Population growth in Ethiopia has led to agricultural land expansion and an increased need for firewood ultimately causing deforestation. The lack of accessible wood impacts local women who are burdened with collecting or paying for expensive firewood and cooking over inefficient and smoky traditional stoves. Traditional stoves have a 80% heat loss rate, needing more wood to cook food. The open design currently used also increases fumes and causes severe respiratory issues in women and girls.
The covered design of energy saving stoves provides a low rate of heat loss, reducing the amount of wood needed to fuel them. This lifts the burden off women and girls to collect or pay for expensive firewood, saves times and cooks food faster. Energy saving stoves also reduce smoke and fumes in the household and protect women and girls from respiratory issues. SEDA provides families with energy saving stoves, giving them training on operation and maintenance to ensure proper and extended use.
Through the energy saving stoves project, SEDA seeks to improve local conservation and take pressure off of natural resources by reducing the amount of wood harvested for fuel. Women will also have increased opportunities for income generation and participating in community events as their time collecting wood and cooking will be reduced. SEDA has distributed 2,252 energy saving stoves and seeks to install 600 more in the Ziway area benefiting 3,600 people by improving their quality of life.