Gatebe 2, whose inhabitants rely on subsistence farming, is surrounded by steep hills with no vegetation cover. As the hillsides are bare and steep, there is a big flow of water from the hill sides when rains come, which washes away fertile top soil downstream to the river which causes its siltation. This makes the land less productive and is a threat to human safety as deep gullies are being formed. The situation is aggravated by unsustainable cutting of trees for charcoal and fire wood.
The planting of trees and digging of contours across hill sides will reduce surface water runoff which will enhance natural vegetation growth. The dams will stop heavy volumes of water that run from valleys. This will allow vegetation growth in the gulleys and stop water destroying crops and silting the the river. The goats will provide organic manure which will replenish the exhausted soil nutrients. The watershed committee will help in water and soil management in a sustainable manner.
The project will benefit 155 households in protecting them from erosion on the long-term by teaching them to manage their environment in a sustainable manner and therefore maintaining soil fertility on which they rely for their subsistence farming livelihood. Sustainable land management is crucial to minimize land degradation, rehabilitating degraded areas and ensuring the optimal use of land resources from the benefit of present and future generation.