportunities and provided funding support to the Aware & Prepare Initiative ($50,000), Santa Barbara Bucket Brigade ($5,000), Community Action Commission 211 Hotline ($7,200) and the Community Long Term Recovery Group ($2,816). We also supported the Foundation’s Core Support for Basic Needs grant cycle with a $50,000 contribution. This was specifically to supplement funding for the Mental Wellness Center and Family Service Agency who have played critical roles in emotional and spiritual care as well as disaster case management.

Moving Forward

 Even with all of the generosity in the immediate aftermath of the 1/9 Debris Flow, we still have disaster survivors that are experiencing significant financial distress. The Community Long Term Recovery Group is conducting an informal audit of all agency-led disaster case management. We should learn in early December the financial support that is needed to address individual unmet needs. The Santa Barbara Foundation will not be facilitating this process directly, but we are the lead for the Finance Group that raises funds in support of these needs. We are estimating up to $200,000 to be allocated from the Community Disaster Relief Fund for this purpose.

 We will also be facilitating another grant cycle in early 2019 that will be open for nonprofit organizations to apply (even those that are not currently members of the Santa Barbara County Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster. The criteria will emphasize support for their role in disaster long term recovery, specifically as it relates to emotional and spiritual care, rebuilding and reconstruction, and business/economic recovery. Given the amount of funding that we will have available, we will also be expanding the criteria to include mitigation and preparedness efforts recognizing that our communities will experience future, catastrophic events.

Thank you for your generosity in this important work.

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