Pathfinder International

Pathfinder's mission is to ensure that people everywhere have the right and opportunity to live a healthy sexual and reproductive life. We believe that reproductive health is essential for creating better opportunities throughout life. When people take charge of choices about when and how often to have children, they not only have the opportunity to lead healthier lives, but they also gain confidence and can better pursue their education, contribute to the local economy, and engage in their communities.
Feb 7, 2011

Continued Scholarships Update!

PATHFINDER INTERNATIONAL

GLOBAL GIVING SCHOLARSIP

SEPTEMBER – DECEMBER 2010 REPORT

BACKGROUND

A number of international conventions, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Program of Action of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, have emphasized the importance of education. The Fourth World Conference on Women, held in Beijing in 1995, recognized that female literacy is essential to empowering women to participate in decision making in society and to improving the well-being of families. In addition, the United Nations has articulated the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which include goals for improved education, gender equality, and women's empowerment. The MDGs emphasize the essential role of education in building democratic societies and creating a foundation for sustained economic growth.

Education contributes directly to the growth of national income by improving the productive capacities of the labor force. Offering girls basic education is a proven way to increasing their power and confidence and enabling them to make choices over the lives they lead.  

Educated women have the chance to live more healthy and successful lives. There are also important benefits for society as a whole. An educated woman has the skills, information, and self-confidence that she needs to be a better parent, worker, and citizen. An educated woman is likely to marry at a later age and have fewer children. Research shows that an additional year of schooling for girls reduces fertility rates and that the children of educated mothers are more likely to survive. In addition, the benefits of education on women's empowerment and gender equality are broadly recognized. In Ethiopia and in much of the developing world, female education has the following advantages:

  • As female education rises, fertility, population growth, and infant and child mortality fall and family health improves.
  • Increases in girls' secondary school enrollment are associated with increases in women's participation in the labor force and their contributions to household and national income.
  • Women's increased capacity to earn money has a positive effect on child nutrition.
  • Children — especially daughters — of educated mothers are more likely to be enrolled in school and to have higher levels of educational attainment.
  • Educated women are more politically active and better informed about their legal rights and how to exercise them.

Although Ethiopia's education and training policy stresses the need to sensitize society about the importance of female education, it still has a long way to go in making this a reality. In Ethiopia, many families struggle economically, thus most female students leave school to stay home to assume household chores or to work at the family business. Poverty and a lack of female education have always been acute in Ethiopia. Some key factors contributing to these problems are: gender-based discrimination; educating males over females, early and forced marriage of females, and young peoples’ limited knowledge of life skills and sexual and reproductive health.

In Ethiopia, the enrollment of female students at the elementary level is more than 55%. For the reasons mentioned above, this number decreases sharply in preparatory, undergraduate, and graduate schools. It is quite evident that gender equality is unattainable and unimaginable without empowering women through education. As such, Pathfinder, in partnership with Addis Ababa Women’s Association, is providing scholarship support for economically vulnerable but academically strong girls in order to increase the retention of female students at a higher level of education. In the last three months, with support from Global Giving funds, Pathfinder has been able to enroll three new students in school and continue educational support for four young women whose scholarships were going to expire before they completed secondary school.

SCHOLARSHIP DETAILS

Scholarship beneficiaries are selected from the school’s Gender club in collaboration with school management. The Addis Ababa Women’s Association closely monitors the girls’ lifestyle, progress in school, and provides the students with services to help them thrive. Most scholarship beneficiaries are orphans living with foster families. To ensure the well-being and capacity of the girls to succeed in school, the Association approaches and consults the foster families, and also reaches out to the beneficiary to discuss any problems she may be facing at home. In the school setting, the grades and performance of the scholarship recipients are monitored closely through exams and reports. Additionally, beneficiaries are offered life skills and trainings on issues of gender, gender-based violence, and sexual and reproductive health. To enhance leadership skills and self-confidence, the beneficiaries are given leadership positions in the school gender clubs. The above efforts have proven effective as the beneficiaries have demonstrated a strong work ethic in school and have set a dream and vision of becoming a professional woman.

 

NEW SCHOLARSHIP GIRLS ADMITTED BETWEEN SEPTEMBER AND DECEMBER 2010

Three new students have been admitted to the scholarship program since September 2010.

Name: Mastewal Abebe

Grade: 9

Age: 16

Period of assistance: 24 months from Oct  2010

Status: Comes from a very poor family, she was planning to dropout.

 

Name: A/work Mamush

Grade: 9

Age: 16

Period of assistance: 24 months from Oct  2010

Status: She is living with an HIV+ and sick mother.

 

Name: Nigist Endale

Grade: 10

Age: 18

Period of assistance: 24 months from Oct  2010

Status: Is an orphan, living with a poor foster family. She was planning to dropout.

 

EXTENSION OF ASSISTANCE TO PREVIOUS SCHOLARSHIP BENEFICIARIES

Extension of assistance was made to the following girls who were already supported by the scholarship and who required additional fund to complete their high school studies.

 Name: Hilina Kebede

 

Grade: 11

Initial deposit: As of May 08

 

Duration:30 months

Finished: Oct 2010

Extension of assistance: 20 months as of Nov 2010

 

Name: Mariamawit Az

 

Grade: 11

Initial deposit: As of March 09

Duration: 23 months

Finished: Jan 2010

Extension of assistance: 20 months as of Nov 2010

 

Name: Rut Shume

Grade: 11

Initial Deposit: As of Mar 09

Duration: 23 months

Finished: Jan 2010

Extension of assistance: 20 months as of Nov 2010

 

Name: Yamatu Kassa

Grade: 11

Initial Deposit: As of Mar 09

Duration: 23 months

Finished: Jan 2010

Extension of assistance: 20 months as of Nov 2010


Attachments:
Feb 6, 2011

New IGA beneficiaries - thanks to you!

ADDIS ABABA WOMEN’S ASSOCIATION

GLOBAL GIVING INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES

SEPTEMPBER – DECEMBER 2010 REPORT

BACKGROUND

In Ethiopia, as a result of traditionally constructed gender roles, a stereotyped gender division of labor between men and women places women and girls in a subordinate position in society. The lack of access to and control over resources as prescribed by culture and tradition has forced females to disproportionately bear the burden of poverty, thus making them economically dependent on men and powerless to make decisions related to their human and reproductive rights. Women’s low social standing subjects them to various types of gender based violence, thus increasing their vulnerability and risk of poor health.

The low social and economic status of women and girls is a fundamental factor in maternal mortality. Low social status limits women’s access to education and good nutrition as well as the economic resources required to cover the cost of health and family planning services. For most women, employment choices are extremely limited due to various gender-based factors. Many women have come to rely on commercial sex as a means of sustaining their families. Abandoned women too often turn to urban prostitution as a means of economic relief, which rarely achieves this goal. Moreover, the low status of girls and women in Addis Ababa has forced many to dropout from schools. As a result, most women and families in this city, particularly mothers and female-headed households (FHH), are living below the poverty line.

Violence against women may be both cause and consequence of women’s low social and economic status. Women and girls are made more vulnerable to HIV/AIDS, disease, and unwanted pregnancy as a result of sexual and gender-based violence, physical and psychological abuse, sexual exploitation, female genital mutilation, early marriage, abduction, and rape, all of which are major acts that violate their human rights.

Through Global Giving funds, the Addis Ababa Women’s Association is helping economically poor and vulnerable women in Addis Ababa to implement income-generating activities (IGA) Under the Association’s programs, the IGA beneficiaries are offered reproductive health and family planning (RH/FP) services and training as well as trainings on gender based violence and harmful traditional practices. Women chosen to participate in this program are visited frequently by program and management staff for encouragement and advice.

GLOBAL GIVING BENEFICIARIES ASSISTED DURING THE REPORTING PERIOD

Through the generous Global Giving donations, ten economically vulnerable women, selected from Yeka sub city, were offered business management training and a seed grant of 1500.00 Birr each (USD $90). The stories of three beneficiaries are highlighted in this report.

As a result of Global Giving funds, women are organized into cooperative groups, allowing them to benefit from district government microfinance enterprise support provided for women organized in cooperative groups. The following are some of the benefits they reap:

  • The beneficiaries have legal status;
  • The beneficiaries benefit from the capacity building trainings offered by the district Microfinance office;
  • The beneficiaries have the right to access loan service if they wish to expand their business;
  • They are accountable to and monitored by the district microfinance office on their progress.

In addition to the business management training and seed grant provision, the beneficiaries are provided with a working house suitable to their business – producing food commodities in the cooperative.

 Yeshwamebrat Kassa, Gulele sub city, Kebele

Yeshawamebrat‘s husband died leaving her behind with three children and no means of income. Although she had a work place and experience in pottery, she was unable to work without seed funds. Instead she worked as a house maid washing clothes to earn living. This was also difficult for her as she is HIV positive. Yeshawamebrat was selected as an IGA beneficiary as a result of her hardships and entrepreneurial promise.

Yeshawamebrat is currently working hard collecting clay, cow dung, mud and other raw materials for her work place. She produces various types of popular new handicrafts. She produced a new design iron (cloth ironing equipment) made of clay that attracted the attention of many. For this design, she received an award from the sub city administration for being a model business woman.

Abaynesh Tolla, Arad sub city, Kebele

Her husband died leaving her with 5 children and without a means of income. Life was very dark and difficult for her. Abaynesh is now a beneficiary of the Global Giving fund and her life has changed dramatically.

Her children are attending school and as she says “they do not have food problem thanks to the business and I know how to operate it.” She also pays her house rent, utilities, and electricity costs in a timely manner.

Abaynesh is known for her delightful and charming face by her customers which attract many customers.

Simegene Tadesse, Nifasilk lafto sub city, Kebele

Her husband died leaving her with their three children and without a means of income.

Following the Global Giving IGA assistance, Simegene is engaged in a small tea and food shop in a house offered to her by the association.

In addition to sending her children to school, paying house rent, utilities and electric costs, she also has funds for savings. She says, “I do not want to beg from others if any of my children get sick or…. Thanks to the IGA, I have money now” she says with a charming face. She has many customers working at construction sites.


Attachments:
Nov 11, 2010

Progress on Education Support for Ethiopian Girls

Scholarship Recipients
Scholarship Recipients

Pathfinder/Global Giving

September 2010

Through the generous support of Global Giving donors, Pathfinder has provided secondary education to 48 scholarship students in Grades 7-12 since May 2008. Scholarship beneficiaries are selected by the School Authority and the Gender Club members. The selection criteria requires that the female beneficiaries are either orphans or from resource-poor families, ranked at the top of their class, and that they are willing to participate in a Gender Club and serve as a role model to other students and the communities. Prior to their selection as Global Giving-supported students, many of these young girls were employed as domestic workers, in exchange for housing and meals, in families that would allow them to attend school. The students encountered many difficulties, such as lack of income to purchase uniforms and school supplies, limited time to complete schoolwork due to work responsibilities, and isolation

Global Giving Scholarship Students – Grades 8 and 9

Global Giving scholarship support is transformative for these students, as it alleviates many of their material obstacles to achieving an education and also links them together as members of Girls’ Clubs. Students have the opportunity to attend trainings in Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (ASRH), learn additional life-skills and foster strong relationships with their peers. As a result of this opportunity, these students have developed confidence to enthusiastically pursue their goals and envision a more independent and productive future.

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