Care and protection to victims of trafficking

by National Domestic Workers' Welfare Trust

We would like to share with you, how your support has rescued two girls from trafficking.

Laxmi and Pooja (names changed) , age, 12 and 8 years  respectively, lived in a remote village  of Gaya district in Bihar , India. They both belong to Musahar community, a most backward and neglected community in the social stratum.  First, Laxmi was taken to Patna to work in Mr. Babu Prasad’s (name changed) house as live in domestic worker. After one and half years Pooja (8years) was taken to the same house as a child domestic worker. Both these girls were made  to work the whole day without proper food and care. They were not allowed to meet their relatives, when they come to see these children. These young girls were not only had to do all mean jobs the whole day and also had been forcefully abused sexually and physically by Mr.Babu.

A part-time worker in the same house noticed this violence against these innocent children. Having confirmed the condition of the children, she informed our Bihar regional office at Patna.  Having done our initial investigation, an official complaint was lodged at the Bihar Child Labor Department on this issue. With the intervention of the rescue raid team of Bihar Child Labour Department we rescued both the children from Mr.Babu’s house June 2013. The government authorities then kept the children in our custody for counseling and medical care at our transit shelter home. After a month’s care and compassionate treatment at our shelter home, in the month of July both these girls were reintegrated with their parents in the presence of the Registrar of Child Labor Department.The children were happy to be united with their parents.

With tears, the two girls expressed their gratitude.


Source : State Coordinator, Bihar, India.

A returnee empowering potential migrants
A returnee empowering potential migrants

                                              A Domestic worker from India in Bahrain

Last April 2012, 22-year-old Bhavani, semi literate village women, landed in Bahrain from Andhra, with dreams stored; better life for her children. Prior to this, she never went out of her own region Andhra. Leaving her two daughters, aged 4 years and 5 months under her aged parents’ care, she went to Bahrain only to earn money, to repay the  loans  she taken for her elder daughter’s heart surgery.

Life in Dream Land: She was promised of a work in a shop, landing Bahrain, she was taken to a house for Domestic work. There she was abused, thrashed and was made to work for over 20 hours a day. In a year she was being shifted to three houses and her experience was similar in all the houses. “The house owners used to beat me and shout at me,” continues Bhavani, “When I complained to agent, I was beat again cruelly.” After working for four months, the only option she was left with was, escape from the house and she did that.  Fortunately a Good Samaritan took her to Indian embassy. NDWM intervened in this case and worked with the family and the Indian Embassy with the help of other network NGOs. It took almost to six months to complete legal works, as all her documents were with the agent.

Bhavani, was able to come back to Hyderabad on 12th April 2013 with bitter memories and empty hands, but relieved, once again to build up her life with her children, from where she left.

Street paly in Manipur on safe Mirgation
Street paly in Manipur on safe Mirgation
Rescued and returnee CDWs in Capacity Training
Rescued and returnee CDWs in Capacity Training

Rimit with NDWM staff in the shelter Home
Rimit with NDWM staff in the shelter Home


                              Trauma Counsel Victims of Trafficking &a mp; Integrate (7363)

NDWM with Victims of Trafficking: NDWM is working in the source and
destination areas to protect the women and child domestic workers. NDWM
strengthens its network with other NGOs, and stake holders to protect the
vulnerable victims from the traffickers. The rescued children are admitted in
the transit shelter homes for care and protection and they are repatriated in
their families after needed interventions with the family members and the

Interventions: NDWM on 7th Dec 2012 and 15th December 2012, respectively, in the two states of north east, namely Meghalaya and Manipur, empowered the public thorough street plays, on the impact of trafficking in the lives of Children and women and after the street play interacted with the viewer, on how the people are hijacked into trafficking and how the civil society can help either to protect or rescue the victims from traffickers. The street plays were enacted in the public places like Bus station. On 2nd Jan Feb 2013 in Jharkhand, NDWM organized Panel Discussion on the Violence against Women and Children to sensitize the issues of trafficking. Smt.Mridula Sinha, Principal Secretary, Social Welfare Women and Child Development, Mr.Robert Minz, Director, Social Welfare, Mr.Neeraj-UNICEF, Mr.Anup-Plan India, Ms.Rekha-World Vision, Ms.Elina Horo-Adivasi Women Network were participants.  On 15th to 20th February 2013, in Mumbai awareness programs were organized by former child domestic workers themselves on issues of trafficking of child for Domestic work in different areas. During
their interaction with the elders, the children, asked the women who are part time domestic workers, to be on the alert in their workplace, as they have the access to identify the trafficked women and children in Domestic Work. Two Child Domestic Workers who were trafficked from Jharkhand to Mumbai are rescued and admitted in the Mumbai Juvenile Home. They will be escorted to Jharkhand their home state for further care and protection in NDWM transit shelter homein Ranchi. 

Case:  Rimit was rescued by labour department and NDWM on 18th January 2013. Her story, in her own words….

“I am Rimti 8 years old, from Gaya district of Bihar. I have no parents but my grandmother, who is very old and my younger sister are in my house. I was working as Domestic Worker in Patna. I was asked to get up early
morning to clean; sweep and help the children get ready for school.  I was asked to massage my employer’s wife and children every day.  I was afraid of them. They used to scold me, telling I was not massaging them nicely. When the children complained, my employer used to beat me and sometimes I was denied food. I washed so many vessel even big pots alone.  With hunger I could not do the works. But the children used to eat nicely. After coming to Patna, I never met my grandmother and sister. The man who brought me did not come to take me home for holidays, never had I seen him either. One day I was beaten up and blood started bleeding from her ear. I was
neither given rest nor medicine. One day, another madam and sir came and brought me to this house (NDWM shelter home.) ”

“I am happy in this house. I have nice food. I play; watch
TV with my friends and sleep No one beats me or scold me in this house.”  After come to this home, my grandmother came
to see me”.

NDWM networks in source and destination areas to protect the
children and women from trafficking. NDWM reached out to, so many women and
children directly and through awareness programs still many more. The reality
is, increasing demand for Domestic Workers in the cities, many more fall prey
to the falls promises of the trafficker.


Join Us:      Their silent cry  unheard

                    Their inhuman sufferings unnoticed

                    Their  Hope against Hope for new life,  fades away

                    They need YOU and US.

                     Together we can protect women and Children from traffickers

                     Together we can give new life and new HOPE.

The rescued Child Domestic Workers in Shelterhome
The rescued Child Domestic Workers in Shelterhome

Enjoying their freedom
Enjoying their freedom

Introduction - National Domestic Workers Movement has been steadily gaining momentum in India. The fight magnifies on the common ground - “Domestic work is work! Domestic work is not slavery! Domestic workers are, like other workers, entitled to wage rights and decent working conditions!” NDWM constantly undertakes Anti-Trafficking measures to contain the magnitude of workforce migration, child trafficking and forced labour.  

Progress of the project - National Domestic Workers Movement (NDWM), India has been actively synergizing the efforts of its regional counterparts in building up the movement and curbing the regional sources of trafficking. Right from keeping constant pressure on the government, appealing for the rights for child domestic workers, labourers, migrants and representation at public forums, NDWM has been on an unstoppable quest.  

Story of beneficiaries - The harassment of cheap labour in the name of “Giant Corporations and MNCs” is a known issue in villages and small towns of India. Our story is about five young boys from Nuagaon, Upper Tola, a tehsil in Nayagarh district of Odisha, India. An agent named Sekh Sarkar lured the boys to work with the popular brand “Pepsi”. The agent whisked away the boys to the capital city of Delhi, with starlit dreams and expectation of big bucks in their pockets. Once they reached the city, the boys exchanged hands unto another agent who took a ransom commission of Rs 18, 000/- from them. However, their dreams turned into a nightmare when they were again sold to a 2nd agent, Raju Samsi Enterprises, E-107, 1st Floor Sakoorpur, near Samrat Cinema Hall, Delhi 110034. Here began the plight of these young naïve boys who were locked up in a room without food and water for an entire week and when they demanded the agent to let them get out and work with the Pepsi company, they were beaten up badly by some hooligans. One early morning, one of the boys was smart enough to find his way out and call up his parents to brief on their misery. The very next day the parents turned up at the premises of National Domestic Workers Movement (NDWM), Odisha and shared their part of the story. The NDWM Odisha staff got into action and took the help of Mr.  Digamber Mahanty (General Secretary of Sundargarh Industrial Workers Association) and gave one written FIR to Additional District Magistrate and Labour Department immediately. The Labour Department contacted Delhi police who swiftly went about their duty and rescued the five young boys from the clutches of bonded labour and slavery. 

Project accomplishments – NDWM traced the trafficking agent in order to reveal them and protect the target group from the clutches of exploitation. It networked with other non-government organizations, government organizations, policy makers, high-end information sources and police to facilitate rescue, rehabilitation and repatriation.

Impact and changes – NDWM initiated the participation of the villages to bring about resolutions toward anti-trafficking. We have been working with village level committees, Panchayats and local government and vigilant villagers to prevent uninformed migration and trafficking of the village youth, women, girls and children.

Future plans – NDWM plans to conduct sensitization programmes on issues of trafficking in villages by highlighting the existence of Child Rights Protection Act, telling rescue stories and explaining the rehabilitation process. 


An overjoyed children
An overjoyed children's group

Report for June-Aug 2012


Rescue of Meena(name changed):

Meena aged 12 belongs to a large family consisting of ten members. Her brother and 4 sisters got settled in life. The parents are working alongwith their two younger daughters in a brick kiln and earning their living.

A Seth-(caste identity) named Sen from her village with the permission of her brother and parents took her for work as a domestic worker to a Seth in Patna, Ratnesh. She was working in his house for two and half years. She used to do all the cleaning in the house, sweeping, swabbing, washing clothes and utensils, and taking care of the children. She also used to massage the employer’s wife and children.

After all the work, the lady of the house used to scold her all the time and beat her up. Once she was beaten so badly that blood started oozing from her ear. When her parents came, the employer used to give Rs.600/- and would permit them to talk to their daughter only in her presence. When the mother wanted to take her home for Dusshera festival they did not let her go.

The matter came to the notice of NDWWT, Bihar after a tip-off by the top workers associated with the movement and working in the vicinity. With the help of the “Raid Team” (Dhawa Dal) - of the Bihar Child Labor Department, the child was rescued from the house of the employer on the 6th June-12. She stayed at “Muskan Manzil”, a shelter cum transit home run by NDWWT, Bihar. On the 20th July-12 her parents came and took her with the permission of the labor department and in the presence of an official, with the assurance that they would educate her.


Rescue of a child domestic worker:

A girl named Sony (name changed) aged around 11 years had been working as a domestic help in the house of a doctor in Mecon colony. The girl was brought by her alcoholic father to work from Tangerbasli in November against her will. However being underage which is legally prohibited she had to work for long hours and was also ill-treated by her employers. Therefore one day she fled away from her employer’s place but didn’t know her way back home. However few of our women working as domestic workers found this girl crying and after enquiring came to know about her story and took her along with them. They informed us about the girl and we went and met the girl and talked to her and discovered that she had been forced into domestic work by her father against her wishes. She had not been paid any money and when she asked for money they said that her father had taken the money whereas he had never come to take the money since he had left her. We asked the child whether she wanted to go home, she said she wanted to go back home but feared that her father would again place her somewhere else. We assured the child that we would take her back home. The girl was then brought to a shelter home for temporary shelter and Fr Chetan met with the officials of the labour department and informed them about the girl’s story. She was then taken to the labour department on 2nd of June by one of the NDWWT staff.  The officials had a talk with her and then on 5th June 2012 Fr Chetan along with the Labor Superintendent, 2 other Labor Enforcement officers and two of the domestic workers’ union members escorted the girl to her village and also counseled her parents and villagers never to send their child since she is underage and also the law prohibits children under 14 to engage in any kind of work and it was her luck that she didn’t fall into wrong hands.

The labour department made the employer of the girl to pay Rs 20,000 and the state government added Rs 5000 for the rehabilitation of the child. The money has been now deposited into the State rehabilitation fund after proper dialogue with the family of the child the money will be used to rehabilitate the family of the girl.



These are just few instances of the many similar stories of small children ending up in domestic work untold and unreported. Several thousands are trafficked indiscriminately as if they were a commodity. Child domestic workers are in high demand owing to the prolific growth of the nuclear families in the urban hubs of India. The scenario is still aggravated in families where both the husband and wife are working and the need of a domestic worker arises.






A bunch of elated children (previously domestic workers) during a monthly meet-up 



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Organization Information

National Domestic Workers' Welfare Trust

Location: Mumbai - India
Website: http:/​/​​
National Domestic Workers' Welfare Trust
Project Leader:
Jeanne Devos
National Coordinator; Project Coordinator
Mumbai, Maharashtra India

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