Support farmers and fight poverty in Sudan

$1,888 $18,112
Raised Remaining
Jan 12, 2012

New Harvesting Methods Improve Farmer's Gum Arabic Production and Promote Forest Protection

Mahdi Abu and his wife in front of their home.
Mahdi Abu and his wife in front of their home.

NEF trainings increase income among rural farmers, promote protection of gum arabic trees and expand forests

Over the past year, NEF has worked with over 400 farmers to provide training that is changing the way forest resources are harvested in Sudan's "gum belt," and preserving an important source of revenue for people in impoverished rural areas of the country.

One such farmer is Mahdi Abu Alhassan Ibrahim.  For many of his 58 years, he has farmed gum arabic in Alodiat Alshargia, a village in the Um Ruwaba locality of Sudan’s North Kordofan State. Until recently, Mahdi Abu had never received formal training in gum arabic production. Instead, he used traditional harvesting techniques, which often damage Sudan's gum forests and threaten the future livelihoods of many communities.

“I did not know how to protect gum arabic trees,” Mahdi Abu said.  “The tools I used for tapping actually destroyed my trees. My family would cut trees for wood. I also stored my gum arabic in plastic bags—which changed its color, smell, and texture, lowering its price at market.”

Over the past year, Mahdi Abu participated in the Near East Foundation’s Sustainable Gum Arabic Production project.  He benefitted from trainings offered to the gum arabic producer association to which he belongs. The trainings provided him and hundreds of other farmers with new techniques and skills for harvesting and selling gum arabic. 

Mahdi Abu now uses improved tools for tapping which leave smaller cuts in his trees—preventing infestation by bugs and the early death of this valuable resource. He learned how to collect, clean, sort, dry, and store gum arabic seeds for future planting.

By improving the way they harvest gum, Mahdi Abu and others are now collecting a higher price at market--which has   increased income for families trying to earn a living wage throughout the "gum belt."

The semi-arid Sahelian region of Sudan is highly vulnerable to drought, land degradation, and famine. The new skills and increased revenues resulting from NEF trainings are having a significant impact on families in the region. The project also encourages planting of new gum arabic trees, which provide an important barrier to the encroaching desert in places like Mahdi Abu’s village of Alodiat Alshargia.

“With the support of the Near East Foundation, I have learned new ways to increase my income and improve my family’s well-being through gum arabic, agriculture, and micro-credit projects,” Mahdi Abu said. “We have also learned the value of gum arabic trees and the importance of protecting this resource.”

We thank you for your generous support, which helps farmers like Mahdi Abu and preserves forest resources to ensure a healthy planet for us all!



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Project Leader

Sarah Peterson

Program Officer
New York, NY United States

Where is this project located?

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