Project #7716

Home for 200 abandoned infants below 6, in India

by Catalysts for Social Action

Dear Friends,

As you'll might be knowing that India have made changes in the adoption guideline and now it's possible for the children above 6 yrs. to get adopted. which is the boon for many such a children. Children below 6 yrs. are enrolled in Adoption agencies which has lisence of placing children in adoption but once the children at the age of 6 yrs. they are transfered in children's home where the option of adoption gets closed for them. Sometime due to ignorence and lack of knowledge the child below 6 yrs also get placed in children home.

One such incident have happened in Odisha. a little girl of 3yrs. old was enrolled in children home instead of adoption agency. CSA noticed this and took all the necessary steps to move her to adoption agency. CSA wrote to the concerned government authorities and took all the relevant effort to give this girl a fair chance of having her own family. After rigrous follow up and after enogh search of her birth relatives and wait period for the claim of the child. the girl was finally transfered to the adoption agency.

But this was not enough, CSA kept following up with the adoption agency till the child was matched with the adoptive parent. And finally the child got her set of parents who were from Mumbai and they liked this little girl. Yes!!! she is with her own family now. infact she the apple of the eye of all the family members.

CSA is very happy and satisfied for the time, money and effort went for this case. this has become our stregth to take up more such a cases and led to help all the eligible adoptable children to find their home.

It is been discussed and hyped by the media that there are less children eligible for adoption and more parents willing. If there are billions of vulnerable children in India the situation ideally should be other way round. Then the question arises where these children are and why they are not adoptable? We CSA family tried to think over this and realized that the children are not reaching to the home which has adoption license.

Many people didn’t know where to abandoned or relinquish the child. People who don’t want the child wants to get rid of the children by throwing them in garbage, on public place or at any hidden area like forest etc. CSA took an initiative to create an awareness program at grass root level program across all the states where CSA is functional. The objective of the awareness program is safe abandoning of the child. Our program explained the stakeholder who were grass root community worker about the pros and cons of the issue.

One block level worker after attending the workshop helped many children reach to adoption agencies. This has encouraged us a lot. The worker’s effort were visible because he was in touch with us but many might be doing this without visibility. Hope the work continues and children are bought safely to the homes instead of getting into risk situation. Thanks for enabling us save lives of these young ones.

Adoption the most complete rehabilitation
Adoption the most complete rehabilitation


With 25million orphans, the adoption rate in India is 0.2% - one of the lowest rates in the world.

Nearly half of the districts in the country do not have a single adoption agency.

Orphanages and Adoption Agencies are two silos - very few orphanages are given an adoption license

The number of adoptions has declined over the years – from a high of 6953 in 2012, the number has steadily dropped to less than 4500 in 2015. This decline is not due to lack of parents willing to adopt but due to the shortage of children available for adoption.  This White Paper therefore responds to one key question - where are the children that are eligible for adoption and what can be done to bring them into the adoption stream.

CSA is focused to work in and around below action points.

Training and capacity building of rural adoption agencies

Move eligible children from orphanages to adoption

Enlist adoption agencies in every district

Sensitization of all stakeholders

Training and revamping of CWC functioning


In the process of our work with CCIs, we came face to face with another shocking reality. Working with an orphanage in Odisha, we found first, that the orphanage was not registered-neither as an NGO nor under the State. Second, that there were a handful of children who were orphans below the age of 6 years and were without any parental contact  and should have been in adoption stream.

Based on the experience with adoptable children in orphanages, we conducted a need based study of orphanages and get a status of parental contact or lack thereof. Focusing on the states of Odisha, Goa and MP, we selected a sample of 63 CCIs across 5 districts in 3 states supporting a child-population of 2341 children; 54% of the children are boys and 46% girls. 3% are under the age of 6 years and 23% between the age of 6 and 10 years. Thus close to 30% are under the age of 10 years.

In this population we tried to identify children who had no parental contact for prolonged periods. A qualified Social Worker did a detailed study through interviews with the Institute authorities, checking their records and, with each individual child. It also included a preliminary search for the parent/relative or any other contact at the address as per the official records. The results of the study are summarized below:

To summarize the study, 22% of the children are with no parental contact or irregular parental contact. Of these, 35 children, 1.5% of the total orphanage population are below the age of 6 and another 114, i.e. 4.8% are in the age group of 6-10 years. This means that 6.3% of children could potentially be in the adoption stream! Of these about half (3.2%) have no parental contact and the remaining half would need a careful investigation and decisions made in the “Best interest of the Child. We are convinced that between 2% and 3% of the children in orphanages at a minimum should be and can be put in the adoption stream. 

Our effort to bring the children eligible for adoption in Adoption Mainstream is triggered based on this study and with your help and cooperation we are going to rehabilitate the Children with no parental contact by opening doors of the most complete form of rehabilitation i.e Adoption.

A happy family
A happy family

CSA is facilitating adoptions since 2005. The focus was to move the children waiting for adoption in rural area and helping the parents waiting to adopt from City area. CSA tried to bridge this gap and thus the journey begin. Every year the number kept on adding and the children were moving into families with smooth functioning. CSA facilitated 33 adoptions between April 2014 and March 2015.


CSA has been supporting the Love Trust Special Needs home in Buldhana district of Maharashtra for differently abled children since 2009. 3 children from this Home have now been adopted into loving families outside India – Nehal (4 yrs) is in the US, Niyati (5 yrs) in Germany and Bhavin (2 yrs) has moved to Spain. Indeed, heartwarming adoptions and we wish these little angels a bright future with their families!

The first case of ‘Foster Parenting’ in Goa under Foster care scheme - Vatsalya has been facilitated by CSA in 2014. A 12 year old girl has moved in with her foster mother, indeed new beginnings for both mother & daughter!


Transfer of children from orphanages to Adoption agencies – A child can be placed in adoption only by authorized AAs. A child who is in an orphanage, though adoptable, can never be adopted unless transfer takes place. CSA was instrumental in moving 6 children with the help of CWCs into adoption agencies and all of them have been adopted. Looking forward to more such efforts......


Adoption till a few years back was a word/act which was a taboo in our society. Most of the couples could hardly talk among their friends or relatives about Adoption. And they knew that it would make people in the society raise their eyebrows. However, CSA took up this option of rehabilitation of the child by spreading awareness about adoption. Times have changed to quite an extent. Discussing adoption or planning to have a child through Adoption is not so much of a taboo any more as it used to be. The situation few years back was that many parents from city area were willing to adopt and children available was very less. CSA took up the task of survey and found that children are waiting in rural area and PAP are not willing to go to remote area. Therefore CSA made an effort to bridge this gap and divert parents to the area where children were available. This in turn have shown good positive result as the waiting time was cut down

I am sure most of us have gone through the stories like oh! My aunt’s son’s friend’s sister has an adopted child and she had a difficult time in adopting a child!! I call it the via-via information which does not help at all. We have tried to help the couples who are interested in getting the information on Adoption. Therefore willing parents kept approaching us for guidance. We also kept organizing training to different stakeholders like Social worker, Care givers, Adoption Lawyers etc. to make the process smoother.

Since 1st of August CARA (Central Adoption Resource Authority) have changed the guideline governing adoption in India. With the new changes the process is made online and faster. CSA could not refer parents to the children available with the new process. But new changes are yet to streamline and therefore PAP are still approaching us for information. We are playing our role to guide them with correct information.

Our effort is to get information on whether there are children available who can be eligible for adoption. But due to some or the other reason this best option of rehabilitation is not available for them. I am sure we will definitely come up with considerable number of children whom we can bring in adoption mainstream.


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Organization Information

Catalysts for Social Action

Location: Thane, Mumbai, India - India
Website: http:/​/​
Project Leader:
Bharati Dasgupta
Pune, Maharashtra India
$7,849 raised of $25,000 goal
234 donations
$17,151 to go
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