Education
 Niger
Project #5754

School Market Gardens

by Rain for the Sahel and Sahara
The women of Mari planting their new garden
The women of Mari planting their new garden

Throughout 2015, RAIN will be focusing on the expansion, improvement and rehabilitation of existing School Market Gardens and their attendant wells in current partner communities before expanding into new communities. Existing gardens are being expanded from 500 to 1,000 square meters to accommodate cash crops, increasing sustainability. In some communities, the gardens are receiving intensive rehabilitation due to recent floods, droughts and changes in nomadic living patterns (see previous project report). 

The goal of all of our programs is self sustainability leading to new paths that are independent of RAIN. We are fortunate enough to have garnered support from foundations in addition to individuals like you to carry the program through to 2016. In light of this, we're closing the School Market Garden project on GlobalGiving for the time being. We truly value your caring acts of friendship and hope you might be inspired to continue your support of RAIN and the nomadic communities in Niger we call our partners.

In Sub-Saharan Africa, women grow as much as 90% of the region's food. However, custom and family demands often prevent women from spending the time needed to cultivate agriculture. An optimal solution is to empower them to feed their families with a large shared garden with drip irrigation. As our agricultural programs develop, they are taking the form of these mainly women-driven gardens that benefit entire communities on a wider scale. To reflect this shift in scope, look for our Women's Community Garden Project Page coming soon - another opportunity to support organic food production in Niger, with a special focus on the densly populated southern Tilliberi region. Tillaberi communities are among the most food insecure in all of Niger, yet receive little or no assistance. 

Building upon the successful School Market Garden model, RAIN initiated our first community garden with 99 women of the Tillaberi community of Mari. The cooperative garden model ensures consistent watering through group effort. Profits are increased by each member’s participation in money-saving marketing and delivery methods. Each woman contributes to the monthly salary of a gardener to run the drip irrigation system, allowing her a flexible schedule. Using solar drying ovens provided by RAIN, they prepare, dry and preserve the produce, along with a variety of seeds, for sale in local markets. 

RAIN will continue to build on the success of the Women's Community Garden pilot in Mari as a model for our pioneering garden-as-classroom cirriculum in organic techniques, crop variety and rotation, and maximizing nutrition for children and adults alike.

We hope you'll continue to support food security to the most remote struggling in the Sahel and Sahara with these new opportunities. Check back for the new Women's Community Garden project in late August. Tanmeert!

Mari women with wheelbarrels at the ready.
Mari women with wheelbarrels at the ready.
Community gardens start with a committee.
Community gardens start with a committee.

Links:


Attachments:
Ingui students enter thatched classroom
Ingui students enter thatched classroom

Like most children living in remote desert regions of Niger, students of the Tillaberi region walk several miles daily to school in temperatures reaching 100-110 degrees. Providing nutritious lunches - which often times may be their only meal of the day - is imperative to their success in school. As the demand for quality education in our partner communities grows and schools see increased attendance, School Market Gardens must provide the food and income to support more students. 500 sq. meter gardens are being expanded to 1,000 sq. feet along with the addition of income generating cash crops such as fruit trees. Time and natural disasters take their toll, and several of our current gardens are in need of modifications, improvements, and refresher trainings.

This past fall and winter, Abdul Salam Dourkari, Coordinator of Agriculture, and field agent Ahmoud Mouwala visited the Tilliberi communities of Tchirboye, Nassilé, Ingui, Lemdou, Bonfeba, and Tagantassou to renew, repair and evaluate the progress of their School Market Gardens.

The objectives of the field visits:

  • Monitor the development of nursery crops
  • Check the health and production levels of the gardens
  • Provide support and guidance on organic techniques
  • Demonstrate the preparation and application of bio pesticides.

Nassilé & Tchirboye
Repairs & installations:

  • RAIN enlisted a mason to dig and build a wall with solid bricks for the well and a staircase to install the pump at the bottom. 
  • Installing a network of PVC tubes to irrigate the garden areas that are outside the drip-irrigation system.             

The nurseries were in good condition overall: cabbage, lettuce, tomato, onion and chili seeds were transplanted in mid-November, only to be destroyed by a locust invasion. However, the next generation of transplants are protected by a mosquito net and intact. A new cabbage, lettuce, potato and tomato seed nursery was installed in the Nassile garden - onion and cabbage transplants in Tchirboye. Happily, the mango, guava and moringa trees show good signs of  development. In order to protect the galvanized wire fence surrounding the garden, Jatropha seeds were planted to form a lasting live-fence for both garden sites.

Bio-pesticide training
Crop pest control is an important step to optimize agricultural production. Garden participants were trained in how to create bio pesticides using easily accessible and low cost sources, including tobacco, pepper, soap, and neem seeds. The solution of tobacco, pepper or neem is combined with a liter of water, steeped for 24 hours, mixed with soapy water and applied to crops. 

Ingui
Repairs & installations:

  • Installing a network of PVC tubes to irrigate the garden areas that are outside the drip-irrigation system.    
  • Sand was found at the well bottom to due inherent design flaws.
  • A new pump was delivered to replace the old one that often breaks down.

Garden development has been delayed due to a major locust invasion on crops after transplanting. However, tomatoes, onions, carrots lettuce and bell pepper can be found in the developmental stage. The seed nursery holds the promise of future onions, cabbages, lettuce, bell pepper, tomatoes, carrots and potatoes.

Lemdou
Repairs & installations:

  • Installation of a new gate to protect the garden. Strengthening of wire fence.
  • Repair of the well pump.

Although the drip-irrigation system was down for at least a week as a result of the pump breaking down, the crops were unaffected, thanks to the gardener and his efforts to water the garden manually until the repair team arrived. Crops include tomatoes, lettuce, cabbage, green peppers, onions, carrots, potatoes, melons and some corn, as well as blooming moringa trees, four lemon trees and a pomegranate tree. The gardener and community received the organic pesticide training.

Bonfeba
Repairs & installations:

  • Repair of the wire fence along the perimeter of the garden. 
  • Installing a PVC pipe connecting the tank to the water pump.
  • The holes in the drip irrigation pipe system were blocked by river water impurities, leaving the gardener to use a watering can to irrigate the crops. As a temporary solution for this season, PVC pipes were installed to transport water from beds created for this purpose to the garden.

Tagantassou
Repairs & installations:

  • Repair of damaged garden well parapet.
  • Repair of the connection between the garden water tank and the schoolyard tap to facilitate water supply to students.

Garden crops include tomatoes, lettuce, green peppers, cabbage, carrots, onions, potatoes, melon, squash, cowpeas and corn, as well as moringa trees.

Challenges 

This field visit to the Tillaberi region communities presented many well and pest issues and underscored opportunities for continued training to fill in knowledge gaps of participants. In order to make the most out of the School Market Gardens throughout the year, we will continue to:

  • Train gardeners on how to repair of motor pumps;
  • Solve the issue of insufficient well water levels to avoid jeopardizing the crops until the rains come;
  • Continue to provide close supervision and recruit additional field agents so we may conduct more regular monitoring.

Your continued support allows us to keep the promise that "RAIN always comes back." Our partner communities know we are here to help keep their food security on track, with you standing behind us as programs evolve and grow. Thank you!

Thanks are due to RAIN for the garden and both wells in our village. Nassile has a serious problem of having no potable water. So, these two wells have helped us to solve the problem for us and our animals. The garden is a gem for the population and for students in particular, as most do not know tomatoes, cabbage, lettuce and potatoes.” - Nassile Garden Committee Present Yacouba Bilan

Repair of Nassile well wall
Repair of Nassile well wall
Local herds come to the well to drink.
Local herds come to the well to drink.
Tagantassou water tank connection to school tap
Tagantassou water tank connection to school tap

Links:

Women
Women's garden meeting - Iferouane 2014

Your steady support in 2014 has changed the lives of thousands in Niger. With your help, we’re doubling the size of several school market gardens, initiating more women’s gardens, and investing in community wide initiatives such as small grants, crop supplementation and workshops to improve yields, raise knowledge and increase food security for all.

Your contribution is nothing less than an investment in desert families to shape their own futures in the face of myriad challenges.

Thank you so much for your friendship and partnership throughout the year.
Enjoy this video reviewing all the ways we made Niger a better place in 2014.

Happy New Year from all of us at RAIN!

 

Tchirozerine women gardeners meeting
Tchirozerine women gardeners meeting

In 2015, RAIN will be focusing on the expansion, improvement and rehabilitation of existing School Market Gardens and their attendant wells in current partner communities before expanding into new communities. Existing gardens will be expanded from 500 square meters to 1,000 square meters to accommodate cash crops, increasing sustainability. In some communities, the gardens need intensive rehabilitation due to recent floods, droughts and changes in nomadic living patterns. As our agricultural programs develop they are taking the form of mainly women driven community wide gardens that not only support schools but benefit entire communities on a wider scale.

To reflect this shift in scope, look for our Community Garden microproject coming soon - another opportunity to support organic food production in Niger. RAIN will provide a tailored action plan for each partner community - for example, in Gougaram, we're strengthening their current gardens with small grants, training and educational opportunities. For Ingui, the well will be restored and the School Market Garden expanded. In Mari, RAIN will continue to build on the success of the Women's Garden and as a launching pad for our pioneering garden-as-classroom cirriculum in organic techniques, crop variety and rotation, and maximizing nutrition for children and adults alike.  

We plan to launch a Microproject focusing on our community garden grants program with this wider focus. An additional Microproject will support improvements to our Agadez Learning Center - a "home away from home" for nomadic students persuing middle school - which will include a 1,000 square meter School Market Garden to provide produce to the students and help support the center. We hope you'll continue to support food security to the most remote struggling in the Sahel and Sahara with these new opportunities!

Warm regards,

The RAIN Team
U.S. & Niger

Mari Co-op Member
Mari Co-op Member
Mentors pitching in for the Tirboye garden
Mentors pitching in for the Tirboye garden
Nassile
Nassile

Since expanding to the southern Tillaberi region of Niger in 2009, RAIN has gained many motivated community partners in creating sustainable food security solutions for the nomadic and semi-nomadic people who call this region their home. As in all rural areas of the country, recovery is still in process from the recent droughts that decimated crops and herds.
We're happy to share news of hope and renewal from the communities of Nassile and Tirboye as they embark on garden and well projects with your support behind them every step of the way.

Nassile Elementary School - Drip Irrigated School Market Garden and Well Installation

The Nassile School serves several surrounding area hamlets, which means most students walk long distances to get to school. Their new 1,000 square meter drip irrigated garden will ensure that a variety of healthy food is provided for them.

Water Issues
Before the updated well installation, women would pull water for their families from a traditional masa-masa well. Besides the poor water quality, the low output left the women waiting for trickles of water until midnight. Many families skipped dinner simply due to a lack of water.

Families now enjoy the benefits of the School Garden well, including greater output and highter quality water. The well fills to the rim during the dry season, and provides fresh water 6-7 months of the year as the water table slowly descends.

Once the well, water tank, and fence work was finished, mentors, local school gardeners, and school staff members were trained to install drip irrigation systems. As the school year ends and the rainy season approaches, students help to plant mango, guava, and papaya saplings for long term sustainability. To date, the garden has produced a successful harvest of over 150kg of cucumbers and about 30 melons at the end of the hot season. Adults and children alike had never seen or heard of a cucumber before cultivating them. Hot season gardening is new to these communities. The possibility of a hot season harvest was demonstrated by the successful harvest of these pilot crops - resulting in greater food security for all.

Tirboye School Garden with Drip Irrigation

Installed near the Gorou Bi, a seasonal river and major tributary of the Niger River, Tirboye's garden is experimenting with papaya trees in addition to mango and guava. The local soil is hard clay, and after an unsuccessful season, we realized that the addition of fertilization with compost is necessary. Though most residents moved out to huts in their fields at the start of the rainy season, RAIN mentors, several students, Tchindo the gardener, and other volunteers joined forces to plant fruit trees and begin to prepare for a rainy season crop of okra, beans, and sesame. Tchindo planted mango trees in the school yard, using thorn fencing as protection from animals. Fruit is not only an important nutritional addition for the students -  it also has the best potential as cash crops.

Year round planting, larger and more diverse crops, and fresh water, when added to the hard work and dedication of our partner communities, brings bounty in the arid Sahel and keeps children healthy and in school. None of it is possible without your support - thank you!

P.S. GlobalGiving will match each donation to School Market Gardens 40% starting 9am EST on July 16th. Giving on this day will mean nearly twice the benefit to families in Niger!  Please share this amazing opportunity with your friends and family.

Nassile student with bottle of dirty water
Nassile student with bottle of dirty water
Boys play in the well mold
Boys play in the well mold
Pulling water from a masa masa well
Pulling water from a masa masa well
Nassile students enjoy the harvest
Nassile students enjoy the harvest
Learning about drip irrigation
Learning about drip irrigation
Nassile girls pose with tree seedling
Nassile girls pose with tree seedling
Boys with melons
Boys with melons
Gardner Tchindo plants mango trees
Gardner Tchindo plants mango trees
Tirboye mentors help plant the garden
Tirboye mentors help plant the garden
Students of Tirboye also are studying for exams
Students of Tirboye also are studying for exams

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Organization Information

Rain for the Sahel and Sahara

Location: Portsmouth, New Hampshire - USA
Website: http:/​/​www.rain4sahara.org
Project Leader:
Whitney Fleming
Manager Communications & Projects
Portsmouth, NH United States

Funded Project!

Combined with other sources of funding, this project raised enough money to fund the outlined activities and is no longer accepting donations.

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