Canadian Federation of Humane Societies

The CFHS promotes the humane treatment of all animals and supports our members and other like-minded organizations that are committed to this goal.
Oct 17, 2013

Canadian Farm Codes of Practice

As a founding member of the National Farm Animal Care Council (NFACC), the CFHS has been improving living conditions for Canada’s farm animals since the Council’s inception in 2005.  As a leader in establishing science-based standards, the CFHS negotiates with animal industry leaders to update and strengthen the codes that define standards for the treatment of animals used for profit – known as Codes of Practice. 

Your funding has allowed the CFHS and its Code Representatives to continue to negotiate with industry groups to ensure that the highest levels of animal welfare and enrichment on Canadian farms are realized.  

The current Pig Code has gone through public consultation and is in the final stages of ratification. The Beef Code is now available at:

As well, your funding has allowed our Code representatives’ involvement with the initial Committee meetings for the new Broiler Chicken and Turkey code.

To put our involvement in the Codes process in context, over the 2012/2013 timeframe our Code Representatives represented the welfare of almost 30 million at-risk farm animals.  This can be broken down into: beef (12.8 million animals), equine (965,000 animals--2010 estimate), pig (12.7 million animals) and mink/fox: (2.6 million animals--2010 estimate).

Sep 16, 2013

Animal Cruelty Legislation in Canada

The Canadian Federation of Humane Societies continues to educate Canadian Members of Parliament and Senators on the current state of Canadian animal welfare, including companion animals and farm animals.

Through the distribution of our Political Animal publication to the Senate and House of Commons, we are further engaging MPs on animal welfare in Canada and opening discussions on what is happening in their local constituencies.

You can access a digital copy of Political Animal at:

The CFHS will be convening its members in Ottawa again this fall on November 19.  Once again, we will take this opportunity to host a reception for MPs and Senators to meet with our members to discuss their role at the local level.  Legislative change is a very slow process, but the CFHS continues to set the stage for substantial and meaningful change.

Our work to educate our lawmakers continues to gain momentum thanks to your support.

Aug 12, 2013

Puppy Mills and potential legislation

The current animal cruelty sections of the Criminal Code of Canada (CCC) are shockingly out of date.  The wording of the CCC is largely unchanged since it was written in 1892 and enacted by Queen Victoria.  The CCC affords greater protection for cattle and other working animals “kept for a lawful purpose” and as such provides almost no protection for wild or stray animals.  It is extremely difficult to prosecute cases of neglect, such as puppy mills because of paradoxical wording in which the prosecution must prove “wilful neglect”.

If nothing is done to enhance the current provisions in the CCC, dogs across Canada will continue to be exploited for profit with little to no protection under the law.

As the foundation for future advocacy activities to enhance the CCC, the CFHS will to create a ‘snapshot’ report on the Canadian puppy mill industry to help Canadians (public and politicians) better understand the scope and scale of this deplorable problem. As the basis of the CFHS Puppy Mill Report the CFHS will quantify the number of puppy mill dogs that are being sold on-line, identify where there are bans on the selling of dogs in pet stores, provide an overview of existing online restrictions and present a collection of case studies on what is currently being done to combat puppy mills across the country. 

The research and findings presented through the CFHS Puppy Mill Report will be used to advocate for the modernization of the current animal cruelty provisions of the CCC so that enforcement officers and prosecutors have the laws they need to convict puppy mill operators of cruelty and put them out of business. Enhanced protection through the CCC will result in more puppy mill seizures and convictions under the CCC

Example: a 2011 puppy mill raid resulted in the rescue of 500+ dogs from a Quebec breeding facility.  The owners pleaded guilty to just 17 charges of animal cruelty and were subjected to a court ordered ban on operating a kennel for 2-years.  It’s likely that they will be back in business shortly.

The CFHS Puppy Mill Report will be the first of its kind in Canada to quantify the scope and impact of Canada’s puppy mill industry.  Therefore, it will be the ‘go-to’ research document for animal welfare organizations and government to rely on when making decisions about policy and legislation.  

This report will impact the lives of all vulnerable dogs stuck in Canadian puppy mills while making Canada a more humane place to live for all Canadians.  

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