Project #8472

Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School

by Kenya Rainwater Association
Girls' only latrine- Murichu Primary

Happy end year 2016, festive season greetings from Kenya Rainwater Association!

School dropout and low literacy rates, especially among the girl child, can be largely attributed to poor sanitation more specifically the lack of access to separate and decent toilets impedes girls access to their education, which can be supported and fostered by something as basic as a girls only toilet.

 According to a 2010 Baseline Survey only a third of schools have safe water sources in their compounds and had child friendly latrines. Although most of the schools had separate, gender specific latrines, the majority of them did not meet the national pupil to toilet ratio standards for boys or girls. It is notable that even in the schools that had latrine facilities, a significant number of these infrastructures were in a pathetic state and not gender sensitive. It thus became apparent that the schools could become dangerous grounds for infections due to the overburdened and overused sanitation facilities. To avert the situation Kenya Rainwater Association (KRA) chose to work hand in hand with various non state actors to improve pupils’ access to improved WASH as a basis of improving the health status and economic empowerment. KRA’s interventions included development of water supply and sanitation facilities in schools which is achieved with maximum participation of school and community throughout the entire project cycle including planning, implementation and management.

One such intervention has been going on in Murichu primary this year and so far a water tank has been constructed for rainwater harvesting to foster clean and safe water in the school. The other components of WASH are the gender segregated latrines comprising of separate blocks for boys, girls and teachers.

Construction of the latrines is underway and the girls block is ready for use, we expect this to boost the girls esteem when they return next year since before their latrine was in a pathetic situation, most girls would miss school during their menses as their latrines had fallen doors without a privacy wall.

 The other blocks will be constructed with your continued support, goodwill and friendship.

I want to wish you a Merry Christmas and a very happy 2017, I hope next year will be busy with activities of putting a smile on the faces of many more pupils as we promote WASH in Kenyan Primary Schools together.

God Bless You!

Pupils bring water with jerricans to school
Pupils bring water with jerricans to school

Greetings from Kenya Rainwater Association! This is yet another report from Murichu Primary School to catch us up on the ongoing activities since my last update.


One of the output of the WASH project in this school was constructing a masonry water tank of 75m3 volume and installation of guttering systems including a foul-flash system, I am happy to report that so far the construction of the tank is complete together with the watering point.

Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) in Schools affects:

  • Privacy and Dignity
  • School attendance
  • Student health
  • Learning outcomes
  • Gender equity
  • Poverty

Key goals of WASH in Schools include increased female school attendance, more kids washing their hands and fewer schoolchildren with worms and diarrhea


Access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation facilities coupled with adaptation of hygienic practices ensures improved health of the people and protect them, particularly the children, from a number of water and sanitation related diseases including the most commonly occurring disease - diarrhea.


Lack of safe water and sanitation facilities turn schools into unsafe places where diseases are transmitted with mutually reinforcing negative impacts on the children, their families, communities and overall development.


The pupils and the entire community says THANK YOU for becoming a part of the change they have awaited for so long. With the October rains the tank will collect water and this will see the end of pupils carrying water from home or collecting water from dirty rivers and spending so much time out there instead of concentrating on their studies. With this we expect pupils’ retention in school to go up and their overall performance to improve.


The next phase is to construct gender sensitive latrines for boys, girls and teachers and as always we depend on your generous contribution and your goodwill. Please help us spread the gospel of clean sanitation and hygiene for Kenyan rural schools to your friends, family, workmates and everyone. TELL A FRIEND TO TELL A FRIEND!


Thank you again for your time, support and collaboration.


See you in the next update!

Completed water tank
Completed water tank

Happy New Month July 2016!

I am pleased to share with you our developments for the past three months at Murichu Primary School, Kenya WASH Project, I had said I will keep you posted. Happy reading!


The following are the project components: (a) construction of 75m3 masonry rainwater storage tank; (b) installation of gutters including a foul-flush system; (c)Construction of draw-off point for pupils; (d) construction of gender-segregated VIP latrines (blocks for girls, boys, and teachers); and (e) training of pupils and community on good hygiene practices.

Project Implementation Status

Procurement of Construction Material

The procurement process for the supply of construction material was done through competitive bidding. The selected supplier has already supplied all the construction material for the tank as per the BoQ/LPO and paid as per signed deliver notes and invoice. The quality of the material was ascertained before the payment was done. The material is on site and well secured after delivered.

Construction of the 75m3 water storage tank

The construction process has so far achieved the following activities:

a) Site identification, clearance and set-up

The siting of the tank location was done during the project launching meeting on May14, 2016.

Site clearance involved the removal of vegetative from the identified site.

Setting out the tank entailed identification of a reference point that marked the center of the tank. Then a radius 3.4 m in reference to the tank center was used to determine the internal and external circumference of the tank.

b) Tank foundation

Excavation of the foundation strip, which went up to 1.5m due to the deep of unsuitable clay soil. The five reinforcement concrete (1:2:3 mix ratio) columns’ footings of 0.6x0.6x0.6m were dug up to 2.1m – up to the stable murram layer.

The foundation walls were constructed with three courses of 9x9x9-inches quarry stones using mortar joint ratio mix of 1:3 including along the two diameters cross-sections – from the four side reinforced columns.

The tank foundation was filled with hardcore (rubble stones), which was compacted up to the level of the walls. The spacing between the wall and the excavated pit was also filled with compacted hardcore.

The Y12 reinforcement net was placed at 150mm spacing and well secured with bidding wire, and then the concrete slab (1:2:3 mix ratio) was casted.

The tank capacity will be increased by an extra depth of 0.75m due to the deep tank foundation – this will be more cost-effective instead of filling the extra depth with hardcore.


AI would like to thank you for your generous contributions, Murichu Primary will soon have enough WASH facilities, and handwashing will drastically reduce cases of diarrhoea. Absenteeism will go down too as water will now be available within the school. Clean water and sanitation has the potential to make a difference in children’s lives. Kids need clean water to be healthy, to grow and thrive, to attend school regularly, and to fulfil their potential.

Thank you so much for your continued support and collaboration, together we can! Enjoy reading and have a fruitful month ahead!

Latrine condition in Murichu Primary School
Latrine condition in Murichu Primary School

Greetings from Kenya Rainwater Association, I trust you are well!

 Kenya Rainwater Association continues to sincerely thank each and every one of you for the continued support on this journey of promoting rainwater harvesting for water and sanitation in Kenyan rural primary schools. KRA has again identified another school to benefit from the generous contributions from this forum and other well-wishers.

 Murichu primary school is located in Murichu Sub-location of Murichu Location, Ndaragua Division, Nyandarua North District, Nyandarua County, Kenya. The area is semi-arid and the people living  here are financially challenged

 Today the school has an enrollment of 138 boys and 128 girls and a total population of 266 pupils. The members of staff in this school by gender are 6 male and 2 female teachers making a total of 8 members of staff.

 Source of Water

Water for watering the classrooms is drawn from a dam which is about 800m away and which is also a potential danger to our pupils especially the ones from lower classes who can drawn easily.


The school has wooden and dilapidated toilets and pupils find it difficult to use them. Pupils shield their peers as use the latrines since most of them have fallen doors.


Children are the most important resource in a society and their well-being especially while in school affects their day to day life in terms of good performance and emotional growth. Creating a conducive learning environment is therefore an essential factor to consider in achieving this goal. For this reason, KRA has made it a priority to provide access to clean and safe water and proper sanitation facilities in primary schools, which in most rural settings still remains a huge challenge and a contributing factor to school drop outs and poor performance. The intervention views children as agents of change in the promotion and adoption of best practices in the community and society at large. It focuses on the following core principles:

a)         Construction of 75m3 masonry rainwater storage tank;

b)         Installation of guttering systems including a foul-flash system;

c)         Construction of gender segregated improved sanitary facilities (VIP latrines) for boys, girls and teachers

d)         Community and pupils training on improved sanitation and hygiene.


The construction works are to begin this month and I shall surely keep you posted!


This year we look forward to doing more than one school with your continued support, collaboration and friendship.


Thank you and God bless you

Greetings from Kenya Rainwater Association and Happy New Year 2016!

Kenya Rainwater Association has, with funding from the well-wishers from this platform and  far and wide been implementing a project in Matuiku Primary School, Kenya, titled the “Clean Water & Sanitation for Kenyan Primary School” project since February 2012. The project came  to an end in December 2015.

Poor diet and nutrition is a major concern in rural schools, even where the government provides lunch through the school feeding programme, the diet is not balanced as it mainly consist of boiled maize and beans. Improved water supply, sanitation, hygiene and nutrition are unfortunately not prioritized within limited school budgetary allocation. Moreover, community development projects rarely integrate schools’ water supply, sanitation, hygiene and nutrition. To address environmental degradation and effects of climate change, our schools’ project also integrates establishment of tree seedling nurseries and tree planting which also target the pupils as change agents among rural communities. This leaves the responsibility of ensuring access to safe drinking water, good sanitation and hygiene and improved nutrition to the poor parents, whose efforts are limited by financial resources especially in semi-arid districts. It is against this background that Kenya Rainwater Association (KRA) was compelled to integrate a school WASH and nutrition component in community-based projects in water scarce counties of Kenya

Construction of 72m3 farm pond - lined underground storage reservoirs: Ultra-violet (UV resistant plastic lined underground tank – open rectangular farm pond – was constructed as water source for school vegetable garden is now complete. The farm pond was excavated manually to the specified dimensions and lined with a 0.8mm thick high density UV resistant plastic material, which prevents seepage losses, whilst evaporation is reduced by roofing the pond with iron sheets. The roof is also a security measure to prevent drowning of children and livestock. To draw water, simple hand pump (hip pump) was provided. The farm pond was also fitted with double chamber silt traps and screen filter – to reduce siltation and eutrophication due to floating biological matter to improve water quality.

Establishment of low-head drip irrigation system: A 230-litre mini-tank drip irrigation system will be  installed for the establishment of the school vegetable nursery after school reopens.. Drip irrigation technology is water-use efficient and appropriate in water-scarce areas, and fits well with RHM systems. The vegetable garden will be established and installed with drip irrigation system. The school vegetable garden will improve nutrition and school income, and also act as demonstration site for the local community on how to diversify livelihoods – food security and poverty reduction.

The school community reiterated the fact that inadequate WASH, food security and livelihood diversification were some of their most pressing needs. The anticipated project impacts on the other hand includes enhanced food security and nutrition status; improved health among pupils and teachers;better academic performance in schools;increased period during which beneficiaries will have water; as well as increased resilience to negative effects of climate change.

All these and much more will not have been posible without YOU!

This year we look foward to your continued support,collaboration and friendship as we identify yet another needy school that badly needs your asisstance. I keep you posted !

Happy and Blessed 2016, tell a friend to tell a friend!



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Organization Information

Kenya Rainwater Association

Location: Nairobi - Kenya
Website: http:/​/​
Project Leader:
Peris Muchina
Information and Communication Officer
Nairobi, Nairobi Kenya
$6,817 raised of $17,210 goal
140 donations
$10,393 to go
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