Rescue Girls from Bonded Servitude

by Nepal Youth Foundation (NYF)
Former Kamlari training to be a seamstress
Former Kamlari training to be a seamstress

We launched our Indentured Daughters Program in 2000 with an audacious goal -- to end the practice of Kamlari, the system in which girls from desperately poor families were sold into domestic slavery.

Since then, Nepal Youth Foundation has rescued over 12,300 girls and returned them to their home communities, importantly, our advocacy work helped persuade the government to officially affirm the abolition of Kamlari and allocate millions of dollars to educate girls who were officially victims of the system.

But rescuing the girls isn't enough. Every one of them has suffered traumatic loss and abuse during their childhood and has been deprived of an education. They'll need support well into young adulthood in order to thrive and make their place in the world.

Our new Empowering Freed Kamari’s program (EFK) is helping the rescued girls become healthy, happy, independent young women, while stimulating the cultural and economic development needed to ensure that no child will ever become a victim of Kamlari again.

This year our various EFK activities served more than 8,000 girls and young women.

Leadership Training With support from NYF, the girls formed their own action group in 2010 - the Freed Kamlari Development Forum (FKDF), which has grown to include 1,375 members. Our EFK staff provides them with training in leadership skills, organizational management, political literacy, accounting and entrepreneurship.

Economic Development There are 37 FKDF business co-ops with nearly 3,000 members. We provided $40,000 to start their co-op loan fund, and 762 young women have now launched their own businesses and reinvested $40,000 back into the fund.

Vocational Training We provide assessment tests and counseling, and then help girls enroll in top-quality training programs. This year, 355 girls developed marketable skills in agriculture, engineering, computer technology, healthcare and more.

Psychological Support With training and supervision from the staff of our Ankur Counseling Center, FKDF peer counselors provide emotional support for former Kamari’s. There are now 50 FKDF peer counselors and five assistant counselors conducting 145 monthly support groups with 2,025 participants.

Thank you for helping us to do this important work.


Sita at her poultry farm
Sita at her poultry farm
Former Kamlari
Former Kamlari
Literacy training for former Kamlari
Literacy training for former Kamlari
Two young freed Kamlari
Two young freed Kamlari
Literacy training
Literacy training


Asmita was a child slave and and now tills a farm
Asmita was a child slave and and now tills a farm

We have changed the name of our Indentured Daughters Program to Empowering Freed Kamlari because we accomplished what we set out to do in 2000 and have helped bring to an end the terrible practice of child slavery in Nepal known as Kamlari.

NYF is now helping thousands of these former indentured servants move towards a brighter future by offering them education, counseling, job skills, advocacy training, and economic support.

An estimated 300 Kamlari remain in servitude, and we will continue this important work to secure their freedom. Our focus now is on helping the more than 12,000 girls we have rescued build new and productive lives.

This is how we are doing it:

  • We helped the young women form their own organization called the Freed Kamlari Development Forum and have taught them the skills to lead the anti-Kamlari movement. NYF gives financial support and offers training in leadership, entrepreneurship, cooperative management and organizational development.
  • NYF negotiated with the Nepal government to offer scholarships to Kamlari robbed of their educations. Thousands of former child slaves are now attending school.
  • Not every young woman is academic and we have a wide range of vocational trainings available for those girls who want to learn a marketable skill. After extensive career and aptitude counseling, girls can choose training in dressmaking, computer technology, cooking, poultry farming, junior engineering, and community medical assistant.
  • We help entrepreneurial young women establish business cooperatives. The girls have established 37 such co-ops with more than 3,000 members. NYF funds low-interest micro loans for businesses such as poultry farming, vegetable production, carpentry, and auto-repair.
  • NYF files lawsuits against employers to obtain just compensation for the freed girls and their families.

In 2014, NYF’s Empowering Freed Kamlari Program has helped to put thousands of formerly indentured daughters on the path of freedom and self-reliance.

Thank you for helping to make a brigher future for these girls!


Former Kamlari Kamala now owns her own repair shop
Former Kamlari Kamala now owns her own repair shop
Mina is still in college while running her salon
Mina is still in college while running her salon
Sita runs a successful pig farm
Sita runs a successful pig farm


Olga Murray marching with freed Kamlari
Olga Murray marching with freed Kamlari

 Dear Friends,

The day of the Maghe Sankranti festival this year, January 15, 2014, was a very special one for the daughters of the Tharu community of Western Nepal. Unlike past festivals, they didn’t have to worry that their parents would sell them off as “Kamlari,’ or indentured servants.

“Kamlari Freedom Day” — celebrated with a march, and many speeches by government “thulo manchhes” (big shots) — was also special for me. It was a once-in-a-lifetime-I-never-thought-I’d-see-the-day event!

NYF ignited a movement
Since 2000, NYF has been working to eradicate this pernicious custom by liberating over 12,000 girls from bondage and bringing them home to live with their families, providing their parents with a piglet or a goat to make up for the girls’ wages, placing the liberated girls in school, and carrying out an energetic awareness campaign to turn the Tharu mothers and fathers against the practice. This, along with lawsuits against employers who persisted in enslaving their little girl servants and heavy lobbying with the government, has brought freedom not only to the present generation of child servants, but to their daughters and their daughters’ daughters as well.

As I sat on the stage for what seemed hours, I harkened back to the time of my first visit to Dang thirteen years ago, almost to the day. That time, the context was entirely different. I thought of the little orphan girl I saw that day sobbing relentlessly by her uncle’s side, begging not to be sent back to work for her callous employer — while her uncle told us, without shame, that he had sold her and her sister to pay for the cost of his son’s wedding.

Freedom for future generations
I was similarly clueless about what was being said by the many speakers on Kamlari Freedom Day, but I knew with certainty that that little girl did not spend the rest of her childhood as a kitchen slave, and that this was true of other Tharu girls of her generation and generations to come. The proof was before my eyes, as I looked down at a sea of faces of freed, assertive former Kamlari, including 30 who had just passed their college entrance examinations and were headed for higher education.

When it came my turn to speak, I wish I could have just shouted the Tharu equivalent of “You go girls!”

Thank you everyone, for supporting NYF through the years and helping to make this amazing new freedom possible.

With appreciation,

Olga Murray
Founder & Honorary President

Olga Murray honored at Kamlari Freedom Day
Olga Murray honored at Kamlari Freedom Day
Gita is one of 42 Kamlari rescued this year
Gita is one of 42 Kamlari rescued this year
Swastika was also rescued this year
Swastika was also rescued this year


Renu delivers babies at a rural maternity hospital
Renu delivers babies at a rural maternity hospital

Renu was a fifth grader in her local village school when her dad had a bad accident and could no longer support the family. Desperate, he "sold" Renu into a contract of indentured servitude and sent the 12-year old to work as a Kamlari — essentially, a household slave — for a family in a city far from her home.

While her "employer" promised to send Renu to school, he gave her so much work that she was unable to attend the local elementary school. Instead, she studied on her own late at night after a grueling day of sweeping, mopping and fetching fodder for the family’s animals.

“As a Kamlari, I was constantly working,” Renu said. “I started at 3 a.m. and often didn’t finish until midnight. It took everything to stay up to study.”

As part of its campaign to end the practice of Kamlari, Nepal Youth Foundation (NYF) rescued Renu in 2000 after five years as an indentured servant. She was 17 years old.

Smart and hardworking, Renu received a scholarship and finished her studies, passing the difficult School Leaving Certificate exam, a test required of all Nepalis to complete high school. She joined NYF’s Vocational Education and Counseling Center program (VECC) and completed the 18-month Auxiliary Nurse Midwife training program.

She now earns 15,000 rupees ($150) a month — good money in this impoverished country — delivering babies at a small clinic in Western Nepal.

Renu is also continuing her work towards a bachelor’s degree — again, working late into the night studying.

“This is different,” she said. “I don’t mind studying now. I am lucky to have this opportunity. “

Since 2000, NYF has rescued nearly 13,000 girls from the Kamlari system, and was instrumental in causing the government of Nepal in 2013 to officially ban Kamlari once and for all. Today, NYF focuses on providing former Kamlaris with the education, job skills, emotional counseling, and business opportunities they need to ensure a brighter future.

”I am happy that the next generation of girls will never have to go through what I have been through,” Renu said.


NYF rescues some of Nepal
NYF rescues some of Nepal's last remaining Kamlari

In a concerted push to rescue the last 376 girls still held as slaves in the homes of wealthy and powerful Nepali families, NYF this month launched an intensive effort to find and free them.

NYF rescued two girls in December– Jayarani and Jugri – who were working in the homes of wealthy businessmen in Kathmandu. Jayarani was seven when her parents sold her as a Kamlari. She remained for nine years. Despite promises made by her employers, she never went to school nor had they paid her family the meager amount of money they promised for her work. Jugri was forced to work as a Kamlari to reimburse a family for paying for a needed ear operation. She worked for a year to pay off her debt, and still worried that she still owed the family.

The girls are now safely sheltered and are receiving counseling before returning to their families. NYF will provide the girls with an education, skills training and counseling to help them transition to freedom. Despite the recent abolition of the Kamlari system, an estimated 376 girls are still enslaved according to a recent survey, and 89 of them are in Kathmandu. NYF has freed more than 12,000 girls since it began its movement in 1990.


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Organization Information

Nepal Youth Foundation (NYF)

Location: Sausalito, California - USA
Website: http:/​/​
Project Leader:
Jackie Frost
Sausalito, CA United States

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