Children
 India
Project #683

Rescue 2000 Women and Girls From Forced Labor

by National Domestic Workers' Welfare Trust

1. Executive summary

The migration of girls and women from tribal areas to metropolitan cities to become domestic worker is an issue of concern. These women constitute the majority of domestic workers in the urban areas. Poverty, unemployment, illiteracy or ignorance often push these women into forced migration and submit them to easy exploitation by trafficking agents. It is a developmental issue. It is important to understand that migration is not bad, but forced migration and exploitation is a cause of worry. Summary of key results

General awareness of the situation and issues surrounding domestic workers has been created. There is a will for trafficking to be stopped.  Unity of domestic workers (forming groups)  Rescuing children from domestic work  Building capacity and empowerment of domestic workers  Enhancement of their wages.  The employers are changing their attitudes towards the domestic workers giving them basic respect.

Summary of challenges and lessons learned

The targeted groups face many adversities and vulnerabilities that make it hard for them to understand the benefit of the project on a long-term basis. It was therefore sometimes difficult to have them participate in the activities and programs. Indeed, the attraction to city life as well as the threats of trafficking agents makes it hard to convince the domestic workers to respond to the issue, however with patience and determination many are now aware and willing will to respond to the breach of their rights.

Case intervention  Case of Genevieve

Genevieve D’souza is a resident of Park Site, Vikroli. On 28/01/2009 this girl was being forced against her will to be sent to Dubai / Kuwait. This case was referred by Hon. MLA Mr.Kapil Patil’s PA Mr. Kamlakar Pawar . Laxman Birmole lodged a complain at the Vikroli Police Station and also brought this girl to Badlapur and kept her in the staff’s house for some days. A complain was made in the Badlapur Police Station. Genevieve’s Statement: My Father sent my mother to Kuwait. My father was paid a monthly sum of Rs 100000.00. My father was an alcoholic and used to beat me up. He used to force my mother to do things against her will, he tried it with me too. Now his greed has increased even more. He even wants to send me to my mother. Since I am young and 15years only he will be paid a monthly sum of Rs 20,000.00 .I don’t want to go there. I desperately need the help of the movement. This case has been registered at the Women Cell ( Bandra), and it will be under Mr. Rashmi Kadam. The follow up will be done.

 Rasika Patil case: Rasika Patil is an 18year old girl who ran away from Alibaug. She was being ill-treated by her stepmother and she had no one else of hers. She was going towards Nalasupara along with another woman whose intentions did not seem good. We had a talk with her and asked her to come along with us. We brought her and kept her with one of our group leaders at Ambedkar Nagar for a couple of days. We then took her to Andheri and took detailed information about and tried to admit her into a shelter home. She was not happy there but after convincing her that was the only alternative she agreed to stay in the shelter home.

Organizations of special day events

 International day of anti trafficking was organized on the 8th December 2008 in Orissa.

 It had the aim of uniting people against trafficking, to declare the importance of human dignity and the responses that need to be given to it.

 A number of guest speakers spoke about their experiences, the issues of trafficking and situation of domestic workers.

 World AIDS Day, the International Domestic Workers Day on the 9th Jan 2009, and Hope Day on the 22nd of February also united many people.

 A visit of the Royal family of Belgium brought attention to the media on the domestic workers issue so that it became an issue of international priority.

THANK YOU: We are very grateful for all the support we get from the donors through Global Giving. Through your contributions your are bringing light and life to many women and children.

Dear donors we will be happy to hear from you how do you feel about the way your contribution is extended to the beneficiaries. Kindly share with us your opinion. Dr. Jeanne Devos National Coordinator

95% of the children in domestic work are girls subjected to physical, sexual and emotional abuse. Many of these children are forced into labour due to poverty. Over 2000 children in domestic work have been rescued from all states in India.

The Maharashtra government indicated that there were no children in domestic work. This attitude has changed and now the government has recognized that 45 million of such children do exist.

Important Highlights:

*The Ban on Child Labour was amended to include children in domestic work and those working in hotels, restaurants and roadside inns. This came into force on 10th October 2006. It was a landmark event giving hope to millions of children. However, a child labour-free country is far from the truth and the media still reports news about children bonded in this labour and their employers claiming to be their beneficiaries.

Knowing fully well of the situation, NDWM – National Domestic Workers Movement has gone all out this year to ensure that the Ban is implemented

1. Awareness programs and campaigns were the agenda of this task force and it has struck a chord in society.

2. In every domestic workers groups and communities, awareness has been created to encourage children to be educated and not put into domestic work or any other work. Children who are in domestic work are encouraged to go to school or given non-formal education.

3. Rallies were carried out in collaboration with like- minded NGOs and Childs Rights organizations on Anti-Child Labour Day and the 10th of October to make the public who would include employers, aware of the situation and to prevent children in any labour force.

Below are the results of surveys and work that has been done in different parts of India. In Chattisgarh : * Survey in 116 Villages –3601 girls in 12 – 16 age group have been identified. * 40,000 people participated – 8 girls rescued through Padyatra -.

In Manipur: * Education of children in domestic work through sponsorship and tuitions

In Uttar Pradesh – 20 girl children admitted in residential schools *Seminar for 40 boys and 40 girls. 5-12 yrs age group. *Camp for Youth 13 – 18 Yrs of age

Awareness campaign against children working at such an age:

In Punjab – 75 migrant domestic workers were rescued resulting in compensation of 13 lakhs.The Culprits are behind bars but unable to trace the workers.

In Delhi – Tracking of 400 placement agencies, Leadership training, Children in age group of 12 to 16 yrs in observation homes have been reintegrated with their families.

Orissa: is a prominent source area for trafficking women and children for forced labour. The Movement here has been active in creating awareness of the issue and they have received good support from the Church authorities and State government officials. They have been instrumental in making the women aware of alternate employment options in the region. The Government has instituted 40 schools for children in labour.

This Year, the offices of the Movement in the source and destination areas have collaborated with each other to tackle this menacing issue. The following activities are carried out to prevent trafficking and prepare for safe migration.

• Village-level committees and vigilant groups are set up to control trafficking and protect the women. Vigilant groups include groups of domestic workers, women and youth organizations. • Creating a database: a comprehensive list is prepared which presents the number and names of girls and women who have moved out of the local areas to work in urban cities. Active records of all sorts of migration is maintained. This study also identifies the routes of human trafficking: source to destination areas. • Exposure Visits: Members of the Movement from source areas, village vigilant committees participate in exposure visits to destination areas. They are trained and exposed to the risks faced by migrant domestic workers. These visits help the participants to prepare a strong support system for the women who migrate or are trafficked into cities

• Campaigns to create awareness of the issue of trafficking: These include networking with other like-minded social organizations and displaying posters, media campaigns and street plays depicting the causes, how and why of migration and the fate of falling into the clutches of the agents. The street plays also display self-employment and information of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) in Orissa.

• The Bihar Domestic Workers” Welfare Trust runs non- formal education programmes and provide medical care for children of brick kiln workers. The conditions of the workers and their children are appalling. The children’s growth and development are hampered due to the lack of resources and negligence on the part of the parents. Most of them are malnourished. The older children have to look after their siblings from the age of four and by the time they are six years of age they start working and carry mud to support their families. Conclusion: Looking forward to the Dream of getting the rights to every child for education and to avail the opportunity for the Child, who are deprived of their rights to childhood. We strive to get them, the opportunity to shine in the main stream of education. to play school or enjoy life with their family and friends.

This year the Domestic Worker's Welfare Trust carried out rescue operations of young children in domestic work, awareness and training programs, and leadership trainings. A story of one rescued child is below and please click the full report to read more!

Shalini William in St. Catherine’s Home has been rehabilitated. The client is depressed due to the ill treatment by employer. The co-ordinator counselled her. Shalini is gradually being relieved from her psychological pain. She is provided food, shelter, opportunities to learn, play and to socialize with her friends. She has been given counselling and session on "anger management". She seems to be happy and getting into the normal rhythm of life.


Attachments:

2006 was a year of growth and strength within the movement. Domestic workers got a name and an image and a bit of more justice. The empowerment of domestic workers showed in itself their messages, solidarity and concern for all. We are grateful to the commitment of the national and regional teams, the involvement and leadership of domestic workers and all who in one way or other trusted our approach and supported us.

2006 was a year that joins memories of the Movement as powerful and creative. - Jeanne Devos -

We present to you the update of activities, which have enabled dignity and respect to our women domestic workers and children in domestic work.

Please click below to read the report about specific programs including campaign against child labour, a day of hope for children, self help groups for women domestic workers, and anti-trafficking and media campaign.


Attachments:

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Organization Information

National Domestic Workers' Welfare Trust

Location: Mumbai - India
Website: http:/​/​ndwm.org/​
National Domestic Workers' Welfare Trust
Project Leader:
Jeanne Devos
National Coordinator; Project Coordinator
Mumbai, Maharashtra India

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