Project #7797

Literacy and Livelihoods for 445 Women in Nepal

by Language Development Centre - Nepal
Livestock Training Participants
Livestock Training Participants

The Language Development Centre - Nepal is supporting the Tharu speaking communities in Dang to improve their socio-economic life in partnership with a local NGO, Help Society Nepal, Dang.

 Language, education and livelihood activities are implementing in coordination with local government, community schools and local communities.  This project is going well even with a small amount of funding.

Livestock management training was conducted in the Saudiyar Village Development Committee. Thirty participants were local Tharu farmers. The objective was to improve the farmer’s animal husbandry skills to increase their income from livestock.

Key issues in training:

  • Pig farming and management
  • Main diseases of buffaloes and treatment
  • Goat rearing and its management
  • Local poultry farming, balance diet, main diseases and treatment
  • Fodder plantations to address deforestation

Themes of training:

How to use and enhance indigenous people's knowledge, resources, and skills to sustainable increase livestock in the Tharu community.


Thirty Tharu farmers participated in the training, 20 are men and 10 women. They were trained to change their animal husbandry skills for pigs, buffaloes and poultry. We included men in the training because women need men supports to increase their family-based business for their quality family life.

Training included providing a better good diet for animal and chicken using local resources.

Bechulal said, "I am a farmer from my childhood but I never think if I improve my farming practice it will change my economic situation. Now I am realized that our knowledge and skills need to be improved for our better economy." He added, "I will change my practices and help to change others sharing them what I learned."

The participants made following common statements in the training. The statements are;

  • We will use the information and skills we learned from this training
  • Animals and chicken need to be given good food, water and have a good shed for their better health then it will give good product
  • We will regular consult with animal health workers for vaccinations and other issues
  • We would like to request more training and support to enhance our practices

We are in difficult situation to make commitments to local people with We are trying to do our best to continue existing and expand activities from our limited resources but it is not easy for us to make commitment to local people to address their minimum requirement.


We are grateful for your support. Thank you.

Trainer Facilitating the Livestock Training
Trainer Facilitating the Livestock Training
Group Picture of Participants
Group Picture of Participants
Damaged classroom in Limbu speaking area
Damaged classroom in Limbu speaking area

The Language Development Centre - Nepal is supporting the Tharu and Limbu language speaking communities to improve their socio-economic life in partnership with Limbu Language Development Association in Panchthar and Help Society Nepal from Dang.

Language, education and livelihood activities are implementing in coordination with local government, community schools and local communities.  These projects are going well but following the earthquake which damaged some schools they are finding it difficult to resume normal class activities and parents are worrying about their children’s education.  Local communities are asking us to help them rebuild and repair classrooms, toilets and the school compound.

The attached report will help you to understand the community school situation in Nepal after earthquake.  We are facing challenges to continue existing activities from limited resources, but after two devastating earthquakes, the requirement is changed and local communities needs more support to build safe classrooms for their children.

We are grateful for your support. Thank you.


Pushker Kadel (Email:


Class under the tree in Tharu speaking area
Class under the tree in Tharu speaking area

Community Meeting, Panchthar
Community Meeting, Panchthar

The Language Development Centre - Nepal is supporting Tharu and Limbu language speaking communities to improve their socio-economic life in partnership with Limbu Language Development Association, Panchthar and Help Society Nepal.

Both our local partners are coordinating with local government and other agencies to implement the project activities effectively and generate local resources for the project and other activities. Our both partner organizations are selected to facilitate Local Governance and Community Development Program in Phidim and Tribhuwan Municipality Panchthar and Dang respectively.

Project staff is regularly observing activities in the both communities to continue livelihood activities and one-to-one coach to empower the community members, especially women in coordination with local stakeholders. Tharu and Limbu women are happy with their progress and anticipating more support to enhance their capacities through literacy and livelihood activities as well other families who are still out of coverage.

We are grateful for your support. Thank you.


Pushker Kadel (Email:


Dhaka Weaving, Panchthar
Dhaka Weaving, Panchthar
Goat Rearing Program and supervision, Dang
Goat Rearing Program and supervision, Dang
Adult Literacy class in Limbu Language
Adult Literacy class in Limbu Language

The Limbu Language Development Association (LiLDA) is supporting local schools and the Limbu communities in Pachathar to promote Multilingual Education (MLE). It supports the use of Limbu language and culture in basic education. Mother tongue based MLE program seeks to improve the learning process in a natural way and create a classroom environment that is enjoyable to the students

LiLDA is also supporting activities that preserve and use indigenous skills to improve Limbu speaker's economic situation. LiLDA is coordinating with different government and non-government agencies. Language Development Centre - Nepal (LDC-Nepal) regularly providing its assistant to LiLDA to implement Limbu Project effectively.

 Activity 1: Limbu Material Development Workshop (8-10 July 2014)

This workshop was conducted in Panchakanya Lower Secondary School, Aangarang-2 and Subjani Primary School, Yasok-4. Participants were teachers, students, School Management Committee members, parents and local Indigenous Knowledge (IK) holders. The objective was to prepare contextual reference reading materials in Limbu language for grades one to three.


  • Promote and expand MLE activities in local primary schools
  • Promote preserve and use Limbu language and culture
  • Produce contextual reference reading materials for grade one to three
  • Train teachers and local IK holders to collect and edit the oral literature
  • Create positive thinking and environment among the local stakeholders to implement MLE in basic education

Themes of materials: Social science, biography, Limbu culture and customs, Poems, Stories, Songs, Festivals and Foods.


  • Thirteen different texts are collected and edited in Limbu language.
  • Twenty-five participants are trained to collect and edit oral literature
  • Participants are motivated to make continue advocacy of MLE in their respective community and schools
  • Help to produce numbers of local literature in Limbu language


  • School Sector Reform Plan 2009-2015 must be implemented to promote MLE program in basic education
  • Local school and government agencies must be honest to follow Multilingual Education Implementation Guideline (2010)
  • Develop strong network among the stakeholders to promote and implement Multilingual Education
  • Schoolteachers need more support and training to produce contextual materials and its use in classroom  

Activity 2: Limbu Indigenous Skill (Khes) development Training (Nov-Dec 2014)

The Training was conducted in Gadhi, Phidim for five young women.

Objectives: To preserve Limbu indigenous skills and promote this skills as business.

  • To train five young women how to weaving Khes and start their own business using this training skills


  • Five young women participated the training and one of them is selected as a trainer for other workshops


  • Indigenous science and skill must be preserved and promoted to improve their economic status and help them to providing financial support at the beginning of their business
  • Manage more financial resources to train more participants from different communities

Activity 3: Limbu Literacy classes and School Support Program to implement Multilingual Education (Jul -Dec 2014)

The project is running regularly and local people are committed to continue the activities. The project is empowering the Limbu community to learn read and write in Limbu language and increasing their awareness for their linguistic rights. It is helping to promote MLE programs in two schools; Panchakanya Lower Secondary School, Aangarang-2 and Subjani Primary School, Yasok-4. Eighty-four students (Boys: 36 & Girls: 48) are getting benefits from this project.

Objectives: To promote MLE programs in Yasok and Aangsarang Village Development Committees, Panchthar.

  • Train teachers and school management committee members from both schools
  • Raise awareness for the linguistics, educational and cultural issues among the communities through education


  • Teachers, School Management Committee Members and other local stakeholders are regularly getting coaching and support to continue MLE activities.
  • One literacy classes with 20 participants (Male: 7 and Female: 13) is running with minor support (reference reading materials, technical support to facilitator) from the project

Suggestions: Advanced literacy class need to run to literate participants in Nepali and English languages, which help them to support their children education. MLE awareness activities must be continued. 

We are grateful for your support. Thank you.

MLE planning meeting in Limbu community
MLE planning meeting in Limbu community
Progress in Khes (Limbu cloth) weaving training
Progress in Khes (Limbu cloth) weaving training
Monthly Group Meeting
Monthly Group Meeting


The Language Development Centre Nepal (LDC-Nepal) and Help Society Nepal (HS-Nepal) is supporting the Tharu communities to implement literacy and livelihood activities in partnership with women lead cooperative groups in Dang district.


The project is empowering these communities to aware of the importance of using mother tongues in basic education (formal and non-formal). The project also supports family-based income generation activities contribute to the family income. These activities are encouraging for us because a little support from the project has a great impact in the community. Outsiders are also visiting our project office and working areas to develop their organization's strategies.


In detail

Pashupati Cooperative Group

We are supporting women led cooperative group - Pashupati Cooperative Group to enhance their capacity through regular meetings, trainings, exposure visits and one-to-one coach to group members to motivate and develop their capacity to improve socioeconomic situation. This group has 25 women members. Group members are also members of the Dipan Cooperative (Registered saving credit cooperative). This cooperative has 422 women members. Mrs. Mira Chaudhary is chairperson of the Pashupati Cooperative Group said, "We are developing our capacity and demonstrating good activities in the communities, which is encouraging local women to be involve in our group and cooperative activities. We collect and deposit NPR 100 (Approximately US$ 1.00) per month from each member and make investment through cooperative."


Community attitudes towards women’s groups is positive. This is great change and is helpful to develop an understanding of women's roles and rights with the male members in the community.


Family-based Income Generation Activities

The Pashupati Cooperative Group is collecting, depositing and investing their money through the Dipan Cooperative. Each member of this group has goats rearing activities. The project is providing technical support to select goats, provide vaccinations and identify markets for to sell the goats in coordination with the government Animal Health Service office. This year each member of the group earned NPR 40,500 (US$ 413) through selling goats. 

Looking Ahead

  • LDC-Nepal is seeking long-term grants to expand our program in neighboring communities.
  • Women are asking us to have functional literacy classes to improve their capacity to advance their daily life and support their child's education.


We are grateful for your support.  Thank you. 

Goat Vaccination program
Goat Vaccination program
Getting weight of goat to sale
Getting weight of goat to sale

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Organization Information

Language Development Centre - Nepal

Location: Kathmandu - Nepal
Website: http:/​/​
Project Leader:
Pushker Kadel
Kathmandu, Nepal
$10,434 raised of $35,652 goal
278 donations
$25,218 to go
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