Children
 Jordan
Project #12595

Relief Assistance for Syrian Refugees in Jordan

by Japan Emergency NGO (JEN)
Vetted
The caravans without water systems
The caravans without water systems

JEN has started the establishment of the sewerage network.  This project is expected to be completed in 2017.

The project aims to link all the residents to the sewage network that will transfer the wastewater to the treatment plant inside the camp. It provides a great service to help get rid of all types of wastewater (gray and black) and maintain the groundwater environment in the governorate of Mafraq (Jordan).

 

Project Description

The project consists of two phases:

- First, use HDPE (High-Density Polyethylene) pipelines to connect the caravans to the concrete tanks that collect solid waste;

- Second, connect the concrete tanks to the treatment plant in the camp.

Implementation of this project involves a lot of challenges, which make the process extremely difficult. Some detailed examples are as follows.

1. Public safety

Public safety is one of the major challenges and concerns. To ensure that safety requirements are well met, several measures are taken such as using warning tapes and metal barriers.

In addition, we also conducted extensive education for parents about the potential danger involved with children playing near the construction sites. Those are important measures to raise the awareness among community members, especially children, to stay away from machineries and construction sites.  

2. Randomly distributed caravans

Since the refugees and caravans are scattered in the region, our work becomes unusually hard.

To overcome this problem, we have planned several field inspections ahead to collect data from the project site on a daily basis, after which we drafted designs and instructions accordingly.

3. Damages and losses of resources

When the project staffs leave the field, they make sure to secure the site and keep all materials and machineries in safe places.

However, the losses of some equipment and construction materials are still unavoidable. Therefore, it requires extra precautions during the project in order to minimize the losses. This could be achieved through hiring local security guards, whom live in the same area where the project construction sites are located.

4. The continuous migration of refugees

Some refugees keep moving from one place to another in order to live together with their relatives or get access to better services.

Despite the continuous migration, we are trying to organize refugees into living blocks and convince them that the infrastructure projects, such as wastewater network, are making great progress.

JEN also provides the guidelines for engineering project such as roads, buildings, water and wastewater projects.

Our task is one of the many important factors to make the project successful. It facilitates the installation of the pipes in fixed positions and slopes to prevent blockage in the network.

After the project is completed, most problems related to the sewage disposal suffered by Syrian refugees in Za’atari camp are expected to be resolved. It will also help protect the groundwater in the aquifer under Mafraq Governorate (Jordan) from potential contamination.

Connecting, the caravans and pipelines
Connecting, the caravans and pipelines
The work progress
The work progress
Hygiene promotion
Hygiene promotion

Since the beginning of November 2015, we have become the members of JEN and have been working in Za’atari Refugee Camp as field assistants. At first, we were shocked by environment of the camp. Even now, we learn a lot of things every day.

Our main job is to secure appropriate environmental hygiene by improving access to the water sanitary facility. We monitor water distribution situation every day and keep our eyes on to make sure that each person could receive 35 litters of clean water a day. Another important work is to monitor and retain the public water sanitary facility. Infrastructure of the camp is improving gradually. We are retaining this by cooperating with the members of the community. Right now is a transitional period for it to be set up to each home.

Furthermore, to prevent the spread of disease in the camp where the environmental hygiene is low compare to its high density of the population, we are delivering hygiene promotion message aiming to strengthen people’s knowledge. We make house-to-house visits, do group sessions and do hygiene promotion events in some cases. We do cleaning activities with the members of the community every month. These activities are good opportunities to promote the whole camp community to make an effort to create healthy environment by themselves. Believing that they will gain power to become self-reliant in the future, JEN recommend participation of activities. These activities include those of water and hygiene committee which retain hygiene environment of the community.

Currently, expecting that flood caused by heavy rain and snow in winter will occur again, we are discussing about the contingency plan. In the meantime, to make people recognize that all refugees in the camp have responsibilities to their own households, we are sending message to call attention to them. Recently, we heard difficulty of using freezingly cold water from the people in the area. We want to respond to their needs.

Looking back over the past three years, the camp seems to have become more stabilized, but nobody knows how long their life in the camp will be. We want to contribute to create a better environment for them.

A newcomer and kids in the camp
A newcomer and kids in the camp
The other comer, working in the camp
The other comer, working in the camp
Hygiene promotion
Hygiene promotion

Since the beginning of November 2015, we have become the members of JEN and have been working in Za’atari Refugee Camp as field assistants. At first, we were shocked by environment of the camp. Even now, we learn a lot of things every day.

Our main job is to secure appropriate environmental hygiene by improving access to the water sanitary facility. We monitor water distribution situation every day and keep our eyes on to make sure that each person could receive 35 litters of clean water a day. Another important work is to monitor and retain the public water sanitary facility. Infrastructure of the camp is improving gradually. We are retaining this by cooperating with the members of the community. Right now is a transitional period for it to be set up to each home.

Furthermore, to prevent the spread of disease in the camp where the environmental hygiene is low compare to its high density of the population, we are delivering hygiene promotion message aiming to strengthen people’s knowledge. We make house-to-house visits, do group sessions and do hygiene promotion events in some cases. We do cleaning activities with the members of the community every month. These activities are good opportunities to promote the whole camp community to make an effort to create healthy environment by themselves. Believing that they will gain power to become self-reliant in the future, JEN recommend participation of activities. These activities include those of water and hygiene committee which retain hygiene enjoyment of the community.

Currently, expecting that flood caused by heavy rain and snow in winter will occur again, we are discussing about the contingency plan. In the meantime, to make people recognize that all refugees in the region have responsibilities to their own households, we are sending message to call attention to them. Recently, we heard difficulty of using freezingly cold water from the people in the area. We want to respond to their needs.

Looking back over the past three years, the camp seems to have become more stabilized, but nobody knows how long their life in the camp will be. We want to contribute to create a better environment for them.

A newcomer of JEN staff and children in the camp
A newcomer of JEN staff and children in the camp
The other newcomer, monitoring the facility
The other newcomer, monitoring the facility
Working on improving water and sanitation
Working on improving water and sanitation

JEN has continuously been working on improving water and sanitation environment at the Za’atari Syrian refugee camp. So we have meetings with other NGOs on regular basis. At the meeting, a new interesting idea came up by our senior staff. “Let’s organize a football tournament, where a sports event and hygiene promotion activity could be organized, with passing invitations to both of the local community and NGOs operating at the Za’atari Syrian Refugee camp footballers”.

The idea expected to bridge between the communities. “The gap between the local community and the NGOs community at Mafraq governorate is obvious, so the event could be one of the methods we can use to facilitate a joint understanding towards both of the communities”. JEN sponsored for all of the equipment required for the event, in a way that shows our commitment towards the local community and organizing such events for further integration process between the different targeting communities.

On Thursday October 8 2015, the football event was taken place. Eight teams attended the draw for the tournament. The participated teams were: JEN; International Relief and Development; and UNHCR teams; 4 teams from the local community, and one team from the Za’atari Syrian Refugee Camp. They all had one goal to enjoy the day with colleagues who they had not  had a chance to meet before.

For one of the purposes of the event as a hygiene promotion, the fifty children aged from four to five years old from the Za’atari Charitable Association came to join the event with their teachers. Previously, they had been invited by JEN’s hygiene promotion specialists for the sessions, role plays and activities that was targeting to get them familiar with the daily hygiene practices they should follow on daily basis while they were in school or at home like hand washing and teeth cleaning. The event concluded with distributing personal hygiene kits to the children. The excitement rose rapidly during the event and everybody seemed to have a great fun. All of the players were supported by the audience and it is the same as the players were joining international football matches with traditional songs, clapping or dancing over and over.

By the end of the event and after the final match, JEN honoured the winner of the tournament, the second place and the tournament best scorer. After announcing his name with the total of eight goals he scored during the three  matches, the best scorer Yazan’s smile was pretty. It seemed that he was proud of achieving a personal goal. This is because he was one of the main players to lead his team to the first place in the tournament.

After the closing ceremony, everybody agreed that we should organize such the event again in different villages surrounding the Za’atari Syrian Refugee Camp as it had a positive effect on all humanitarian operations that the NGOs were organizing. The host communities will also feel good when they are well supported by international NGOs even by simple activities like this tournament.

The best scorer
The best scorer 'Yazan'
Composting in the camp1
Composting in the camp1

In a densely populated Za’atari camp where JEN has been conducting support activities since 2012. Examples of the activities are: securing water, processing of sewage like domestic waste water, and disposing garbage from daily life the highest priority. In order to prevent the spread of infectious diseases and to maintain hygienic living environment.

JEN is working on the problem of such water and sanitation improvement in general, as the focal organization of the water and sanitation sector of 3 districts 1 out of the 12 districts of Za’atari refugee camp.

At this moment, as one of the new hygiene improvement initiatives, JEN began a pilot activity of compost making for weight loss of household waste from the early August. One family from each of the three districts participated in the attempt and learned the optimum conditions of materials and methods.

This is how to make compost:

-      Cutting the bottom of garbage box of a household and bury it in the ground about 10cm;

-      Putting garbage and weeds in it with water;

-      Exposing the garbage to the air by stirring every day and,

-      The worms that come out from the ground decompose the garbage by eating it.

Eventually, you can get the compost in two or three months.

This is the first experience for all of the three families, and they are trying to work on it with JEN staff’s advice during their weekly visits.

After one month, some results have been noticed in the attempts by each household. If the phenomena such as 'smelling' or 'flies' are seen, they have follow the instruction of the staff. Therefore, it seems that their understanding of the conditions, such as a position to install the garbage box, type and state of the material and frequency of stirring, is gradually deepened.

For Mr. Taral living in the camp for three years. He used to run agriculture in a town located in the southern part of Syria before evacuation, today he has planting vegetables, edible herbs, flowers, etc. on his site in the refugee camp. He said “the amount of garbage has decreased significantly” by participating in this activity, and also he carried on “I’ll continue this in the future and I'm looking forward to using the compost in vegetable garden in my own garden in Syria”.

Due to the camp location; where it is in the desert area, nearby the camp does not have a lot of green fields. So, Mr. Taral's garden may give a little peace to the residents.

The composting building project is the testing stage now, but the project has surely took step forward. We will carrying on the project until it is as usual, as we expect to see the comfortable enveronment amongust the refugees in the camp.

Composting in the camp2
Composting in the camp2
Mr. Taral
Mr. Taral's own garden
 

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Organization Information

Japan Emergency NGO (JEN)

Location: Tokyo, n/a - Japan
Website: http:/​/​www.jen-npo.org/​en/​index.php
Project Leader:
Miyako Hamasaka
Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo Japan
Syrian Refugee Relief Matching Campaign 2016
Thanks to donors like you, this project has raised $538 in matching funds so far.
Time left to give:
$7,417 raised of $50,000 goal
 
114 donations
$42,583 to go
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