Help Stop Slash and Burn Farming in the Congo

by Wildlife Conservation Global
Illegal Gold Mine on the Reserve
Illegal Gold Mine on the Reserve

Closing Down Illegal Mines Protects Okapi Habitat

As Okapi Conservation Project agronomists and educators continue programs on ending “slash and burn farming,” ICCN guards and Congolese military actively pursue illegal mining that is devastating to the Reserve's habitat.

After a three month amnesty period declared in August of 2014 by Governor Saidi of Orientale Province, a special force of ICCN guards and Congolese military has been moving through the Reserve shutting down illegally operated gold mines. To date over 20 mining camps have been evacuated with an estimated 5,000 miners moving out of camps as a result of public awareness campaigns.

ICCN guards will undertake continued surveillance of the closed gold mines to prevent the re-establishment of the mining operations and allow for regeneration of the forest. Recent surveys show that wildlife quickly returns to areas around abandoned mines once the human disturbances are removed. Monthly reconnaissance trips during the next year by ICCN patrol units are planned to prevent the mines from being reoccupied.

Progress made by the ICCN and the Congolese army to clear out armed militia, poachers and now miners is truly a remarkable achievement given the lack of government resources to impose law and order in the region. The brave actions of all those involved, and the support of all partners and OCP staff to secure the okapi wildlife reserve with a minimum impact on local communities is truly commendable.

Eviction of Miners
Eviction of Miners
Farmers Meeting and Sustainable Gardening
Farmers Meeting and Sustainable Gardening

Okapi Conservation Project agronomists and educators organize regular meetings with farmers in remote villages to discuss sustainable agricultural practices. It is widely known that a slash and burn approach has long lasting negative impacts on soil fertility. Crops are more likely to fail due to wind damage, and unnatural crop associations were contributing to impoverished soil fertility in a short period of time. An OCP agronomist explains the benefit of crop rotation, adding nitrogen fixing plants and timing of plantings season as ways of improving crop production and increasing the length of time the soil remains fertile reducing the need to expand their farmland into the forest.

At a recent meeting, farmers voiced concerns about crop raiding by primates. They requested frequent and regular visits by ICCN rangers to help control crop raiding by wildlife and monitor the conversion of protected forest into fields which could quickly impact the limits of the delineated agriculture zones and compromise their ability to farm legally inside the Reserve. These forums are important avenues for productive dialogue between community members and OCP as we inform residents how they can live sustainably in this biologically diverse landscape and still provide for their families.

Through the Agrioforestry program, OCP was involved in the following activities during the third quarter of the year:

  • Distribution of 847 kg of rice seeds, 303 kg of peanut, 24 files, 25 machetes and 25 hoes
  • Assiting in monitoring the peanut multiplication field in the Bandisende area and rice multiplication field in Epulu and Mambasa
  • Collection of 773 kg of rice seeds in Bandisende and 140 kg of peanut in Epulu
  • Monitoring community reforestation in two school plots in Mambasa
  • Weeding the Terminalia matali trees planted at Zunguluka Patrol Post
  • Distribution of seedlings: 7172 seedlings including 1562 nitrogen fixing, 865 agroforesty tree species, 350 fruit tree species and 4395 multiple use tree species.
  • Monitoring the BIAKATO and MAMBASA nursery
Students Receive Seedlings for Agroforestry
Students Receive Seedlings for Agroforestry

The Okapi Conservation Project (OCP) agroforestry team continues to expand their impact from the already implemented planting and education activities in communities in the north of the Reserve, now working with students from three schools in Mambasa planting much needed shade trees in their community. During these activities knowledge about the importance of trees, especially of those species which they were planting, was shared between the agronomists and the students. Along with needed trees for shade and wind buffering, the students planted native fruit trees.

In addition to the school programs, so far this year the agroforestry team has distributed 1,497 tree seedlings, 785 kg of rice seeds and 474 kg of peanut seeds and machetes and hoes to farmers in Bandisende, Epulu and Mambasa. From the experimental garden in Epulu 197 kg of beans and 540 kg of tomatoes were harvested and given to OWR personnel and to the citizens of Epulu to promote the nutritional benefits of planting these crops.


Okapi Conservation Project School Conference
Okapi Conservation Project School Conference

In the past few months the Okapi Conservation Project educators were, once again, busy around the Reserve. Thirty-five secondary and high schools held conservation sessions involving nearly 5,000 students. These were organized in an open forum consisting of interactive questions. During the sessions, students and educators discussed their knowledge of forests, and various threats to the native landscape including mining, slash and burn agriculture, poaching and bushmeat trade.

The role communities can play in mitigating forest loss was vigorously discussed and debated by students and community leaders. OCP educators outlined specific forest protection measures such as sustainable agriculture and tree planting in which the students can participate with their parents. The students were eager to resume sessions again, as there was so much to discuss. OCP educators will be travelling with more frequency in the coming months as security in the Reserve continues to improve.

Building an awareness of these important issues will help protect the wildlife in the Okapi Wildlife Reserve, which has one of the largest concentrations of biodiversity in the world. We are grateful to the many people around the world that support these efforts and we invite you to share this link with friends, family, and associates on social media.  

Conference at Danga School in Wamba
Conference at Danga School in Wamba
Conference at Institut Bombo in NiaNia
Conference at Institut Bombo in NiaNia


Students Planting Dacryodes  edulis Trees in Eboyo
Students Planting Dacryodes edulis Trees in Eboyo

Improving agriculture production reduces the need to move deeper into the forest in order to grow food, helping conserve forest habitat for okapi, forest elephant, chimpanzees, and a myriad of threatened and endangered species living in the Okapi Wildlife Reserve. By the conclusion of 2013, with the support of a widespread and caring, international community, the Okapi Conservation Project was able to reach even more farmers and communities, distributing seeds, and tools, and important knowledge of sustainable agroforestry practices.

New tree nurseries were established in Mambasa and Epulu, which will supply these communities with the important nitrogen-fixing trees needed for successful agroforestry techniques. Each year we also introduce a new crop to the region. In 2013 tomato plants were produced in Epulu for distribution to local farmers. As neighbors witness the results of practicing sustainable techniques, they are moved to participate in these programs, as well. With this new knowledge communities are responsible stewards of their forest resources.

This coming year we are planning to increase production of safo seedlings (an avocado-like fruit) and distribute them widely to communities around the Reserve. Native fruit sells well in the local markets and provide income which allows farmers to improve nutrition and health of their families.

Thank you for your support, and thank you for sharing this link with friends, family, and associates on social media. Together we are making strides in protecting habitat for wildlife, while giving communities tools for living sustainably.

Harvesting of Peanuts
Harvesting of Peanuts
Tomato Plant Nursery
Tomato Plant Nursery



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Organization Information

Wildlife Conservation Global

Location: Jacksonville, FL - USA
Website: http:/​/​
Project Leader:
John Lukas
Jacksonville, Florida United States

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