Animals
 Russia
Project #8358

Help Tiger Rehabilitation Center in Russia

by Phoenix Fund
Vetted

Great news for all of our supporters who contributed to Amur tigers' rehabilitation through GlobalGiving: tigers Boris and Svetlaya seem to be having a good time in each others company. Friends will be friends!

Recently, unique photos of tigers released in 2014 have been received from Zhuravliny Wildlife Refuge, Jewish Autonomous Province. The tigers Boris and Svetlaya have been seeing each other frequently! They relax and move around their territorial range together. It indicates that the tigers contact with each other not only for the purposes of mating; they are keeping their close relationship during the year. This fact shows that the social structure of the tiger is more complicated than it was considered earlier.

Monitoring activities are carried out by specialists of the Centre for Rehabilitation and Reintroduction of Tigers and Other Rare Animals, Hunting Management Department of Jewish Autonomous Province, Wildlife Conservation Society, A.N Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution (Russian Academy of Sciences), Bastak and Khingansky nature reserves thanks to your support! So we thought you would like to take a look at those photos.

Links:

(c) Phoenix Fund
(c) Phoenix Fund

Recently, a KAMAZ cargo truck has been purchased for the Centre for Rehabilitation and Reintroduction of Tigers and Other Rare Animals» (PRNCO “Tiger Centre”) in order to ensure that the first aid is provided for wildlife in a timely manner. The high-sided truck will soon include a variety of veterinary equipment. It has become apparent that it is necessary to provide in-situ emergency relief to distressed wild animals. Therefore, it is very important to diagnose any disease promptly and decide on treatment. Most often, wildlife emergency occurs in extreme situations. Thanks to the off-highway vehicle equipped with all the necessary equipment, it will be possible to deal with a wide range of wildlife emergencies and undertake rescue operations in trying conditions.

“As a rule, a wild animal in distress is caught and examined with the use of anaesthesia. Earlier, it was difficult to diagnose a disease right at the place where the animal was captured. Therefore, the animal had to be immobilized several times after its capture in order to conduct extra examinations. Thanks to a mobile veterinary truck, it becomes possible to conduct in-situ thorough medical examination without numerous immobilization”, says Director of PRNCO “Tiger Centre” Viktor Kuzmenko.

“A mobile centre for diagnosis will definitely increase the chances for survival of distressed animals thanks to a reduction of the time required to take tests and to analyze them.  Since its establishment, the rehabilitation centre has sheltered six Amur tigers and successfully released them back into the wild; and we hope that now the specialists of PRNCO “Tiger Centre” will get more chances to conduct necessary diagnosis and provide emergency relief and healthcare to wild animals in critical wildlife areas”, says Director of the Phoenix Fund Sergei Bereznuk.

We want to thank our supporters at GlobalGiving for their contribution to vehicle purchase for the rehabilitation Centre. The purchase of the vehicle became possible thanks to support from Transneft Joint Stock Company. 

(c) Phoenix Fund
(c) Phoenix Fund

We would like to inform our supporters that on April 12, residents of Filippovka village in Primorye have finally chosen a name for the female tiger they had rescued a few months ago! The majority voted to name the six-month-old female tiger Filippa after their village. The tigress is now living in the rehabilitation center and awaits her release into the wild. 

“This event is an amazing instance of neighbourly cooperation between the Land of the Leopard national park and the locals. Filippa’s rescue is a story of how residents of the village and major organisations such as Land of the Leopard and the Amur Tiger Rehabilitation Centre teamed up for the sake of our common goal – preserving the Red Data Book animal,” told deputy director for tourism and environmental education at Land of the Leopard, Zilya.

On the night of 29 December, a man found an Amur tiger cub near his house in Filippovka in the Khasan District of Primorye. He reported the find to Land of the Leopard National Park. The park’s employees took the cub to the Centre for the Rehabilitation and Reintroduction of Tigers and Other Rare Animals in the village of Alekseyevka in the Primorye Territory.

Filippa is getting along well. She is diligently honing her skills and seems to be no longer upset over the loss of her mother. If the rehabilitation process is a success, Filippa will be released back into the wild. But full rehabilitation will take around a year and a half, until she turns into an adult female tiger.

Information was kindly provided by Land of the Leopard National Park and The Amur Tiger Programme web-site.

(c) Land of the Leopard NP
(c) Land of the Leopard NP

On December 30, specialists of Land of the Leopard National Park reportedly have rescued a 4-month-old tiger cub that appeared for unknown reasons without its mother on a farmer’s yard in Filippovka village, Khasan district of Primorye. At present, the emaciated animal is kept at the Centre for Rehabilitation and Reintroduction of Tigers and Other Rare Animals in Alekseevka village.

 

A villager informed the specialists of the Land of the Leopard National Park about the endangered tiger cub. Searching for food, the tiger appeared on the man’s vegetable garden where domestic dogs attacked the young predator. Luckily, the man managed to part the animals and save the endangered tiger cub. Immediately, he informed about the incident and although the case occurred in the middle of the night, a group of specialists from Land of the Leopard National Park, Centre for Rehabilitation and Reintroduction of Tigers and Other Rare Animals (Centre) and Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) went to the place. Taking into account that the tiger cub was extremely exhausted and was injured by dogs, it was decided to place it at an isolation quarantine unit of the Centre in Alekseevka.

 

During the first two weeks the young tigress was kept in a heated quarantine room and got balanced food. The measures yielded the result: health of the animal considerably improved and in this connection a decision was made of its readiness for a planned vaccination against most widespread cat's infections. The procedure was carried out remotely using the equipment for immobilization of wild animals.

 

In the opening day of the open-air cage the tigress showed an extremely cautious behavior peculiar to a wild animal. Peeping shortly out, she looked around, but soon returned to the room. As specialists of the Center for rehabilitation expected, the predator decided to go outside only at night. Having estimated the pluses of open air, the tigress doesn't come back to the heated quarantine block for more than a day. The tiger cub uses bush thickets in the open-air cage corner as a temporary shelter for supervision over the rabbits.

 

"The tigress will need some time for adaptation in the open-air cage, - says Ekaterina Blidchenko, senior research associate of the Federal State Budgetary Institution “Land of the Leopard”, zoologist of the Centre for rehabilitation and reintroduction of tigers and other rare animals (“TIGER Centre”). – The first day in the open-air cage the tigress preferred to be in bush thickets and didn't come out to an open space at all. However, in a few days the predator started moving all over the open-air cage. Since at the slightest excitement she hides in the bush thicket, feeding will be carried out in twilight time: in the evening the tigress feels more surely. So far the place of feeding remains the same – in the heated compartment, so that the cub understands that it can always return here to get warm".

We want to thank our supporters for the generous donations that help us feed and take care of the poor tiger cub. Hopefully, after rehabilitation the tigress will be returned back into the wild and join other successfully resqued tigers!

(c) Land of the Leopard NP
(c) Land of the Leopard NP
(c) V. Kuzmenko
(c) V. Kuzmenko
(c) V. Kuzmenko
(c) V. Kuzmenko
(c) V. Kuzmenko
(c) V. Kuzmenko
(c) V. Kuzmenko
(c) V. Kuzmenko

Links:

The Russian Academy of Sciences permanent expedition for the monitoring of animals from the Russian Red Data Book and other rare species of the Russian fauna reported that Amur tigers Borya and Svetlaya met in the Zhuravliny Sanctuary in the Jewish Autonomous Region on 19 December. Scientists are monitoring the predators with the help of GPS tracking collars.

Six orphaned tiger cubs were released into the wild in 2013-2014 after special training at the Centre for the Rehabilitation and Reintroduction of Tigers in the village of Alexeyevka  (Primorye Territory) as part of the programme to restore the Amur tiger population that became successful thanks to your support through GlobalGiving! One of the tigers, the tigress Zolushka, who was released in the Bastak Nature Reserve, has already given birth to several cubs after meeting tiger Zavetny. This proved that the right technology for restoring populations of rare wild cats had been devised by the Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution at the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Scientists said that Borya and Svetlaya were also forming a pair bond. Borya together with two other orphaned cubs, Kuzya and Ilona, were released in the Amur Region by President Vladimir Putin in May 2014. A month later, Svetlaya and Ustin were released in the Jewish Autonomous Region.

The tigress Svetlaya stayed alone in the Zhuravliny Sanctuary and the surrounding area. Borya at first didn’t wander far from the Zhelundinsky Sanctuary, where he had been set free. But this October, the tiger began moving more freely around the Amur Region and came to the Zhuravliny Sanctuary in November. Since then, Borya and Svetlaya followed the same routes, left their marks in the same places, and went to each other’s hunting areas. In the past 10 days, their routes covered the same 100 sq km and finally they met. Within three days, the tigers have travelled a distance of 4 km and have been hunting successfully.

Data from GPS tracking collars allows scientists to see how Amur tiger reintroduction is progressing (how well they can hunt in the wild, how they avoid clashes with humans, and how they breed) and also to gain new important information about tiger biology.

This is another great news that shows that our common project makes a difference and you loyal support helps to reintroduce tigers back into the wild where they have all the chances to give birth to healthy cubs and contribute to population recovery.

Links:

 

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Organization Information

Phoenix Fund

Location: Vladivostok, Primorski Krai - Russia
Website: http:/​/​fundphoenix.org/​en/​
Project Leader:
Sergei Bereznuk
Vladivostok, Primorsky krai Russia

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