The prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation is 97% in Guinea ; Moreover 30% of FGM are performed by midwives. In 2016, the World Health Organization and its partners including Inter-African Committee has developed a guideline on the management of health complications from female genital mutilation. Midwives being the most practitioners of medicalization, the project will sensitize and train 50 of them to stoping performing FGM and to use the WHO guideline for taking care of the victims.
Medicalization of female genital mutilation is any mutilation performed by a health professional in or outside a health facility or by a "non" health professional within a health structure. In Guinea 30% of FGM are preformed by the midwives while the traditional practitioners are abandoning the practices. That is a serious problem because Female genital mutilation must be totally eliminated worldwide and in all its forms since it is a violation of the rights of women and girls.
- The project will identify and sensitize 50 midwives who are performing FGM, on the health consequences of the practice; - The project will also train the same 50 midwives on the management of health complication of FGM using the WHO guideline; - The sensitized and trained 50 midwives convinced and committed on the abandonment of the medicalization of FGM will play the role of change agents, trainer of other midwives. - Thereby reducing the prevalence of FGM in Guinea.
Being trainers, the 50 midwives will train other midwives in oder to multiply the effect to wider coverage at national level. The reduction of FGM prevalence will improve the health status of women and girls. It will save the lives of women and girls knowing their human rights and who will become empowered socially and economically in their communities.