Project #8472

Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School

by Kenya Rainwater Association

Happy New Month July 2016!

I am pleased to share with you our developments for the past three months at Murichu Primary School, Kenya WASH Project, I had said I will keep you posted. Happy reading!


The following are the project components: (a) construction of 75m3 masonry rainwater storage tank; (b) installation of gutters including a foul-flush system; (c)Construction of draw-off point for pupils; (d) construction of gender-segregated VIP latrines (blocks for girls, boys, and teachers); and (e) training of pupils and community on good hygiene practices.

Project Implementation Status

Procurement of Construction Material

The procurement process for the supply of construction material was done through competitive bidding. The selected supplier has already supplied all the construction material for the tank as per the BoQ/LPO and paid as per signed deliver notes and invoice. The quality of the material was ascertained before the payment was done. The material is on site and well secured after delivered.

Construction of the 75m3 water storage tank

The construction process has so far achieved the following activities:

a) Site identification, clearance and set-up

The siting of the tank location was done during the project launching meeting on May14, 2016.

Site clearance involved the removal of vegetative from the identified site.

Setting out the tank entailed identification of a reference point that marked the center of the tank. Then a radius 3.4 m in reference to the tank center was used to determine the internal and external circumference of the tank.

b) Tank foundation

Excavation of the foundation strip, which went up to 1.5m due to the deep of unsuitable clay soil. The five reinforcement concrete (1:2:3 mix ratio) columns’ footings of 0.6x0.6x0.6m were dug up to 2.1m – up to the stable murram layer.

The foundation walls were constructed with three courses of 9x9x9-inches quarry stones using mortar joint ratio mix of 1:3 including along the two diameters cross-sections – from the four side reinforced columns.

The tank foundation was filled with hardcore (rubble stones), which was compacted up to the level of the walls. The spacing between the wall and the excavated pit was also filled with compacted hardcore.

The Y12 reinforcement net was placed at 150mm spacing and well secured with bidding wire, and then the concrete slab (1:2:3 mix ratio) was casted.

The tank capacity will be increased by an extra depth of 0.75m due to the deep tank foundation – this will be more cost-effective instead of filling the extra depth with hardcore.


AI would like to thank you for your generous contributions, Murichu Primary will soon have enough WASH facilities, and handwashing will drastically reduce cases of diarrhoea. Absenteeism will go down too as water will now be available within the school. Clean water and sanitation has the potential to make a difference in children’s lives. Kids need clean water to be healthy, to grow and thrive, to attend school regularly, and to fulfil their potential.

Thank you so much for your continued support and collaboration, together we can! Enjoy reading and have a fruitful month ahead!

Latrine condition in Murichu Primary School
Latrine condition in Murichu Primary School

Greetings from Kenya Rainwater Association, I trust you are well!

 Kenya Rainwater Association continues to sincerely thank each and every one of you for the continued support on this journey of promoting rainwater harvesting for water and sanitation in Kenyan rural primary schools. KRA has again identified another school to benefit from the generous contributions from this forum and other well-wishers.

 Murichu primary school is located in Murichu Sub-location of Murichu Location, Ndaragua Division, Nyandarua North District, Nyandarua County, Kenya. The area is semi-arid and the people living  here are financially challenged

 Today the school has an enrollment of 138 boys and 128 girls and a total population of 266 pupils. The members of staff in this school by gender are 6 male and 2 female teachers making a total of 8 members of staff.

 Source of Water

Water for watering the classrooms is drawn from a dam which is about 800m away and which is also a potential danger to our pupils especially the ones from lower classes who can drawn easily.


The school has wooden and dilapidated toilets and pupils find it difficult to use them. Pupils shield their peers as use the latrines since most of them have fallen doors.


Children are the most important resource in a society and their well-being especially while in school affects their day to day life in terms of good performance and emotional growth. Creating a conducive learning environment is therefore an essential factor to consider in achieving this goal. For this reason, KRA has made it a priority to provide access to clean and safe water and proper sanitation facilities in primary schools, which in most rural settings still remains a huge challenge and a contributing factor to school drop outs and poor performance. The intervention views children as agents of change in the promotion and adoption of best practices in the community and society at large. It focuses on the following core principles:

a)         Construction of 75m3 masonry rainwater storage tank;

b)         Installation of guttering systems including a foul-flash system;

c)         Construction of gender segregated improved sanitary facilities (VIP latrines) for boys, girls and teachers

d)         Community and pupils training on improved sanitation and hygiene.


The construction works are to begin this month and I shall surely keep you posted!


This year we look forward to doing more than one school with your continued support, collaboration and friendship.


Thank you and God bless you

Greetings from Kenya Rainwater Association and Happy New Year 2016!

Kenya Rainwater Association has, with funding from the well-wishers from this platform and  far and wide been implementing a project in Matuiku Primary School, Kenya, titled the “Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School” project since February 2012. The project came  to an end in December 2015.

Poor diet and nutrition is a major concern in rural schools, even where the government provides lunch through the school feeding programme, the diet is not balanced as it mainly consist of boiled maize and beans. Improved water supply, sanitation, hygiene and nutrition are unfortunately not prioritized within limited school budgetary allocation. Moreover, community development projects rarely integrate schools’ water supply, sanitation, hygiene and nutrition. To address environmental degradation and effects of climate change, our schools’ project also integrates establishment of tree seedling nurseries and tree planting which also target the pupils as change agents among rural communities. This leaves the responsibility of ensuring access to safe drinking water, good sanitation and hygiene and improved nutrition to the poor parents, whose efforts are limited by financial resources especially in semi-arid districts. It is against this background that Kenya Rainwater Association (KRA) was compelled to integrate a school WASH and nutrition component in community-based projects in water scarce counties of Kenya

Construction of 72m3 farm pond - lined underground storage reservoirs: Ultra-violet (UV resistant plastic lined underground tank – open rectangular farm pond – was constructed as water source for school vegetable garden is now complete. The farm pond was excavated manually to the specified dimensions and lined with a 0.8mm thick high density UV resistant plastic material, which prevents seepage losses, whilst evaporation is reduced by roofing the pond with iron sheets. The roof is also a security measure to prevent drowning of children and livestock. To draw water, simple hand pump (hip pump) was provided. The farm pond was also fitted with double chamber silt traps and screen filter – to reduce siltation and eutrophication due to floating biological matter to improve water quality.

Establishment of low-head drip irrigation system: A 230-litre mini-tank drip irrigation system will be  installed for the establishment of the school vegetable nursery after school reopens.. Drip irrigation technology is water-use efficient and appropriate in water-scarce areas, and fits well with RHM systems. The vegetable garden will be established and installed with drip irrigation system. The school vegetable garden will improve nutrition and school income, and also act as demonstration site for the local community on how to diversify livelihoods – food security and poverty reduction.

The school community reiterated the fact that inadequate WASH, food security and livelihood diversification were some of their most pressing needs. The anticipated project impacts on the other hand includes enhanced food security and nutrition status; improved health among pupils and teachers;better academic performance in schools;increased period during which beneficiaries will have water; as well as increased resilience to negative effects of climate change.

All these and much more will not have been posible without YOU!

This year we look foward to your continued support,collaboration and friendship as we identify yet another needy school that badly needs your asisstance. I keep you posted !

Happy and Blessed 2016, tell a friend to tell a friend!


It’s that time of the year again when we get to share our project updates with you and as always we are pleased to have the opportunity to write to you on the progress and status of Matuiku Primary School Water and Sanitation project. From our previous update, you are aware that we have been exploring more fundraising opportunities so that we can bring the last phase of this project to a successful completion. We are happy to report that the construction a farm pond has started and will be brought to conclusion before the end of this October 2015.

Construction of school farm pond:

The 72m3 farm pond (lined underground storage reservoir– ultra-violet (UV) resistant plastic lined underground tank – open rectangular farm pond was constructed to provide water for the school vegetable garden. The farm pond is excavated manually to the specified dimensions and lined with a 0.8mm thick high density UV resistant plastic material, which prevents seepage losses, whilst evaporation is reduced by roofing the pond with iron sheets. The roof is also a security measure to prevent drowning of children and livestock. To draw water, simple and cheap hand pumps or treadle pumps are
used. The farm pond is also fitted with double chamber silt traps – to improve water quality. Eutrophication is controlled by sand filters around the suction pipes.

Establishment of school vegetable garden: The school vegetable garden will be  established and
drip irrigation system installed. The 230-litre mini-tank low-head drip irrigation system is
water-use efficient technology, which is appropriate in water-scarce areas, and fits well with
RHM systems. The school vegetable garden serves two purposes; (i) to and improve nutrition
and school income, and (ii) to demonstrate to the community on livelihoods diversification
technology – using school as a technology promotion center.

We at Kenya Rainwater continue  to thank you  for your continuued support .

God Bless you and Best wishes!

Nick meets and greets children
Nick meets and greets children



By Florence Chepkoech- Project Leader

In February 2015, Matuiku Primary received a grant from So Hum Foundation USA, a match funding that finally came through as we had earlier anticipated, these funds would be used towards the construction of a farm pond and possibly help start another project in a needy school. Kenya Rainwater is waiting for the cheque to mature for the construction of the farm pond to begin.

The school also got a visitor from H20 for life; the schools’ evaluation visit was conducted from January 27-29, 2015 by Nick Coughlin, H20 for Life Communications Director, accompanied by Nina, and KRA team (Peris Muchina, Information and Communication Officer, and Stephen Njoroge, Technical Assistant). The evaluation team was delighted to meet the children and the communities who turned up in large numbers in support of the projects.

Background: The following are the project components: (a) construction of 50m3 masonry rainwater storage tank; (b) installation of gutters including a foul-flush system; (c) construction of gender-segregated improved sanitary facilities (block of VIP latrines for girls, boys and teachers; (d) construction of 72m3 school farm pond for irrigated vegetable garden; and (e) training pupils and community on (i) improved sanitation and hygiene, (ii) operation and maintenance, and (iii) irrigation water management and crop husbandry. The project was funded in partnership with Global Giving (UK)[1] and fundraising has been on-going to raise additional funds for the farm pond.

 Current status:Nick was well received by teachers and the children and was happy to find that all the facilities were functioning as they should. He emphasised on the need to ensure proper management of the WASH facilities as that is the only way the school can give back to the donors. The school expressed their gratitude to the development partners who have helped the school improve the WASH facilities.









Nick meets and greets the children                      Nick is shown how to use a tippy tap


Nick had this to say” My purpose in Kenya was not only to gain a better understanding of the challenges schools have maintaining the water and sanitation projects our U.S. schools fund, but to determine whether there is anything H2O for Life can do to help support more sustainable practices. Ultimately, the longevity of a water tank or latrine depends almost entirely on a committed community that is willing to clean and repair the projects as needed, and that commitment must stem from the head teacher. Our implementing partners in the region, Waterlines and Kenya Rainwater Association, both follow up with the schools after the projects are complete. They serve as a helpful resource to the schools, but stress that the school community is primarily responsible for upkeep’

You can get more of this conversation from the Water for Life website.


Kenya Rainwater Association continues to appreciate the effort of its donors who continue to further this noble cause of assisting needy Kenyan schools get safe and clean water.


When it comes to water it is often said that every drop counts and when it comes to you our partners we say that every donation counts!


We would like to hear from you, go ahead and send us an email


Best Wishes




Nick is shown how to use a tippy tap
Nick is shown how to use a tippy tap



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Organization Information

Kenya Rainwater Association

Location: Nairobi - Kenya
Website: http:/​/​
Project Leader:
Peris Muchina
Information and Communication Officer
Nairobi, Nairobi Kenya
$6,647 raised of $17,210 goal
136 donations
$10,563 to go
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