Dear GlobalGiving donor,
Thank you very much for your support for our project on GlobalGiving. The main goal of the Center for Amazon Community Ecology is to help people in Amazon native and campesino communities to improve their livelihoods, conserve their forests and enrich their cultural traditions. We help native artisans develop and sell innovative handicrafts and planted 900 rosewood seedlings to produce fragrant oil from this endangered species in a few years. CACE’s longest standing effort, however, has been to develop a novel oil from the aromatic resin of copal trees.
Copal is the common name for more than 40 species of trees in the family Burseraceae in the Amazon and other parts of Latin America. The best known members of this family are frankincense and myrrh, but New World societies going back to the Mayans also burned copal resin for incense.
People in Central America make cuts into copal trunks to collect the resin that drips from the wounds. Forest peoples in the Amazon, however, collect resin lumps from trees that have been attacked by bark-boring weevils and use the sticky material to caulk their wooden boats. CACE is one of the first groups to explore distilling the resin into fragrant essential oil as a more valuable non-timber forest product that could be a more sustainable source of income than activities like unregulated logging, hunting game animals and cash-crop agriculture that burns forests.
We began studying the ecology and sustainable harvest of copal in 2006 at Jenaro Herrera on the Ucayali River by measuring how much resin could be collected from 30 species. Since then we have been monitoring resin recovery and learning how different insects are connected to this little copal resin ecosystem. (See our video: Use and insect ecology of copal resin in the Peruvian Amazon).
Every few months project manager Angel Raygada and field assistant Italo Melendez visit several hundred study trees in the government run field station and take digital photos of every resin lump. These observations have given us a rich glimpse into the lives of these fascinating weevils. Their life cycle begins when a pair mates on a copal tree, and the female places her eggs into tiny holes in the bark. When a larva hatches and chews into the inner bark to feed, it also cuts through canals carrying resin up and down the trunk. This resin usually repels attackers, these highly-specialized beetles manipulate the exuding resin into a lump with a chamber that protects them as they mature.
Italo has made and refined a series of traps with wire mesh, old soda bottles and inner tubes to catch adult weevils emerging from their lumps so we can better understand the animals responsible for stimulating resin flow. Checking these traps three times a week during successive rainy and dry seasons has shown us that it takes two to three years for a resin weevil to fully develop. As Angel has analyzed thousands of photos, we have learned that different weevils make distinct forms of resin lumps including irregular moonscape blobs, grapefruit size hemispheres, and golf-ball size lumps containing a resin honeycomb. This work is also letting us know how many years the trees (and weevils) need to rest before resin lumps could be harvested again.
Our study has also shown us that many other insects use copal resin. Italo spends one day a month observing bees on copal trees to learn how important copal is to these major rainforest pollinators. He has seen black and striped stingless bees collecting resin to build nests for their colonies in hollow trees, iridescent green and gold orchid bees harvesting copal to make their solitary nests, and bumble-bee sized male “ronsapas” courting females perched on resin lumps. Syrphid fly larvae sometimes burrow through gooey resin lumps where they feed on microbial spores. We have also found diverse ants, spiders, millipedes, and scorpions roaming through dry resin lump chambers in search of food or a place to raise their young. Italo came to us with a savvy knowledge of the forest; working with us has taught him how to record detailed measurements in ways he never learned in his schooling that ended after 8th grade.
We extended our copal surveys to the village of Brillo Nuevo in 2009. Since we’ve learned from our studies at Jenaro Herrera that it takes at least five years for resin lumps to recover after all of them are removed, we limited our experimental harvest in the Ampiyacu region to half of the lumps on any tree. We have now begun our second year of monitoring copal study tree and are pleased to see a good number of new and growing resin lumps on them. With support for this project through GlobalGiving, many young Bora native men are learning to study their own forest resources with techniques and tools including climbing trees with a harness, collecting leaves with a pole pruner, orienteering with a compass, mapping with a GPS, measuring trees with a diameter tape, and weighing resin lumps with a digital balance. (See our video: Sustainable harvest and marketing of copal resin in the Peruvian Amazon).
We have distilled samples of resin from both Jenaro Herrera and the Ampiaycu to try and transform copal from a local resource that’s good for caulking boats into an aromatic oil that native communities can sell as a value-added product. Essential oil buyers have told us that samples from some species have promise in fine fragrances while others may be more attractive in aromatherapy. This year we plan to analyze resin composition and resin weevil DNA to learn which species of copal and weevils produce the most and best resin and develop a management plan with the community to harvest it commercially.
Our five gallon copper alembique pot has been good for our experimental distillations of small batches of copal resin and rosewood leaves. We now need to buy a larger stainless steel distiller to process more plant material and increase oil yield with our community level project. We also need to purchase a grinder to chip branches into little pieces that can be efficiently distilled. Thanks again for supporting this project through GlobalGiving. Every donation will help us develop a novel and viable new sustainable enterprise for our partners.
Dear CACE Project Supporter,
Since our last report, we have advanced some of our basic project activities with our partner communities in Peru, made progress on a few new fronts, and have been reminded that working in remote communities can be hazardous. Before saying more, I want to thank everyone who has supported our project through the GlobalGiving network since we first competed in the Open Challenge last November. Please check out our one-minute video “Energizing Native Communities in Peru” at http://tinyurl.com/CACE-GGTY as our special way of saying thanks.
Our Ampiyacu Project Manager Yully Rojas has continued to making monthly trips to the Ampiyacu region from Iquitos – Peru’s gateway city to the Peruvian Amazon. She brought in orders for new batches of woven belts, hot pads, and earrings. We are also hoping to get a new assortment of calabash pod ornaments etched with wildlife figures that have proved to be very popular for adorning Christmas trees in the holidays.
Many artisans like master carver Rider Velasquez from Puca Urquillo Bora plant these trees in their back yard so they have a ready supply of egg to watermelon size pods to make a container or any size bowl they want. This summer, Rider showed me how he cleaned out the pulp from a “wingo” or “tutuma” fruit with a small rounded scoop he crafted from a metal rod and then lays it in the sun to dry. He then sits on his porch, imagines some butterfly, snake, or fanciful gremlin from the forest, and etches the figure free-hand on the dark brown pod with a small awl. If he’s happy with the design, he pours a few dozen shiny black achira seeds into the hole on top and then seals the opening with a plug of balsa wood. After attaching a small chord made of natural chambira fiber, the ornament is ready to hang from a tree or use as a rattle that fits in the palm of your hand. CACE has now bought several hundred ornaments from Rider and other artisans from his village and Brillo Nuevo. This income allows him to avoid cutting down trees for his livelihood. These ornaments featuring diverse Amazon mammals, birds, bugs and frogs will be featured in the fall Gifts for Good promotion on GlobalGiving.
September and October were busy times for renewing and establishing new partnerships in our Ampiyacu Project. For the past few years, we have been doing handicraft development work with two Bora, one Murui (formerly known as Huitoto), one Ocaina and one Yagua village. Progress has been good in all but the latter village called San José de Piri. We are going to bring in more help from experienced artisans to help their colleagues learn some basic weaving skills, but in the meantime, we are very happy that a neighboring Yagua village called Santa Lucia de Pro has agreed to become our newest partner. I know from previous visits that they have some very creative artisans that I look forward to working with. Another political accomplish was signing a 3 year extension of our cooperative agreement with the indigenous federation FECONA to continue our work in the Ampiyacu. This took more than six months of discussion because our agreement needed to be approved by representatives of all 14 villages in the federation. Finally, we are excited about formalizing an agreement with the Field Museum of Chicago to cooperate in our efforts to develop handicrafts, improve our partners’ research and communication skills and promote forest conservation.
Doing field work in the Amazon always has its seasonal challenges. Traveling between Iquitos and Pebas (the gateway town to the Amipyacu communities) by ferry boat typically takes 15 to 20 hours. This fall Yully had some even longer trips because her boat kept getting stuck on unchartered sand bars that the shifting currents of the Amazon River creates (and then removes) from one year to the next. As the rainy season is now approaching, though, a more basic hazard is slipping on muddy ground. This past trip, Yully lost her footing near the edge of an embankment and fell about 15 feet. We are fortunate that this tough woman only got banged up, but she did need to be carried out and taken right away to a hospital in the city for treatment. We appreciate your good wishes for her recovery.
Thanks again so much for your support.
Executive Director, Center for Amazon Community Ecology
Every summer, I take a break from supporting CACE work in Peru from afar to join our project team in the Amazon. I’ve gotten used to spending a full day in a boat to reach a remote village, visiting nasty outhouses, and tolerating bites from chiggers, mosquitoes, and the occasional piraña. What I love is getting to know families in our partner native communities along the Ampiyacu River.
Their days may include harvesting yucca roots from a field, canoeing to a lake to fish, or climbing trees to gather pijuayo palm fruits to eat. They have to be creative and work extra hard to buy other necessities or send their children to a better school because traditional jobs don’t exist there and markets can be far. I’m thrilled that our project is helping over a hundred artisans to make and sell new handicrafts, and our plans to produce new essential oils are making good progress. See a summary of recent activities below. Our small group’s trials, errors, positive results and persistence have earned our partners’ trust that we have a long-term investment in their success.
Please consider sharing this commitment with us by becoming a Recurring Donor. A generous GlobalGiving supporter will provide a 100% match for the first gift made any new Recurring Donor given by this Friday, August 30. Visit our project page and click on Monthly Recurring under the Donate button. We also invite our supporters to become a Fundraiser for our project on GlobalGiving. Create your own page on the site and use your creativity and personal network to help us raise an additional $3000 to buy and send a commercial-scale essential oil distiller to our project in Peru. GlobalGiving is offering prizes for successful Fundraisers in September. To get started, click the green Fundraiser button on our project page.
Here are a few highlights of our project activities this summer. See some photos of these below.
Thank you very much for your interest and support for our project. Please contact us with any questions, comments or ideas.
CACE Executive Director and Project Leader
Captions for photos in report
Bora artisan Hermelinda Lopez planting guisador ginger in fallow field. Photo by Campbell Plowden/Center for Amazon Community Ecology. See more photos of artisans planting dye plants and chambira palm enrichment.
Bora man measuring rosewood tree seedling planted at Brillo Nuevo in joint project between CACE and Camino Verde. Photo by Campbell Plowden/Center for Amazon Community Ecology. See more photos of rosewood planting.
Resin lump on copal tree at Jenaro Herrera. Studying the growth of resin lumps will allow us to determine a sustainable harvest rate for this resin provoked by bark-boring weevils. Photo by Campbell Plowden/Center for Amazon Community Ecology. See more about copal research.
Bora artisan Ines Chichaco with new model of chambira woven hat band. Photo by Campbell Plowden/Center for Amazon Community Ecology. See more photos of hat bands and the artisans who made them.
One new model of chambira woven hair barrette made by artisans from Brillo Nuevo. Photos by Campbell Plowden/Center for Amazon Community Ecology. See more photos of hair barrettes and the artisans who made them.
Bora artisan Casilda Vasquez dying chambira fiber with sisa leaves. Photo by Campbell Plowden/Center for Amazon Community Ecology. See video Artisans of the Ampiyacu to learn more about chambira craft making and dye plants.
Bora men practicing use of digital cameras at Brillo Nuevo. Photo by Campbell Plowden/Center for Amazon Community Ecology.
Bora man painting community pharmacy in Brillo Nuevo built with social rebate funds from CACE craft sales. Photo by Campbell Plowden/Center for Amazon Community Ecology. See more photos about this community project.
I’d like to share some news about our handicraft and forest conservation project in the northern Peruvian Amazon on three fronts – some things that have gone well in the past three months, a few things that have been challenges, and a few things we are excited about beginning.
* Our Amazon hot pads (trivets) have been a big hit in the past two months. We provided nine to CACE and Camino Verde donors in the GlobalGiving Gifts for Good promotion in May and have sold 125 directly to GlobalGiving to give to guests at the upcoming gathering of the Leadership Council in New York City.
* We have finished and posted a new video about the handicraft aspect of our project called “Native artisans of the Ampiyacu.” Check it out on our project page at: http://www.AmazonAlive.net. It presents a visual kaleidoscope of our partners from five villages, the products we have helped them create, the plants they used to make them, and the benefits they have received selling them.
* Our project manager Yully reported that the young rosewood trees we planted in fields at the native community of Brillo Nuevo in early February with our partner Camino Verde are growing well. Four of the five Bora families have been taking good care of the seedlings – the fifth is due to receive some encouragement from the community to keep their commitment.
*We have identified a 20 gallon stainless steel distiller we want to buy from Heart Magic to increase the yield and decrease the time needed to extract the fragrant essential oil from rosewood and other aromatic leaves and small branches at Brillo Nuevo and other partners.
The past few months have also reminded us of some of the sobering challenges and realities of working in this remote part of the world.
* Yully’s trips to the Ampiyacu were delayed once by her motor canoe breaking down for the night until the driver paddled to another town to get a spare part for the engine. The next month, her ferry from Iquitos to the villages was boarded by customs agents who seized over 10 kg of cocaine that seven people were trying to smuggle over the border into Brazil.
* Brillo Nuevo used part of its CACE Handicraft Social Rebate to pay travel expenses and some medicines to treat two people wounded in a hunting accident.
*Carlina Davila - one of our artisan partners from Puca Urquillo Huitoto died in March from cervical cancer. Her passing brought to our attention that six other women from our partner communities have died from this affliction in the past few years. Fortunately girls are now receiving the vaccination against HPV.
Several other governmental and non-governmental groups are working to support local development and conservation with native communities in the Ampiyacu region. The Field Museum of Chicago recently approached us to work with them to improve management of the chambira palm trees, support craft marketing, and fortify the use of traditional knowledge in the villages.
Campbell and two Amazon field volunteers have just arrived in Iquitos to begin a six week field season working with our partners in the Ampiyacu and other sites in northern Peru. You can follow the progress of their journey on Campbell’s Amazon Journal at: http://tinyurl.com/CACEblog
If you'd like to support our efforts, donations made to this project on GlobalGiving on the next Bonus Day, Wednesday, June 12 may receive a 30% matching donation from GlobalGiving. Visit www.AmazonAlive.net.
February 24, 2013
Dear CACE Ampiyacu Project supporter,
It is my pleasure to share our first report via GlobalGiving on the progress of our project to create sustainable livelihoods and promote forest conservation with native communities in the Ampiyacu River region of the Peruvian Amazon.
One very welcome development is the completion of a community pharmacy in the Bora village of Brillo Nuevo. Project manager Yully Rojas was on hand when the simple wooden structure built with funds from CACE sales of crafts from the village's two dozen artisans was being painted. The next step will be to stock it with its first batch of medicines and recruit a health-care worker to staff it.
Artisan Ines Chichaco summed up her feelings about this milestone, "I started weaving bags and hammocks when I was twelve years old, but since CACE started working in Brillo Nuevo five years ago, I've learned to weave new crafts like belts, hotpads, and guitar straps. Even more important, working with them has made me improve the quality of my work and sell more crafts. This money has helped me to better educate my children and buy rice, soap, sugar, kerosene and other things I need in my house. The project has now helped us build a community pharmacy so a member of my family or anyone from the village can get medicine right away if they get really sick."
The other exciting development in Brillo Nuevo on February 8 was the arrival of 900 rosewood tree seedlings after a two day journey by truck, large ferry, and speedboat from a government nursery in Jenaro Herrera on the Ucayali River. The five families who had won a share of the first batch of aromatic trees in a village lottery carted the seedlings packed in planting bags in dugout canoes and baskets on their backs to their respective fields prepared for this special kind of reforestation. Our partner Robin van Loon from the NGO Camino Verde that co-sponsored this project showed them how to plant and care for the slender seedlings. Yully Rojas also lent a hand so she can help the families keep an eye on the young plants. If all goes well, they will grow into trees large enough to sustain a modest harvest of leaves in three to four years. We will then work with the plot owners to distill these leaves into marketable fragrant essential oil. Our next step will be upgrading our distillation equipment to get the best yield and quality and make contacts with potential buyers.
The final note is that CACE sales of crafts made by the 100 plus artisans in our Ampiyacu partner communities almost doubled from 2011 to 2012. Christmas tree ornaments made by Bora men and Huitoto women from the village of Puca Urquillo were very popular this season. Most of these ornaments that doubled as hand-rattles were dark-brown egg-shaped pods of calabash trees etched with figures of Amazon toucans, jaguars and other jungle animals. An alliance with Tait Trees, a family-owned cut your own Christmas tree business in Boalsburg, PA, allowed us to display our ornaments in their gift shop and keep all of the sales. We will soon meet with the Puca Urquillo community to discuss how they wish to use their 20% share of sales from almost 300 ornaments. As craft sales increase with all of our partners, we want to expand our surveys of chambira trees and support greater planting of these palms that provide the fiber used in almost all woven crafts.
If you would like to support our project again, one great day to do this will be Wednesday March 15 when GlobalGiving will provide a 30% match to donations (up to $1,000 per donor) made on-line beginning at 9 AM until available matching funds are spent.
Thank you very much for your interest and support for our project. Please feel free to contact me with any questions, comments or ideas at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Project Reports on GlobalGiving are posted directly to globalgiving.org by Project Leaders as they are completed, generally every 3-4 months. To protect the integrity of these documents, GlobalGiving does not alter them; therefore you may find some language or formatting issues.
If you donate to this project or have donated to this project, you will get an e-mail when this project posts a report. You can also subscribe for reports via e-mail without donating or by subscribing to this project's RSS feed.