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Aug 30, 2018

Project Report of Minimize indoor smoke pollution

By Bharat Bahadur khadka - Project leader

PCS-1 distribution

Indoor air quality and indoor air pollutants are now recognized as a potential source of health risks to exposed populations throughout the world. Women and children are the main victims. Source of indoor air pollution (IAP) mostly lies in the quality of fuel used. Women being the main cook in the household are likely to be exposed relatively more.

More than 80 percent of the Nepalese population resides in rural areas and majority of them uses biomass fuel for cooking and heating. Although the world has moved into the cleaner technologies, with the increase in the awareness level about the effects of pollutants on human health, the rural residents including continue to burn solid fuel and being exposed to very high airborne pollutants. The Ministry of Health (MoH) has recognized acute lower respiratory infection (ARI) including ALRI as one of the major public health problems among under 5 age group children.. In Nepal, acute respiratory infection (ARI), including acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) is the leading causes of childhood morbidity and mortality with significant increase in its incidence over the last few decades]. As per conducted a study in Dhading district of Nepal in 2009 reported that about 87 percent of households used solid biomass fuel as a primary source of fuel at the time of the survey and attributed 50% of ARI, mainly ALRI or pneumonia to use of solid fuel

There are few published studies related to household air pollution and its effects on health in Nepal. There is limited availability of data in Nepal for the estimation of burden of disease due to household air pollution. However, some epidemiological studies have reported significant positive association between the prevalence of chronic bronchitis and average amount of time of exposure to domestic smoke pollution both amongst the smokers and non-smokers in the rural hilly region of Nepal . In addition, household characteristics like door size, window size, and type of stoves, types of kitchen, and fuel types are also considered environmental factors affecting Indoor Air Pollution and its Effects on Human Health. Although majority of the Nepalese population particularly from remote hilly region use biomass fuel but there is limited data on health risk associated with poorly ventilated kitchen, use of low quality fuels for the cooking purpose, and use of traditional stove. Despite several governmental and nongovernmental organizations are exerting their efforts on reducing the exposure to indoor air pollutants through promotion of biogas or improved cooking stove (ICS) but their effectiveness is questionable. Monitoring is a continuous process that proves the effectiveness of stove.


A total of 84 PCS have been supported in last 3 months period.. Three orientation training were organized before the distribution of PCS. PCS using method, and importance of PCS were discussed during orientation. A total of   84 women participated the training which is conducted in 3 events. Relevant photos are attached in the report. It has good impact in the community.

 Key features of Husk cook stove which is provided to community members.

  • Efficiency 30.29%
  • Safe money up  to 60%
  • Save time and effort up to 50%
  • Easy to use: No blow pipe required
  • Flexibility: Portable safe and easy to carry and relocate
  • Healthy cooking: Reduce smoke up  to 80% Retain the natural traditional cooking taste

Main Activity Progress

1 Activities: Distribution of portable cook stove-1

Date and Venue:  June  to August ,2018 , Makwanpur and Chitwan District

Objective of the activity: Minimize the indoor smoke pollution

Remarks: Detail list in Annex

Activities: Increase Awareness

Date and Venue: June  to August,2018 , Makwanpur and Chitwan District

Objective of the activity: Increase awareness among the community people towards adopting the environment friendly technology for cooking

Remarks: 84 Person (provided by MRC Nepal team)

Jun 1, 2018

Educate the rural women against indoor air pollution

                                                                  III Report

Project report on Minimize indoorsmoke  pollution for women health

By Bharat Bahadur Khadka-Project Leader

                                                    PCS-1 distribution

Globally about 3 billion people rely on solid fuel combuston(ef wood, coal,animal dung) to meet basic domestic enery needs, such as cooking and heating. Many households use traditional cook stoves to meet these cooking and heating needs, which can result extremely high indoor air pollution concentrations.

About one third of the worlds households and up to 90% of people in poor countries burn wood, dung, pit and other biomass fuels, as well as coal for energy. As women are primarily responsible for cooking, and children often spent time with their mothers. Women are young children are disproportionately affected by the indoor air pollution caused by the use of solid fuels and tradional stoves.The World Health Organization estimates that indoor air pollution contributes to nearly 4.3 million deaths annually. For this reason many non profits and firms have attemptedto make cleaner cook stoves by using cleaner fuels and adding chimneys to remove fumes.

Burning solid fiel results in high level of toxic pollutants, a major risk factor for lung cancer, and cardiovascular and respiratory disease.

These cooking practices are inefficient, and use fuels and technologies that that produce high level of household air pollution witha range of health damaging pollutants,including small soot particles that penetrate into the lungs. In poorly ventilated dwellings, indoor smoke can be 100 times higher than acceptable levels for the particles.Exposure is particularly high amongwomen and young children, who spend the most time near the domestic health.

Considering the fact that MRC Nepal targeting women and children of rural community to address the urgent need of the community specially indoor air pollution. In the begining people were not aware about the effect of traditional cooking stoves. They used to hesitate to offer improved cook stove. Graduallu they are beingrealized as a result demand of Portabl Cook Syove(PCS) is increasing and using in thir kitchen.In this connection MRC Nepal has been implementing the program in close coordination with local government body.They have been fully supporting for its effectiveness and wider coverage. This program is implemented where community does not have access to gas stove and they are fully relying on solid fuel combuston. People can afford it easilyas the cost is cheaper and easy to handling.

Government of Nepal also being focussed women and child health related to progam at local level.Such program definitely will help the government program.Nepal Nepal also lobying to adress the issues at policy level.


A total of 167 PCS have been supported in last 2 months period. Cumulitive coverage is 492 which are more than the target.Three orientation training were organized before PCS distribution. PCS using tecniques and importance of PCS were discuussed in the training.A total 75 women participated the training.

Key features of Husk cook stove

  • Efficiency 30.29%
  • Save money:Save wood upto 60%
  • Save time and effort upto 50 %
  • Easy to use: No blow pipe requires
  • Flexibility:Portablesafe and easy to carry and relocate
  • Healthy cooking:Reduce smoke upto 80%. Retain the  natural traditional cooking taste.

       Main activity progress

1 Activities:Diatribution of portable cook stove

Date and venue:April to May 2018, Makwanpur and Chitwin districts

Objective of the activity:Minimize the  indoor smoke pollution

Remarks:Detail list in anex


1 Activities:Diatribution of portable cook stove

Date and venue:April to May 2018, Makwanpur and Chitwin districts

Objective of the activity:Minimize the  indoor smoke pollution

Remarks:Detail list in anex

1 Activities:Increase awareness

Date and venue:April to May 2018, Makwanpur and Chitwin districts

Objective of the activity:Increase awareness among the communitypeople towards adopting the environment friendly technology for cooking

Remarks:167 PCS for 167 persons( provided by MRC Nepal

Mar 5, 2018

Progress report of Minimize indoor smoke pollution for women health

Million people worldwide die from being exposed to indoor smoke pollution. This indoor smoke pollution stems from the harmful smoke that fills the kitchens in the world’s developing countries. The smoke is a product of the incomplete combustion of biomass fuels such as, dung, crop residues, wood, and coal used for cooking and heating inside the rural kitchens. Especially the women and children suffer, as they spend many hours inside the smoke-filled kitchens every day. Despite of the large number of deaths associated with the exposure to indoor smoke pollution, not much attention has been given this problem from the media and the politicians around the world. Our contribution to the fight against indoor smoke pollution is in the Makwanpur and chitwan district.

The portable cook stove reduces the emissions and hence provides a cleaner and safer environment inside the kitchens, which greatly benefits the women and children of the Nepali households. The modular chimney of the portable cook stove reduces the levels of harmful smoke inside the kitchens by venting the smoke outside. Also a primary and a secondary combustion chamber provides a more complete combustion of flue gases and reduces the amount of harmful waste products being led out through the chimney. The portable cook stove also improved the cooking environment in terms of facilitating better cooking positions, as the women are to stand while cooking which also reduces the risk of burns, especially from children playing inside the kitchen. Manufacturing the modules in lightweight concrete supports a local production of the stoves, thus adding to the local economy. Indoor smoke pollution contributes to the adverse impacts on human health and ecosystem. This initiative will be minimized negative impact of indoor smoke pollution and improve the better health. There is various reason we select the portable cook stove-1. They are:

  • Up to 80% reduction in smoke and toxic emission
  • Up to 50% reduced cooking time
  • Up to 60% reduced fuel requirement
  • Reduces time spent on fuel gathering
  • Durable and easy operation and is virtually      maintenance free
  • Portable and stable
  • No blow-pipe required
  • An insulated inner chamber retains thermal energy for faster cooking
  • Work on firewood and agri-waste
  • Improves cooking efficiency
  • Food retains the same flavor as that cooking on traditional chulhas


Main Activity Progress

1 Activities Distribution of portable cook stove-1

Date and Venue December 2017 January and February 2018 , Makwanpur and Chitwan District

Objective of the activity Minimize the indoor smoke pollution

Remarks Detail list in Annex

Activities Increase Awareness

Date and Venue December 2017 January and February 2018 , Makwanpur and Chitwan District

Objective of the activity Increase awareness among the community people towards adopting the environment friendly technology for cooking

Remarks 200 Person (provided by MRC Nepal team)

Expectation of people from the organization is high. The demand of portable cook stove-1 is maximum but we have limited resources. We are unable to fulfill the demand.

Thanks so much for giving this invaluable opportunity to minimize indoor smoke pollution and rural people health improved. It wouldn't be possible without your generosity.

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