Krishi Avam Paristhitiki Vikas Sansthan (KRAPAVIS)

KRAPAVIS is a grass-roots organization concerned chiefly with the community-led revival of village forests, or orans, working in the arid of Thar Desert and semi - arid of Aravali hill bio-regions in Rajasthan. KRAPAVIS mission is clear: the betterment of ecology, agriculture and livestock practices, with a view to the sustainable livelihoods of rural pastoral communities in Rajasthan.
Jul 7, 2014

Johad in Oran: Traditional Rainwater Harvesting

Under construction of a rain water harvesting
Under construction of a rain water harvesting

During the reporting period, ‘Johad’, a traditional rainwater harvesting structure has been built in ‘Oran’ sacred forest of Binak village, located in Sariska Tiger Reserve of Rajasthan (India). Intervention in a Oran depends upon its topography and villagers’ consensus. Also the amount of rainfall has been an important deciding factor. KRAPAVIS, the project organization follows a holistic approach of conserving flora and fauna in Oran, making livelihood sustainable for pastoralist communities of Binak village. Oran protects watershed and is of utmost importance as vital source of water. 'Johad' in Oran in turn stop soil erosion, recharged groundwater, nurtured vegetation in orans, and provided grazing and resting places for wild and domesticated animals.

Ecological Traditions of India, Rajasthan
Ecological Traditions of India, Rajasthan
Apr 4, 2014

Restoring sacred grove strengthens ethnoveterinary

Preparation for growing medicinal plants
Preparation for growing medicinal plants

Restoring sacred groves strengthens ethno-veterinary practices

 In the project area of Rajasthan (India), the major livelihood of rural communities is rearing livestock and followed by agriculture. Due to lack of animal health care facilities in rural communities, people depend on locally available medicinal plants. Thus the project communities are engaged in restoring their sacred groves, which locally known as Orans. These Orans are also good micro biodiversity reserves; more importantly are good refuge for wildlife in an otherwise densely populated landscape. The people depend on these lands to procure access food, fodder and medicinal plants. In many cases, they are used for community gatherings during festivals.

 In an in-depth investigation on medicinal plants in Orans, revealed that about 37 species of plants belonging to 32 genera under 24 families have been noticed which they use for veterinary health care. A total of 27 healers and herbal practitioners were interviewed during the study. Total of 47 remedies were recorded for 19 veterinary disease conditions of which 21 remedies were recorded under digestive disorders. Precisely, this project “Restoring sacred groves” strengthens the ethno-veterinary practices.


Attachments:
Jan 8, 2014

Ritualisation of Orans (sacred groves)

Sacred Grove Festival
Sacred Grove Festival

A group of community leaders from the project villages participated in the Sacred Grove Festival at IGRMS Bhopal, from 31st December 2013 to 1st January, 2014. Ritualistic activities and cultural performance were the main features of the two days programme. The festival highlighted the rich tradition of protecting and conserving Orans. The Festival provided a platform for the community managers of sacred groves and communities associated with natural resource management for a dialogue on alternative eco-conservation theories and practices. Aman Singh, the Project Leader addressed the gathering that the project has been protecting trees and sowing grass seeds in the Orans, as well as raising saplings in nurseries and then transplanting them into Orans. This contributes to saving endemic and endangered species of trees, thus bringing about greater livelihood security for the rural poor, who depend on such trees for livestock feed, traditional medicine, marketable commodities and, to a lesser extent, timber. KRAPAVIS project also takes into account the changing nature of pastoralism in these areas, and the recent shift towards preference of water buffalo and goats as livestock over cattle, working to ensure that the flora in the Orans is better able to meet the needs of the new livestock. Part of the work done by KRAPAVIS is focused on water conservation within the Orans. This is imperative due to the serious reliance of local people on the water sources found in Orans, both for their livestock and themselves. This maintenance is realized through the use of water harvesting structures and checks for soil erosion.

Ritulisation of Oran
Ritulisation of Oran
 
   

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